Purva Kandha 41-48
– 41 –
Description of Kailas
1Suta said: Kailasa is the abode of the devotees of the lord who are of meritorious souls. It has isolated, charming summits. It is full of vegetation. It has the lustre of the conch.
2-4In the central ridge, as beautiful as Kunda flower, there is the invincible city of the noble-souled Kubera, the presiding deity of wealth. It is a hundred Yojanas in length and fifty Yojanas in breadth. It is beautified with a series of big mansions, set in diverse ways in gold and silver. It is very extensive, affluent and joyful.
5There is a charming assembly-hall in the centre, embellished with variegated pieces of gold. It is known as Vipula because it abounds in archways and pillars.
6The aerial chariot Puspaka, decorated in jewels, is there. It is very charming and endowed with all desirable qualities.
7As quick as the mind, it can reach any desired goal. It is decorated with clusters of gold pieces. It is the vehicle of Kubera, king of Yaksas.
8Lord Kubera the companion of Mahadeva lives there. He is the king of Yaksas revered and honoured by all living beings.
9Kubera, excellent among Devas, lives there along with Apsaras-s, Yaksas, Gandharvas, Siddhas and Caranas.
10-11Here the Lord of Wealth has eight treasures:2 Padma, Mahapadma, Makara, Kacchapa, Kumuda, Sankha, Nila and Nandana. These being inexhaustible, divine great Treasures hoarding jewels are kept in the assembly-hall.
12Similarly this mount Kailasa is the abode of Indra, Agni, Yama, Devas and Apsaras-s where Kubera, the Lord of Yaksas, is the ruler.
13The attendants of Devas first pay their respects to the king of Yaksas and then proceed to their respective lords.
14-17The great and charming water-reservoir ‘Mandakini’ is there. It has abundance of water. Its embankment has steps plated with gold and studded with gems. There are golden lotuses with sweet smell, touch etc., great blue lotuses with leaves and petals as blue as lapis lazuli. The reservoir is beautified with lilies and lotuses of great fragrance. I tappears splendid with the womenfolk of Yaksas, Gandharvas and Apsa- ras-s. The waters of the reservoir are used by Devas, Danavas, Gandharvas, Yaksas, Rakshasas and Pannagas (serpents).
18Then, there are excellent rivers, the Nanda and the Alakananda. These rivers are endowed with excellent qualities and are used by celestial sages.
19-20On the eastern peak of this lordly mountain, there are ten famous cities of Gandharvas endowed with prosperity. They are one thousand Yojanas in length and thirty Yojanas in breadth. They are decorated with a series of great mansions.
21There are ten Gandharva kings as valorous as the blazing fires. They are named as Subahu, Harikesa, Citrasena, Jara and others.
22-23On the western peak of Kailasa, as lustrous as the Kunda flower, is the abode of each of the Yaksas, eight Yojanas in length and forty in breadth. The place is resorted to by Siddhas and celestial sages. It abounds in various minerals and has long rows of lofty mansions.
24There are thirty rich and flourishing abodes of Mahayaksas that are joyous and prosperous all round.
25Thirty prosperous kings of Yaksas (e.g.) Mahamali, Sunetra, Manivara and others rule over there.
26Thus have I mentioned Yaksas as lustrous as Vayu and Agni, whose ruler is the prosperous lord Kubera.
27-28South of Himavat, stretching from the eastern to the western sea, hundreds of cities of Kinnaras are established on the ridges abounding in hedges, bushes, fountains, caves and precipices.
29In the bosom of the lord of mountains with many peaks, men and women rejoice. The place is full of delighted and well-nourished people.
30There are a hundred kings for these bright and powerful people. They are Druma, Sugrivasainya, Bhagadatta and others.
31It was here that the marriage of Rudra with the great goddess Uma took place. It was here that she, the great goddess, performed penance.
32It was here that Rudra sported as a hunter. It was from here that the couple surveyed Jambudvipa.
33The playgrounds of Rudra abounding in flowers of manifold colours and fruits of various shapes and sizes are here. These, with the different groups of living beings, are delightful.
34It is the place where the beautiful Kinnara maidens, the slender-bellied, bright-eyed, joyous dwellers of the mountain caves sport about.
35Similarly it is here that the long-eyed Yaksas, groups of Apsaras-s and Gandharvas of charming physique move about with pleasure.
36The famous garden of Uma is also there. It was here that Siva assumed the form of half-man and half-woman.
37Saravana where the six-faced Karttikeya was born and whence enthusiastically he started to the Kraunca forest, is also there.
38Here itself is the chariot of Karttikeya with lions yoked, which has a flagstaff* and banners, and which sparkles with clusters of tinkling bells.
39It was here on the ridge of the Kraunca mountain where there are flower bushes of various colours, that Skanda, the destroyer of foes of Devas discharged his spear (sakti).
40It was here that Guha, brilliant as the twelve suns, the enemy of Daityas, was crowned as the commander-in-chief of the army by the excellent Devas including Indra and Vishnu.
41O Brahmanas, these and other spots and abodes associated with Kumara and abounding in living beings are also there.
42Similarly, on the auspicious summit of Himavat abounding in living beings, there is a play-ground called Pandusila, of the destroyer of Kraunca.
43On its beautiful eastern ridge is the residence of Siddhas. It is known as Kalapagrama.
44-47There are hundreds and thousands of hermitages of the sages Mrikanda, Vasistha, Bharata, Nala, Visvamitra, Udda- laka and others, of severe penance and purified souls, on the mountain Himavat. This excellent mountain, the abode of many Siddhas, is decorated by their temples and holy spots. Yaksas and Gandharvas move about here and there. Several groups of Mlecchas too live there. It abounds in mines of jewels. It is resorted to by different animals. It is the source of origin of thousands of rivers.
48O Brahmanas, now listen to the special features of the western lofty mountain Nisadha, as it is being narrated wholly and precisely.
49On the extensive central summit embellished with gold and minerals is the brightly illuminated abode of Vishnu. It is resorted to by multitudes of Siddhas, sages, Gandharvas and crowds of Yaksas, Apsaras.
50There the great lord, the yellow-robed Vishnu, the bestower of boons, the eternal maker of the worlds, is served by Siddhas.
51-54On its interior peak embellished with different minerals, on the ridge of the Nisadha mountain where the rocky surface is smooth and charming, is the delightful city of Rakshasas (called) Ulanghis. The city extends to thirty Yojanas. There are series of gardens there. The city cannot be thwarted by enemies. It is full of (Rakshasas) as cruel as poisonous snakes. The palaces have golden turrets and pinnacles. The archways are made of molten gold. There are hundreds of lofty buildings with sloping roofs, in the main streets and thorough fares. The mansions and palaces (in it) are incomparable. They are embellished with pieces of molten gold. It is very extensive and always joyous.
55South of the same mountain with many abodes of Daityas, there is an inaccessible city within the (belly of) the mountain, with only a cave as the main entrance.
56Similarly, on the western peak, on a lofty rock of Parijata, there are flourishing cities of Devas, Danavas and Nagas.
57On the great ridge of the mountain, there is the rock called Somasila where the moon descends on Parvan days.
58The sages, Kinnaras and Gandharvas worship the glorious lord of stars, dispeller of darkness, the praiseworthy (uncensured) lord, the moon.
59North of the same mountain, there is the spot known as Brahmaparsva. It is the abode of Brahma, lord of Devas, it is well-known in heaven.
60Siddhas, Yaksas, Gandharvas and Danavas worship the self-born lord with sacrifices, worships and prostrations.
61Similarly, the abode of the Fire-god is famous in all the worlds. There the embodied god Fire is worshipped by Siddhas and Caranas.
62Similarly, on the excellent mountain Trisrnga, to the north, is the city Hemacarita, well-known in the three worlds. This mountain is frequented by sages and Siddhas. It is the abode of different living beings.
63There are three abodes of the three chief deities. O Brahmanas, the abode of Narayana is on the eastern peak, that of Brahma is in the middle and that of Siva is on the west.
64These mighty lords of Devas, worthy of worship, are revered by Daityas, Danavas, Gandharvas, Yaksas, Rakshasas and Nagas.
65Here and there, on the excellent mountain Trisrnga and adjoining places, are the beautiful cities of Yaksas, Gandharvas and Nagas.
66-67Similarly, to the north, on the divine mountain Jarudhi, which abounds in peaks and which is resorted to by Siddhas and sages, are the cities of Yaksas, Kinnaras, Gandharvas, Nagas, Rakshasas and Daityas in hundreds and thouands.
68-72On the central summit of that mountain resorted to by Siddhas, Devas and sages, embellished by jewels and minerals, there is a circular zone of thirty Yojanas. It looks splendid with expanses of full-blown lotuses, lilies, Saugandhika grass (or white waterlilies), night lotuses (opening at moon-rise). It is resounded with the chirping of and is beautified by birds. It is the haunt of various animals, beasts and birds. It is crowded with swans and ducks and is resorted to by inebriated bees. The place abounds in sweet, pure water used by Siddhas. There is a sacred lake called Anandajala.
73The fierce lord of Nagas, invincible Canda, with a hundred heads, the blessed one marked by Vishnu’s discus, resides here. There eight wonderful mountains are known as Devaparvatas.
74-77Thus, the earth is full of cities, abodes, excellent and sacred lakes of holy waters, silver and jewel mountains having the lustre of gems, mountains of yellow orpiment, vermilion and gold, vast expanses of pure red arsenic shining in their red hue, and mountains of precious stones with minerals of variegated colours. There are very extensive mountains with the rivers, caves, ridges and precipices of variegated colours and many shapes.
78-79These mountains are the abodes of Daityas, Raksa- sas, saints, Kinnaras, serpents, Gandharvas of wonderful features, Siddhas, Caranas. These are resorted to by Gandharvas and divine damsels. They are extensive and are inhabited by meritorious persons. They appear like filaments of lotuses.
80The circle of mountains of the Meru (region) is known as the Siddhaloka. It has various resorts for shelter. Meritorious persons frequent the place.
81The images of Siddhas of no fierce activities, stand in the middle. That place (also) is known as heaven. Its order is thus stated.
82-83This earth is declared as having four Dvipas. It is inhabited by people of all castes, statures, complexions and powers. They partake of different kinds of food and beverages. They wear different sorts of dress and ornaments. They have different emotional reactions.
84-85The four big continents inhabited by many castes are known as Bhadra, Bharata, Western Ketumala (i.e. Ketumala to the western side) and the Northern Kuru. They are the abodes of meritorious people. O Brahmana, this earth, in the shape of a lotus, and divided into four continents and many sub-continents, has thus been described by me.
86This wide earth along with the interspersed continents, mountains, forests, and groves is called Padma (lotus-shaped). It is very extensive.
87-89The worlds of Brahma, Devas, Asuras and human beings are three. That which is heated by the moon and the sun is known as the world (the earth). It has the qualities of smell, colour, taste, sound and touch. This lotus-shaped universe is known as Lotus in the Vedas. This is the accepted order in the Puranas as well.