Primary creation ||20||
1Agni said: The intellect (mahat) is the first creation of Brahma. The second (creation) is that of the subtle principles (tanmatras) known as the bhutasarga (creation of elements).
2The third is the creation of evolutes (yaikarikas) known as the sense-organs. These are the primary creation (prakritasarga) produced out of the intellect.
3The fourth, is the main creation (mukhyasarga). The immobile things are known as the main (creation). That (creation) which is spoken as (the creation of) the lower order (tiryaksrotas) is known as that of the sub-human beings (animals, birds etc.).
4Then the sixth creation is that of the higher orders (urdhvasrotas), known as the creation of the celestials. Then the seventh creation is that of the middle orders (arvaksrotas), the man.
5-6The eighth is the creation (known as) the anugraha (compassionate divinities), composed of the qualities sattvika and tamasa. These (latter) five are known as the Vaikritasarga (creation subject to transformation). The ninth creation is the Kaumara (the creation of Sanatkumara etc.) These are the. nine creations of Brahma which are the main cause for the universe.
7-8Bhrigu and others married Khyati and other daughters of Daksa. Creation has been described as three-fold by the people. They are usual (nitya), subject to some cause (naimittika), (and) daily (dainandim) (The creation) after the intermediate dissolution is known as the daily (dainandini) . The constant creation that takes place every day is considered as nitya.
9From Bhrigu, Khyati gave birth to the celestials Dhatri and Vidhatri. Sri (Laksmi) (was) the consort of Vishnu, and was praised by Sakra (Indra) for multiplying the progeny.
10The sons of Dhatri and Vidhatri were Prana and Mrikanduka successively. Vedasira gave birth to Markandeya from Mrikandu.
11-12A son (by name) Paurnamasa was born to Marici through Sambhuti. Sinivali, Kuhu, Raka and Anumati were the sons of Angiras through Smfti. With Atri, Anasuya gave birth to Soma, Durvasas, and Dattatreya Yogin.
13A son (by name) Dattoli was born to Priti, the wife of Pulastya. Sahisnu and Kramapadika were born to Ksama from Pulaha.
14The highly radiant Balakhilyas were born to Sannati from Kratu. They, who were 60000, were of the size of a joint of the thumb.
15To Urja from Vasistha (were born) Raja, Gatra, Urdhvabahu, Savana, Alaghu, Sukra and Sutapah, the seven sages.
16Pavaka, Pavamana and Suci were born of Agni and Svaha. The manes Agnisvattah, devoid of fire and Barhisada, with fire (were born) from aja (Brahma, the unborn).
17Mena and Dharini were the daughters of the manes through Svadha. Himsa was the wife of Adharma. Then Anpta was born to them.
18Nikrti (was their) daughter. Bhaya and Naraka (were born) from them, who had Maya and Vedana as their wives.
19Of those two, Maya gave birth to Mrityu, the destroyer of living beings. And also Vedana gave birth to a son Duhkha from Raurava (Naraka).
20Vyadhi, Jara, Soka, Trisna and Krodha were born from Mrityu. (Rudra) was born wailing from Brahma and (was known as) Rudra by name on account of the wailing.
21O twice born! the grandfather (Brahma) said to (him) (called him as) Bhava, Sarva, Isana, Pasupati Bhima, Ugra (and) Mahadeva.
22His wife Sati gave up her life on account of the wrath of Daksa and having become the daughter of Himavat again became the wife of Sambhu (Siva).
23(I will now describe) the methods of worship of Visnu etc., preceded by bathing and other (rites) and yielding enjoyment and emancipation, by doing which Svayambhuva (Manu) (had the benefit), as told by Narada and others to the sages.