Brihat Parasara Hora Shastra – 28-36
– 28 –
Ishta and kashta balas
1Now I narrate the benefic and malefic tendencies of the Grahas, based on which the Dasha effects can be decided.
2Exaltation Rays. Deduct the Grah’s debilitation point from its actual position. If the sum exceeds 6 Rashis, deduct from 12 Rashis. The said sum should then be increased by 1 Rashi. The degrees etc. be multiplied by 2, which, when considered along with Rashis, will indicate the Uchcha Rasmi of the Graha.
3-4Cheshta Rasmi. Cheshta Rasmis are to be calculated from Cheshta Kendr similar to Uchcha Rasmi computations. The Cheshta Kendras of Grahas from Mangala to Sani have already been explained. Add 3 Rashis to Sayan Surya (i.e. with Ayanans), which will be the Cheshta Kendra for Surya. The sidereal longitude of Surya should be deducted from Candra to get Candra’s Chesht Kendra. If the Cheshta Kendra (for any Graha) is in excess of 6 Rashis, deduct it from 12 Rashis. Add 1 Rashi and multiply the degrees etc. by 2, which will indicate the Cheshta Rasmi of the Graha.
5Benefic and Malefic Rays. Add the Uchch Rasmis and Chesht Rasmis together and divide by two. The result will be auspicious rays (Subh Rasmis). Deduct from 8 the Subha Rasmis to obtain inauspicious rays (Asubha Rasmis).
6Isht and Kasht Tendencies. Reduce 1 from each of Cheshta Rasmi and Uchcha Rasmi. Then multiply the products by 10 and add together. Half of the sum will represent the Ishta Phala (benefic tendency) of the Graha. Reduce Isht Phala from 60 to obtain the Graha’s Kashta Phala (malefic tendency).
7-9Ishta and Kashta and Sapta Varga Phala. 60, 45, 30, 22, 15, 8, 4, 2 and 0 are the Subhankas (Subha Griha Pankthis, benefic points), due to a Grah’s placement, respectively, in exaltation, Mooltrikona, own, great friend’s, friend’s, neutral, enemy’s, great enemy’s and debilitation Rashi. If Subhanka is deducted from 60, Asubhanka (Asubha Pankthi, inauspicious points) will emerge. O Brahmin, in other Vargas these are halved.
10A Graha is considered auspicious in the first five of the said places. In the sixth place it is neutral, i.e. neither good nor bad. And in the other three places it is inauspicious.
11-12Nature of Effects, due to Dig Bal etc. The directional strength of a Graha is itself representative of the effects, due to the direction; and Kaala Bala itself is indicative of effects, due to the day. Whatever quantum of Dig Bal etc. are obtained by a Graha, will be the extent of auspicious effects, acquirable on account of that strength. Deducting those figures from 60, the extent of inauspiciousness is known. If auspiciousness is more in the case of a Graha’s strength, the Dasha and Bhavas, related to that Graha will be auspicious. These are converse, if inauspiciousness is predominant.
13-14Sapta Varga Phala and Ishta and Kashta (Continued). The various strengths (i.e. the other 6 Vargas) be multiplied by the respective Graha’s Shad Bal Pinda, which will indicate the auspiciousness of the Varga concerned. Auspicious, or inauspicious aspect will be by multiplying the Subha, or Asubha Pankthi. Similarly auspicious, or inauspicious effects will be known by multiplying the auspicious, or inauspicious strength by the respective Pankthi.
15-20Effects of a Bhava. The strength of a Bhava and its Lord have already been explained. The actual effects will be a combination of Bhava strength and its Lord’s strength. If there is a benefic in the Bhava add the same to the auspicious effects and deduct from inauspicious effects, which will denote the inauspicious effects. If a malefic is in the Bhava, reverse the process, i.e. add inauspicious effects and deduct auspicious effects. Similarly Drishtis and Balas. If a Graha is exalted, or with such a dignity, add auspicious effects and reduce inauspicious effects. For debilitation etc. it is converse. In Ashtaka Varga add Bindus (auspicious points) and deduct Karanas (inauspicious points). If a Bhava extends to two Rashis, the rectification will be done, as per both the Lords. In that case, whichever Rashi has more Bindus, that Rashi will yield more favourable results, concerning that Bhava. If both the Rashis have more auspicious Bindus, take the average. Thus the auspicious and inauspicious effects of a Bhava be understood.