Purva Kandha 33-40
– 33 –
Progeny of Svayambhuva Manu
1Suta said: In all the Manvantaras of the past and future, equally identical persons, all of the same names and forms, are born.
2The different Devas who are the ruler in that Manvantara, sages and human beings all (are equally identical).
3The creation of great sages has been narrated. Now know and understand the family of Svayambhuva Manu being narrated in detail and in due order.
4-6Svayambhuva Manu had ten grandsons equal to himself. They were the sons of Priyavrata. This entire earth with its seven continents and various Varsas was colonised by them formerly in the Svayambhuva Manvantara in the first Treta ages. They were endowed with progeny, Yogic power, and penance and the ability to create subjects. This earth was colonised by them.
7-8Kanya (Kamyain Bd. P.), that extremely fortunate daughter of Kardama, the Prajapati, bore to valorous Priyavrata sons endowed with progeny. She gave birth to two daughters Samraj and Kuksi as well as to hundred sons. Among them ten brothers were very valorous and equal to Prajapati.
9They were Agnidhra, Vapusmat, Medha, Medhatithi, Vibhu, Jyotismat, Dyutimat, Havya, Savana and Sarva.
10Priyavrata crowned seven of them with due religious rites as kings over the seven continents.
11He made Agnidhra the powerful lord over Jambudvipa and he made Medhatithi king of Plaksa Dvipa.
12In the Salmali continent, he crowned Vapusmat as the king. He made Jyotismat ruler over Kusa Dvipa.
13He granted Dyutiman the kingdom of Kraunca Dvipa. He made Havya lord over Saka Dvipa.
14He made Savana the overlord of Puskara. In Puskara Dvipa, Savana had two sons Mahavita and Dhataki. These two sons were excellent among persons endowed with sons.
15In honour of the name of the noble soul, that continent (sub-Varsa) [is known] as Mahavita. The subcontinent Dhataki Khanda is called after the name Dhataki.
16King Havya begot (seven) sons as the rulers of Sakadvipa. They were Jalada, Kumara, Sukumara, Manicaka, Vasumoda, Sumodaka and the seventh son Mahadruma.
17The first sub-continent or country of (= governed by) Jalada is called Jalada; the second of (= ruled by) Kumara is glorified as Kaumara.
18The third sub-continent of Sukumara is known as Sukumara and the fourth of Manicaka is called Manicaka.
19The fifth Varsa of Vasumoda is called Vasumodaka and the sixth of Modaka, is glorified as Modaka.
20The seventh of Mahadruma is named Mahadruma. All the seven countries were thus named after them.
21Dyutimat, Lord of Kraunca Dvipa had seven sons, viz. Kusala, Manuga, Usna, Pivara, Andhakaraka, Muni and Dundubhi.
22The splendid regions situated in Kraunca Dvipa were called after the names of these (sons). The land of Usna is remembered as Usna and that of Pivara, Pivara.
23Andhakaraka’s land was called Andhakara, that of Muni was Muni and that of Dundubhi, Dundubhi. These seven flourishing lands were situated in Kraunca Dvipa.
24These seven sons of great strength were born to Jyotismat in Kusa Dvipa. These were Udbhida, Venumat, Svairatha, Lavana, Dhrti, the sixth son Prabhakara and the seventh Kapila.
25-26The first country was called after Udbhida, the second after Venumandala, the third after Svairathakara, the fourth after Lavana, the fifth after Dhrtimat, the sixth after Prabhakara and the seventh Varsa of Kapila is well-known as Kapila.
27Thus the countries in the Kusa Dvipa were known after their names. The subjects therein followed the conducts befitting the stages of life.
28The rulers of the Salmali continent were the seven sons of Vapusmat. They were: Sveta, Harita, Jimuta, Rohita, Vaidyuta, Manasa and Suprabha.
29-30Sveta was the land of Sveta, Rohita, of Rohita. Jimuta, ofjimuta, Harita, of Harita, Vaidyuta, of Vaidyuta, Manasa, of Manasa and Suprabha, of Suprabha. All these seven were the rulers of the lands.
31I shall describe the seven countries after Jambudvipa. The seven sons of Medhatithi were kings and rulers of Plaksa-dvipa.
32-33The eldest was Santabhaya, and then followed Sisira, Sukhodaya, Ananda, Dhruva, Ksemaka and Siva. The seven countries named after them were established by them in the previous Svayambhuva Manvantara.
34The subjects in the Plaksa-dvipa were made to follow the conduct of life according to their respective castes and stages of life by the sons of Medhatithi residing in their respective seven countries.
35-36In the five continents beginning with Plaksa and ending with Saka the sacred rite was known in accordance with the division of castes (Varnas) and stages of life (Asramas). Happiness, longevity, forms (beauty), strength and Dharma were all common to everyone in the five Dvipas (continents) perpetually.
37Understand that the Jambudvipa is surrounded by the seven Dvipas. Priyavrata crowned the eldest son (the son of) Kamya, Agnidhra of great valour as the king of Jambudvipa.
38-40He had nine sons equal in valour and strength to Prajapati. The eldest was known as Nabhi; his younger brother was Kimpurusa; Harivarsa was the third; Ilavrta was the fourth; Ramya was the fifth; Harinmat was the sixth; Kuru was the seventh; Bhadrasva was the eighth; Ketumala was the ninth. Undestand their lands.
41-45The father gave Nabhi the southern Varsa (subcontinent) called Hima. He gave to Kimpurusa the Varsa known as Hemakuta; to Harivarsa the Varsa remembered as Naisadha; to Ilavrta the central part of Sumeru. He (the father) gave to Ramya Nila-varsa; Sveta, which lay to the north of it, was given by the father to Harinmat. He gave to Kuru the subcontinent to the north of Srngavan. Similarly, he assigned the subcontinent Malyavat to Bhadrasva. He assigned the subcontinent Gandhamadan to Ketumala. Thus (he apportioned) these big subcontinents (among his sons).
46The righteous Agnidhra crowned his sons in these countries in due order and then engaged himself in penance.
47Thus, the seven continents were established by the seven sons of Priyavrata, the grandsons of Svayambhuva (Manu).
48The eight countries beginning with Kimpurusa are very auspicious. There perfection is natural, wholly consisting of pleasure and without effort.
49There is no calamity or misfortune, no tear of old age and death. They have neither righteousness nor unrighteousness. There are neither high born nor low born nor middling. In all those areas there are no yuga cycles (with their classification, duties etc.).
50I shall now describe the lineage of Nabhi in the Hima Varsa. Nabhi of great lustre begot of Merudevi a son (named) Rsabha, the best among all kings and the ancestor of all Ksattriyas.
51The heroic Bharata was born of Rsabha. He was the eldest of his hundred sons. After crowning his son Bharata, Rsabha renounced the world.
52He entrusted the southern Varsa called Hima to Bharata. Hence learned people know it by the name Bharata Varsa.
53Bharata’s son was the scholarly and righteous Sumati. After transferring his kingdom, the royal splendour and glory to the son, Bharata entered the forest.
54His son, Tejas1wasa lord of the subjects and conqueror of enemies. Indradyumna, the son of Taijasa, was well- known as a scholar.
55His son was Paramesthin. After his death Sobhana born in the family of Pratiharas2 and related to him (ascended his throne). A son known as Pratihartri was born to him.
56Unnetr was the son of Pratihartr. Bhuva was his son. His son was Udgltha. Pratavi was his son.
57Vibhu was the son of Pratavi. His son was Prthu. Nakta was Prthu’s son and Gaya was Nakta’s son.
58Nara was the son of Gaya. Virat was Nara’s son. Virat’s son was Mahavirya and Dhimat was his son.
59Mahat was the son of Dhimat. Bhauvana was Mahat’s son. Tvastri was Bhauvana’s son and Arija was his son.
60Rajas was Arija’s son. Satajitwas the son of Rajas. He had a hundred sons and all of them were kings.
61Out of them Visvajyoti was the chief. It is through them that these subjects flourished. They made this Bharata as consisting of seven Khandas.
62The country Bharata was enjoyed by those born of their race, for seventy-one sets of ages consisting of Krita, Treta etc.
63Along with those ages (jug as) which have gone, the kings of their race were hundreds and thousands in the Svayambhuva Manvantara.
64-65This is the creation of Svayambhuva (Manu) by which this universe has been filled along with sages, deities, Pitris, Gandharvas, Rakshasas, Yaksas, Bhutas, Pisacas, human beings, animals and birds. Their creation in the world revolves in cycles along with the Yugas.