Preparations of ground for constructing temples ||39||

1Hayagriva said: O Brahman! Listen to me speaking about the installation of (images of) Vishnu and others. (The principles of) Pancaratra and Saptaratra have (already) been described by me.
2-5They have been divided by the sages into twenty-five (books) in this world. Hayasirsha tantra is the first one. Trailokya mohana, Vaibhava, Paujkara, Prahldda, Gargya, Galava, Naradiya, Siriprasna, Sandilya, Aisvara, spoken by Satya, Saunaka, Vasishtha, Jnanasagara, Svayambhuva, Kapila, Tarksya, Nardyaniyaka, Atreya, Narasimha, Ananda, Aruna, Baudhdyana, and the one spoken by Visva as the quintessence of that (the preceding), having eight parts (or the other books).
6-7A brahmin born in the middle country may perform installation (rite). Those who were born in Kaccha (Cutch), (in the regions of the river) Kaveri, Konkana, Kamarupa, Kalinga, Kanci, Kashmira, Kosala should not (do installation). The sky, wind, radiance, water, and earth are the pancaratra.
8Those other than the pancaratra are inanimate and engulfed in darkness. He is the preceptor who has the knowledge “I am brahman and stainless Vishnu”.
9Even though^ deficient in all characteristics he who is a master of the tantras is (to be looked upon as) the preceptor. The image of the deity should be placed facing the city and never turned backwards.
10At Kurukshetra, Gaya and other places and near the rivers, (the image of) Brahma at the centre of the city and (the image of) Indra on the east are auspicious.
11-12(The images) of Agni, mothers, goblins, and Yama (should be placed) in the south-east. (The images) of Candika (should be placed) in the south and those of the manes and demons in the south-west. The temples of Varuna and others should be built in the west. (The images) of Vayu and Naga (serpent) (should be) on the north-west and those of Yaksha and Guha (Karttikeya) on the north.
13-15(Those) of Candida (the lord of Candi), the great lord and Vishnu (are) always (placed) in the north-east. One should not knowingly construct a temple of a reduced size or equal in size or bigger in size than another temple already constructed so as to encroach upon it. A wise man would leave between them a space measuring twice the elevation and erect a new temple without affecting both the temples. After having examined the ground one has to take possession of it.
16The offerings to the (presiding) goblins should be offered up to the outer enclosing wall (with a mixture of) black gram, turmeric powder, fried grains, curd and flour.
17-18Having dropped the flour in all directions along with (the recitation of) eight syllables: (one has to say), “The demons and goblins who remain on this ground may go away. I am making a place for Hari.” Having cleaved the earth with the plough one should cleave it with oxen.
19Eight Paramanus make one rathanu. Eight rathanus are said to make one trasarenu. Eight times that (makes) one balagra and eight times that is known as likhya. Eight times that is known as yaka. Eight times that is yavamadhyama. Eight times yava (makes) one angula. Twenty-four angulas (make) one kara. Four angulas make one padmahastaka.