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Vayu Purana – Uttara Kandha 37-45

Vayu Purana

Uttara Kandha 37-45

– 37 –

Royal Dynasties (Conclusion of the Anusahga Section)

1Suta said: Vahni was the son of Turvasu. Gobhanu was the son of Vahni. The unconquered heroic Trisanu was Gobhanu’s son.
2Karandhama was the son of Trisanu and his son was Marutta. Another Marutta mentioned before was the son of Aviksit. He was also a king.
3Marutta was childless. I have heard that he too was a king. All the (people) made Duskrta1 a descendant of Puru, his son.
4Thus, due to the curse of Yayati in connection with the transference of his old age the line of Turvasu merged with that of Puru.
5The successor of Duskrta was the king named Sarutha. After Sarutha came Janapida and he had four sons.
6They were Pandya, Kerala, Cola and Kulya with their kingdoms named after them, viz. Panqlya, Kerala, Cola and Kulya.
7Druhyu had two heroic sons well known as Babhruand Setu. Aruddha was the son of Setu and Ripu was the son of Babhru.
8This strong (king) Ripu was killed in war with very great difficulty by Yauvanasva. Their great war lasted continuously for fourteen months.
9Aruddha’s successor was the king named Gandhara after whom the great land of Gandhara took its name.
10The horses bred in Gandhara land are the most excellent horses. Gandhara’s son was Dharma and Ghrita (Dhrta) was his son.
11Durdama was born to Ghyta (Dhrta) and his son was Pracetas. A hundred sons were born to Pracetas. All of them were
12All of there were the rulers of the Mleccha territory in the northern direction (region). Anu had three noble-souled sons. All of them were highly righteous.
13They were Sabhanara, Paksa and Parapaksa. The son of Sabhanara was the scholarly king Kalanala.
14Kalanala’s son was the pious-souled Srnjaya who was righteous. The heroic king Puranjaya was the son of Srnjaya.
15Janamejaya of great strength and vitality was the son of the saintly king Puranjaya.
16This king was equal to Indra. His fame was established (even) in heaven. Mahamanas was the son of Mahasala. He was very pious.
17He was the lord of the seven continents. He was an emperor of great fame. Mahamanas procreated two famous sons.
18They were Usinara the knower of Dharma and Titiksu the righteous. Usinara had five wives. They were born of the races of saintly kings.
19They were Mrga (Nrga in Bd. P.), Krmi, Nava, Darva and Drsadvati the fifth. Usinara had five sons from them. They made his race flourish. They were virtuous and grew old with the performance of great penance.
20Mrga (Nrga in Bd. P.) was the son of Mriga (Nriga), Nava was the son of Nava. Krimi was the son of Krimi and Suvrata, the virtuous, was the son of Darva.
21-22O Brahmanas, the son of Drsadvati was (popularly called) Ausinara Sivi. The city of Sivi was famous as Sivapura and that of Mrga was the Yaudheya city. Navarastram belonged to Nava and the city Krmila to Krmi. That of Suvrata was Vrsta (Ambastha). Now listen and understand Sivi’s sons.
23The four sons of Sivi called Sivis were very popular among the people. They were Vfsadarbha, Suvira, Kekaya and Madraka.
24Their territories were very flourishing. They were Vrsadarbhas, Sucidarbhas, Kekayas and Madrakas. Now listen to the progeny of Titiksu.
25The mighty-armed son of Titiksu named Usadratha was the well-known king in the eastern quarter. His son was Hema.
26-32Sutapa was born to Hema and Bali was the son of Sutapas* (Bd. P.). The noble-minded Bali who was a great Yogin was bound (by Vamana). He took birth in the human womb, being desirous of children, as the family was nearing extinction due to absence of issues. He begot sons who established the disciplines of four castes on this earth. He procreated the sons Ahga, Vanga, Sulha, Pundra and Kalinga. These are called Baleya Ksatras (the Ksatriyas born of Bali). That lord had Brahmana sons also called Baleya Brah- manas. They established the line (of Bali). Many boons were granted to the intelligent Bali by the delighted Brahma. The boons granted were Mahayogitva (the state of being a great Yogin), longevity of life lasting for a Kalpa, invincibility in war, great inclination towards righteousness and piety, the vision of the three worlds, importance among his descendants, unrivalled state in strength as the ability to see the true principles of Dharma, castes” great peace (of mind). “You will establish the (discipline of) four on being thus told by the lord, king Bali attained great peace of mind.
33-34After a long period the scholarly Bali went back to his own abode. The territories of the sons were Angas, Vangas, Sulhakas (Suhma), Pundras and Kalirigas. They were very flourishing territories. Listen to and understand their race. These sons were his Kshetrajas (born of his wife) trough the contact of a sage. They were born of (sage) Dirghatamas of great virility in Sudesna (the wife of Bali).
35The Sages said: O holy lord, how were these five Ksetraja sons of Bali procreated by the sage Dirghatamas? Please narrate this to us who ask.
36Suta said: Formerly there was an intelligent and renowned sage named Asija. The wife of this noble-souled sage was named Mamata.
37Brhaspati who was the younger brother of Asija, whose splendour was great and who was the preceptor of the heaven-dwellers (gods) coveted Mamata.
38-40Not desirous of having sexual intercourse with him, Mamata spoke thus to Brhaspati: “I am pregnant due to my contact with your elder brother. This is the eighth (month). O Brhaspati, this great child in the womb cries much. The son of Asija that he is, he has learned the Vedas with their six ancillaries and he repeats the Vedic Mantras. Your semen virile too is never-failing. It does not behove you to have sexual intercourse with me. O holy lord, when the period (of gestation) lapses (you may do) as you deem fit”.
41Though emphatically told thus by her, the noble-souled Brhaspati of excessive refulgence did not restrain himself, as he was overwhelmed by passion.
42The virtuous-souled Brhaspati did have his sexual intercourse with her. Even as he was discharging the semen virile, the child in the womb spoke thus:
43“No Snataka (a Brahmana who just had his sacred ablution after completing his Vedic study) shall deposit his (semen virile) here. There is no space here for two. You too are one with never-failing semen virile. I have come here first.”
44Brhaspati, the sage of divine attributes, became infuriated on being told thus. He cursed the son of Asija, his brother, who was yet in the womb:
45“You have spoken thus to me on an occasion coveted by all living beings. Since you have spoken thus out of delusion, you will enter a long period of darkness”.
46-47Due to that curse, the sage thereafter came to be called Dirghatamas. Asija (son of Asija—Dirghatamas) too was highly renowned by virtue of his power (of penance) like Brhaspati. He too stayed in the hermitage of his brother observing celibacy. He heard of Godharma (the law of cattle—behaving like a bull or cow) from the bull, the son of Surabhi (Kamadhenu).
48Asija’s brother, his uncle, had built a house for him. While he was staying there, a bull came there casually.
49Surrounded by cows he grazed the Darbha grass that had been brought for the Dart a rituals. Dirghatamas caught hold of the quivering bull by its horns.
50Caught by him, the bull could not move even a step. Then the bull spoke to him: “O foremost one among the strong persons, leave me off.
51O dear one, a strong one like you has not been met with by me anywhere, even though I had been bearing the three-eyed lord (everywhere), as a result of which I have come down to the earth.
52O most excellent one among strong persons, leave me off. I am pleased with you. Choose a boon”. On being told thus, the sage told the bull: Where will you go alive, away from me?
53Hence I will not release you, the quadruped that eats others’ wealth”. Then that bull replied to Dirghatamas:
54“O dear one, to us nothing is sinful. There is no theft. We do not distinguish between what should be eaten or what should not be eaten or what should be drunk or should not be drunk.
55We do not know what should be done or what should not be done, what should be approached or what should not be approached. O Brahmana, we are not sinners. This is remembered as the Dharma of cows and bulls”.
56On hearing the name of cows mentioned, he became conf used and released him. Thanks to his devotion to the cows as ordained by the Vedas, he propitiated the bull.
57When the bull went away, fully propitiated, he began to deliberate on the Dharma of cows devoutly. He was fully engrossed in it and devoted to it pondering mentally over it again and again.
58As ill luck would have it, he became foolish and silly- minded and molested the wife of his younger brother Autathya, even though she struggled and wept.
59Considering it to be his arrogance, Saradvan did not brook it. Using force and following Godharma (the practice of cattle), he had approached his daughter-in-law (the wife of younger brother).
60On seeing this trespass, Saradvan reflected. The noble-souled (Saradvan) knew what was destined to happen. So he did not confer death on him (Dirghatamas).
61With eyes turned red due to anger, he shouted to Dirghatamas: “You do not distinguish between whom to approach and whom not to. Following Godharma you have solicited your daughter-in-law.
62You are a man of despicable conduct. I am casting you off. Go away along with your evil action. In spite of being blind, old and dependent on others for maintenance you have committed a deplorable, sinful action. Therefore, you are forsaken. I am convinced that you are a person of evil conduct”.
63Sula said: Thereafter he thought of a ruthless action. After rebuking Dirghatamas many times, he caught hold of him by his arms, put him in a sealed casket and hurled it into the waters of Gahga.
64For seven days the sealed casket was wafted by the current. King Bali, the knower of the principles of Dharma, who was in the company of his wife, saw the sinking casket borne towards him by the current.
65Bali, the righteous-souled son of Virocana, saved him and took him to his harem where he propitiated him with different kinds of food and drinks, and looked after him.
66The delighted sage asked Bali to choose a boon according to his desire. The leading Danava chose the boon for (blessing him with) a son.
67Bali said: “O blessed one, O bestower of honour, it behoves you to procreate in my wife sons endowed with virtue and wealth, so that my line will be perpetuated”.
68On being requested thus by him, the sage said to the king, “So be it”. The king thereupon sent his wife named Sudesna unto him (the sage).
69On seeing him blind and old, the queen did not go unto the sage. She bedecked her servant-maid in ornaments and left her with him.
70-73The righteous-souled sage of good self-control begot of that Sudra woman two sons of great prowess, Kaksiva and Caksus. They studied the Vedas duly and became masters and expounders of Vedas, great enlightened Siddhas and excellent ones with direct vision of Dharma. On seeing them, Kaksiva and Cak$us, the king, Bali, the son of Virocana, asked the sage, “Are these my sons?” The sage said, “O excellent Asura, no, that is not the case. They are mine. Due to your deception, these god-like children are born of Sudra womb.
74Considering me blind and old, Sudesna, your queen, sent the Sudra servant-maid unto me and disrespected me”.
75Bali, thereupon propitiated the excellent sage again. The lord rebuked his wife Sudesna.
76-78He bedecked her in ornaments and gave her unto the sage. The sage Dirghatamas spoke thus to the queen: “O splendid lady, if, without showing aversion, you lick from head to foot my naked body smeared well with curds mixed with salt, you will obtain those sons mentally desired by you”. The queen, thereupon, carried out all his instructions.
79When she reached the anus, her aversion was so great that she avoided it. Thereupon that sage said to her: “O auspicous lady, since you avoided the anus, the eldest son you will give birth to will be without anus”.
80Then the queen replied to the sage Dirghatamas, “O blessed one, it does not behove you to give me a son like that”.
81-82The sage said: “O gentle lady, this is your own fault. It will not be otherwise. O queen of good rites, I shall bestow a son unto you. Even without anus, he will perform all bodily functions”. Touching her belly, the sage Dirghatamas continued:
83-84“O lady of sweet smiles, since you have licked up the curds from my body, your womb is filled like the ocean on the Full Moon Day. Five splendid sons comparable to the sons of Devas will be born to you. They will be refulgent, valiant and righteous and performer of sacrifices.”
85Then Anga, the eldest son of Sudesna, was born. The other sons born to her thereafter were Vanga, Kalinga, Pundra and Brahma (Suhma in Bd. P. v. 87).
86These five were the sons born of Bali’s wife. They perpetuated his line. Thus, they were given as sons to Bali formerly by Dirghatamas.
87-88For certain reasons, his (Bali’s) progeny had been prevented by Brahma, saying, “Let there not be any offspring of this noble-souled (king) by his own wives” That was why he begot children of human wombs. Then the delighted bull, the son of Kamadhenu, spoke these words to Dirghatamas:
89“Since you have done this after pondering over Godharma, I am pleased with you. I shall release you (from the curse).
90Hence, look, I shall remove your long period of darkness and gloom, as well as the curse of Brhaspati along with the other sins that may be lingering, sticking to your body.
91After sniffing at you, I shall remove your fear of death and old age.” As soon as he was sniffed at, the darkness was destroyed and he began to see.
92He regained his eyesight. He became a young man blessed with long life. Thus that Dirghatamas was transformed by the bull and he became Gautama.
93Thereafter Kaksivan went to Giripraja (Girivraja—Bd. P.) along with his father. He performed extensive penance for the sake of his father as conceived (originally).
94After a long period, he became purified through his penance. After shaking off his defects, the lord (sage) attained Brahmanahood along with his younger brother.
95Then spoke his father: “O Lord, now I am (really) one blessed with a son. By having a famous and good son (like you), I have achieved my objective (and am happy and contented) in life.”
96With his soul united in Yogic practice, he attained Brahman-hood and extinction of (worldly bondage). After obtaining Brahmana-hood Kaksivan procreated a thousand sons.
97-99Those dark-skinned Gautamas (descendants of Gautama) are remembered as the sons of Kaksivan. Thus the association of Dirghatamas and Bali, the son of Virocana, has been narrated. So also the progeny of both. After the coronation of his five sinless sons, the contented Bali resorted to Yogic practice. The lord of Yogic soul bides his time roaming (on the earth) while remaining invisible to all living beings.
100Dadhivahana, the son of the saintly king Anga, became king. Due to the blunder of Sudesna, this king was Anapana (devoid of anus).
101King Diviratha is remembered as the son of Anapana. The scholarly son of Diviratha was king Dharmaratha.
102It was this self-same glorious Dharmaratha by whom Soma (Soma juice) was drunk in the course of a Yajna along with the noble-souled Sakra on the mountain Vishnupada.
103Listen, (the son) of Dharmaratha was king Citraratha. From Citraratha was born king Dasaratha. He was famous as Lomapada and his daughter was Santa.
104The elephant of Sakra was born as his elephant Candika. By means of Mantras (?) he brought the excellent vehicle to the earth.
105Haryariga’s successor was the king Bhadraratha. Bhadraratha’s son was Brhatkarma, the lord of subjects.
106Brhadratha was his son and Brhanmana was born of him. Brhanmana procreated the son Rajendra.
107He was otherwise known as Jayadratha and from him was born king Drdharatha. The son of Drdharatha was Janamejaya, the conqueror of the universe.
108His successor, the king of Arigas, was Karna. Karna’s son was Surasena and Dvija is remembered as his son.
109The Sages said: How was Karna known as the son of a charioteer and how did he become a member of the family of kings of Ahgas? This we wish to hear. Indeed you are very efficient (in narration).
110Suta replied: King Bphanmana was born as the son of Brhadbhanu (earlier he was mentioned as Brhadratha). He had two wives. Both of them were the daughters of Caidya.
111They were Yasodevi and Satya. The race is bifurcated on account of these two wives. Jayadratha otherwise known as Rajendra was born of Yasodevi.
112(Defective verse) Satya gave birth to the famous Vijaya who was of mixed Brahmana-Ksatriya caste (?) Vijaya’s son was Dhfti and his son was Dhrtavrata.
113Dhritavrata’s son was Satyakarma of great fame. Satyakarma’s son was Adhiratha, the charioteer.
114He adopted and looked after Karna. Hence Karna was known as the son of a charioteer. Thus everything that had been asked about Karna has been mentioned to you.
115Thus all the kings in the family of Ariga have been recounted by me. Now listen to the progeny of Puru in detail and in the proper order.
116Sid a said: The mighty-armed son of Puru, Janamejaya became His son was Aviddha who conquered the eastern region.
117From Aviddha was born as son the great hero Manasyu. King Jayada was the son of Manasyu.
118His successor was the king named Dhundhu. Bahugavi was the son of Dhundhu. Sanjati was his son.
119Sanjati’s son was Raudrasva. Understand his sons. Raudrasva begot ten sons of the celestial damsel Ghrtaci.
120-123They were Rajeyu, Krteyu, Vakseyu, Sthandileyu, Ghrteyu, Jaleyu, Sthaleyu the seventh, Dharmeyu, Sannateyu and the tenth son Vaneyu. He had ten daughters also. viz. Rudra, Sudra, Madra, Subha, Jamalaja, Tala, Khala (these seven and then), the daughter who is remembered as Gopajala, then, Tamrarasa and Ratnakuti. The husband of all of them was Prabhakara by name. He belonged to the Atreya line (Gotra). Anadrsta was a saintly king. Riveyu was his son.
124Riveyu’s wife named Jvalana was the daughter of Taksaka. That saintly king begot of that gentle lady a son named Ranti.
125-126Ranti, the king, begot splendid sons of his wife Sarasvati. They were Trasu, Pratiratha and Dhruva, who was exceedingly righteous. His daughter Gauri is famous as the splendid mother of Mandhata. Dhurya was Pratiratha’s son and his son was Kantha.
127(Defective verse) His son was Medhatithi from whom the Brahmanas Kanthayanas originated. Itina (?) was the daughter of Anuyama (?). She gave birth to sons.
128-129Trasu obtained his favourite son Malina who was an expounder of Brahman. Thereafter he obtained Upadata and the (following) four sons of Itina (?): Susmanta, Dusyanta, Pravira and Anagha. The son born to Dusyanta was an excellent king and he became an emperor.
130That son Bharata was born of Sakuntala. It is from him that (the land) took its name Bharata. A disembodied (celestial) voice spoke to king Dusyanta.
131-132“O Dusyanta, the mother is but a leathern pouch (or bellows). The son belongs to the father. He is identical with him by whom he is begotten. Sakuntala tells the truth. Maintain your son. O lord of men, he who discharges the semen virile redeems the son from the abode of Yama. You are the progenitor of this child in the womb. Do not dishonour Sakuntala”.
133Bharata begot of his three wives nine sons. “These are not befitting me”. Saying this, the king did not approve of them. (He disowned them).
134Then those infuriated mothers slew their sons. Thus the births of those sons to the king were futile.
135Then the powerful son Bharadvaja, the son of Brihaspati, was brought over there by the Maruts in the course of the sacrifices and handed over to him.
136In this connection, they cite this story of the intelligent Bharadvaja, his birth and the transfer unto Bharata by the Maruts.
137When’his wife was in the advanced state of pregnancy, it is said that Asija died. Looking at his brother’s wife, Brhaspati said: “O auspicious lady, embellish your body with ornaments and give me (the pleasure of) sexual intercourse with you.”
138On being told thus, she said to him, ‘‘O holy lord, I am pregnant now. The foetus has reached the advanced state of maturity. The child repeats the Vedic Mantras.
139You too are one whose semen virile never goes in vain. This activity (of sexual intercourse with you) is despicable”. On being told thus, Brhaspati said smilingly:
140“You need not at all instruct me in good behaviour”. With great delight, he forcibly indulged in sexual intercourse with her.
141“O father (uncle) Brhaspati”, said the foetus to Brhaspati who was in a state of exhilaration, “I am already embedded here, having come here before.
142You are one whose semen virile never goes in vain. There is no space here for two (children).” On being told thus by the child in the womb, the infuriated Brhaspati said again:
143“Since you prevent me at such a time as this, desired by all living beings, you will enter a long period of darkness”.
144The (vaginal) passage of his mother was covered with his feet by the child. The semen virile of Brhaspati, being obstructed in between them became an infant.
145On seeing the son instantaneously born Mamata said, “O Brhaspati, I am going to my house. Bhara (Nurture), Dvaja (that which is born of two).”
146When she went away after saying this, he (too) forsook the son instantaneously.” “Bharasva (Nurture). Badham (very well)”. Since this was said, he came to be known as ‘Bharadvaja’.
147On seeing the infant abandoned by both the mother and the father, the Maruts took away the child Bharadvaja out of mercy.
148-149At that time Bharata had performed various Yajnas and other Kamya and Naimittika (sacrifices) with the desire for obtaining a son. In spite of those Yajnas, the lord did not obtain any son. Thereafter he performed the Marut – Soma Yajna for the sake of a son.
150Being propitiated by that Marut-Soma sacrifice, the Maruts (gave) him Bharadvaja, the intelligent son of Brhaspati.
151On obtaining that son Bharadvaja, Bharata said: “O lord, with you as my son, I am satisfied, since all my previous children had been killed”.
152The births of his (i.e. Bharata’s) previous sons had been in vain [vitatha). So Bharadvaja was known by the name Vitatha.
153Hence the Divine child Bharadvaja turned into a Ksatriya from Brahmana-hood. He is remembered by the names Dvimukhyayana (having two important abodes) and Dvipitfka (having two fathers).
154After the birth (succession) of Vitatha, Bharata went to heaven (passed away). Vitatha’s successor was Bhuvamanyu.
155Four sons comparable to the Mahabhutas (great elements) were born to Bhuvamanyu. They were Brhatksatra, Mahavirya, Nara and the powerful Gagra.
156The son of Nara was Samkrti. His sons were very powerful. Guruvirya and Trideva are remembered as the sons of Samkrti. There were none greater than they.
157The successors of Gagra were born of Sinibaddha. Therefore the Gagryas (descendants of Gagra) are remembered as Brahmanas with the traits of Ksatriyas.
158Bhima was the son of Mahavirya. From him was born Ubhaksaya. His wife Visala gave birth to three sons.
159She gave birth to Trayyaruni, Puskarin and the third son Kapi. Kapi’s descendants were excellent Ksatriyas and those of the other two are said to be great sages.
160The descendants of Gagra, Samkrti and Mahavirya were Brahmanas endowed with Ksatriya traits too. They merged with the line of Arigiras. Now the line of Brhatksatra will be recounted.
161Brhatksatra’s successor was a pious one named Suhotra. Suhotra’s successor was one named Hastin. Formerly this city named Hastinapura was built by him.
162Hastin’s successor were three, viz. Ajamidha, Dvimidha and Purumidha. They were all extremely devout and pious.
163-164Ajamidha’s sons were splendid. They perpetuated the auspicious line. They were very pious. They were born to the great king in his old age after a great penance, thanks to the grace of Bharadvaja. Listen to their extension. Kantha was born to Ajamidha and Kesini.
165Medhatithi was his son and from him were born the Brahmanas called Kanthayanas. King Brhadvasu was born to Ajamidha and (his second wife) Dhumini.
166Brhadvasu’s son was BrhadVishnu who was very strong. His son was Brhatkarma whose son was Brhadratha.
167His son was Visvajit, whose son was Senajit. The four sons of Senajit were well known in the world.
168They were Rucirasva, Kavya, Rama of steady bow and Vatsa, the king of Avanti from whom the Parivatsara (era started).
169Rucirasva’s successor was Prthusena of great fame. Para was the son of Prthusena and Nipa was born of Para.
170We have heard that a hundred sons were horn to Nipa. They are called Nipas’. All of them were kings.
171The most glorious king among them who raised the fame of the race and stabilised the race was Samara with his capital in Kampilya. He was fond of war.
172Samara had three sons endowed with all good qualities. They were Para, Para and Sattvadasva. Para’s son Vrisu shone well.
173A son named Sukrti endowed with all good qualities was born to Vrisu, thanks to his meritorious activities. Vibhraja was his son.
174Vibhraja’s successor was the king named Anuha who was very famous. He was the husband of Rci and so the son-in- law of Suka.
175Anuha’s successor was Brahmadatta of great penance. Yogasunu was his son and his son Visvaksena became a king.
176Vibhraja’s sons became kings, thanks to their meritorious activities. Visvaksena’s son was Udaksena.
177His successor was Bhallata by whom the king was killed formerly. Bhallata’s successor was king Janamejaya. On his behalf, all the Nipas were destroyed by Ugrayudha.
178The Sages asked: Whose son was Ugrayudha? In which family was he born and glorified? What for were all the Nipas destroyed by him?
179-180Suta said: The scholarly Yavinara was the son and successor of Dvimidha. Dhrtiman was his son. His son was Satyadhrti. Satyadhrti’s son was the valorous Dridhanemi. The king named Suvarma was Dridhanemi’s son.
181The valorous Sarvabhauma (lord of the entire earth) was Suvarma’s son. He shone as the sole lord of the earth and he became famous as Sarvabhauma.
182In his great family was born (a king named) Mahat- pauravanandana. King Rukmaratha is remembered as the son of Mahatpaurava.
183Rukmaratha’s son was the king named Suparsva. Suparsva’s son named Sumati was very virtuous.
184The son of Sumati was lord Sannatiman, the righteous-souled king. His son was named Sanati and Krta was his son.
185He was a disciple of the noble-souled Hiranyanabhi of the Kauthuma branch (of Sama vedic study). Twenty-four Saman-Samhitas were expounded by him.
186The sons of Krta, the singers of Saman hymns, are remembered by the name ‘Pracyas’ (Easterners). The heroic Ugrayudha was one of the sons of Krta. He was the scion of the family of Puru.
187The mighty-armed lord of Pancalas named Nila, who was the grandfather of Prsata, was killed by him (Ugrayudha) (and thereby) he exhibited his valour.
188Ugrayudha’s son (successor) was a very famous king named Ksema. Suvira was born of Ksema. Suvira’s son was Nripanjaya. Viraratha was born of Nripanjaya. Thus these are remembered as Pauravas (descendants of Puru).
189King Nila was born of Nilini (the third wife) of Aja midha. Susan ti was born of Nila, thanks to his severe penance.
190Purujanu was the son of Susanti. Riksa was born of Purujanu. The following were the sons and successors of Riksa.
191They were: Mudgala, Srnjaya, the king Brhadisu, Vikranta who was younger to him and Kampilya, the fifth.
192-193For the sustenance and the upkeep of all the five, the father spoke to them thus: “Know that there are five flourishing territories for all the five of you.” Since the five were sufficient, all the territories were together well known as Pancalas. Maudgalyas, the descendants of Mudgala, were Brahmanas endowed with Ksatriya traits.
194These were known as Kanthamudgalas and they merged into the Angirasa Gotra. Mudgala’s eldest son was very famous. He was engrossed in the meditation of Brahman.
195From him Indrasena conceived Badhyasva. We have heard that Mcnaka bore to Badhyasva twins.
196-197They were Divodasa the saintly king and’ Ahalya of great fame. Ahalya bore Satananda the excellent sage to Saradvata. His son was Satyadhrti of great fame. He was a master of the science of archery.
198On seeing an Apsaras (celestial damsel) in front, the semen virile of Satyadhrti was emitted in the bush of
Sara-grass and twins were born.
199-200Santanu who had come that way haunting took them out of mercy (Krpa). The boy is remembered as Krpa and the girl Krpi. She was also known as Gautama. Thus the race of Gautama, known as Saradvatas and Rtathyas, has been recounted. Henceforth I shall recount the progeny of Divodasa.
201Divodasa’s successor was king Mitrayu who was engrossed in meditation on Brahman. Maitreya was born of him. It is rememberd that these too got merged (in other families).
202These too got merged into the family (of Bhrigu). They were (Brahmanas) endowed with Ksatriya traits. They were known as Bhargavas. King Gyavana was born (in that family). The scholarly Pratiratha was born of him.
203The intelligent Sudasa was born of Cyavana. Sahadeva was born as the son of Sudasa. Somaka was his son.
204-205When the race was about to be extinct, Ajamidha was born again. That was Somaka. Somaka’s son was Jantu. When he was killed, hundred other sons were born to the noble-souled lord Ajamidha in his birth as them, Prsata was Drupada’s father.
206-209His son was Dhrstadyumna and Dhrstaketu was his son. Dhumini, the queen of Ajamidha, was desirous of a son. In her rebirth she performed a very difficult penance for a hundred years. She performed Homas in the fire. She kept awake. She ate but little and that too only the holy food. She performed great holy rites. Day and night she stayed on the Kusa mattress alone. By these rigorous activities, she became smoke- coloured. The powerful Ajamidha begot of her Rksa, a smoke-coloured son, who was elder brother of Sita (one of white colour). Samvarana was born of Rksa. Kuru was born of Sarhvarana.
210After treading on (conquering) Prayaga, he built Kuruksetra. The excessive-splendoured king ploughed it for many years.
211While it was being ploughed, Sakra shone there and granted this boon: Your (Kuruksetra) shall be beautiful, holy and resorted to by meritorious persons.
212-213Persons born in his family were excellent kings famous as Kurus. Kuru’s beloved sons were Sudhanvan, Jahnu, Pariksita the great king, Putraka and Arimardana. It is remembered that the intelligent Suhotra was the successor of Sudhanvan.
214-215Cyavana was his son. The king was an expert in religious affairs. Krta was the son of Cyavana. He performed great penance and many Yajnas. The king procreated his famous son Vidyoparicara who claimed friendship of Indra. He was a great hero who could traverse the sky and was known as Vasu too.
216-217Girika bore seven sons to Vidyoparicara—Brhadratha, a great warrior, who became famous as the king of Magadha, Pratyagrha, Kusa, one whom they call Manivahana Mathailya, Lalittha and Matsyakala the seventh.
218Brhadratha’s successor was famous by the name of Kusagra. Kusagra’s son was a powerful king named Rsabha.
219Rsabha’s successor was a virtuous king named Puspa- van. King Satyahita is remembered as his valoious successor.
220-221His son was Sudhanvan. From him the valorous Orja was born. Orja’s son was Nabhasa and from him was born that powerful king Jarasandha. He was born in two pieces and he was joined by Jara. Jarasandha was mighty-armed because he was joined by Jara.
222This Jarasandha of great strength was the conqueror of all Ksatriya kings. Jarasandha’s son was the valorous Sahadeva.
223Sahadeva’s son was the glorious Somadhi of very great penance. Srutasruva was the son of Somadhi and is glorified as Magadha
224Suta said: Janamejaya was the successor of Pariksita. Srutasena’s successor was named Bhimasena. (lines missing).
225Jahnu begot a son named Suratha who became a king. Suratha’s successor was the heroic king Viduratha.
226It is well known that Viduratha’s son too was Sarvabhauma. Jayatsena was born of Sarvabhauma and Aradhi was his son.
227Mahasattva was born of Aradhi and Ayutayu came thereafter. Akrodhana was the son of Ayutayu. It is remembered that Devatithi was born of him.
228It was Rksa who became the successor of Devatithi. Bhimasena was born of Rksa and Dilipa was his son.
229Pratipa was the son of Dilipa. It is remembered that three sons were born to him. Those three were Devapi, Santanu and Bahlika.
230King Saptabahlisvara should be known as (the son) of Bahlika. Somadatta too, of great fame, was the son of Bahlika.
231Bhuri, Bhurisravas and Sala were born of Somadatta. With a desire to accumulate virtue Devapi (renounced everything and) went to the forest.
232Sage Devapi became the preceptor of Devas. To this noble-souled sage, two sons Cyavana and Istaka were born.
233Santanu became king. He was a scholar and a great physician (Mahabhisa}. About this Mahabhisa they cite this verse.
234to the efflux of time, becomes a youth again. Therefore, they know him as Samtanu (Sam—happiness, Tanu—body).”
235Therefore the quality of his being Samtanu was well known among the subjects. That righteous king Samtanu married J ahnavi (Ganga).
236The lord begot a son of her, named Devavrata (who later became) Bhisma. That Bhisma became famous as the grandfather of the Pantjavas.
237-238After some time Samtanu begot his most favourite son Vicitravirya who as king did much for the welfare of the subjects. Krisnadvaipayana begot of Vicitravirya’s wife Dhrtarastra, Pandu and Vidura. Gandhari bore to Dhrtarastra a hundred sons.
239Duryodhana was the eldest among them. He became the lord of all Ksatriyas. Madri and the queen Prtha became the wives of Pandu.
240-241Sons bestowed by gods were born of them on behalf of Pandu. Yudhisthira was born, thanks to the grace of Dharma; Vrkodara was born of Vayu; Dhananjaya whose valour was equal to that of Sakra was born of Indra. Sahadeva and Nakula were born to Madri, thanks to the grace of Asvins.
242Five sons were born to Draupadi from the (five) Pandavas. Draupadi bore Srutividdha, the eldest of them, to Yudhisthira.
243Hidamba bore her son Ghatotkaca to Bhimasena. Kasya too bore her son Sarvavrka to Bhimasena.
244Vijaya, the princess of Madra land, bore Suhotra to Sahadeva. Niramitra was born to Karemati of Vaidya (?) as the son of Nakula.
245The heroic Abhimanyu was born of Subhadra as the son of Partha. Pariksit was born of Uttara, the princess of Virata, as the son of Abhimanyu.
246King Janamejaya was the successor of Pariksit. He established Vajasaneyika Brahmanas.
247-248The infuriated Vaisarhpayana (said to him), “O evil-minded one, your directions (rule) will not remain long here in this world without an enemy (without being protested against). As long as I am alive in this world, this (act of yours) cannot be praised.” Thereupon, Janamejaya was faced with difficulties all round.
249He worshipped lord Prajapati by offering Havis in the Paurnamasa Yajna. He saw that the different materials were offered in the sacrifice of the lord. Still he was in difficulties?
250Janamejaya, the son of Pariksit, the descendant of Puru, then performed Asvamedha twice. Thereafter, he made those Vajasaneyaka Brahmanas function. Janamejaya was crippled (defeated) three times.
251Crippled at the hands of Asvakomukhyas, crippled distress-suffered at the hands of the residents of Angas and crippled at the hands of the people of Madhyadesa (Middle Lands), Janamejaya became Trikharvi (crippled three times). He was sed. Being cursed along with those Brahmanas, he ruin.
252Satanika of truthful exploit and strength was his son. After him (Janamejaya), the Brahmanas crowned his son Satanika.
253-255The powerful Asvamedhadatta Satanika. Adhisamakrsna was born as the son was the son of Asvamedhadatta. He conquered the cities of his enemies. He is the present ruler, of righteous soul and great fame. It is under his rule that you have been able to perform this Dirghasatra (sacrifice of long duration) for three years. It is very difficult to be performed. O excellent Brahmanas, (besides) there is another Satra lasting for two years, which is being performed in Kuru- ksetra on the banks of the river Drsadvati.
256The Sages said: O highly intelligent Suta, we wish to hear the future events of the subjects along with the kings. The past kings have been already mentioned by you.
257-259We wish to hear all these—the activities that will be undertaken by them, and their names, the kings who will be born, their time calculated in years, the extent of the Yugas, their good points and their defects, their happiness and misery and those of the subjects, their religious activities and their passionate pursuits as well as their monetary dealings. Enumerate all these to us who ask you. On being requested thus, Suta the most excellent among the intelligent ones, mentioned everything in the manner it would occur and as he had seen and heard.
260-261Suta said: Even as I recount listen and understand the future events, the Kaliyuga and the Manvantaras in the manner they had been described to me by Vyasa of wonderful activities. Henceforth, I shall mention the kings who will be born in future.
262-265I shall mention the descendants of Aila, Iksvaku, Sudyumna and other kings in whom this splendid territory of the Iksvakus will be vested. I shall mention all other kings also besides these who will be born in future, viz. Ksatriyas, Parasavas, Sudras and Brahmanas, Andhas (Andhras), Sakas, Pulindas, Tulikas, Yavanas, Kaivartas, Abhiras, Sabaras, and all other Mleccha (outcaste) tribes. I shall mention those kings by names and the duration in years of their rule.
266This present king Adhisamakrsna is a king belonging to the Puru dynasty. I shall mention all the future kings in his family.
267Nirvaktra will be the son of Adhisamakrsna. When his city Hastinapura is swept away by Gariga he will abandon it and live happily at Kausambi.
268His son will be Usna. Citraratha will be born of Usna. Sucidratha will be born of Citraratha, and Vptiman will be born of Sucidratha.
269Susena of great fame and prowess will be born thereafter. To Susena will be born the king named Sutirtha.
270Ruca will be born of Sutirtha. Then Tricaksa will be born. Tricaksa’s successor will be Sukhibala.
271Sukhibala’s son will be the king Paripluta. King Sunaya will be born as the son of Paripluta.
272King Medhavi will be the son of Sunaya and Medhavin’s son will be Dandapani.
273Dandapani’s son will be Niramitra and Ksemaka will be the son of Niramitra. These twentyfive kings (?) will be born in the race of Puru.
274-275In this connection the following verse describing the subsequent race has been cited by Brahmanas who know ancient lore. “This race which has produced Brahmanas and Ksatriyas, and which is honoured by Devas and sages, will be extinct in the Kali age after coming to Ksemaka”. Thus the race of Puru has been enumerated precisely.
276(The race) of the intelligent son of Pandu, the noble- souled Arjuna (has been narrated). Henceforth I shall mention the race of the Iksvakus of great souls.
277-278Bfhadratha’s successor was the heroic king Brhatksaya. His son was Ksaya. Vatsavyuha was the son of Ksaya. After Vatsavyuha, Prativyuha became king. His son is Divakara and this king is ruling over the city of Ayodhya now.
279Divakara’s son will be the renowned Sahadeva. Brhadasva will become the successor of Sahadeva.
280Bhanuratha will be his son. His son will be Pratitasva. Supratita will become the son of Pratitasva.
281-282Sahadeva will be his son and his son will be Sunaksatra. Kinnara, the oppressor of his enemies, will become the son of Sunaksatra. Antariksa, the son of Kinnara, will be a Teat (king).
283-284Suparna will be born of Antariksa and Amitrajit will be born of Suparna. His son will beBharadvaja. Dharminwill be his son. A son named Krtanjaya will be born to Dharmin. Vrata will be the son of Krtanjaya and his son will be Ranan- jaya. To Rananjaya will be born the heroic king San java. Sakya will be born as the son of Sanjaya. From Sakya will be born Suddhodana.
285In the family of Sakya, Rahula will be born to Suddhodana (?) Then Prasenajit will be born. Ksudraka will be born then.
286Ksulika will be the son of Ksudraka. From Ksulika will be born Suratha. Sumitra, the son of Suratha, will be the last king.
287All these mentioned are the future Iksvaku kings in the Kali age. They will be born in the race of Brhadbala in the Kali age. All of them will be heroic, learned and truthful. They will be the conquerors of the sense-organs.
288In this connection the following verse describing the subsequent race is cited by those who know the future. “This race of the Iksvakus will end with Sumitra. After coming to the king Sumitra, it will become extinct in the Kali age.” Thus the Ksetra (domain?) originating from Manu and descending from Aila has been described.
289Henceforth I shall mention the kings of Magadha, the descendants of Brhadratha, of Jarasandha and the family of Sahadeva.
290I shall mention the past, present and future kings in accordance with their importance. Even as I recount, listen and understand.
291In the Mahabharata war Sahadeva fell. His son Somadhi, the saintly king, ruled over Girivraja.
292He ruled over the kingdom for fifty-eight years, His son Srutasravas ruled for sixtyfour years. Ayutayu ruled for twentysix years. Niramitra enjoyed the earth for a hundred years and passed over to heaven.
293Sukrtta ruled over the earth for fifty-six years. Brhat karman ruled the kingdom for twenty-three years.
294Senajit enjoys the kingdom (now). (His son) Srutan jaya will be king for forty years.
295Mahabala, the mighty-armed and endowed with great intellect and exploit, will become king and rule over the earth for thirty-five years.
296Suci will remain in the kingdom for fifty-eight years. Ksema will be the king for full twenty-eight years.
297Bhuvata the powerful will maintain the kingdom for sixty-four years. Then Dharmanetra will be the king for full five years.
298Nrpati (?) will then enjoy the kingdom for fifty-eight years. Suvrata’s rule will be for thirty-eight years.
299Drdhasena will be the king for forty, ten and eight (i.e. fifty-eight) years. Then Sumati will be in possession of the kingdom for thirty-three years.
300Sucala will enjoy the kingdom for twenty-two years. Thereafter, Sunetra will enjoy the kingdom for forty years.
301Satyajit will enjoy the earth for eighty-three years. After attaining the kingdom Virajit will enjoy it for thirty-five years.
302Arinjaya will be in possession of the earth for fifty years. These thirty-two kings will be the future rulers in the line of Brhadratha.
303-304Altogether they will rule for full thousand years. When the descendants of Brhadratha cease to rule and when the Vitahotras occupy the throne, even as all the Ksatriyas stand gazing Pradyota, Munika will kill his master and crown his own son as the king.
305That king of the future will be devoid of statesmanship or just policies. All the vassals will bow down before him. That excellent man will be king for twenty-three years.
306Thereafter the king named Palaka will rule for twenty-four years. Then king Visakhayupa will rule for fifty years.
307The rule of Ajaka will be for thirty-one years. His son Vartivardhana will rule for twenty years.
308Thus the five future sons (and successors) of Pradyota will rule for one hundred and thirty-eight years.
Destroying their fame entirely, Sisunaka (Sisunaga) will become king (at Varanasi).
309-310His son will attain Girivraja in Varanasi. The suzerainty of Sisunaka (Sisunaga) will be for forty years. His son Sakavarna will rule for thirty-six years. Then for twenty years Ksemavarma will be the king.
311Ajatasatru will be the king for twenty-five years. Thereafter Ksatraujas will rule the kingdom for forty years.
312King Bimbisara will rule for twenty-eight years. King Darsaka will rule for twenty-five years.
313The next king will be Udayi who will rule for thirty-three years. In the fourth year of his rule, he will build his capital city named Kusumapura (Mod. Patna) on the southern bank of Ganga.
314The king Nandivardhana will live for forty-two years. The king Mahanandin will be the king for forty-three years.
315Thus the kings of the Sisunaka (Sisunaga) dynasty will be ten in number. They altogether will rule for three hundred and sixty-two years.
316All the members of the Saisunaka (Saisunaga) family will be the contemporaries of the following kings who will be kinsmen to Ksatriyas.
317-319Those are twenty-four Iksvaku kings, twenty-five Pancalas, twenty-four Kalakas, twenty-four Haihayas, thirty-two Kaliiigas, twenty-five Sakas, twenty-six Kurus, twenty-eight Maithilas, twenty-three Surasenas and twenty Vitihotras. All these kings will rule simultaneously.
320Mahapadma will be born of a Sudra wife of Mahanandin. He will be a king over all Ksatriyas.
321Thereafter all the future kings will be born of Sudra wombs. Mahapadma will be the sole ruler with a single royal umbrella.
322He will rule over the earth for twenty-eight years Due to the power of the inevitable future, he will uproot all the Ksatriyas.
323His sons will be thousands. For eight years twelve of them will rule as kings. In succession to Mahapadma they will become kings in order.
324Kautilya will exterminate all of them by means of the twice eight of them (sixteen). After enjoying of the earth for a hundred years, the Nanda will set and fall down.
325Kautilya will install Candragupta as king. King Candragupta will be ruling for twenty-four years.
326Bhadrasara (?), the next king, will be king for twenty-five years. King Asoka will rule over the men for twenty-six years.
327His son Kunala will rule for eight years. Kunala’s son Bandhupalita will enjoy the kingdom for eight years.
328Bandhupalita’s successor Indrapalita will rule for ten years (?) King Devavarma will be king for seven years.
329King Satadhara, his son, will rule for eight years. King Brhadasva will be the ruler for seven years.
330These are the nine kings who will enjoy the earth. The earth will be in their possession for full one hundred and thirty-seven years.
331The general Puspamitra will drive out Brhadratha and will rule over the kingdom continuously for sixty years.
332The sons of Puspamitra will be kings for eight years. The eldest of all of them will be the king for seven
333Thereafter Vasumitra, his son, will be king for ten years. Then Dhruka (?), his son, will rule for two years.
334After him the Pulindakas will rule for three years. King Ghosasuta too will rule for three years.
335Thereafter Vikramamitra will be king for many years. King Bhagavata will rule for thirty-two years.
336His son Kshemabhumi will rule for ten years. Ten Turiga (? Sunga) kings will enjoy the earth.
337(Defective verse) They will enjoy the earth for full hundred and twelve years and it perhaps will go to Sudeva who will not be a (born) king but an indulgent fellow ever since his childhood. He will then become a king.
338There will be another king Devabhumi among the Sringas (? Sungas). He will be aKanthayana (Kanvayana— ‘Belonging to Kanva gotra’) and will rule for nine years.
339Bhutimitra, his son, will be king for twenty-four years. After him king Narayana will rule for twelve years.
340His son Susarma will rule for ten years. These four kings of lofty activities will be Kanthayana (Kanvayana) Brahmanas.
341They will make the vassals bow down to them. They will rule for forty-five years. After the change of their rule, Andhras will come in.
342Driving out Kanthayanas (Kanvayanas), overpowering Susarman and making the remaining forces of the Srrigas (? Surigas) dwindle down, Sindhuka of the Andhra race will gain possession of the earth.
343King Sindhuka will rule for twenty-three years. After him Bhata (Krishna) will rule for ten and eight years (?)
344His son, Srisatakarni will be very great. Satakarni will rule for fifty and six years.
345Apadabaddha, his son, will rule (first) for ten years, (then) for twentyfour years and (then) for six years.
346Nemikrsna will rule for twenty-five years. Then for full one year Hala will be the king.
347Five (or) seven kings (of this race) will be very powerful. Putrikasena will rule for twenty-five years.
348Satakarni will be king for one year. Sivasvami will rule for twenty-eight years.
349King Gautamiputra will rule for twenty-one years among men. Thereafter Yajnasri of the Satakarni family will be the king for nineteen years.
350After him, king Vijaya will rule for only six years. Dandasri Satakarni, his son, will for three years.
351Pulova (Pulumayi) will rule for seven years. There will be other kings as well. Altogether there will be thirty Andhra kings who will enjoy the earth.
352The rule of the Andhras will cover a period of four hundred, five and six (four hundred and eleven) years. There will be five families of the Andhras and all of them will be (are) equal (in power).
353-355There will be ten and seven Abhira kings, seven Gardabhins (Gardabhillas), ten Sakas, eight Yavanas, fourteen Maunas, as kings. Andhras will enjoy the earth for two hundred and one hundred years. Sakas will enjoy the earth for three hundred and eighty years.
356Yavanas will enjoy the earth for eighty years. It is remembered (prophesied) that Tusaras will be in possession of the earth for five hundred years.
357Thirteen Marunda families will rule for four hundred and fifty years along with (other) Sudras. There will be other Mleccha tribes as well.
358Eleven of those Mlecchas will enjoy (the earth) for three hundred years. Then the Sudra tribes (Kilakila) Kolikilas (?) will rule for an equal period (?)
359Vindhyasakti will take over the administration from Kolikilas. Having supervised over the administration for ninety-six years, he will pass away.
360Listen to and understand the future Sudra clans called Disakas (?) Svarapuranjaya will be the son of Sesa, the king of serpents (Vaidisaka—residents of Vidisa?).
361-362That king, born of the race of serpents, will be a king who will enjoy. The following kings: Sadacandra who will be a part of the moon, Nakhavan the second, Dhanadharma the next one, Vimsaja the fourth and Bhutinanda thereafter, will be kings in the foreign land (or at Vidisa?)
363At the close of the rule of Nandana of the Angas, Madhunandi will become the king. His younger brother will be Nandiyasas by name.
364-365There will be three kings in his family: Dohitra, Sisuka and Pravira. Sisuka will rule over Purika. The powerful Pravira will be the son of Vindhyasakti, He will rule over the city Kancanaka (along with the others) for sixty years.
366They will perform Vajapeya Yajnas with the offerings of excellent Daksinas. His four sons will become great rulers of men.
367When the family of Vindhyakas becomes extinct, three kings of Bahlikas will enjoy the kingdom for thirty years. Supratika and Nabhira (will be the prominent kings).
368The king named Sakyama will be the ruler of Mahisis. Puspamitras and Pattamitras will rule for thirteen years.
369Seven excellent kings will rule over Mekala (Amarkantaka). The kings in Komala (Comilla, Bengal) will be very strong and powerful.
370Nine kings of great intellect and well known as Meghas will become the kings of the Nisadha (Marwar, De 140) land. They will rule till the end of the Manvantara.
371Those strong and powerful kings will be born in the race of Nala. Visvasphani, the powerful, will become the ruler of Magadhas.
372After exterminating all the other kings he will make Kaivartas, Pancakas, Pulindas and Brahmanas as well as the other castes (rule over the kingdom).
373He will establish kings in different lands, thanks to his excessive splendour. Visvasphani will be very powerful and strong in war like Vishnu.
374It is said that in external appearance, Visvasphani will be like a eunuch. He will destroy the existing Ksatriyas and make other Ksatriya clans.
375After propitiating Devas, Pitris and Brahmanas many times that strong king will reach the banks of Jahnavi (Gariga) and cast off his body.
376After forsaking his body, he will go to Sakra’s region. Thereafter, the nine Naka (Naga) kings will enjoy the city of Campavati.
377The seven Nagas will enjoy the beautiful city of Mathura. Kings born of the family of Guptas will enjoy all the territories near Gariga such as Prayaga, Saketa and Magadha.
378The descendants of Manidhanya will enjoy the territories of Nisadha, Yaduka, Saisitaand Kalatopaka.
379Devaraksitas (?) will enjoy the territories of Kosalas, Andhras, Paundras and Tamraliptas along with the oceans as well as the beautiful city of Campa.
380Guha will protect Kalingas, Mahisas, Mahendranilaya and other territories.
381(The king) named Kanaka will enjoy Strirastra (the women’s territory, Kamarupa) and Bhaksyakas. All these kings will be contemporaries.
382Thereafter, the untruthful and unrighteous Yavanas of great fury and of little grace will rule here spreading their religion, spending vast riches and giving vent to their lust.
383Those kings will not be duly crowned. They will have all the defects of the (Kali) Age. They will commit evil actions.
384During the remaining period of the Kali Age, the kings will enjoy the Earth, not even hesitating to kill women and children and to destroy one another.
385The races of those kings will gain continuous ascendancy (at some time or in some places) or flourish and perish in succession in due course.
386They will be devoid of piety, true love and real wealth. All the common people coming into close contact with them, too will follow the customs and habits of Mleccha (aliens and outcastes).
387They will be acting contrary to accepted traditions. They will destroy their subjects. The kings will be greedy and devoted to mendacious behaviour.
388-389When their turn is over, women will outnumber men in that Age. People will become more and more deficient in learning and strength. Their span of life will grow less and less. When their decline reaches the limit the ruling kings overwhelmed by Kalawill be ruined.
390Struck down by Kalki, all the Mlecchas will be destroyed. All the heretics and the unrighteous will be doomed.
391-393The very name king will disappear when the Kali Age comes to the period of junction. Only very few people will survive and they will be helpless and destitute without any belonging, as Dharma would have been destroyed by that time. There will be none to console them. They will have no wherewithals. They will be afflicted by diseases and sorrows. They will be overwhelmed and ruined by drought and mutual slaughter. They will have none to support them. Being distressed (and due to fear) they will forsake their avocations and professions. Deserting their own villages and towns they will resort to forest.
394-395When the kings are destroyed, the subjects will leave off their homesteads. All the feelings of friendliness and affection will be lost. In acute distress, even the closest of friends will become bereft of affection. The discipline of castes and stages of life will become disturbed. Terrible mixture and mingling of the castes will result. People will take shelter on mountains and riverbanks.
396-397They will resort to rivers, marshy foreshores of the seas and mountains. They will gather together in the territories of Angas, Vangas, Kalingas, Kasmiras, Kasi, Kosalas, the mountain ravines of Rsika and other places. Men will seek shelter on the ridges of Himavan and the coasts of the briny sea.
398The Aryas will flock to the forests with the Mleccha tribes. Men will sustain themselves with the meat of deer, fishes, birds and beasts of prey as well as with sugar-cane plants, honey, greens, fruit and roots.
399Like the sages (of yore) they will wear different kinds of leaves and barks of trees as well as hides of deer which they themselves will make.
400Desirous of growing foodstuffs (grains) through will strenuously rear goats and sheep, donkeys and camels.
401The men then will resort to the banks of rivers for the sake of water. By means of their activities they will harass one another as well as the rulers of the land.
402They will consider it honourable to be issueless. They will not observe rules of cleanliness and good behaviour. Then the men will be engrossed in evil actions and behave in this manner.
403The subjects will follow the worst of religious observances. No one will live beyond their twenty-third year.
404-405They will be weak. They will be debilitated and fatigued due to sensuality. They will be overcome by (premature) old age. Their diet will consist of leaves, roots and fruits. Bark garments and deer skins will constitute their clothings. In search of livelihood they will be roaming over the earth. Towards the end of Kaliyuga, the people will come to such a plight.
406When the Kali Age, the duration of which is a thousand divine years, comes to a close, the subjects will be annihilated along with the Kaliyuga. When it expires along with the period of junction, the Krita Age will come in.
407When the moon, the sun, Tisya and Jupiter come together in a single sign of zodiac, the Krita Age will set in.
408Thus the past, present and the future races have been enumerated in due order.
409-412From the time of the coronation of Mahadeva (Mahapadma?) to the birth of Pariksit the duration was a thousand and fifty years. The period between Mahapadma and the future kings ending with Andhras whom I have narrated, has been calculated as eight hundred and thirty-six years by the learned sages, the knowers of Puranas. (Defective verse) The Seven Sages then said that a hundred years elapsed when Pratipa was king (?) You should calculate twenty-seven hundreds again (?)
413The stellar mansions are altogether twentyseven. The Seven Sages stay in each of these, for hundred years in succession. This is remembered as the Yuga of the Seven Sages. The years are calculated according to those of the Devas.
414(Defective verse) The hundred years of the Seven sages is equal to sixty divine years and seven (divine) day.
415(?) The Seven Sages are seen in the east at first and then in the north of the zone of the constellations. Thereafter they are seen parallel to those constellations seen in the middle of the firmament.
416It should be known that the Seven Sages are united with it (the zone of the constellations) in the sky for a hundred years. This is the evidence of the union of the Sages and the constellations.
417In my opinion the Seven Sages were stationed in the Magha (tenth) constellation at the time of Pariksit. At the time of Andhras they will be in the twenty-fourth constellation (i.e. Satabhisak).
418At that time the subjects will be afflicted very much. They will be doomed through their mendacious nature in the affairs of virtue, wealth and love.
419When the Vedic and Smarta (pertaining to the Smrtis) rituals (Dharma) become lax and the rigorous discipline of the castes and the stages of life becomes very loose, the deluded subjects will be weak in their soul-power and undergo a mixing and mingling of the castes.
420Sudras will become merged with the twice-born castes. Brahmanas will begin to officiate as priests in the Yajnas of the Sudras. Sudras will begin to compose Mantras.
421-423Desirous of securing means of livelihood, Brahmanas will approach them reverentially. Declining gradually and bit by bit, all the subjects will be destroyed and when the Yuga expires, they will be completely destroyed. Kali Yuga had started on the very day when Krsna passed away. Understand the duration of Kali Age. Kali-yuga is said to be of the three hundred and sixty thousand years according to human calculation.
424According to divine calculation it is one thousand years. The Sandhyamsa (the period of junction) is also mentioned. (That period is extra.) When it has expired completely Krita Age comes in.
425The races of Aila and Iksvaku are said to become extinct with Sumitra.
426-427Those who know about the Lunar race know that the Ksatriya race of Aila will become extinct with Ksemaka. The sons and descendants of the Sun of the past, present and future have been glorified. They were and will be the heightened of their fame. In that race there were Brahmanas, Ksatriyas, Vaisyas and Sudras.
428-429Many noble-souled kings are born and have passed away in every Yuga. Their names are legion. When the members of every family are calculated, many names are repeated. Hence they have not been mentioned by me. The race of Nimi comes to an end in the Vaivasvata Manvantara itself.
430I will recount how the Ksatriya race originates in this Yuga. Even as I recount listen and understand.
431-432Devapi will be born in the Kalapa village. He will be a king of Puru’s family and considered (greater) than Iksvaku. He will be endowed with great Yogic power. Suvarcas, the son of Soma, will be born in the family of Iksvaku. In the twentyfourth cycle of four Yugas, they will be the founders of the Ksatriya race and traditions.
433In the twentieth Yuga (? cycle of four Yugas?) there will not be any founder of the Lunar race. Devapi being unrivalled, will be the first king in the family of Aila.
434In the four Yugas these two will be the founders of Ksatriya race. Everywhere this should be known as the characteristic feature, for the sake of progeny (the perpetuation of the line).
435-436When Kali Yuga declines and Krtayuga sets in and again in the first Tretayuga they will be the activators of the Ksatriya lines along with the Seven Sages. In the Dvapara period, Ksatriyas do not stay along with the sages.
437-438When Krtayuga and Tretayuga decline, the Seven Sages and the kings will take birth for the sake of seed of the Brahmana and Ksatriya races. For the sake of progeny, they (the Seven Sages) abide by the kings in all the Manvantaras in every Yuga.
439The annihilation of Ksatriyas leads to their contact withBrahmanas again (?) In all the seven Manvantaras all the progeny have been heard of (?)
440-442In view of their long life the Seven Sages know the series of Yugas, the origin, activities and the decline of those active persons belonging to Brahmana and Ksatriya races. The birth of the Brahmanas in the families of Aila and Iksvaku is in this manner (?) Born in the Treta Age and extinct in the Kali Age, they will follow the Age till the end of the Manvantara.
443When all the Ksatriyas were eliminated by Rama, the son of Jamadagni, the Ksatriyas of the two families were born again. I shall recount them. Listen and understand.
444The families of Aila and Iksvaku spread once again. A series of other kings of the Ksatriya race became rulers.
445A hundred families undergoing coronation became famous among each of the races of Aila and Iksvaku.
446The extent of Bhojas is up to twice of that (i.e. two hundred). Thus there were three hundred Ksatriya
families. They were divided into four according to the four quarters.
447-449Listen and understand even as I recount the past and the present kings among them. Prativindhyas were a hundred; Nagas were a hundred; Hayas were a hundred; Dhrtarastras were a hundred and one; Janamejayas were eighty; Brahmadattas were a hundred; Sirins and Virins were a hundred (each); then Pulomans were a hundred; Svetas, Kasas, Kusas etc. were a hundred; the other Sasabindus who passed away were a thousand.
450All of them performed horse-sacrifices with lakhs and lakhs in Daksina. Thus hundreds and thousands of saintly kings have passed away.
451-452Know that the descendants in this world of the present Vaivasvata Manu cannot be mentioned in detail and in full even in hundreds of years.
453In the Vaivasvata Manvantara already twenty-eight cycles of four Yugas have passed along with their saintly kings. Listen and understand those who yet remain.
454-458Forty excellent kings will be born in the future. Then the Vaivasvata Manvantara will come to a close. Incidentally I have mentioned everything in detail and in brief. Many are repeated. As they are too many they could not be mentioned in full. The twenty-five families of Yayati’s sons were highly beneficent to the people. They have been glorified. They even now sustain the worlds. He who listens to and remembers these attains rare things of the world. They attain longevity, fame, wealth, sons, heaven and infiniteness. O Brahmanas, thus the third section has been recounted by me. What more shall I say?

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