Uttara Kandha 28-36
– 28 –
The Nativity of Soma and Saumya (Budha)
1Suta said: O Brahamanas, the progenitor of the Moon-god was Atri, the holy sage. He surpassed all the worlds by means of his brilliance. He was a holy lord.
2-3He always performed only holy rites physically, mentally and verbally. We have heard that formerly, for a period of three thousand years, he performed a penance that was indeed very difficult to be performed in the worlds, wherein with his arms upraised he stood firm (unmoved) like (a piece of) wood, a wall or a piece of rock.
4The highly intelligent Brahmana had sublimated his sexual urge. He stood without even winking his eyes. His body attained the status of Soma.
5The sage of sanctified soul in the state of Soma rose up (to the sky). The Soma juice exuded from his eyes illuminating all the quarters.
6On being ordered by Vidhi (Brahma), the ten De vis (i.e. the quarters) gathered together there and received it in their womb collectively, but could not do so (for long).
7-8When those goddesses (ladies) were unable to hold the foetus in their wombs, the foetus endowed with lustre, illuminated the worlds like the Moon (now) blessing everyone; it emerged from the quarters (womb of the ladies) and fell on the ground (assuming the form of) the Moon along with them (the goddesses).
9On seeing Soma falling, Brahma, the grandfather of the worlds, placed him in a chariot, with a desire for the welfare of the worlds.
10O Brahmanas, indeed he (the Moon) was a Deva (god) himself, a seeker of righteousness and truthful to the promise. We have heard that (the chariot) was (fitted with) yoked to a thousand white horses.
11When that great soul, the son of Atri, had fallen, Devas and the seven famous mental sons of Brahma eulogised (him).
12There itself, the sons of Angiras and Bhrigu eulogised by means of Rks, Yajur mantras and many Atharva Angirasa mantras.
13The brilliance of the shining Moon who was being eulogised, developed further and it purified all the three worlds.
14In that prominent chariot, he circumambulated the earth extending up to the ocean twenty-one times.
15His splendour that reached the earth became medicinal herbs. They sparkle by means of his brilliance.
16O excellent Brahamans! He sustains subjects of four types and the universe with them (herbs). Lord Soma is indeed the nourisher of the universe.
17Having acquired splendour through the penance (of Atri), the eulogy (of Devas and sages) and his own religious activities, the blessed one (Soma) performed penance for ten times ten Padma years, (one Padma= a thousand billion).
18Soma who is famous by his own Karmans will be the pervader of those (ten) gold-complexioned goddesses (viz. quarters) who sustain the whole world.
19Thereafter, Brahma the foremost among the knowers of Brahman, entrusted him with the kingdom of seeds, herbs, Brahmanas and waters.
20Being naturally the foremost among those who shine brilliantly and, thereafter, being crowned over a big kingdom, (Soma) of great splendour became the king of kings and purified the worlds and developed them.
21Daksa, the son of Pracetas, gave twenty-seven Daksayanis (daughters of Daksa) of great holy rites to Indu (the Moon). They (people) know them as Naksatras (constellations).
22Having attained that great kingdom, Soma the lord of possessors of Soma (i.e. Brahmanas) performed the Rajasuya sacrifice, wherein the Daksina amounted to hundred thousands.
23-24In that sacrifice, Hiranyagarbha was the Udgatri (the presiding priest who recites mantras); Brahma occupied the seat of Brahma and lord Narayana Hari was the Sadasya (member of the witnessing assembly). He was surrounded by Sanatkumara and other leading original Brahmarsis. O Brahmanas, we have heard that Soma gave the three worlds as Daksina (sacrificial fee) to those important Brahmana sages who were the members of the Assembly.
25Nine Devis, viz. Sini, Kuhu, Vapus, Pusti, Prabha, Vasu, Kirti, Dhrti and Laksmi served him.
26After finishing his concluding ablutions (of the sacrifice), he became free from worries. He had been revered by all Devas and sages. That supreme emperor of emperors shone of emperors shone over the ten quarters.
27After having attained such a rare glory praised even by the sages, O Brahmanas, his mind became confounded. His humility was suppressed by his immodesty and impertinence.
28Slighting all the sons of Angiras, all of a sudden, he abducted Tara of great fame, the wife of Brihaspati.
29Though implored by Devas and celestial sages, he did not give up Tara to Angiras (Brihaspati).
30O Brahmanas, Usanas, one of the Angiras (?) took his side. Indeed, he had been the highly brilliant disciple of Brihaspati’s father.
31Thanks to that affection, lord Rudra took up his bow Ajagava and sided Brihaspati.
32The great miraculous weapon was discharged by that noble soul aiming at the chief Brahmana sage and Devas whereby their fame was destroyed.
33There ensued a great battle directly (between Devas and Asuras). It was called Tarakamaya (concerning Tara?) It caused great destruction of Devas, Danavas and all the worlds.
34Only three Devas survived. They are remembered by the name Tusitas. They sought shelter in Brahma, the primordial lord, the grandfather of the worlds.
35Then Pitamaha (Brahma) himself prevented Usanas and Rudra, the eldest (deity) Sankara, (from fighting) and handed over Tara to Angiras (Brihaspati).
36On seeing that Tara, the lady with a Moonlike face was pregnant, the Brahmana Brihaspati said: “Don’t you cast off the foetus?
37In (your) body belonging to me another foetus shall by no means be held in the womb.” Still she did not cast off the child ‘Dasyu-hantama (the slayer of robbers).
38Like the fire that blazes after catching the Isika grass, the son surpassed the beautiful bodies of Devas at the very instant he was born.
39Their suspicion having been aroused, Suras spoke to Tara: “Tell us the truth, whose son is he, Soma’s or Brhas- pati’s?”
40When she, out of bashfulness, did not tell Devas, ‘yes’ or ‘no’, the boy Dasyuhantama was about to curse her.
41Preventing him, Brahma said to Tara, “(We have) suspicion that it is Candra’s (Moon’s), O Tara; therefore, speak the truth. Whose son is this?”
42With palms joined in reverence, she said this to lord Brahma, the granter of boons, that the noble-souled boy Dasyuhantama was Soma’s.
43Thereafter, sniffing at the head of his son, Lord Soma, the Prajapati, named his intelligent son as Budha.
44(Defective verse) While rising up to go towards the east, Budha begot a son of the princess (Ila).
45Pururavas, his son of great brilliance, was bom of Ila. In Urvasi, six sons of great prowess were born (to Pururavas).
46Then, being violently attacked by pulmonary consumption Soma became exhausted and helpless. Overwhelmed by consumption, the Moon’s disc became pale and weak. He, therefore, sought refuge in his own father Atri.
47Atri, of great fame, quelled his sin (disease). He was cured of the pulmonary consumption and so he shone with brilliance all round.
48O excellent Brahmanas, thus the origin of Soma has been recounted by me. Listen to and understand his race that is being recounted to you, O excellent Brahmanas.
49It is conducive to wealth, health and longevity. It is holy and destructive of sins. Only by listening to the origin of Soma, one is relieved of all sins.