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Mahabharata – Adi Parva – Harana Harana Parva – 221

Mahabharata – Adi Parva – Harana Harana Parva – 221

– 221 –

Harana Harana Parva

Birth of Pandu princes

1Vaishampayana said: When the powerful Vrishnis all began to speak in this strain, then Vasudeva (Krishna) spoke these words of deep import and true morality.
2Gudakesha (Arjuna) has not insulted our family by what he has done. There is no doubt he has enhanced our glory.
3Partha knows that we are never mercenary. The Pandava (Arjuna) also regards a Svyaimvara as doubtful in its results.
4Who also would approved of accepting a bride in gift as if she were an animal? What man again is there on earth who would sell his offsprings?
5I think the son of Kunti (Arjuna) saw these faults in all other methods, therefore the Pandava took the maiden away by force according to ordinance.
6This alliance is very proper. Subhadra is an illustrious girl and so is Partha. Thinking all this, he has taken her away by force.
7Who is there that would not desire to have Arjuna as a friend? He is bom in the race of Bharata and the illustrious Shantanu and he is also the son of the daughter of Kuntibhoja.
8-11aI do not see such a man in all the worlds, even with Indra and the Rudras, who can vanquish him in battle except the three eyed deity Shiva. His car is well known; my steeds are now yoked to it. Partha as a warrior is also well known and his lightness of hand too is well known. Who shall be equal to him? Go cheerfully to Dhananjaya; stop him by conciliation and bring him back. This is my opinion.
11b-12aIf Partha goes away to his city (Indraprastha) by defeating us, our fame will be destroyed. But there is no disgrace in conciliation.
12bO king, having heard these words of Vasudeva, they did as he directed.
13Stopped by them, the lord Arjuna returned to Dvarka and he was then united with Subhadra in marriage.
14-15aHaving worshipped by the Vrishnis, the son of Kunti remained for a year in Dvarka, sporting there at pleasure. The lord (Arjuna) passed the last portion of his excite at Pushkara. When twelve years were thus complete, he came back of Khandavaprastha.
15b-16aHe went to Yudhishthira and worshipped him first; he then worshipped the Brahmanas and at last he went to Draupadi.
16b-17aDraupadi, out of jealousy, thus spoke to that descendant of Kura, Arjuna, “O son of Kunti, go there where the daughter of the Satvata race is.
17b-20aA second always relaxes the first one, however strong it might be.” Thus Krishna (Draupadi) lamented in various strains and Dhananjaya (Arjuna) comforted her, asking again and again her forgiveness. Coming to Subhadra attired in red silk, Partha sent her (into the inner apartments) dressed in the grab of a cow-herd women. The illustrious lady looked handsome even in that dress.
20b-21aArriving at that best of houses, that wife of a hero, the best of women, the illustrious Bhadra (Subhadra) of large and radish eyes worshipped Pritha.
21b-22aOut of excessive affection Kunti smelt the head of that maiden of perfectly charming features and she then pronounced infinite blessings upon her.
22b-23aThen that damsel of the face like the full moon, Bhadra, soon went to Draupadi and worshipped her saying, “I am your maid.”
23b-24aKrishna hastily rose and embraced the sister of Madhava; and out of affection she then said, “Let you husband be without a rival.”
24b-27aBhadra then with a delightful heart said to her, “But it so.” O Janamejaya, from that time, those great car-warriors the Pandavas, lived happily and Kunti also became vary happy. Having heard that the best of the Pandavas Arjuna, had reached that excellent city, Indraprastha, the lotus-eyed and pure-souled Keshava (Krishna) came there with Rama (Baladeva).
27b-28aAnd the other heroes and great carwarriors of the Vrishni and the Andhaka races and his brothers and sons and many other warriors.
28b-30aThat chastiser of foes, Shauri, came with a large army and there also came that chastiser of foes, that exceedingly liberal, greatly intelligent and illustrious commander-in-chief of the Vrishni heroes, Akrura. (There also came) the greatly illustrious Uddhava.
30b-31aWho was a man of great soul and great intelligence, like a disciple of Brihaspati himself. (There also came) Satyaka and Satyaki and Kritavarmana and Satvata.
31b-32Pradyumna, Samba, Nisbatha and Shanku, Chandrasena, the greatly powerful Jhilli, Vipritha, the mighty armed Sarana the foremost of all learned men Gada.
33These and many other Vrishni, Bhojas and Andhakas came to Indraprastha, bringing with them many bridal presents.
34Hearing that Madhava (Krishna) had come, the king Yudhishthira sent the twins (Nakula and Sahadeva) to receive him.
35Having been welcomed by them, the Vrishni heroes of great prosperity entered Khandavaprastha which was well-adorned with flags and standards.
36The street were well-swept and waters; they were adorned with floral wreathes and bunches, sprinkled over with cooling and fragrant Sandal-wood-water.
37Every part of the town was full of the sweet scent of burning aloes. The whole city was full of happy and healthy people and adorned with traders and merchants.
38-39That best of men, the mighty-armed Keshava (Krishna) with Rama and many of the Vrishni, Bhoja and Andhaka races entered the town and was worshipped by thousands of citizens and Brahmanas. He then entered the king’s palace which was like the palace of Indra himself.
40Yudhishthira received Rama with all due ceremonies and the king embraced Keshava with both his arms ad smelt his head.
41Being much pleased with the reception, Govinda (Krishna) worshipped him (Yudhishthira) with all humility. He duly worshipped that best of men Bhima.
42The son of Kunti, Yudhishthira, then welcomed with all due ceremonies all the other chief men of the Vrishni and the Andhaka races.
43He worshipped some as his superiors, he welcomed others as his equals; he received some with affection and he worshipped others with reverence.
44Then the illustrious Hrishikesha (Krishna) gave much wealth to the bridge groom’s party. He gave to the illustrious Subhadra all the bridal presents given to her by her relatives.
45(He gave the Pandavas) one thousand golden cars adorned with rows of bells, to each of which were yoked four steeds driven by well-trained charioteers.
46Ten thousand well complexioned kine, belonging to the country of Mathura and yielding much milk were also presented (o the Pandavas) by Krishna.
47Being very much pleased, Janardana (Krishna) gave them one thousand moon-like with golden harnesses.
48(He also gave them) one thousand mules of white colour with black manes, all possessing the speed of wind and all well trained.
49-50(He gave them also) one thousand of skin perfectly polished, all young and virgin, all well-attired and of excellent complexion, each wearing one hundred pieces of gold round her neck, adorned with all ornaments and well- skilled in saving at bath and at drink and in every kind of service.
51Janardana (Krishna) also gave them as an excellent dowry of the bride, hundreds of thousands of horses, brought from the country of Balhikas.
52Janardana gave her (Subhadra) as her dowry ten loads of first-class gold, possessing the splendour of fire; some portions of were purified and some portions in original state.
53-56The wielder of plough his weapon, the lover of heroism, Rama, gave Partha as his nuptial present one thousand elephants with secretions flowing in three streams from the three parts of their bodies, each as large as a mountain., each irresistible in battle, each decked with coverlets. Well adorned with everringing
bells and other golden ornaments and each equipped with excellent haudhas on its back. The large number of gems and the large quantity of wealth presented by the Yadavas looked like a sea, of which the cloths and
blankets were the foams, the elephants were the alligators and sharks and the flags the floating weeds.
57-58The sea, thus swelling into large proportions, mingled with the ocean of wealth of the Pandavas. It was filled to the brim to the great sorrow of all their foes. Dharmaraja Yudhishthira accepted all these presents and worshipped all those great warriors of the Vrishni and Andhaka races.
59Those illustrious of the Kuru, Vrishni and Andhaka races passed their time all in merriment and in pleasure, as do the virtuous men in heaven (after their death).
60The Kurus and the Vrishnis sported there with joyous hearts, often shouting and clapping their hands.
61Thus passing many days in pleasure and worshipped and entertained by the Kurus, the greatly effulgent Vrishni heroes then returned to the city of Dvaravati.
62The great warriors of the Vrishni and the Andhaka races, placing Rama at their head and carrying with them all those brilliant gems presented to them by the excellent Kuru, set out (for their own city).
63O descendant of Bharata, the high-souled Vasudeva (Krishna however) remained with Arjuna in the charming city of Indraprastha.
64That greatly illustrious hero roamed along the banks of Yamuna in search of deer, he sported and hunted with Kiriti (Arjuna), piercing deer and wild boars with his arrows.
65Then Subhadra, the beloved sister of Krishna, gave birth to an illustrious son, like Pauloma’s daughter (Sachi) giving birth to Jayanta (son of Indra).
66He was of long arms, broad chest and bulllike eyes; that chastiser of foes, that best of men, that hero, the son of Subhadra, was named Abhimanyu.
67That best of the Bharata race, that chastiser of foes, that son of Arjuna, was called Abhimanyu, because he was fearless and wrathful.
68That great hero was begotten by Dhananjaya on the maiden of the Satvata race, like fire produced by rubbing in a sacrifice from within the Sami wood.
69O descendant of Bharata on the birth of this child the powerful son of Kunti, Yudhishthira, gave away to the Brahmanas ten thousand kine and many thousand gold coins.
70The child became a favourite of Vasudeva from his earliest years and of his father and uncles. He shone like the moon become and the favourite of all the people.
71Krishna performed all the usual rites of infancy on his birth. The child began to grow up like the moon in the white fortnight.
72That chastiser of foes learnt from Arjuna the science of arms with its four branches and ten divisions, both human and celestials; and he also became in the Vedas.
73-74That powerful boy (Abhimanyu) became equal to his father in counteracting the weapons hurled upon him, in great lightness of hands, in fleetness of motion, forward and backward and in traversing and wheeling. Seeing his son, the son of Subhadra, (so skillful in arms), Dhananjaya became exceedingly happy.
75He possessed the power of crushing all his enemies-he had every auspicious mark on his body; he was invincible in battle and as broad shouldered as a bull; he had a face like that of a snake,
76He was as proud as the lion, he was a great powerful as a mad elephant. His voice was like that of the roars of clouds and his face was like that of the full moon.
77He was equal to Krishna in bravery, in energy, in beauty and in features. Vivatsu (Arjuna) saw his son as if he was Maghavata himself.
78The auspicious Panchala princess also obtained five heroic, excellent and mountain- sons from the five Pandavas.
79-80Prativindhya was begotten by Yudhishthira, Sutasoma by Vrikodara, Shruta- karmana by Arjuna, Shatanika by Nnkula and Shrutasena by Sahadeva; they were all great car-warriors. The Panchala princess gave birth to these five heroes, as Aditi gave birth to the Adityas.
81The Brahmanas from their for-knowledge said to Yudhishthira, that because that son of his would be capable of bring like the Vindhya mountains the weapons of the foe, he should be called Prativindhyas.
82Because the child that Draupadi bore to Bhimsena was bom after Bhima had performed one thousand Soma sacrifices, he should be called the great bow-man Sutasoma.
83Because Arjuna’s son was bom on his return from exile during which he had achieved many celebrated feats, that child came to be called Shrutakarma.
84Nakula’s son was named Shatanika after a royal sage of that name in the illustrious race of Kuril.
85And because the son, Draupadi bore to Sahadeva, was bom under the constellation, called Vahni Daivata, therefore he was called after the commander-in-chief of the celestials army, Shrutasena.
86The sons of Draupadi were all bom each at the interval of year, all of them became renowned and was much attached to one another.
87O king, all their rites of infancy and childhood according to the ordinance, such as Chudakarana and Upanayana, were duly performed by Dhaumya.
88After having studied the Vedas, those princes of exce’ llcnt behaviour and vow learnt from Arjuna the use of all the weapons, both celestials and human.
89O best of kings, having obtained sons, all of whom were celestials, all of whom possessed broad chests and all whom became great warriors, the Pandavas became exceedingly happy.

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