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Vayu Purana – Uttara Kandha 19-27

Vayu Purana

Uttara Kandha 19-27

– 19 –

The Benefit of Sraddha Performance on Various Tithis

1Brihaspati said: Henceforth I shall describe the various types of Sraddha such as Ajasra or Mitya (daily, regular), Maimittika (occasional, conditional) and Kamya (performed with some desired object in view) and the mode of worship (in them).
2There are three sets of Astakas (the 7th, 8th and 9th days of the dark half of a month) that bring about marriage, birth of a son and acquisition of wealth. The dark half of a month is the most excellent. The first Astaka is called Citri.
3-4The second Astaka, shall be Prajapatya (with Prajapati as its deity) and the third one (is) Vaisvadeviki. The first Astaka shall always be performed with flour cakes. The second should always be performed with meat. The third Astaka shall be performed with greens and vegetables. This is the injunction regarding the articles (for Sraddha). The Anvastaka (the ninth day in the dark half of Pausa, Magha and Phalguna) of the Pitris is also laid down permanently.
5If there happens to be a fourth Astaka, a learned person should perform a special Sraddha therein, even by spending his entire possession.
6He (the performer of a Sraddha) shall always be happy both here and hereafter. The worshippers shall attain progress and the non-believers, downfall.
7Like cows approaching a water-trough, all these Pitris and gods approach the man (who performs a Sraddha)—Pitris during the Parvan days and deities on different Tithis.
8Let them not return without being worshipped during Asfakas, The world (worldly life) will be in vain in regard to him (who does not worship). Even what is obtained by him, perishes.
9-10Those who offer worship attain Devas. Those who do not offer are reborn as lower animals. A person who performs a Sraddha on the Full Moon day obtains progeny, nourishment, memory, intellect, sons and prosperity. He enjoys to the full. (The Sraddha performed on) Pratipad (the first day of a fortnight) is conducive to the acquisition of wealth. What he has acquired does not perish.
11He who performs a Sraddha on the second day of the lunar fortnight, becomes the lord of bipeds. The third day (is to be selected for Sraddha} by one who seeks excellent things, (for) Trtiya (third day) is destructive of sins.
12He who performs a Sraddha on Caturthi (fourth day) finds the weak points of his enemies. A performer of a Sraddha on the fifth day attains great prosperity and glory.
13-14Brahmanas revere him who performs a Sraddha on the sixth day. The man who performs a Sraddha on the seventh day regularly attains the fruit of Mahasatra (great Soma sacrifice). He becomes the lord of Ganas (followers of Siva). The man who performs a Sraddha on the eighth day attains complete prosperity.
15He who performs a Sraddha on the ninth day, attains prosperity and a beloved wife. He who performs a Sraddha on the tenth day, attains the glory of Brahman-hood.
16He shall attain (mastery over) all the Vedas and the destruction of sins. The Dana (religious gift) offered on the eleventh day yields prosperity for ever.
17They say that he who performs a Sraddha on the twelfth day acquires wealth, a kingdom and becomes victorious. He who performs a Sraddha on the thirteenth day attains progeny, intellect, cattle, wisdom, freedom, excellent nourishment, long life and prosperity.
18One shall offer a Sraddha on the fourteenth day to those young men of the house who have met premature death and to those who have been killed by weapons.
19With purity one should always offer a Sraddha on the New Moon day to those children unfavourably born son after three daughters or a daughter after three sons) as to twin children.
20One who regularly performs a Sraddha attains all cherished desires and infinite heavenly pleasures. One shall always perform on the New Moon day the rituals and those great rites that involve extraction of Soma Juice (or that are conducive to the development of the Moon (?)
21Thus developed, the Moon sustains the three worlds, being regularly eulogised by Siddhas, Caranas and Gandharvas.
22(The Moon) is eulogised by thousands of Apsaras-s dancing, singing and playing on instruments, by means of eulogies, flowers of great beauty and all the requisites for the fulfilment of desires.
23Devas and Gandharvas and the groups of Siddhas eulogise that devotee of the Pitris, steady in his holy rites. They serve him by means of aerial chariots for sport.
24The devotee of Pitris shall attain all cherished desires on the Amavasya (New Moon) day, for Pitris are worshipped by him directly always.
25The constellation Magha has Pitris for its deities Hence a Sraddha on that day yields everlasting benefit. The wise perform the rites for Pitris particularly on that day.
26Hence the Pitris always desire Magha. Those who are devoted to Pitris and deities attain the greatest goal.

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