Acara Kandha 55-63
– 53 –
Description of the Geographical situations of the different countries of the earth, as well as of India with its physical features
1-2Hari said: -In the centre is situate the kingdom of Ilavrita; while that to Bhadrasva is situate in the east. In the south-east in situate Hiranvanvarsha, O bull-emblemed deity, Kimpurusha Varsha is situate in the south of the mount Meru. Bharata Varsa is situate in the south, while Hari in the south-west.
3Ketumala is situate in the west, while Ramyaka, in the north-west. In the north is situate Kuruvarsha covered with Kalpa trees.
4-5O Rudra, except Bharata Varsha, Siddhi is naturally obtainable everywhere. Indradvipa, Ksherumana, Tamravana, Gabhashtiman, Nagadvipa, Kataha, Simhala and Varina, these are the nine inlands each encircled by an ocean.
6The Kiratas live in the east, the Yavanas in the west, the Andhras in the south, and the Turashkas in the north.
7-8The Brahmanas, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas and Sudras live in the central group of the islands. Mahendra, Malaya, Sahya, Suktimana, Riksha, Vindhya, Paribhadra, all these are the seven boundary mountains. Vedasmrti, Narmadam, Varada, Surasa, Siva.
9-11Tapi, Payoshni, Sarayu, Kaveri, Gomati,Godavari, Bhimarathi, Krishnavarna, Mahanadi, Ketumala, Tamraparni, Candrabhaga, Sarasvati, Rishikulya, Mattaganga, Payasvini, Vidarbha and Satadru, these are the sacred rivers destructive of all sins. The inhabitants of the central countries drink the water of all these rivers.
12Pancalas, Kurus, Matsyas, Youdheyas, Sapatacaras, Kuntis and Surasenas, are the the clans who inhabit the central countries.
13-14O bull-emblemed deity, the Padmas, Sutas, Magadhas, Cedis, Kasayas, Videhas live in the eastern countries. Kosalas, Kalingas, Vangas, Punidrangas, Mulakas as well as those living around the Vindhya ranges are said to inhabit south-eastern countries.
15The inhabitants of Pulinda, Asmaka and Jimutanaya as-well as Kambojas, Kanatas and Ghatas are called Southerners.
16The people of Ambashtha, Dravida, Lata, Kamboja, Strimukha, Saka, and Anartha are said to inhabit south-western, countries.
17Strairajyas, Saindhavas, Mlecchas and the godless Yavanas together with Naishadhas and the people of Mathura are known as inhabiting the western countries.
18Mandavya, Tushara, Mulika, Musha, Kosha, Mahakesa, Mahanada are the countries lying in the north-west.
19Lambakas, Tananagas, Madragandhara, Vahyikas are the Mlecchas living in the north beyond the Himalaya.
20Trigarta, Nilakolabha, Brahmaputra, Satankana, Abishaha and Kasmira are all situated in the north.