Mahabharata – Sabha Parva – Rajasuyarambha Parva 13-19
– 13 –
Arrival of Krishna
1Vaishampayana said: O descendant of Bharata, having heard these words of the Rishi (Narada) Yudhishthira heaved sight. Full of the thought of the Rajasuya, (sacrifice), the king did not get any peace of mind.
2-3Having heard the glory of the illustrious kings of old and having known their acquisition of regions of felicity by the performance of sacrifices and scared deeds, and having also thought the great sacrifice performed by the royal sage Harishchandra, the king Yudhishthira desired to make preparations for the Rajasuya sacrifice.
4Having worshipped all his Sabhasadas (counsellors and officers) and having been worshipped by them in return, he consulted with them about the sacrifice.
5O king of kings, having reflected much, the best of the Kurus, (Yudhishthira) resolved
to make preparations to perform that sacrifice.
6Reflecting upon virtue and righteousness, that king of wonderful energy and prowess set his heart to find out what should be beneficial to all his people.
7The foremost of all virtuous men Yudhishthira, ever kind to all his subjects, always acted without any distinction for the good of all.
8Dispelling all anger and vengeance he always said, “Give to each what each is to have.” The only sounds that could be heard (in his kingdom) were, “Blessed be Dharma, blessed be Dharma.”
9Having thus conducted himself and having given every one paternal assurance, he had none in his kingdom who entertained any hostile feelings towards him. He therefore came to be called Ajatasatru (enemy-less).
10The king treated every one as if he was one of his own family; and Bhima ruled them all justly and impartially. Vibhatsu Savyasachi (Arjuna) by using both his hands protected all from their enemies.
11The intelligent Sahadeva administered justice with all impartiality, and Nakula treated all with humility which was natural to his character. (For all this the kingdom became) free from quarrels and fear of all kinds. All people were engaged in their respective works.
12The rains were as much as could be desired and the kingdom became full of prosperity. Persons living on usury, things necessary for sacrifices, cattle-rearing, tillage, and trades, all and everything grew in prosperity.
13In consequence of the good deeds of the kings, there was in his kingdom no extortion, no oppression in the realisation of rents, and no fear of disease, of fire, of death by poisoning, and of incantations.
14-16In consequence of Yudhishthira being ever devoted to virtue, it was never heard that thieves or cheats or royal favourites did not wrong towards one another. In consequence of Yudhishthira’s devotion to virtue his tributary chiefs always waited upon him to render him good service on the six occasions (of war, treaty etc.); and the traders and merchants of different classes paid him their dues taxes liveable on their respective trades. Thus the kingdom grew in prosperity.
17The prosperity of the kingdom increased even by greatly voluptuous and luxurious persons. The king possessed every accomplishment and he bore every thing in patience. His sway extended over all.
18O king whichever countries this renowned and the illustrious king conquered the people of them, from Brahmanas to peasants, were all more attached to him than to their own parents.
19That foremost of speakers (Yudhishthira) summoned together his brothers and ministers and asked them again and again about the Rajasuya sacrifice.
20Having been thus asked by the greatly wise Yudhishthira eager to perform the sacrifice, they spoke to him these words of grave import.
21The Ministers said: A king already in possession of a kingdom wishes to acquire all the attributes of an emperor by means of the sacrifice, (Rajasuya) a sacrifice that helps to acquire the attributes of Varuna.
22O descendant of Kuru, you are worthy the attributes of an emperor; therefore your friends consider that the time has come for you to perform the Rajasuya sacrifice.
23In consequence of your Kshatriya possessions, the time for the performance of that sacrifice has come, the sacrifice in which the Rishis of rigid vows establish the six fires with the Mantras of the Sama Veda.
24At the conclusion of a Rajasuya sacrifice, the performer is said to be installed in the sovereignty of an empire; he is then rewarded with the fruits of all sacrifices including the Agnihotra sacrifice. It is for this he is called the conqueror of all.
25O mighty armed hero, O great king, you are quite capable of performing this sacrifice. We are all obedient to you. You will soon be able to perform the Rajasuya.
26O great king, set your mind to perform the Rajasuya without any further discussion.” Vaishampayana said
Thus spoke to the king all his friends and counsellors separately and together.
27O king, having heard their these virtuous, bold, agreeable and weighty words, the son of Pandu (Yudhishthira), accepted them in is mind.
28O descendant of Bharata, having heard these words of his friends and having known his own strength also, the king again thought in his mind about the Rajasuya.
29The intelligent Dharmaraja Yudhishthira, ever wise in counsel, again consulted with his brothers, with his ministers, his Ritvijas, his priest, Dhaumya and Dvaipayana and others.
30Yudhishthira said: How can this Rajasuya sacrifice, which is worthy of an emperor and which my mind is desirous to perform, be accomplished only by my faith and speech?
31Vaishampayana said: O lotus-eyed hero, having been thus asked by the king, they thus spoke to the Dharmaraja Yudhishthira at that time.
32“O king, learned in the precepts of virtue, you are worthy of performing the great sacrifice of Rajasuya.” When the Ritvijas and the Rishis told these words.
33-34His ministers and his brothers highly approved of his words. The greatly wise and self-controlled son of Pritha (Yudhishthira), ever desirous to do good to the world, again thought over the matter in his mind, taking into his consideration his won strength and means, the time and the place, his income and expenditure.
35He knew that the wise never come to grief, because they always act after due deliberation. He thought that the sacrifice should not be commenced pursuant to his own resolution only.
36Carefully bearing on his shoulder the weight of affairs, he (Yudhishthira) thought of Krishna Janardana as the fittest person to decide the matter.
37knowing his (Krishna) to be the foremost of all persons, the possessor of immeasurable; energy, the mighty-armed, (hero), being without birth and was born among men only out of his pleasure, he (Yudhishthira) thought of Hari (Krishna) in his mind.
38-39Having reflected upon his God-like feats, the son of Pandu (Yudhishthira) thought that there could be nothing unknown to him nothing unachievable by him and nothing that he could not bear. Having argued thus, he remembered Krishna. Having come to this settled conclusion, the son of Pritha Yudhishthira.
40Soon sent a messenger to that lord of all beings, sending through him (the messenger) blessings and agreeable words such as the elder should send to his younger. Riding on a swift car, that messenger soon reached the Yadavas.
41He arrived at Dvaravati in which Dvaravati city Krishna was living. Having heard that the son of Pritha (Yudhishthira) was eager to see him, Achyuta (Krishna) also became eager to see him.
42Passing quickly through various countries on (the car yoked with his swift horses, he arrived at Indraprastha with Indrasena.
43Having arrived at Indraprastha, Janardana (Krishna) came to son of Pritha (Yudhishthira). He was worshipped by his cousin Dharmaraja (Yudhishthira) in his house with paternal affection.
44-45He was also received by Bhima as affectionately. He then went cheerfully to see the sister of his father (Kunti). He was worshipped by the twins (Nakula and Sahadeva) as their superiors. He then conversed with his friend Arjuna with joy; Arjuna was very glad to see him. Then when he had rested for some time in that pleasant place and become fully refreshed, Yudhishthira came to him and spoke to him his business.
46Yudhishthira said: O Krishna, I have desired to perform the Rajasuya sacrifice, but it cannot be performed by my simply wishing to perform it. You know every thing by which it may be accomplished.
47He in whom every thing is possible he who is worshipped every where and he who is the king of all kings can alone perform this sacrifice.
48O Krishna, my friends and ministers have said that I should perform it, but your words will be my guide in this matter.
49Some (counsellors) do not notice faults (difficulties) out of friendship. Some out of self interest say only that which will be agreeable to the hearer.
50Some again consider that which is beneficial to them as the fittest thing to be adopted. Men are seen to advice thus in business.
51You are above all motives; you have conquered anger and desire; you should tell me which is most beneficial to the world.