Uttara Kandha 1-9
– 1 –
Manvantaras: The Milking of the Earth
1Samsapayana said: I wish to know precisely the order of Manvantaras and all the respective deities pertaining to the different Manvantaras.
2Suta said: Listen to and understand as I recount succinctly and m detail, the Manvantaras which have gone and which are yet to come.
3The first Manu was Svayambhuva and then there was Svayambhuva Manu. Thereafter the Manus were Auttama, Tamasa, Raivata and Casusha. These six Manus have already passed away. I shall explain the eight future Manus.
4They are the five Savari).as, Raucya, Bhautya and Vaivasvata. I shall explain them after Vaivasvata Manu.
5Know the five Manus who have passed away to be Manavas. The Manvantara of Svayambhuva Manu which has already passed has been described by me.
6Henceforth, I shall describe briefly the activity of creation by Svarocisha, the second Manu of noble soul.
7In the Svarocisha Manvantara, there were the Devas called Tushitas and the learned scholars called Paravatas. Only these two are remembered as the groups of Devas.
8They were born of Tushita as the sons of Kratu, the Svarocisha (Manu). The Paravatas and the remaining ones-these two Ganas (groups) consist of twelve each. (Thus) all these Devas together are remembered as chandajas and they are twenty-four (in number).
9-10Dhaivasyasa, Vamanya, Gopa, Devayata, lord Aja, the powerful lord Durona, Apa of powerful arms, the vigorous Mahaujas, Cikitvan, Nibhrta, Viryavan, and Arhsa: these were the sons of Kratu. They were then the imbibers of Soma.
11-13Lord Pracetas, Visvedeva, Samanja who was well known, Ajihma the suppressor of enemies, Ajihmana and Mahiyana endowed with learning, the blessed Aja and Usha, Yaviya of great strength, Hotr and Yajva were the Paravatas of great exploit. These all were the deities who functioned in the Svarocisha Manvantara.
14At that time these twenty-four Devatas (deities) were the imbibers of Soma. Their Indra (ruler and leader) was Vaidha who was world-famous.
15-16The Saptarishis (the Seven Sages) were Orja the son of Vasishtha, Stambha the son of Kasyapa, Drona the son of Bhrigu, Rishabha the son of Ailgiras, Dattatri the son of Pulastya, Niscala the son of Atri, and Dhavan the son of Pulaha.
17-18Caitra, Kaviruta, Krtanta, Ravi, Brhat, Guha, Nava and Subha: these nine are remembered as the sons of Svarocisha Manu who established his race. They have been enumerated in the Purana. Such is the second Manvantara.
19The Seven Sages, Manu, Devas and Pitris-these four constitute the root (and foundation) of a Manvantara. All the subjects are subsidiary to them.
20Deities are the sons of Sages, Pitris are the sons of Devas and the Sages are the sons of Devas-This is the
conclusion of the Sastras (Scriptures).
21Kshatriyas and Vaishyas were born of Manu and Brahmanas were born of the Seven Sages. Thus the Manvantara has been described in brief, not in details.
22The detailed description of the Svarocisha Manvantara should be understood through (that of) Svayambhuva Manvantara. It is impossible to describe it in detail even in hundreds of years, since the progenies are many in every family and they are oft repeated.
23The Manvantara of Auttama is the third among the Manvantaras. There are five Ganas. I shall recount them. Understand them.
24The Devas are Sudhamans, Vasavartins, Pratardanas, Sivas, and Satyas. Each of these groups (Gar.zas) consists oftwelve (Devas).
25The names of the twelve constituting Sudhamans are Satya, Dhrti, Dama, Danta, Kshama, Kshama, Dhrti (Dhvani Bd.P.), Suci, lsha, Orjas , Jyestha and Vapushman the twelfth.
26The Vamsakarin Devas (Vasavartins) were Sahasradhara, Visvatman, Samitara, Brhadvasu, Visvadha, Visvakarma Manasvanta, Virad, Yasas, Jyotis, Vibhavya and Kirtiman.
27-28Pramardana (Pratardana) gods are glorified. They are, Avadhya, Arati, Lord Vasu, Dhishnya, Vivasvasu (Vibhavasu in Bd.P.) Dinakratu ( Vitta and Kratu in Bd.P.) , Sudharma, Dhrtavarma, Yasasvina (Yasasvija in Bd. P.) and Ketuman.
29-30Hamsa, Svara, Ahiha, Pratardana, Yasaskara, Sudana Vasudana, Sumanjasa, Visa, Jantuvahyati, Suvitta and Sunaya— these are to be known as Sivas. They are the twelve other gods worthy of partaking their share in sacrifice.
31-33Understand the names of those constituting the Satya category of Devas, as agreed (by sages of yore). They are Dikpati, Vakpati, Visva, Sambhu, Svamrdika, Adhi- pa, Varcodhas, Muhyasarvasa (?), Vasava, Sadasva, Ksema and Ananda. These are those sacrifice-worthy other twelve (Devas) famous as Satyas. These are the deities who lived in the Manvantara of Auttama.
34-35Aja, Parasu, Divya, Divyausadhi, Naya, the unequalled Devanuja, Mahotsaha, Ausija, Vinita, Suketu, Sumitra, Subala and Suci—these thirteen were the noble-souled sons of the Manu Auttama. These were the progenitors of the race of Kshatriyas and made them flourish. Such is the third Manvantara.
36The activity of creation etc. in the course of the Auttama Manvantara has been explained through (that of) Svarocisa Manvantara. Now listen and understand the creation etc. in the Tamasa Manvantara in detail and in the proper order.
37In the fourth period of Manvantara2ù of the Manu Tamasa, the Ganas were four, viz. Satyas, Svarupas, Sudhis and Haris.
38In the Manvantara of Tamasa, the gardsons of Pulastya (manifested themselves). Each of these Devaganas consisted of twenty-five (gods).
39The hundred Indriyas (sense-organs) and the eighth Tamas (Darkness) which the top-most sages who value truth as life, enunciate, are remembered as the Devas in that Manvantara.
40Sibi the lord of (great) exploit, was the Indra of those Devas. O excellent ones, understand the seven sages of that Manvantara.
41-42Harsa, the son of Kavi; Prithu, the son of Kasyapa; Agni, the son of Atri; Jyotirdhaman, the son of Bhrigu; Vanapitha, the son of Pulaha, Gotra, the son of Vasistha; and Caitra, the son ofPulastya were the (seven) sages in the Tamasa Manvantara.
43Janughanda, Santi, Nara. Khyati, Bhaya, Priyabhjtya, Avaksi, Prstalodha, Dfdhodyata, Rta and Rtabandhu were the sons of Tamasa Manu.
44In the fifth cycle of Manvantara of Carisnava Manu, the groups of Devatas are well enumerated. Understand them.
45Amrtabha, Abhutarajas, Vikunthaand Sumedhas were the auspicious sons of Carisnu alias Vasistha, the Prajapati. Their shining and glorious Ganas were fourteen and four (i.e. eighteen) (or fourteen for each of the four Ganas).
46-47Svatra (Svapna in A.), Vipra, Agnibhas, Pratyetistha, Amrta, Sumati, Vavirava, Vacinoda, Srava, Pravirasi, Vadaand Prasa were the fourteen (?) Amytabhas remembered as the devas in the Carisnava Manvantara.
48-49Mati, Sumati, Rta, Satya, Avyti, Vivrti, Mada, Vinaya, Jeta, Jisnu, Sahas, Dyutiman and Sravasa—these are the names of Abhutarajas Ganas as (they) know.
50Vrsa, Bhetta, Jaya, Bhima, Suci, Danta, Yasa, Dama, Natha, Vidvan, Ajeya, Krsa, Gaura and Dhruva are glorified as Vikunthas. Uunderstand the Sumedhas.
51-52Medha, Medhatithi, Satyamedha, Prsnimedha, Alpamedha, Bhuyomedha and others (?), the lord Diptimedha, Yasomedha, Sthiramedha, Sarvamedha, Asvamedha, Pratime- dha, Medhavan and Medhaharta are glorified as Sumedhas.
53-54Vibhu of well-known exploits and manliness was their Indra. Then the (seven) sages in the fifth Manvantara of Raivata Manu were: Vedabahu, son (descedant) of Pulastya; the sage called Yaju, the son of Kasyapa; Hiranyaroma, son of Angiras; Vedasri, son ofBhrigu; Ordhvabahu, son of Vasistha; Parjanya, son of Pulaha; and Satyanetra, son of Atri.
55Mahapuranasambhavya, Pratyangaparaha, Suci, Balabandhu, Niramitra, Ketubhrnga and Drdhavrata were the sons of Carisnava. Such is the fifth Manvantara.
56Svarocisa, Auttama, Tamasa and Raivatas—these four Manus belong to the family of Priyavrata.
57In the sixth cycle of Caksusa Manvantara the Devas are remembered as consisting of five Ganas (classes), viz. Adyas, Prasutas, Bhavyas, the heaven-dwelling Prithukas and the Lekhas of great dignity.
58This creation of heaven-dwellers is mentioned in accordance with the names of their mothers. The Ganas of those Devas are the great-grandsons of Aranya, the Prajapati, the son of Atri. Each of these groups is remembered as comprising of eight Devas.
59Antariksa, Vasu, Haya, Atithi, Priyavrata, Srota, Manta and Sumanta—these are glorified as Adyas.
60Syenabhadra, Pasya, Pathyanetra of great fame. Suma- nas, Suvetas, Raivata, Supracetas and Dyuti of great prowess— these are mentioned as Prasutas.
61Vijaya, Sujaya, Mana, Udyana, Sumati, Supari, Vijnata and Arthapati—these Devas are remembered as Bhavyas. Now listen and understand the Prithuka gods.
62Ajista, the Lord Sakyana, Vanaprstha, Sankara, Satyadhrsnu, Vishnu, Vijaya and the highly blessed Ajita are the heaven dwelling Prithukas.
63-64I shall now describe Lekhas. Understand as I recount them. Manojava, Praghasa, Pracetas of great fame, Vata, Dhruvaksiti, Adbhuta of great virility, Avana and Brihaspati are glorified as Lekhas.
65-66Manojava of great virility and prowess became their Indra then. The seven sages in the Caksusa Manvantara were: Unnata, son (descendant) of Bhrigu; Havisman, son of Angiras; Sudhaman, son of Kasyapa; Virajas, son of Vasistha; Atimana, son ofPulastya; Sahisnu, son of Pulaha, andMadhura, descendant of Atri.
67-68Uru, Puru, Satadyumna, Tapasvin, Satyavak, Krti, Agnistut, Atiratra and Sudyumna—these nine and the tenth one Abhimanyu; these were the sons of Caksusa Manuborn of Nadvali. Such is the sixth Manvantara.
69O Bramanas, the creation of that noble soul is explained through (that of) Vaivasvata Manvantara and it has been explained by me in detail and in the proper order.
70The sages requested: The successors and heirs of Caksusa Manu were born in the family of Kasyapa. Please mention (enumerate) to us all those others who were born in his family.
71Suta said: It behoves you to hear the creative activity of Caksusa Manu in brief. Prithu, the valorous son of Vena, was born in his family.
72Other Prajapatis and Daksha, son of Pracetas, too were born (of that family). Atri, the Prajapati, adopted Uttanapada as his son.
73-74The son of Dakshaka, the Prajapati, became a king. He was given in adoption to Atri for some reason by Svayambhuva Manu after the advent of the sixth (Manvantara). O Brahmanas, having reached the future Manvantara Caksusa, I shall now explain it by way of introduction.
75The very clever daughter of Dharma and his wife Laksmi, the lady of sparkling smiles named Sunrta (Suniti), the lady who could produce wealth, bore to Uttanapada a son named Dhruva and became his auspicious mother.
76Uttanapada begot of her Dhruva, Kirtiman, Ayasman and Vasu and also two daughters of sparkling smiles, Manasvini and Svara. Their sons have been already mentioned.
77The valorous Dhruva, praying for (desirous of) extensive fame, performed penance for ten thousand divine years observing fast.
78-79In the first Tretayuga, he (Dhruva), the grandson of Svayambhuva Manu, controlled himself by means of Yoga in his desire to win great fame. The delighted Brahma granted him the excellent abode among luminaries. It is pleasing and lasting till the final dissolution of the Universe. It is devoid of setting and rising.
80On seeing his unlimited glory and greatness, Usanas, the preceptor of Daityas and Asuras, sang this Sloka (verse).
81“How wonderful is the prowess of his penance ! How commendable is his learning! Wonderful is his Huta (Holy rite) that the seven sages have kept Dhruva above themselves. The firmament depends on Dhruva. He is the controller and the lord of the firmament”.
82Bhumi bore to Dhruva two kings (as sons), viz. Pusti and Bhavya. The powerful lord Pusti told his shadow, “Be a woman”.
83At his truthful utterance, the shadow of divine body became a woman immediately. She was bedecked in divine ornaments.
84Pusti of his Chaya five sinless sons, viz. Pracinagarbha, Vrisaka, Vrika, Vrikala and Dhrti.
85The wife of Pracinagarbha named Bhuvarca gave birth to a son who became a king by the name of Udaradhi. In his previous birth, he had been Indra.
86He used to take food but once at the end of every thousand years. Thus the lord secured Indra-hood which lasted a Manvantara.
87Bhadra bore to Udaradhi the son Divanjaya. Varangi bore to Divanjaya the son Ripu, the conqueror of foes.
88From Ripu, Brhati, bore a son Caksusa endowed with all types of brilliance. Caksusa begot Manu of Puskarini, a descendant of Varuna and the daughter of the noble-souled Prajapati Aranya.
89O blessed one, Manu begot ten auspicious sons of Nadvala, the daughter of Vairaja, the Prajapati.
90The sons of Manu and Nadvala were tJru, Puru, Satadyumna, Tapasvin, Satyavak, Kavi, Agnistut, Atiratra and Sudyumna—these nine as well as the tenth son Abhimanyu.
91Agneyi bore to Oru six sons of great brilliance, viz. Anga, Sumanas, Svati, Kratu, Arigiras and Siva.
92To Anga, Sunitha bore a single child Vena. Due to the misdemeanour of Vena, there was a great indignant commotion.
93For the sake of progeny, the sages (churned) his right hand. When the hand of Vena was pressed, a great king was born. The royal descendant of Vena was glorified as Prithu.
94Prithu, the son of Vena, was the foremost of Kshatriyas. He was born with a bow and a coat of mail. He appeared blazing with his splendour. He protected all the worlds.
95He was the first among kings who had been crowned in the Rajasuya sacrifice. He was the ruler of the Earth. In order to eulogise him, the clever Suta and Magadha (Bards) were born.
96-97For the sake of his subjects desirous of livelihood the Earth in the form of a cow was milked, yielding all sorts of plants, along with the Devas, groups of Sages, Pitris, Danavas, Gandharvas, Apsaras-s, all Punyajanas, creepers and mountains.
98Being milked in different vessels, the Earth (Vasundhara —that which contains rich deposits) yielded milk as much as they desired. Thereby, he sustained the world.
99-100The sages said: O highly intelligent one, narrate in detail the story of the birth of Prithu and how the Earth (yasundhara) was milked formerly by that noble-souled (king) along with Devas, serpents, Brahmanas, Sages, Yaksas, Gandharvas and Apsaras.
101To us who solicit (the information) describe their special forms of vessels, the milker, the milk and the different calves (used for milking).
102Please mention everything to us, for what reason the hand of Vena was pressed formerly by the infuriated sages.
103Suta said: O Brahmanas, I shall describe the origin of Prithu, the son of Vena. O excellent Brahmanas, listen attentively with minds purified by austerities.
104I shall not describe this holy narrative to an impure person, nor to a sinful one, nor to one who is not a disciple, nor to one who is malevolent and never to (by no means to) one who does not observe holy rites.
105-106This story is conducive to fame, longevity and attainment of heaven. It is holy and on a par with the Vedas. It is esoteric as the sages, have said. He who is not malicious shall hear it. The man who recounts this narrative of the birth of Prithu, the son of Vena, to Brahmanas after bowing to them shall not bewail errors of commission and omission. This king (i.e. Prithu) was a defender of faith. He was equal to Atri.
107The Prajapati named Anga was born in the family of Atri. Vena was his son. He was not very pious or faithful.
108The Prajapati was born of Sunitha, the daughter of Mrtyu. Vena was the son of the daughter of Kala. Hence on account of the (hereditary) evil trait of his maternal grandfather, Vena (was cruel).
109He turned his back on Dharma; he indulged in covetousness as he pleased. He established institutions devoid of Dharma (Virtue and Piety).
110Disregarding the Vedas and Sastras he was engrossed in sinful and evil activities. While he reigned the subjects were devoid of Vedic study and utterance of Vasatkaras. The deities did not partake of the sacrificial offerings nor did they drink the Soma juice.
111“No Yajna should be performed. No offerings should be oblated to fire”. This was the cruel, solemn declaration of that Prajapati when his (utter) ruin was imminent.
112He proclaimed: “In all sacrifices, I deserve to be offered sacrifice (sacrificial oblations) and worship, by all twice- born castes. Yajnas should be performed unto me. I should be invoked while (performing) Homas.”
113When he crossed the limits of decency, when he took up an improper stand, Marlci and other great sages told him:
114-115“We are going to be initiated (into a rite lasting) for many hundreds of years. O Vena, do not perform unrighteous acts. This is not the eternal Dharma. In the (family of the God of) Death you are undoubtedly born as a Prajapati. It has been promised by you formerly: ‘I shall protect the subjects.’ While they talked thus, Vena spoke to the Brahmarisis:
116-118The evil-minded but eloquent Vena laughingly said thus: “Who else is the creator of Dharma? Whose words are needed by me? Who is there on the Earth equal to me in prowess, learning, penance and truthfulness? You all know precisely that I am inferior to none, that I am a noble soul. I am the source of origin of all the worlds and particularly of all Dharmas, If I wish I can burn the entire Earth or make it flooded with water. I can create it or swallow (annihilate) it. No doubts or suspicions need be entertained in this matter.”
119When the king Vena who was utterly deluded by stubbornness and sense of false prestige, could not be dissuaded, the great sages became infuriated.
120They caught hold of that mighty one even as he was dazzling like fire. Highly infuriated, they twisted and churned his left hand.
121-123O Brahmanas, from his hand that was being twisted and churned, a man black in colour and very short in stature, was born. Formerly it was heard so (by us). He was agitated in all his sense-organs. Frightened, he stood there with palms joined in reverence. On seeing him confused and dejected. (the sages) said: “Nisida (Sit down). He, of infinite valour, became the founder of the dynasty of Nisadas (a hill tribe). He created Dhivaras too (the fishermen) born of the sins and defects of Vena.
124All those others (hill tribes) residing on the Vindhya mountains such as Tumburas, Tuvaras and Khasas and persons interested in evil actions were born of the sins of Vena.
125Becoming indignant again, the great sages pressed and churned the right hand of Vena in great fury as though it were the Arani (a pice of wood used to kindle sacred fire by attrition).
126From the splendid brilliance originating from the pressure exerted on the right hand, Prithu was born. Since he was born of the big (JPrithu) hand (palm) he was called Pfthu.1 He was dazzling with the brilliance of his body like the Fire.
127He wielded the primordial bow of loud report, named Ajagava. Then he took up the arrows and the coat of mail of great lustre for the sake of protection.
128When he was born, all the living beings became highly delighted. When the great king was born, Vena went to heaven.
129Due to the birth of that intelligent noble-souled son, he (Vena) was (elevated as) a Rajarsi (a royal sage). The tiger among men (Prithu) then protected him from the hell called Put (by being born as a son).
130All the rivers and oceans brought gems and jewels and came there. They crowned the son of Vena as the king. With a great royal kingdom, he became an Emperor of great splendour.
131That Emperor was coronated by the Devas, the sons of Arigiras. The valorous son of Vena, Prithu, became the first king and a great Emperor.
132The subjects who had been antagonised by his father were won over by him. Hence thanks to his Anuraga (love and affection) he got the name Raja (king).
133When he rushed against the ocean, the waters stood steady and motionless, and mountains crumbled before him. He never experienced the breakage of his banner.
134The Earth yielded food-grains without being cultivated. All edible things were achieved on mere thought. Cows yielded whatever one desired. Honey was obtained in every leaf-cup (cluster of flowers?)
135At that time, in the auspicious Yajna of Pitamaha, the highly intelligent Suta was born of suti (the extraction of Soma juice) on the day intended for the extraction of Soma juice. The intelligent Magadha was also born in the same great Yajna.
136With the Havis of Indra the Havis of Brihaspati got mixed. The offering was made to Indra by the Devasand thereby Suta was born.
137The Havya offering of the preceptor which was mingled with that meant for the disciple, was over-powered by the disciple’s Haris. On account of the (mingling) activity of the lower and the upper, a mixed caste came into being.
138A Suta (charioteer) is begot of a Brahmanas lady by a Kshatriya who belongs to an inferior caste. Hence Suta is proclaimed to have rites of the latter (Kshatriya) one.
139It is the middle type of Dharma of a Suta, viz. that of Kshattriyas. (He has these duties:) looking after and maintenance of chariots, elephants, horses. Practice of medicine is (his) lowliest of duties.
140Both of them (Suta and Magadha) were called there by the Devas and Sages for eulogising Ppthu. All the sages said to them: “May this king be eulogised. This is abefitting activity of yours. He is also a person deserving praise”.
141-142Then Suta and Magadha told all the sages: “We shall propitiate the Devas and the sages with our activities. We do not know the performances, characteristics and reputation of this (Prithu) king. Wherefore, O Brahmanas, can we eulogise this brilliant king?”
143They were enjoined by the sages: “Let him be eulogised by his future activities. He has control over his sense organs. He is always engaged in charitable rites. He is truthful, endowed with knowledge. He is munificent and is never defeated in battles.
144Suta and Magadha eulogised him by composing son about the past achievements of the powerful king Prithu.
145At the end of the eulogy, the delighted Prithu, the lord of the subjects, gave the land of Anupa to Suta and Magadha to Magadha.
146Ever since, all the kings are eulogised by Sutas and Magadhas. They are awakened by Sutas, Magadhas and Bandis (Bards) with benedictory songs.
147On seeing him (King Prithu), the subjects were extremely pleased. The great sages told (them): “Let this protector of men (King), the son of Vena, be the bestower of livelihood to you”.
148-149Then the subjects hurried and flocked round (literally) the blessed son of Vena saying, “As per promise of the great sages you make arrangements for our livelihood. On being hustled by the subjects, the powerful (king Prithu), with the desire to perform what was beneficent to the subjects, took up his bow and arrows and rushed at Vasudha (the Earth). Being afraid of being hit, the Earth assumed the form of a cow and fled.
150Taking up his bow, Prithu ran in pursuit of the fleeing Earth. Frightened of the son of Vena, she (the Earth) ran to Brahmaloka and other worlds (but finally) saw in front of her the son of Vena holding the bow lifted up.
151He had his splendour brightened up by the blazing arrows and shafts. He was of never failing (power) and endowed with great Yogic power. He was invincible even to the Devas. He could not be thwarted by anyone.
152The goddess (Earth) who is always worthy of being worshipped by the three worlds, could not get succour (from elsewhere) and so yielded to the son of Vena with palms joined in reverence.
153She spoke to the son of Vena: “O king, you are not aware of the sin inherent in killing a lady. How are you going to sustain the subjects without me.
154O most excellent of all kings, but for me the subjects will be ruined. O king, all the worlds rest in me. The whole universe is sustained by me.
155O protector of the Earth, if you wish to do what is beneficial to the subjects, it does not behove you to kill me. Pay heed to my words.
156All undertakings become fruitful if they are begun with proper means. O king, even after killing me, you will not be competent to protect and look after the subjects.
157O extremely refulgent one, I shall become the producer of food. Refrain from fury. They say that females are not to be killed even from among the hundreds of lower animal species. O protector of the Earth, in consideration of this, it does not behove you to forsake Dharma”.
158On hearing these various statements the noble-minded king of righteous soul, restrained his anger and spoke thus to (the Earth):
159“If anyone destroys a single life or many, whether his own or anyone else’s and for the sake of one, he attains enough sin.
160O auspicious lady, when many attain happiness, if one man is killed there is no great or small sin.
161O Earth (repository of wealth), if you do not act according to my instructions which are conducive to the welfare of the Universe, I will kill you for the cause of the subjects.
162If you turn your face (disobey) against my behest, I shall presently kill you with an (single) arrow. After proclaiming myself (as their Lord), I shall sustain the subjects.
163Hence, O excellent lady, foremost among the upholders of virtue, paying heed to my words will enliven the subjects perpetually. There is no doubt about it that you are competent to do so.
164Be my daughter. This is the great and excellent step (in the circumstances). O furious-looking lady, I control you for the sake of (establishing) piety”.
165Thus admonished, the chaste lady, the Earth, spoke to the son of Vena in reply: “O king, undoubtedly I shall carry out this thus.
166O excellent one among the upholders of virtue, give me a calf so that I can give milk out of affection. Make me flat surfaced and level everywhere so that I can spread everywhere the flowing milk.”
167With the tip of his bow the son of Vena pushed away the heaps of rocks everywhere. The hills were raised up by him.
168-169In the past Manvantaras the Earth was rugged and uneven. Naturally some parts were even and some uneven. In the course of the previous creations, there was no demarcation of cities and villages, as the Earth was uneven and rugged.
170In the Caksusa Manvantara there were no plants, no breeding of cows, no cultivation and no trade routes. All these occurred in the Vaivasvata Manvantara.
171Wherever there was evenness (plain ground) the subjects always occupied it.
172The diet cansisted of fruits and roots. Since the reign of the son of Vena all these things appeared in this world.
173When the medicinal herbs were destroyed, lord Prithu made Caksusa Manu the calf, and with great difficulty milked with his own hand, the Earth (in the form of a cow) and produced plants.
174Food grains and plants were milked by the son of Vena from the Earth-goddess after making Caksusa Manu the calf and the bare ground the vessel. The subjects always maintained themselves with that food.
175-176The Earth (The holder of treasures) was eulogised by the sages and milked again. Their ca If was Soma (the Moon) and the milker (milkman) was Brihaspati. The vessel was Gayatri and other (Vedic) metres. Their milk was penance and the eternal Brahman.
177Again (the Earth was) eulogised by the groups of Devas led by Purandara after taking up a golden vessel and Ampta (Nectar) was milked by them. The Devas led by Indra sustained themselves with that alone.
178The Earth was eulogised by the Nagas (Serpents) and Poison was the milk, Vasuki the son of Kadru, was the milkman, on behalf of those highly powerful serpents.
179O excellent Brahmanas, the fierce, huge-bodied and excessively aggressive ones among theNagasand Sarpas sustain themselves with that alone. That is their diet and sustenance. Their conduct and prowess were in accordance with that.
180After making themselves invisible, the Earth was milked again by the Yaksas and Punyajanas. They had made Vaisravana (Kubera) the calf. It was an unbaked vessel that they milked into.
181The milker was Jatunabha, the father of Manivara. He possessed great strength and excessive splendour. He had full self-control. He was the son of a Yaksa. The great sage said that they sustained themselves with that milk.
182The Earth was milked again by Raksasas and Pisacas. Their milkman was Kubera endowed with the knowledge of Brahman.
183The calf was the powerful Sumali. Blood was the milk yielded. It was a vessel of skull that the Raksasas milked into by being invisible. All the Raksasas sustain themselves with that milk.
184In the vessel of lotus (leaves) the Earth was milked again by Gandharvas and the groups of Apsaras-s. They made Citraratha the calf, and pure scents was the yield.
185Visvavasu who was the pure son of a sage and who was the very powerful king of Gandharvas and who was a noble soul resembling the sun was their milkman.
186The goddess Earth was eulogised and milked again by the mountains. The yield was the medicinal herbs in embodied form and various kinds of precious stones.
187Mt. Himavan was their calf. The great mountain Meru was the milkman. The mountain itself was the vessel. With that the mountain was stabilised.
188The Earth-goddess was eulogised and milked again by the trees and creepers. They took the leafy cup of Palana as the vessel. The milk yielded was the ability to grow after being cut.
189The mountain in full bloom was Kamadhuk (the milkman of what is desired). Plaksa tree was the calf. The Earth (was thus) the yielder of all desires, the benefactress of all living beings and very famous.
190Such is the Earth (Vasundhara) (the possessor of riches) who became the Dhatri (nurse), Vidhatri (the creative agent), and Dharani (the support). We have heard that it was milked for the welfare of all the people by Prithu. It became the foundation of the world consisting of the mobile and the immobile beings and its source of origin.