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HomeAstrologiaBrihat Samitha 10-18

Brihat Samitha 10-18

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1The course of Sage Agasthya is treated here briefly, that sage, the ocean of penance, who purifies the waters, who suppressed the Vindhya mountain whose peak or summit grew up obstructing the Son’s path, by whom the demon Vatapi, the enemy of the Gods and the tearer of stomachs of sages, was devoured and absorbed, who drank off the ocean and who adorns the southern quarter.
2-7Listen! ye, now, to the description of the appearance of the Sage, who, in days of yore, suddenly heightened the splendour of the ocean by the drying up of its waters through the mountains situated in the interior whose summits were scooped out by the claws of crocodiles and which had streams of water in the form of choice gems and jewels falling upon them along with pearls, putting to shame as it were the Gods having a limited number of gems on their diadems. He, by whom the ocean though deprived of its watery contents, was made more beautiful by means of the mountains shorn of their trees and decked with gems, jewels and corals and through the serpents that emerged from them in long rows. He by whom the great ocean though brought to grief being drained off, was raised to divine glory since it displayed glittering whales, water-elephants and serpents, a heap of gems scattered about. Though the water is taken away, the ocean filled
with floundering whales, pearl-oysters and conch-shells, still possesses the splendour of a lake in autumn with its waves, lotuses and swans, He who converted the ocean (the lord of the rivers) into the sky, as it had white clouds in the form of whales, stars in the form of gems, the Moon in the form of crystal gem, the autumnal lustre in the form of the waterless bed and Ketus or comets in the form of the rays of the gems on the hoods of serpents, And he who stemmed the Vindhya Mountain which was bent upon obstructing the course of the Sun’s carriage and so had moving peaks, and which was adorned by the flags hoisted aloft in the form of clothes on the bodies of the Vidyadharas, who clinging to the shoulders of their confused lovers eagerly seated them on their own laps; which possesses streams inside the caves occupied by lions whose heads are covered with bees following the fragrance caused by the tasting of the blood mixed with khor on the heads of the elephants and are wearing ornamental wreaths of ‘Vana’ flowers as it were on their heads; which was scratching as it were, the firmament with its uplifted peaks which had the deep sound of humming of the swarms of the intoxicated bees that were scattered by the shaking of the trees in bloom by the elephants and which (peaks) were the abodes of hyenas bears, tigers and monkeys; which is embraced in private by the Rewa river (Narmada) having the Madana trees on her banks just as one is embraced in amorous sport by one’s beloved, in whose gardens dwell the Gods and which is accompanied by sages who subsist on water, nothing, roots and air ; such was the Vindhya, when he was stemmed by Agasthya. Listen! ye, now, to the using of that sage.
8At the appearance of Sage Agasthya, the waters that are soiled (in the monsoon) by their contact with mud become clear once again spontaneously, just as the minds that are defiled by the contact with the wicked become purified automatically at the sight of the virtuous.
9The autumn nurturing a row of cackling swans flanked on both sides by ruddy geese, shines like a smiling damsel whose front teeth are tinged red by betel leaves .
10The autumn which is endowed with white lotuses by the side of blue lilies and which is adorned with rows of hovering bees, appears as charming as a dexterous damsel in love with side-long glances coupled with knitted brows.
11The pond with the bracelets of eddying waves opens at night the lilies under whose petals rest the bees as its eyes with dark pupils and beautiful lashes, as though to witness the Moon’s splendour caused by the disappearance of the clouds.
12The Earth with the hands of pools replete with various kinds of lotuses, swans, ruddy geese and ducks greets, as it were, Sage Agasthya with the presents, viz., abundant gems, flowers and fruits.
13The water which has been poured out at the command of the rain-god Indra, by the serpents whose bodies are wrap up in the clouds and which (water) is spoiled by fire and poison emitted by them, become pure at the appearance of Sage Agasthya.
14The sage, Varuna’s son, removes gin at a mere thought; how much more when it is coupled with invocations! I am now describing for the benefit of the sovereign the method of propitiating the Sage as pro pounded by the sages.
15The time of rising of Agasthya for each country should be determined and stated through calculations by the astronomer. Now, for Ujjain, it takes place when the Sun’s true position is 7° short of sign Kanya.
16-17At the time when the nocturnal dark, ness is just pierced by the mass of Aruna’s rays, the king being pure should offer in the south on the Earth the presents consisting of fragrant flowers and fruits of the season, of gems from the sea, of gold, garment, milk cows, bulls, Payasa, edible curd, coloured rice, fragrant incense and pastes when the particular direction of the rise is announced by the astronomer.
18Should a king makes these offerings with a devout heart, he would be free from all diseases, and conquer the entire host of his enemies. If he should make such offerings for a period of seven years continuously according to rules, he would rule over the entire earth girdled by the ocean.
19Should a Brahmin make the offerings according to his status, he would be blessed with a thorough knowledge of the Vedas, a charming wife and sons. If he be a Vaisya, he would get cattle. If he be a Sudra, he would become very wealthy. All persons in general who may undertake this will be free from diseases and will get benefits of virtue.
20Agasthya causes diseases when he is rough; drought, when he is russet ; harm to cows, if smoky ; if he should be throbbing, there would be fear engendered; if similar to madder in colour, he brings famine and wars; when he is tiny, he forebodes the siege of the town.
21If he shines like gold or crystal and appears to refresh, as it were, the Earth with streams of his rays, the country will have plenty of food and team with a contented and healthy population.
22If he be struck by a meteor or comet, he will bring danger of famine and pestilence. It is said that he rises when the Sun is in the asterism Hasta and sets when the Sun has reached Rohini.

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