Brihat Samitha 28-36


– 30 –

The Indications at Dawn and Twilight

1The interval during which the firmament contains indistinct stars before the Sun has half-risen and after he has half-set is called the juncture, i.e., dawn and twilight respectively. The effects—good and bad—of the juncture are to be foretold through the following symptoms.
2The deer, birds, wind, haloes round the Sun and the Moon, mock Sun or Moon, crossbar of clouds on the Sun’s disc at the juncture, tree-shaped clouds, rainbow and the glossiness of an apparent town in the sky. Sun’s rays, a stick like formation caused by the collection of solar rays, clouds and wind and dust—from these, the effects of the juncture are to be determined .
3A beast (deer) dreadfully crying aloud repeatedly, indicates the destruction of the village. The same standing in the Sun to the south of an army and crying aloud, foretells the annihilation of the army.
4If at dawn or twilight a flock of deer or the wind be to the left of an army (and be facing the Sun), then la war will break out; if it be to the right of the army, cries pleasantly (and is not facing the Sun), the two armies will come together; if it be of mixed characteristics, there will be rain.
5If at dawn there be cries of birds and beasts facing the Sun, it forebodes the destruction of the country. If birds and beasts, which with their faces glowing in the Sun send forth their notes, stand to the south of a city, the latter will be captured by the enemies.
6A dawn or twilight will be of dire consequences, if at the time a strong and rough wind blows making a howling noise, crushing houses, trees and arches, raising heaps of dust and clods of earth and throwing down birds from the sky.
7A dawn or twilight will prove beneficial if the leaves of trees are slightly shaken by the impact of a gentle breeze, or if there be no wind, and if animals and birds, not facing the Sun, send forth their melodious notes.
8The following things being glossy at dawn or twilight betoken immediate rain, Danda (vide Sloka 16, infra), lightning, fish-like clouds, a mock Sun, a halo, a rainbow. Airavata (vide Adhyaya XLVI—20 infra) and Sunbeams.
9The Sun’s rays, which are broken off, unequal, discoloured, unnatural, crooked, turned anticlockwise, slender, short, crippled (impaired) and soiled bring about war and drought.
10The Sun’s rays which are brilliant, pure, straight, long and turned in a clockwise direction and which are seen in a bright sky, tend to the prosperity of the world.
11The white, glossy, unbroken and straight rays of the Sun, which pervade the whole firmament (from the beginning to the end), produce rain and are called ‘Amogha’ or ‘unerring’.
12Greyish, tawny, russet, variegated, madder-hued, green and spotted rays stretching all over the sky (and turned upwards), are conducive to drought and produce some danger after a welt.
13-14from diseases); green ones, the destruction of cattle; and smoky ones, the ruin of cows; madder-coloured rays cause trouble through weapons and fires; tawny ones, stormy rain; ash-coloured ones, drought; and spotted and greyish rays occasion slight rain.
15If, at the time of twilight, dust coloured like the Bandhuka flower (very red) or like collyrium powder goes up towards the Sun, mankind will then be afflicted by hundreds of diseases. White dust, at the time, betokens prosperity and peace to the people .
16The collection of Sunbeams, clouds and wind, taking the form of a staff is called a Danda or rod. If the Danda is seen in the intermediate directions, misery will befall the kings, while, in the cardinal directions, it forebodes evil to Brahmins, Kshatriyas, etc., respectively.
17The Rod observed at dawn, noon and twilight produces danger from weapons (war) and diseases; while the same with white, red, yellow and dark colours destroys the four classes in order. Also, it destroys the particular direction which it faces .
18Blue and tree -shaped clouds, which being situated at the zenith of the sky and having a curd like top, screen the Sun and those tinged yellow with a dense bottom, produce copious rain.
19If a cloud-tree moving in the same direction (behind) as a marching monarch disappears suddenly, the king will be killed; while the same in the form of a young tree (plant) denotes the death of the prince (Yuvaraja) and minister.
20A twilight which has the hue of blue lily, beryl or lotus-filaments, which is free from wind and which is brightened by the Sun’s rays brings down rain the same day.
21A twilight which contains clouds in inauspicious forms, an aerial city, fog, smoke and dust, occasions drought in the rainy season, and clash of arms in other seasons .
22In the six seasons beginning with winter the natural colour of the sky at twilight is in their order red, yellow, white, variegated, lotus-hued and crimson. Each colour is beneficial in its own season and harmful, if it is otherwise.
23If a fragmentary cloud presents the appearance of an armed person and is situated near the Sun, there will be danger (to the king) from enemies. If a white aerial city (of clouds) is approached by the sun, the town that is besieged by an enemy) will be victorious; while if it is cut in two by the Sun, the town will be destroyed.
24If the Sun is covered on the right side by clouds that are white or white-fringed, there will be rain. If he is screened likewise by clouds which are similar in appearance to the boshes of Andropogon grass and which issue from an unbasted quarter, the same result will ensue.
25A white crossbar of clouds appearing at sunrise will bring about a king’s demise; a blood-red one will ruin an army through internecine warfare i and one with a golden hue will bestow prosperity on the army.
26If there are mock Suns touching the Sun on both sides, there will be abundant rain. Should they surround him on all the four sides, not a drop of rain would fall.
27-29At twilights, the clouds that have the shapes of a banner, umbrella, mountain, elephant, and horse, conduce to the victory of kings and the people; while blood-red ones tend to war. Those that are suspended like the mass of smoke from straw fire, and are smooth in appearance, make the armies of kings prosper. Those hanging low, resembling trees, shining brightly owing to their deep red colour or looking like towns bestow prosperity.
30If at a twilight birds, jackals and beasts that face the Sun cry out, if there are the Rod, dust, bolt and so forth, or if every day the Sun appears in an unnatural form, the destruction of a country, king and food will be the result.
31The dawn produces its effects—good or bad—at the same moment, the evening, on the same night or in three days ; haloes, dust and ‘bolts’, in a week, if not the same day; the sun-beams (unerring, etc.), rainbow, lightning, mock-Sun, clouds and wind act in the same manner; birds do on the 8th day, if not the same day, and beasts, in a week.
32Twilight illuminates (and has effect over) one Yojana with its gleam; lightning illumines with its flash six Yojanas; the sound of thunder extends over five Yojanas; and according to some there is no limit to the falling of meteors.
33The halo of the Sun called mock-Sun spreads lustre (and has influence) over three Yojanas; a bolt, (crossbar of clouds), over five Yojanas; a halo, over five or six Yojanas; and the rainbow shows its lustre for ten Yojanas.