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Mahabharata – Vana Parva – Arjunabhigamana Parva – 12-37

Mahabharata – Vana Parva – Arjunabhigamana Parva – 12-37

Arjunabhigamana Parva – 12

Comforting Draupadi

1Vaishampayana said: Having heard that the Pandavas had been banished, the Bhojas with the Vrishnis and the Andhakas went to the afflicted Pandavas in the great forest.
2-3The relatives of (the king) Panchala, Dhristadyumna, the king of Chedi and the greatly powerful and renowned brothers, the Kaikeyas. Went to see the sons of Pritha in the forest. Their heart inflamed with wrath, they reproaching the sons of Dhritarashtra said, “What should we do?”
4The relatives of (the king) Panchala, Dhristadyumna, the king of Chedi and the greatly powerful and renowned brothers, the Kaikeyas. Went to see the sons of Pritha in the forest. Their heart inflamed with wrath, they reproaching the sons of Dhritarashtra said, “What should we do?”
5Krishna said: The earth will drink the blood of Duryodhana, Kama, Shakuni and the fourth (of their allies) Dushashana.
6-7Killing all these and defeating all their followers and royal allies. We shall all install Dharmaraja Yudhishthira (on the throne). The crafty men deserve to be slain. This is eternal morality.
8-10Vaishampayana said: Janardana (Krishna) became angry for the wrongs done to the sons of Pritha and he seemed bent upon consuming all created things. But Arjuna tried to pacify him. Seeing Keshava (Krishna) angry, Falguni (Arjuna) began to recite the feats achieved in his former lives by that soul of all things who is immeasurable, who is the eternal one of infinite energy, the lord of Prajapati, the supreme ruler of the world and the greatly wise Vishnu.
11Arjuna said: O Krishna, in the days of yore, you had wandered on the Gandhamadana mountain for ten thousand years as a Fatrashayanagriha Rishi.
12O Krishna, living on water alone, you passed eleven thousand years in the. days of yore by the side of the Pushkara (lake).
13O slayer of Madhu, you wi+h your arms upraised and standing on one leg, living all the while on air, passed one hundred years on the high hills of Badari.
14O Krishna, leaving aside your upper garment and looking like a bundle of veins, with your body emaciated you lived on the banks of the Sarasvati, employed in your sacrifice extending for twelve years.
15-16O greatly effulgent Krishna, in observance of your vow, you stood on one leg for one thousand celestials years on the plains of Pravasha which the virtuous ought to visit. Vyasa has told me that you are the cause of the creation and its course.
17O Keshava, the lord of Kshetra, you are the mover of all minds and the beginning and the end of all things. O Krishna, all asceticism rests in you; you are the embodiment of all sacrifices and you are the eternal one.
18O Krishna, killing the fearful Naraka, the first begotten offspring of the earth, you have obtained his earrings by the performance of the first horse sacrifice.
19O foremost of all the worlds, having performed that feat, you have become victorious over all. You have killed all the Daityas and the Danavas mustered in battle.
20O mighty-armed Keshava, giving the lord of Sachi (Indra) the sovereignty of the universe, you have taken your birth among men.
21-22O chastiser of foes, having floated on Primordial waters, you subsequently became Hari, Brahma, Surya, Dharma, Dhatri, Yama, Anala. Vayu, Vaisravana, Rudra, Kala and the sky, the earth, the air and the directions. O foremost of Purushas, you are your own creator, you are the lord of all mobile and immobile universe.
23O slayer of Madhu, O greatly effulgent one, O Krishna, you gratified with your sacrifice in the forest of Chitraratha the chief of the celestials, the highest of the high.
24O Janardana, at each sacrifice you offered, according to (each one’s) shares, gold by hundred and thousands.
25O descendant of Yadu, becoming the son of Aditi you have been known as the younger brother of Indra, though you are the exalted one of the supreme attributes.
26O chastiser of foes, O Krishna while you are but a child, you filled by three steps the heaven, the sky and the earth in consequences of your energy.
27O soul of all creatures, covering the heaven and the sky, you dwell in the body of the sun and afflict him with your own effulgence.
28O exalted one, O Krishna, in your incarnations on three thousand occasions, you have killed the sinful Asuras by thousands.
29By destroying the Mansavas and the Pashas and killing Nishunda and Naraka, you have again made the road to Pragjotisha safe.
30You killed Ahuti at Jarutha, Kratha and Shishupala with his followers and allies, Jarasandha, Saivya and Shatadhanvan.
31You defeated on your car which is as effulgent as the sun and as roaring a the clouds, Rukmi in battle and then obtained for your queen the daughter of Bhoja.
32You killed in fury Indradyumna and the Yavana called Kaseruman. Killing Shalva, the king of Saivya, you destroyed his city.
33At Irvati, you killed king Bhoja, who was equal to Kartavirya in battle.
34-35aBoth Gopati and Taluketu also have been killed by you. O Janardana, you have also obtained for yourself the sacred city of Dvarka which abounds in wealth and which is agreeable to all Rishis. You will submerge it into the ocean at the end.
35b-36O slayer of Madhu, O descendant of Dasahara race, how can crookedness be in you, devoid as you are of anger, envy, untruth and cruelty? O undeteriorating one, all the Rishis come to you when seated in your glory on the sacrificial ground and seek your protection.
37O slayer of Madhu. O chastiser of foes, contracting all things and withdrawing this universe into your own self, you stay at the end of Yuga.
38O descendant of the Vrishni race, there at the beginning of the Yuga, sprang from your lotus-like navel Brahma himself who is the lord of all mobile and immobile things and whose is this entire universe.
39-40O Hari, when the fearful Danavas Madhu and Kaitava were bent on killing Brahma, seeing their impious endevour you grew angiy and from your head then sprang Sambhu, the holder of trident, the deity of three eyes. Thus have these two foremost on the deities sprung from your body to accomplish your work.
41-43It was Narada who has told me (all) this. 0 Narayana, you performed in the forest of Chaitraratha a. grand sacrifice with multitudes of rites and plentiful of gifts. O lotus-eyed deity the feats you accomplished with your prowess aided by B aladeva have never before been done by others. They are not capable of being done by others in future. You dwelt even in Kailasa accompanied by Brahmanas.
44Vaishampayana said: Having spoken thus to Krishna, the high- souled Pandava (Arjuna) who was his (Krishna’s) soul became dumb. Janardana (Krishna) then thus replied to Partha (Arjuna).
45You are mine and I am yours. All that is mine is yours also. He who hates you hates me and he who follows you follows me.
46O irrepressible hero, you are Nara and I am Narayana (Hari). We are the Rishis Nara and Narayana born in the world of men for a special purpose.
47O Partha, you are from me and I am from you. O best of the Bharata race, none can understand the difference that exists between us.
48-49Vaishampayana said: When the high-souled Krishna said this in the midst of that assembly of the heroic kings, who were all excited with anger. The Panchala princess (Draupadi), surrounded by Dhristadyumna and her other heroic brothers, came to the lotus-eyed one (Krishna) who was seated with his cousins. Desirous of getting protection, she spoke thus to the refuge of all (Krishna) in angry words.
50Draupadi said: Asita and Devala have said that in the matter of creation of things you have been indicated as the only Prajapati and the creator of all the worlds.
51O irrepressible one, Jamadagni says you are Vishnu. O slayer of Madhu, you are the sacrifice, you are the sacrificer and you are he for whom the sacrifice is performed.
52O best of Purushas (male beings), the Rishis call you Forgiveness and Truth. Kashyapa has said that you are the sacrifice sprung from Truth.
53O lord, Narada says that you are the God of the Sadhyas and of the Shivas, you are the creator and the lord of all.
54O foremost of men, as children sport with their toys, you repeatedly sport with the celestials including Brahma, Shankara (Shiva) and Shakra (Indra).
55O lord, the firmament is covered by your head and the earth by your feet. These worlds are your womb and you are the Eternal one.
56You are the best of all objects to those Rishis who have been sanctified by me Vedic lore and asceticism, whose souls have been purified by penance and who are contended with some visions.
57O best of Purushas, you are the refuge of all royal sages, who are devoted to piety, who never turn their looks on the field of battle and who possess every accomplishment. You are the lord of all; you are omnipresent, you are the soul of al1 things, you are the active power pervading everything.
58The rulers of the several worlds, those worlds themselves, the steller-conjunctions, the ten points of horizon, the firmament, the moon and the sun are all established in you.
59O mighty armed hero, the mortality of all creatures and the immortality of the universe are established in you.
60O slayer of Madhu, impelled by the affection, you bore for me, I shall relate to you my griefs. You. are the supreme lord of all creatures, both celestials and human.
61O Krishna, how could one like me, the wife of Pritha’s sons (the Pandavas), the sister of Dhristadyumna and the friend of yours, be dragged to the assembly?
62Alas, in my season, stained with blood, with but a single cloth on, trembling and weeping, I was dragged into the court of the Kurus!
63Seeing me stained with blood (standing) in the presence of the kings in that assembly, the wicked-minded sons of Dhritarashtra laughed at me.
64O slayer of Madhu, though the Pandavas, the Panchalas and the Vrishnis were present, yet they (the sons of Dhritarashtra) dared express tjieir desire of making me their slave.
65O Krishna, I am the daughter-in-law of both Bhishma and Dhritarashtra according to the ordinance, yet, O slayer of Madhu, they wished to make me their slave by force.
66I blame the Pandavas who are mighty and the foremost (heroes) in battle, for they (silently) looked at the cruel treatment that was offered to their renowned wedded wife.
67O Janardana, fie to the prowess of Bhimasena and fie to the Gandiva of Arjuna, for they both suffered me to be thus disgraced by men of no importance!
68This eternal course of morality is ever followed by the pious men, namely the husband, however weak he might be, should protect his wedded wife.
69By protecting his wife one protects his offspring and by protecting the offspring one protects his own self.
70One’s own self is begotten on one’s wife and therefore wife is called Jaya. A wife should also protect her husband, remembering that he would take his birth in her womb.
71The Pandavas never forsake the persons who ask for their protection, but they abandoned me who asked for their protection.
72Five greatly powerful sons have been born of me by my five husbands; O Janardana, for their sake it was necessary to protect me.
73-74Prativindhya (was begotten) by Yudhishthira, Satasoma by Vrikodara (Bhima), Shrutakirti by Arjuna, Satanika by Nakula. Shrutakarman by the youngest (of my husbands) Sahadeva. They are all of irrepressible prowess. O Krishna, they are all as great car-warriors as Pradyumna (Krishna’s son).
75They are all foremost of all bowmen and they are all invincible in battle by any foe. Why do they (silently) bear the wrongs inflicted (on me) by the weak sons of Dhritarashtra?
76Having been deprived of their kingdom by deception, the Pandavas were made slaves and I myself in my season and in one cloth was dragged into the Sabha.
77O slayer of Madhu, fie to the Gandiva, which none else can string except Arjuna; Bhima and yourself1.
78O Krishna, fie to the strength of Bhima and to the prowess to Partha (Arjuna) for Duryodhana lived for even a moment (after what he did).
79O slayer of Madhu, it was he who formerly drove the guileless Pandavas with their mother from the kingdom while they were but boys engaged in study and in the observance of their vows.
80It was that sinful wretch who mixed fresh, virulent, horrible and excessive poison with the food of Bhimasena.
81O Janardana, but Bhima without sustaining any injury digested that poison with the food. O mighty armed hero, O best of men, Bhima’s days had not (then) ended.
82O Krishna, it was Duryodhana, who at the house that stood by the banian tree, called Pramana, bound the sleeping and unsuspecting Bhima; and then throwing him into the Ganges, he returned to the city.
83But the son of Kunti, the greatly strong and mighty armed Bhima, on waking from his sleep, tore his bonds and rose from the water.
84It was he (Duryodhana) who caused venomous snakes to bite all over the body of Bhimasena, but that slayer of foes did not die.
85Awaking, the son of Kunti (Bhima) killed all the serpents with his left hand; and he killed his (Duryodhana’s) favorite charioteer (also).
86Again, while the children (the Pandavas) were sleeping unsuspicious with the revered one (their mother), he set fire to the house (Jatugriha). Who is there who is capable of doing such an act?
87It was then the revered madam (Kunti), overtaken by this calamity and surrounded by the flames, began to cry in terrors.
88Alas, I am undone! How shall we today escape from this fire! Alas, I shall meet with detraction my sons who are but children!
89-90Draupadi said: Thereupon the mighty-armed Bhima Vrikodara whose prowess is like that of wind, comforted the revered madam (Kunti) and his brothers. I will spring up into the air like the son of Vinata that best of birds, Garuda. We have no fear from this fire.
91-92Then taking the revered lady (his mother) on his left flank and the king (Yudhishthira) on the right, the twins on each shoulder and Vivatsu (Arjuna) on his back. The powerful hero (Bhima), taking all of them, cleared off the fire at one leap and thus delivered his mother and brothers from the conflagration.
93Setting out that night with their illustrious mother, they (the Pandavas) came near the great forest, the forest of Hidimba.
94Fatigued and distressed they fell asleep with their mother. A Rakshasas woman, named Hidimba then came to them.
95Seeing the Pandavas asleep on the ground with their mother and being influenced by desire, she sought to have Bhimasena as her lord.
96That W’eak and blessed one (the Rakshasas woman), thereupon taking up Bhima’s feet on her lap, began to press them with her soft hands.
97The immeasurably energetic, irrepressibly powerful and greatly strong Bhima then awoke and asked, “O faultless one, what do you wish (here)?”
98Having been thus addressed by Bhima, the faultless Rakshasas woman, who could assume any form at will, thus replied to the high-souled Bhimasena.
99“Speedily fly from this place; my powerful brother will (soon) come to kill you. Therefore speed away, do not stay here any longer.”
100Thereupon Bhima spoke thus in haughtiness, “I do not fear him. If he comes here, I shall kill him.”
101Having heard their conversations, that worst of Rakshasas of fearful form and dreadful appearance uttered a loud cry as he came.
102The Rakshasas said: O Hidimba, with whom are you talking? Bring him to me; I will eat him up. You ought not to tarry.
103Draupadi said: But move I by compassion, the faultless featured and pure hearted Rakshasas woman did not speak a word out of pity.
104Then the man-eating Rakshasas, uttering dreadful cries, rushed with great force at Bhimasena.
105-106Coming furiously and angrily at him, the mighty Rakshasas caught hold of Bhimasena’s hand by his own. Catching hold of his other hand and making it as hard as the thunder of Indra, he suddenly struck Bhima a blow that descended with the force of lightning.
107His hand having been seized by the Rakshasas, the mighty-armed Vrikodara (Bhima), without being able to brook it, flew into rage.
108Then a fearful combat took place between Bhimasena and Hidimba, both skilled in all sorts of weapons, like the battle between Vasava (Indra) and Vritra.
109O sinless one, after playing with (the strength of) the Rakshasas for a long time, the powerful and greatly energetic Bhima killed him when he became exhausted and weak.
110Having thus killed Hidimba, Bhima proceeded with his brothers, placing Hidimba in their front, (Hidimba) of whom Ghatotkacha was born.
111Thereupon all those chastisers of foes, accompanied by their mother and surrounded by many Brahmanas, proceeded towards Eka- chakra.
112In their this journey, Vyasa, ever engaged in their welfare, became their counsellor. Then the Pandavas of rigid vows, arriving at Ekachakra.
113Killed there a greatly strong man eating monster, named Baka, who was as terrible as Hidimba.
114Having killed him, that foremost of smiters, Bhima, with all his brothers went to the capital of Drupada.
115O Krishna, as you have obtained Rukmani, the daughter of Bhishmaka, so Savyasachi (Arjuna) obtained me while he lived there (at Draupada’s capital).
116O slayer of Madhu, I was thus obtained in the Saimvara by Partha (Arjuna) who performed a feat difficult of achievment by others and who fought with the assembled kings.
117O Krishna, thus afflicted with numerous griefs, I am living in sorrow and in great distress with Dhaumya at our head, but deprived of the company of the revered lady (Kunti).
118Why do these (Pandavas), who are gifted with strength and who possess the prowess of the lion, sit silently on seeing me afflicted by so despicable enemies (as the Kurus).
119Suffering such wrongs at the hands of the sinful, evil-doing and weak foes, am I to suffer misery so long?
120I was born in a great race and I came to the world in an extraordinary way. I am the beloved wife of the Pandavas and the daughter-in-law of the illustrious Pandu.
121O Krishna, O slayer of Madhu, being the foremost of women and devoted to my husbands, even I was seized by the hair in the very sight of the Pandavas, each of whom was like an Indra.
122Having said this, the mild-speeched Krishna (Draupadi) hid her face with her soft hands which were like the buds of lotus and began to weep.
123The tears of the Panchala princess, the outpourings of her grief, washed her deep, plump and graceful breasts, which were crowned with auspicious marks.
124Wiping her eyes and sighing frequently she thus spoke in anger and in a choked voice.
125Draupadi said: O slayer of foes, husbands, sons, friends, brothers, father or you, I have none.
126For you all, seeing me treated so cruelly, by inferior foes, (still) sit unmoved in silence. My grief at Kama’s ridicule is capable of being assuaged.
127O Keshava, O Krishna, I always deserve to be protected by you for four reasons, namely for our relationship, for the respect you bear for me, for our friendship and for your lordship over me.
128aThereupon Krishna thus spoke to her in that assembly of heroes.
128b-129Krishna said: O fair lady, the wives of those with whom you are angry will weep like you on seeing their husbands lying dead on the ground, their bodies covered with the arrows of Vivatsu and weltering in blood. Do not grieve; I shall do for the Pandavas whatever lies in my power.
130-132I tell you the truth; you shall be the queen of kings. The heavens might fall and the Himalayas might split, the earth might be rent. And the waters of the ocean might be dried up, but, O Krishna (Draupadi), my words shall never be futile. Having heard these words of Achyuta (Krishna), as a reply to her, Draupadi. The princess of Panchala, glanced obliquely at her third husband (Arjuna). O great king, Arjuna then thus spoke to Draupadi.
133O copper-colour-eyed lady, do not weep. What the slayer of Madhu (Krishna) has said will (surely) happen. O lady, O beautiful one, it cannot be otherwise.
134-135Dhristadyumna said: I shall kill Drona, Sikhandi will kill the Grandsire (Bhishma), Bhimasena will kill Duryodhana and Kama will be killed by Dhananjaya (Arjuna). O sister, with the assistance of Rama (Baladeva) and Krishna we are invincible even in a battle with the slayer of Vritra (Indra), what (to speak of a battle) with the sons of Dhritarashtra.
136Vaishampayana said: When this was spoken, all the heroes turned their faces towards Vasudeva and the mighty armed Keshava (Krishna) thus spoke in their midst.

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