Brihata Parasara Hora Shastra 46-54
– 46 –
Dashas of grahas
1Maitreya said. O Venerable Maharishi Parashar! You are omniscient. There is no subject, with which you are not conversant. Therefore now please favour me with guidance about the different kinds of Dashas (periods) of the various Grahas.
2-5Maharishi Parashar replied. O Brahmin! Dashas are of many kinds. Amongst them Vimshottari is the most appropriate for the general populace. But the other Dashas, followed in special cases, are Astottari, Shodshottari, Dwadashottari, Panchottari, Shatabdika, Chaturashiti-sama, Dwisaptati-sama, Shastihayani, Shat-trimshat-sama. Our ancients have described these different kinds of Dashas, based on Nakshatras.
6-11O Brahmin! Some Maharishis have made a mention of Kala and Chakra Dasha, but they have recognized the Kala Chakra Dasha, as supreme. The other kinds of Dashas, propagated by the sages, are Chara, Chara, Kendra, Karaka, Brahma Graha, Manduka, Shula, Yogardha, Drig, Trikona, Rashi, Panchswara, Yogini, Pinda, Nausargika, Ashta Varga, Sandhya, Pachaka, Tara etc. But in our view all these Dashas are not appropriate.
12-14Beginning from Kritika, the Lords of Dashas are Surya, Candra, Mangala, Rahu, Guru, Sani, Budha, Ketu and Sukra in that order. Thus, if the Nakshatras from Kritika to the Janma Nakshatra are divided by nine, the remainder will signify the Lord of the commencing Dasha. The remaining Dashas will be of the Grahas in the order, given above. In Kali Yuga the natural life-span of a human being is generally taken, as 120 years. Therefore Vimshottari Dasha is considered to be the most appropriate and the best of all Dashas.
15The periods of Dashas of Surya, Candra, Mangala, Rahu, Guru, Sani, Budha, Ketu and Sukra are 6, 10, 7, 18, 16, 19, 17, 7 and 20 in that order.
16To find out the remainder of the Dasha, operating at the time of birth, first find out the expired portion of the Dasha of the concerned Graha. This is done, as follows. Multiply the Dasha period of the Graha concerned by the period of the stay of Candra in Janma Nakshatra, that has expired and divide that amount by the total period of the stay of Candra in that Nakshatra. The figure in years, months etc. so arrived at will be the expired period of the Dasha. If this figure is deducted from the total period of the Dasha, we will get the balance of Dasha at the time of birth.
17-20Maharishi Parashar said. O Brahmin, the sages have recommended the adoption of Ashtaottari, when Rahu not being in Lagn, in any other Kendra, or Trikona to the Lord of the Lagn. From 4 Nakshatraas from Ardra commences the Dasha of Surya, from 3 after that begins the Dasha of Candra, 4 after that will bring the Dasha of Mangala, 3 after that the Lord of Dasha will be Budha, 4 therefrom will have Sani, as the Dasha Lord, 3 thereafter the Lord will be Guru, Rahu will be the Lord of the Dasha 4 Nakshatras after that and then Sukra will take over the lordship of the Dasha 3 Nakshatras from the last one mentioned above. The Lord of the Dasha at birth will be determined by counting in this order up to the Janma Nakshatra. The duration of Ashtaottari Dasha for Surya, Candra, Mangala, Budha, Sani, Guru, Rahu and Sukra are 6, 15, 8, 17, 10, 19, 12 and 21 in that order. Thus in this Dasha system only 8 Grahas play the role of Dasha Lords, Ketu having been denied this privilege.
21-22The Dashas of the various Grahas have been specified above. In the case of malefic Grahas the Dasha span of one Nakshatra is ¼ of the Dasha of the Graha. It is 1/3rd in the case of benefics. Thus the expired portion of the Dasha is calculated, according to the method, followed for Vimshottari Dasha, by multiplying the Bhayat, i.e. the expired period of the stay of Candra in the Janma Nakshatra, by the Dasha portion of the Janma Nakshatra and dividing it by Bhabhoga, i.e. the total period of the stay of Candra in the Janma Nakshatra. Then the balance of Dasha at birth can also be ascertained. If Uttarashadha happens to be the Janma Nakshatra, the duration of its first three Padas is taken, as Bhabhog and the Dasha calculations should be done accordingly. The Dasha and calculations for Abhijit Nakshatra are done by taking the 4th Pad of Uttarashadha plus the 15th part of the beginning of Shravan. For Shravan the Bhabhoga would be the total of its duration in Ghatikas minus the 1/15th part of the beginning of Shravan. Shodshottari
23It will be advisable to adopt the Shodshottari, if the birth is in the day in Krishna Paksh (dark half of the month), or at night in Shukla Paksha (bright half).
24-26The Dasha may be adopted, when the Lagna is in the Hora of Candra with birth in the Krishna Paksha, or, when Lagna is in the Hora of Surya with birth in the Shukla Paksha. Count the number of Nakshatras from Pushya to the Janma Nakshatra. Divide this number by 8. The remainder will indicate the Dashas of Surya, Mangala, Guru, Sani, Ketu, Candra, Budha and Sukra. The Dashas of the above Grahas are of 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18 years.
27-28This Dasha system will be appropriate for one, whose Lagna is in the Navans of Sukra. Count from Janma Nakshatra to Revati. Divide this number by 8. The remainder will indicate the Dasha of the Graha concerned. The Dasha order is Surya, Guru, Ketu, Budha, Rahu, Mangala, Sani, Candra. The Dashas will be of 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19 and 21 years of the Grahas.
29-30This Dasha is considered suitable for those, whose Lagna is Karka and also in the Karka Dvadashans. Count from Anuradha up to the Janma Nakshatra and divide the number by 7. The remainder will indicate the Dasha. The order of the Dasha Lords is Surya, Budha, Sani, Mangala, Sukra, Candra and Guru. The Dashas of the Grahas are 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18 years.
31-32This Dasha system has been considered appropriate, if Lagna is Vargaottama. This happens, when Lagna in the Rashi Kundali and the Navans Lagna are in the same Rashi.
33-34Count from Revati to the Janma Nakshatra and divide this number by seven. The remainder will indicate the Lords of Dashas in this order: Surya, Candra, Sukra, Budha, Guru, Mangala and Sani. Their Dashas will be of 5, 5, 10, 10, 20, 20 and 30 years.
35-36Chaturashiti-sama Dasha is considered appropriate in cases, where the Karm’s Lord is placed in Karm. Count from Swati to the Janma Nakshatra and divide this number by 7. The remainder will indicate the Dasha Lords in the following order: Surya, Candra, Mangala, Budha, Guru, Sukra and Sani. The Dasha period of each Graha is 12 years.
37-39This Dasha system is considered suitable in cases, where the Lord of Lagna is in Lagna, or in Yuvati. Count from Mula to the Janma Nakshatra and divide the number by 8. The remainder will determine the Dasha Lords in the following order: Surya, Candra, Mangala, Budha, Guru, Sukra, Sani and Rahu. In this Dasha system all the eight Grahas have Dashas of 9 years each.
40-41This Dasha may be adopted in cases, where Surya is posited in Lagna. The order of Dasha Lords in this system is, as follows: Guru, Surya, Mangala, Candra, Budha, Sukra, Sani and Rahu. The following shows the Nakshatras, falling under the various Dasha Lords. The Dashas of Guru, Surya and Mangala are of 10 years. The remaining Grahas have Dashas of 6 years each. Guru (Ashvini, Bharani, Kritika, Punarvasu), Surya (Rohini, Mrigashira, Ardra, U.Ashadha), Mangala (Pushya, Aslesha, Magha, Revati), Candra (P.Phalguni, U.Phalguni, Hast), Budha (Swati, Vishakah, Anuradha), Sukra (Jyeshtha, Mul, P.Ashadha), Sani (Abhijit, Shravan, Dhanishtha), Rahu (Shatabhisha, P.Bhadra, U.Bhadra).
42-43Count from Shravan to the Janma Nakshatra and divide the number by 8. The remainder 1 etc. will indicate the Dasha Lords, whose order will be, as follows: Candra, Surya, Guru, Mangala, Budha, Sani, Sukra and Rahu. Their Dashas will be 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 years. If the birth is during the day and Lagna is in the Hora of Surya and, if the birth is at night and Lagna is in the Hora of Candra, adoption of this system would be preferable.
44-495 Ghatikas before the sight of the semi-disk of the setting Surya and 5 Ghatikas after that and 5 Ghatikas before and after the rising of Surya, that is 10 Ghatikas in the evening and 10 Ghatikas in the morning, respectively. The total period of both these Sandhyas (twilight) is said to be 20 Ghatikas. The 20 Ghatikas of the night have been given the name Purna and the 20 Ghatikas of the day have been given the name Mugdha. The Sandhya at the time of sunrise is called Khanda and the Sandhya at the time of sunset is said to be Sudh. Both of these Sandhyas are of 10 Ghatikas each. If the birth is in Purna, or Mugdha, its past Ghatikas should be multiplied by 2 and the product should be divided by 15. The figure so arrived at should be converted into years, months etc. By multiplying it by the serial number of Surya and other Grahas in their normal order, we will get the Kaal Dasha of these Grahas. If the birth is during Sandhya, then its past Ghatikas should be multiplied by 4 and the product divided by 15. The figure so arrived at in terms of years, months etc. should be multiplied by the serial number of Surya and the other Grahas to get the Kaal Dasha of all the nine Grahas. Chakra
50-51If the birth is at night, the Dasha will commence from Lagna Rashi. If the birth is during the day, the Dasha will start from the Rashi, in which the Lord of Lagna is placed. If the birth is during Sandhya, the Dasha will begin from the Rashi of the second Bhava. The Dasha of each Rashi is 10 years. As it is the Dasha system of the 12 Rashis in the Zodiac, it has been named, as Chakra Dasha.
52-53Maharishi Parashara said. O Brahmin! Now, after making obedience to Lord Shiva, I shall describe the Kala Chakra Dasha. Whatever was related by Lord Shiva to Goddess Parvati, is being explained by me for the use of sages to be utilized for the welfare of the people.
54-55By drawing vertical and horizontal lines, prepare 2 Kundalis, Savya and Apsavya, of 12 apartments (Kosthas) each. From the second Kostha in each Kundali fix the Rashis Mesh, Vrishabha, Mithun, Karka, Simh, Kanya, Tula, Vrischik, Dhanu, Makar, Kumbh, Meen. Then Nakshatras may be incorporated in the manner, indicated hereafter. These Kundalis, indicative of the 12 Rashis, are called Kala Chakra.
56-58Write Ashvini, Bharani and Kritika in the Savya Chakra and Rohini, Mrigashira, Ardra in the Apsavya. Then incorporate the three following Nakshatras, Punarvasu, Pushya and Aslesha in the Savya and Magha, Purvaphalguni and Uttaraphalguni in the Apsavya. Then incorporate the three following, Hast, Chitra and Swati in the Savya and Vishakah, Anuradha and Jyeshtha in the Apsavya. Then incorporate Mul, Purvashadha and Uttarashadha in the Savya and Shravan, Dhanishtha and Shatabhisha in the Apsavya. Finally incorporate the last three Nakshatras, Purvabhadrapad, Uttarabhadrapad and Revati in the Savya Chakra. Now there will be 15 Nakshatras in the Savya and 12 Nakshatras in the Apsavya, (because for the 12 Rashis there are 12 Padas of 3 Nakshatras, the Navansas). The Padas of Ashvini, Punarvasu, Hast, Mul, Purvabhadrapad, Kritika, Aslesha, Swati, Uttarashadha and Revati of the Savya should be reckoned in the same manner, as the Padas of Ashvini.
59Now I shall describe in detail, how the Deha and Jiva should be reckoned in the Padas (quarters) of the Nakshatras.
60In the first Pad of Ashvini Mesha is indicative of Deha (body) and Dhanu is indicative of Jiva (life). And the Lords of Mesha, Vrishabhaa, Mithuna, Karka, Simha, Kanya, Tula, Vrischik and Dhanu are Lords of the Dashas in the order, as described before.
61In the second Pad of Ashvini Makar is Deha and Mithuna is Jiva and the Lords of the nine Rashis from Makara to Mithuna are Lords of the Dashas.
62In the third Pad of the ten Nakshatras, beginning from Ashvini, Vrishabhaa is Deha and Mithuna is Jiva. The Lords of the Rashis Vrishabhaa, Mesha, Meena, Kumbha, Makara, Dhanu, Mesha, Vrishabhaa and Mithuna are Lords of the Dashas in that order.
63-64For the 4th Pad of the 10 Nakshatras, beginning from Ashvini, Karka is Deha and Meena is Jiva and the Lords of the nine Rashis from Karka to Meena are the Lords of Dashas.
65In the four Padas of the 5 Nakshatras, Bharani, Pushya, Chitra, Purvashadha and Uttarabhadrapad, Deha and Jiva are the same, as for Bharani.
66In the first Pad of Bharani Vrischik is Deha and Meena is Jiva and the Lords of the Rashis Vrischik, Tula, Kanya, Karka, Simha, Mithuna, Vrishabhaa, Mesha and Meena are the Lords of Dashas in this order.
67In the 2nd Pad of Bharani Kumbha is Deha and Kanya is Jiva and the Lords of Kumbha, Makara, Dhanu, Mesha, Vrishabhaa, Mithuna, Karka, Simha and Kanya are the Lords of Dashas in that order.
68In the 3rd Pad of Bharani Tula is Deha and Kanya is Jiva and Lords of the Rashis Tula, Vrischik, Dhanu, Makara, Kumbha, Meena, Vrischik, Tula and Kanya are the Dasha Lords in this order.
69-70Bharani’s 4th quarter (Pada) goes to Cancer as Deha and Sagittarius as Jeeva and the lords of signs 4, 5, 3, 2, 1, 12, 11, 10, 9 (anti clockwise) would act as the lords of the Dasas. O Brahmin! I have since described Savya Chakra exhaustively. Now I explain the Apsavya Chakra. Sketch out the chart of 12 compartment as was done earlier.
71-72O Brahmin! I have thus given you the description of Savya Chakra. Now I shall give the description of Apsavya Chakra. Prepare a similar Charata of 12 apartments and from the 2nd apartment onwards place the Rashis from Vrischik onwards in the reverse order. In this Charata Deha and Jiva would be the same for Rohini, Magha, Vishakah and Shravan, as for Rohini.
73-76In the first Pada of Rohini Karka is Deha and Dhanu is Jiva. The Lords of the Rashis Dhanu, Makara, Kumbha, Meena, Mesha, Vrishabhaa, Mithuna, Simha and Tula will be the Dasha Lords in this order. In the 2nd Tula will be Deha and Kanya the Jiva and the Lords of the Rashis Kanya, Tula, Vrischika, Meena, Kumbha, Makara, Dhanu, Vrischika and Vrischika will be the Dasha Lords. In the 3rd Kumbha will be Deha and Kanya Jiva. The Lords of the Rashis Kanya, Simha, Karka, Mithuna, Vrishabhaa, Mesha, Dhanu, Makara and Kumbha will be the Dasha Lords. In the 4th Vrischika will be Deha and Meena Jiva and the Lords of the Rashis Meena, Mesha, Vrishabhaa, Mithuna, Simha, Karka, Kanya, Tula and Vrischika will be the Lords.
77In the 4 Padaas of the Apsavya Nakshatras Mrigashira, Ardra, Purvaphalguni, Uttaraphalguni, Anuradha, Jyeshtha, Dhanishtha and Shatabhisha the Deha and Jiva and the Dasha Lords will be the same, as for Mrigashira.
78-81In the first Pada of Mrigashira Karka is Deha and Meena is Jiva and the Lords of the Rashis Meena, Kumbha, Makara, Dhanu, Vrischika, Tula, Kanya, Simha and Karka will be the Dasha Lords in this order. In the 2nd Vrishabhaa is Deha and Mithuna is Jiva and the Lords of the Rashis Mithuna, Vrishabhaa, Mesha, Dhanu, Makara, Kumbha, Meena, Mesha and Vrishabhaa will be the Dasha Lords. In the 3rd Makara is Deha and Mithuna is Jiva and the Lords of the Rashis Mithuna, Simha, Karka, Kanya, Tula, Vrischika, Meena, Kumbha and Makara will be the Dasha Lords. In the 4th Mesha will be Deha and Dhanu Jiva and the Lords of the Rashis Dhanu, Vrischika, Tula, Kanya, Simha, Karka, Mithuna, Vrishabhaa and Mesha will be the Dasha Lords.
82Maharishi Parashara said. O Brahmin! The description of the Deha and Jiva of the Padaas of the Apsavya Nakshatras and the Dasha Lords is the same, as narrated by Lord Mahadeva to Goddess Parvati.
83Maitreya said. O Venerable Maharishi Parashar! Now please guide me about the Dasha spans of the Dasha Lords, described by you. Please also demonstrate, how the commencement of the Dasha, its expired and the remaining periods at the birth are to be calculated.
84Maharishi Parashara said. 5, 21, 7, 9, 10, 16 and 4 years are the Dasha spans of Surya, Candra, Mangala, Budha, Guru, Sukra and Sani.
85-86The span of life of a person is determined from the Padas (Ansas) of the Nakshatra at the time of birth, or the time of query and the years allotted to the 9 Rashis, commencing from it (the Pada of the Nakshatra). Some sages are of the view, that the person will enjoy full span of life (Purna Ayu), if his birth is at the commencement of the Padas, will have middle span of life (Madhaya Ayu), if the birth is in the middle of the Padas and short span of life (‘Alap Ayu’), or will face death-like sufferings, if the birth is at the end of the Padas of the Nakshatra.
87-88According to this principle, we should be acquainted with the Padas of the Nakshatras. Now I shall tell you, how the calculations are made, according to the proportion of the Padas of a Nakshatra. The number of Ashvini etc., whichever may be the past Nakshatras, should be divided by 3. Thereafter the remainder should be multiplied by 4. To the figure so made available the Pada of the present Nakshatra should be added. The product will be the Navans from Mesha onwards.
89The number of years (Purna Ayu) are, as under. For the Ans in Mesha 100 years, in Vrishabhaa 85 years, in Mithuna 83 years, in Karka 86 years. The number of years will be the same for Rashis, situated the 5th and 9th to them.
90-91Multiply the past Ghatikas, Palas etc. of the Pada of the Nakshatra, in which a person is born, by the existing Dasha years and divide it by 15. The result will indicate the expired period of the Dasha in years, months etc. By deducting it from the total number of years allotted, we get the balance of Dasha at birth. The Dasha should be taken, as commencing from that Rashi.
92Multiply the past Ghatikas, Palas etc. of the present Pada of the Nakshatra by the number of years and divide the product by the fourth part of Bhabhog. The years etc. so obtained may then be deducted from the total Dasha period. The result will be the balance of Dasha at birth in years, months etc.
93The past Kalas (minutes) of the Navans, in which Candra may be placed, should be multiplied by the years, allotted to the Dasha and the product should be divided by 200. The resulting years etc. will be the expired portion of the Dasha. By deducting them from the total number of years the balance of the Dasha at birth is obtained.
94-95In Savya Chakra (Chart), the first Amsa is named as Deha and last one as Jeeva) Reverse is the pattern for Apsavya Chakra (i.e. last one is called Deha while the first one as Jeeva). The counting in respect of Savya chakra should commence from Deha etc. and for Apsavya from Jeeva and predictions are made accordingly.
96-98There are three kinds of movements (Gati) of the Rashis in the Kaal Chakra, namely Mandukai, Markati and Simhavlokana. The movement of one Rashi by jumping over one Rashi is known, as Mandukai Gati. Backward movement to the previous Rashi is called Markati Gati. The movement of a Rashi to the 5th and 9th Rashi is said to be Simhavlokana.
99-100Movement from Kanya to Karka and from Simha to Mithuna is Mandukai Gati. Movement from Simha to Karka is Markati Gati. Movement from Meena to Vrischika and from Dhanu to Mesha is called Simhaavlokana Gati. Effects of Dashas of Rashis, as a Result of these Gati.
101-102The effects of the Dasha of the Rashis with Mandukai Gati in the Savya Chakra are distress to friends, relations, parents and elders and there is likely to be cause for trouble from poison, weapons, thieves and enemies. In the Mandukai Dasha of the Gati of a Rashi from Simha to Mithuna there is the likelihood of the death of the mother, or self, trouble from Government and possibility of brain fever.
103The effects of the Dasha of Rashi with Markati Gati in the Savya Chakra are loss of wealth, agricultural products and animals, death of father, or an elderly close relation and feeling of lethargy.
104-105The effects of the Dasha of the Rashis with Simhavlokana Gati in the Savya Chakra are possibility of injury from animals, loss of amity with friends, distress to near relations, drowning in a well, fall from animals, possibility of harm from poison, weapons and diseases and destruction of residential dwelling.
106-108In the Dasha of the Rashis with the Mandukai Gati in the Apsavya Chakra the effects will be distress to wife and conditions, loss of children, possibility of feverish conditions and loss of position. In the Dasha of the Rashis with the Markati Gati there may be danger from watery places, loss of position, distress from father, punishment from Government and wandering in the forests; with the Simhaavlokan there may be destruction of the dwelling and death of father etc.
109-111If the movement is from Meena to Vrischika, the native may suffer from fever; if from Kanya to Karka, there may be loss of brothers and kinsmen; if from Simha to Mithuna, there may be ill health of the wife; if from Simha to Karka, the native may die; if from Dhanu to Mesha, there may be death of uncles and similar relations. If the Rashi is yuti with a malefic, adverse conditions may be expected in the Dasha of the Rashi. Favourable effects will be felt in its Dasha, if the Rashi is yuti with a benefic.
112-113O Brahmin! In the Kala Chakra Dasha favourable and unfavourable effects may be predicted, after taking into account the directions of the Rashis and Grahas.
114-119If the movement is from Kanya to Karka, good results are realized in places, located in the East and at that time journeys to the places in the North prove fruitful. Unfavourable effects will be felt in places, located in the West and the South. It will be advisable not to undertake journeys in those directions in the Dasha of these Rashis. If the movement is from Simha to Mithuna, no journey should be undertaken to places, located in the East. However, the journeys to the South-West will prove fruitful in the Dasha of those Rashis. If the movement is from Karka to Simha, journeys during that period to the South will prove unfavourable and result in loss and the native has to return from the South to the West. If the movement is from Meena to Vrischika, there will distress, if the native goes to the North. The same would happen, if the movement is from Dhanu to Makara. There may be ill health, imprisonment, or death, if the movement is from Dhanu to Mesha. There may be gains, comforts and property and marriage, if the movement is from Dhanu to Vrischika. It will not be advisable to undertake journeys to the West during the related period, if the movement is from Simha to Karka. Favourable results should be predicted, if the Rashis are yuti with benefics and adverse, if the Rashis are yuti with malefics.
120-122According to the above-mentioned Kaal Chakra, the person, born in the Ansas of the various Rashis, will be, as under. Mesha Ans brave and a thief, Vrishabhaa wealthy, Mithuna learned, Karka king, Simha respected by king, Kanya learned, Tula minister, or adviser, Dhanu sinful, Kumbha businessman, Meena wealthy.
123-128If the Deha, or Jiva Rashis are yuti with Surya, Mangala, Sani, or Rahu, the native will die. Worse results may be expected, if the Deha and Jiva Rashis are yuti with two, or all of them. If there is a malefic in Deha Rashi, the native suffers ill health; a malefic in a Jiva Rashi will make the native very timid. If the Deha and/or Jiva Rashi are yuti with two malefics, there will be distress and diseases. Three malefics in the Deha and/or Jiva Rashi will cause premature death. Four malefics in the Deha and Jiva Rashi will cause definite death. If both the Deha and Jiva Rashis are occupied by malefics, there will be fear from king and thieves and death of the native. If Surya is in the Deha, or Jiva Rashi, there will be danger from fire. Candra in the Deha, or Jiva Rashi will cause danger from water, Mangala fear from weapons, Budha fear from windy troubles, Sani fear from Gulma (a disease), Rahu and Ketu fear from poison. If the Deha, or Jiva Rashis are occupied by Budha, Guru and Sukra, the native will be wealthy, will enjoy all kinds of comforts and will have good health. Mixed results may be expected, if the Deha and Jiva Rashis are occupied by both benefics and malefics.
129-130In the Dasha of the Rashis, owned by malefics, the body and soul will be in distress. The effects will be favourable in the Dasha of the Rashis, owned by benefics. If a malefic Rashi is occupied by a benefic Graha, or, if a benefic Rashi is occupied by a malefic Graha, the effects will be of a mixed nature. Effects of Kaal Chakra Dasha of the Rashis in Lagna and other Bhavas.
131-132In the Kala Chakra Dasha of the Rashi in Lagna the body remains healthy and the native spends a life with many kinds of comforts. If the Lagna Rashi is a benefic one, the good effects are realized fully. If the Lagna Rashi is a malefic Rashi, there is likelihood of ill health. If a Graha in exaltation, or in its own Rashi occupies Lagna, the native is respected by the king, or government and acquires wealth.
133-134In the Chakra Dasha of the Rashi in Dhan the native receives good food, enjoys happiness of wife and children, gains wealth, achieves progress in the educational sphere, becomes a clever conversationalist and moves in good society. If the Rashi be a benefic, good effects are realized in full, otherwise the effects would be of a mixed nature.
135-136Happiness from co-borns, valour, patience, comforts, acquisition of gold, ornaments and clothes and recognition by the king, or government, are the effects in the Kaal Chakra Dasha of the Rashi in Sahaj. If the Rashi is a benefic, the good results are realized in full, otherwise adverse effects may also be experienced.
137-138Good relations with kinsmen, acquisition of land, houses, or a kingdom, conveyances and clothes and enjoyment of sound health, are the effects of the Chakra Dasha of the Rashi in Bandhu. If the Rashi is a benefic one, the good effects are realized in full. If it is a malefic Rashi, adverse results are also experienced.
139-140Being blessed with wife and children, favours from Government, enjoyment of sound health, good relations with friends, achievement of fame, good progress in the educational sphere, patience and valour are the effects of the Chakra Dasha of the Rashi in Putr. If the Rashi is a benefic one, the good results are enjoyed in full. If the Rashi is a malefic one, adverse effects are also experienced.
141-142Danger from the king, fire and weapons and the possibility of suffering from diabetes, Gulma and jaundice are the effects in the Chakra Dasha of the Rashi in Ari. If the Rashi is a malefic one, the above adverse effects will be experienced in full. There will be some mitigation of the evil effects in the case of a benefic Rashi.
143-144Marriage, conjugal happiness, being blessed with children, gain of agricultural products, cows and clothes, favours and recognition from the king and achievement of fame, are the effects in the Chakra Dasha of the Rashi in Yuvati. The beneficial results will be experienced in full, if the Rashi is a benefic one. Meagre good effects will be realized in the case of a malefic Rashi.
145-146Destruction of a residential house, distress, loss of wealth, poverty and danger from enemies are the effects of the Chakra Dasha of the Rashi in Randhra. The adverse effects will be realized in full, if the Rashi is a malefic one. Some mitigation in evil effects may be expected in the case of a benefic Rashi.
147-148During the Dasa of the sign of the 9th house in Kalachakra Dasa, the native will get married, have children, acquire wealth and comforts of house, agriculture etc. He also undertakes religious and charitable works and develops acquaintances with the intellectuals and leading personalities. Benefic sign will render full effects and malefic signs will give partial results.
149-150The Dasa of the sign of the 10th house in Kalachakra Dasa, produces recognition for the native, acquisition of authority, happiness from wife and children, inclination towards good deeds etc. and the native spends his time in attending noble pursuits and religious discourses and congregations. The benefic signs will denote full effects and malefic sign will render partial results.
151-152Kalachakra Dasa sign of 11th house ushers happiness from wife, children and friends, affection from the king, lots of comforts etc. Besides, acquisition of wealth, clothes, and good health, the native will have perpetual company of the noble friends. He gets full results if the sign occupied 10th house happened to be a benefic one and the affects will get altered in case of malefic sign.
153-154In the Dasa of the sign of the 12th house in Kalachakra Dasa, the native will face failure in ventures, loss ofvitality, body pains, loss of occupation, poverty, reverses in pursuits and will spend time aimlessly. Malefic sign will bring full effects while the benefic sign will marginalise the adverse effects.
155-156Now I explain the Chara Dasas from the Ascendant to the 12th house. In this Dasa system, the number of signs from the sign of the house upto the lord of the sign will denote the number of years of the Dasa of the said sign. Three signs put together in succession from Aries constitute one quarter (Pada). In order to ascertain the period (years) of Chara Dasa, the counting of the signs of odd quarters (1,3) be done in forward order, while for signs of even quarters (2, 4) it should be in the reverse order.
157Scorpio sign has the lords hip of two planets viz., Mars and Ketu and Saturn and Rahu are the lords of Aquarius sign. O Brahmin! This aspect should be borne in mind.
158-166Now I explain how to decide the Dasa-years of the signs having the dual lordship. 0 Brahmin! If both the lords are conjunct and located in their own signs, 12 years be assigned, otherwise Dasa-years be ascertained on the basis of single lordship. In case, one lord is in its own sign and other one is in a different sign, the counting of years be restricted upto the latter one (if the lords are posited in different signs). In the event of both the lords being located in different signs, O-Brahmin, the forward or reverse counting should be in respect of the planet which is stronger. The concept of relative strength over here means that the lord which is accompanying a planet is stronger than the one without it. If both have equal number of planets, the decision will rest on the basis of the strength of the signs. The sequence is that the fixed sign from the movable sign and the dual sign from the fixed sign is more powerful. If the signs also be of the same type, the sign rendering higher number of years be considered for Chara Dasa. Here, if one planet is in the exaltation sign and the other one is contributing higher number of years, the former (the one of exaltation sign) be considered. Besides, one year be added for the planet in the exaltation and one year be deducted if it is in the state of debilitation. The results of the Chara Dasa be analysed after due deliberation on these lines.
167Depending upon the sign of the 9th house being in the odd or even group, the Dasa of the sign is fixed by counting in forward or reverse order respectively from the Ascendant.
168-169Maharishi Parashar said. Now I am going to describe the Chara Dasha. In this Dasha system 7, 8 and 9 years are the Dasha spans of the Movable (Chara), Fixed (Chara) and Dual (Dvisva Bhava) Rashis. In this system the Dasha of the 12 Rashis begins from the Brahm Graha Ashrit Rashi. The Dashas are counted onwards from the odd Rashis and in the reverse order from the even Rashis.
170-173Maitreya said. O great Sage! Now please enlighten me how the Brahma Graha is picked out in a Charat. Maharishi Parashar said. From amongst the Lords of Ari, Randhra and Vyaya the Graha, who may possess the greatest strength and is placed in Lagna, or in Yuvati with strength, the one, placed in an odd Rashi within sixth Bhava from the Bhava concerned, is called the Brahma Graha. The Lord of Randhra in Randhra is also accepted, as Brahma Graha. If Sani, or Rahu/Ketu obtain Brahmatva (qualifications of Brahma Graha), they become Brahma Graha. If a number of Grahas obtain Brahmatva, the one with the largest number of degrees would become Brahma Graha. If there is parity in the degrees of such Grahas, the most powerful amongst them would become Brahma Graha.
174The spans of Dashas of the Rashis in the Yogardhaa Dasha system are half of the total of the spans of Chara and Chara Dashas. The Dasha will commence from the Rashi of Lagna, or Yuvati, whichever is stronger. The order of the Dashas of the 12 Rashis will be counted onwards, if the opening Dasha Rashi is an odd one. If it be an even Rashi, the Dashas will be in reverse order.
175-176In this system there are Dashas of Fixed Rashis in the Kendra etc. from Lagna, or from Yuvati, whichever is stronger. If Lagna, or Yuvati with strength is placed in an odd Rashi, the Kendra etc. are counted in the onward order. If it be in an even Rashi, the counting will be in the backward, or reverse order. In them also the Dashas would be in the order of comparative strength of the Rashis. The order of Dashas would be the same, as reckoned from the Atma Karaka. The spans of Dashas would be the same, as they are in the Chara Dasha. In calculating the years of Dashas of Grahas, counting is done from the Graha to his own Rashi. The years of Dashas would be the number, arrived at by counting up to the Rashi of the Graha, which is stronger, or more in number.
177If a Graha owns two Rashis, the Dasha years will be equal to the number, which is greater, when counted from the Rashi, occupied by him. Notes. Under this system Dashas are of two kinds, namely Lagna Kendraadi and Atma Karaka Kendraadi. There are also Kendraadi Rashi Dasha, or Kendraadi Graha Dasha in both the Dasha systems, mentioned above.
178The system, under which the first Dasha is of the Atma Karaka and the subsequent Dashas are of the remaining 7 Karakas in their order is known, as Karaka Dasha. In this system the Dasha years are equal to the number of Rashis, counted from Lagna up to the Karaka concerned.
179-180Under the Manduka Dasha system the Dasha commences from Lagna, or Yuvati Bhava, whichever is stronger. If the Rashi of commencement is an odd Rashi, the Dashas of 3 Movable, 3 Fixed and 3 Dual Rashis will be counted in the onwards order. They will be in the reverse order in the case of an even Rashi. In this system the Dasha years will be the same, as in Chara Dasha. In this system every Dasha is of the next 3rd Rashi.
181-182Some sages have designed the Shulaa Dasha for determining the time of death. In this system the Dasha commences from Dhan, or Randhra, whichever is stronger. If the Rashi is an odd one, the order of the Dasha Rashis will be onwards. It will be backwards in the case of an even Rashi. The Dasha years in this system are, as adopted for the Chara Dasha. There is a possibility, that death appears in the Dasha of the Marak Rashi, which has greater strength.
183-184In this system the first Dasha commences from the strongest amongst the Rashis in Kon (Trikona) to Lagna (Tanu, Putr and Dharm). This system is similar to the Chara Dasha. Here also the Dashas of the Rashis will be in the onwards order in the case of odd Rashis and in the reverse order in the case of even Rashis. The Dasha years will be similar to that of Chara Dasha. It has been named Trikona because of the commencement of the Dasha from the Rashis in Konas.
185-187First, the 9th sign from the Ascendant, and then signs aspected by the 9th sign followed by the 10th sign and the signs aspected by 10th sign and thereafter 11th sign, the signs aspected by the 11 th sign are the Dasas of the signs under Driga Dasa system. The sequence of the Dasa are decided on the basis of aspects and that is why it is called Driga-Dasa system. The signs 9th, 10th, 11th from the Ascendant are respectively movable, fixed and dual. In the event of movable signs the count toward aspected signs be forward and in that of fixed signs, the counting upto the aspected sign be in the reverse order. In case of dual sign, if it is odd sign, forward counting and even sign backward counting, upto the aspected signs be resorted to.
188-189In this system there are Dashas of all the 12 Rashis, including Lagna, in every Nakshatra. Consequently the Bhayata at birth may be multiplied by 12 and then the product should be divided by Bhabhog. The Rashi, degree etc. so available may be added to the longitude of Lagna. From the Rashi, becoming available by doing so, will start the Dashas of the 12 Rashis. (If that Rashi is odd, the counting will be onwards. It will be in the reverse order, if the Rashi is even).
190For finding the balance of Dasha at birth, multiply the expired degree etc. by the Dasha years of the first Dasha Rashi and divide it by 30. The years etc. so arrived at may be deducted from the Dasha years. The result will indicate the balance of Dasha at birth in years, months etc.
191-194Beginning from Akaradhi 5 Swaras (a, i, u, e, o), write underneath them the Varnas in 6 lines. Leave out the letters ‘na’, ‘ña’ and ‘na’, because they are not used in names. If they are found in any name, ‘ga’ may be substituted for ‘na’, ‘ja’ for ‘ña’ and ‘da’ for ‘na’ for working out the Dashas and making predictions. In this manner the Swar, under which the first Varna of the name of the native is found, will determine the order of the Dashas of the five Swaras. Dashas are of 12 years for all the five Swaras. In the Dasha of every Swar there will be Antar Dashas of all the five Swaras in the same order.
195-199Maharishi Parashar said. O Brahmain! I have already given you the description of Panch Swar Dasha. Now I will acquaint you with the Yogini Dasha, as described by Lord Mahadeva. There are 8 Yoginis, namely Mangala, Pingal, Dhanya, Bhramari, Bhadrika, Ulka, Siddha and Sankata. Candra, Surya, Guru, Mangala, Budha, Sani, Sukra and Rahu are born from them. Add 3 to the Janma Nakshatra and divide it by 8. The remainder will indicate the Yogini Dasha of Mangala, etc. The Dashas are of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 years. The balance of Dasha at birth should be worked out from the Bhayat and Bhabhog etc., as already explained earlier.
200-202The Pinda, Amsa, Naisargika Dasas will correspond to Pindaya, Amsayu, Nisargayika of the planet as ascertained on the basis of earlier narrations. The sequence of Dasa will commence from the strongest amongst the Ascendant, the Sun and the Moon and then the Dasa order of the planets located in Kendras, Panaphara and Apoklima houses will follow and the eight Dasas (the Ascendant and the 7 planets) will run in the natural order starting from the Ascendant.
203The effects of these Dashas will be in accordance with Ashtaka Varga Bala, which subject will be dealt with later. These Dashas are also called Ashtaak Varga Dashas.
204Sandhya is the Dvadashans Ayurdaya of the Param Ayurdaya (maximum possible life-span). In Sandhya Dasha the Dasha of all the Rashis from Lagna onwards is of 1/12 the years of Param Ayurdaya.
205-206By multiplying the Dasha years of Sandhya Dasha by 6 and dividing the product by 31, the years, months etc. so arrived at may be put in one apartment of a Table. Thereafter half of these years, months etc. may be written in the next three apartments. The remaining 8 apartments may be filled in by one third of the aforesaid years, months etc. In this manner Pachaka Dasha in Sandhya Dasha of every Bhava can be worked out and predictions may be made from it.
207-209O Brahmin! Some sages have given consideration to Tar Dasha, which is like Vimshottari. In this Dasha Janma, Sampat etc. in their order replace Surya, Candra etc., placed in Kendraas. This Dasha is applied in those cases only, where there are Grahas in Kendras. If there are a number of Grahas, the first Dasha will belong to the strongest amongst them.
210O Brahmain! I have now completed the description of the different kinds of Dashas. I will give the description of their Antara Dashas (sub-periods) later.