Construction of a temple ||42||
1Hayagriva said: Listen to me describing the construction of a temple in general. A wise man should divide a square ground into sixteen parts.
2One should make the four central squares endowed with wealth. The other sixteen parts are left for the walls.
3The pedestal should extend over four squares. The length of the cornice should be double that of the pedestal.
4The path of circumambulation should be a quarter of (the length) of the cornice. Two equal openings having the same width as the latter, should be left on the two sides for projections
5The extent of the ground should be made at first equal to the length of the tower or twice that such as it may be beautiful.
6-7One should construct the pavilion in front of the sanctum on the lines running parallel through the sides of its inner chamber, adorned with pillars and being of the same length or longer than the principal temple sanctorum by a quarter of its length. The anti-chamber should then be constructed at 81 steps.
8The deities at the end of the base should be worshipped before placing the parrots at the front door. In the same manner the thirty-two gods at the end should be worshipped when the outer wall is raised.
9This is the characteristic of a temple in general. Listen to the description (of raising) a temple proportionate to the (size of the) image.
10The base (of the deity) should be of the same size as the image. The adytum (of the temple) should be half the size of the base and the walls proportionate to the adytum.
11The height (of the walls) should be equal to the length of the walls. The pinnacle should be made equal to twice the height of the wall.
12The path around the temple should be a quarter of the extent of the pinnacle. The entrance chamber in the front should be a quarter of the extent of the pinnacle.
13The projections of the arches should be one-eighth of the extent of the adytum. The arches should be made proportionate to the circumference.
14The projections of arches should otherwise be made as one-third of it. Always there should be three projections on the left on the three arches.
15-16Four upward lines should be marked for (the construction of) the pinnacle. A downward line is marked to fall above the keystone which is located at the middle part of the pinnacle. A lion is built at the middle part of the pinnacle in a line with the keystone.
17Two such lines should be marked on the sides. There should be a small platform above that.
18(The lion) should not be in a dropping posture or fierce-looking. The conical shaped structure is placed above, proportional to the small platform.
19A beautiful opening should be made twice the length of the platform. Two globes should be placed above that with beautiful (ornamental) branches.
20-21(Forms of) Canda and Pracanda should be carved on the door-frame occupying a fourth (of its space), (possessing) a staff like that of Visvaksena (Vishnu) and at the threshold of the branch beautiful (Goddess) Sri (Lakshmi) (should be carved) as being bathed by the elephants of the quarters with (waters from) the pitchers . The height of enclosing wall should be one- fourth of that of the temple.
22The height of the tower should be a quarter lesser than that of the temple. The pedestal (of the image) of the deity of five cubits should be of a cubit.
23A shed known as the Garudamandapa and shed for Bhauma (Mars) and other (planets) (should be made). In the eight directions above (the chamber housing) one should make (the images as follows):
24-25(The images of) Varaha (boar) in the east, Nrishimha (man-lion) in the south, Sridhara (a form of Vishnu) in the west, Hayagriva (horse-necked form of Vishnu) in the north, Jamadagnyaka (Parasurama, a manifestation of Vishnu) in the south-east, Rama in the south-west, Vimana (the short-statured manifestation of Vishnu) in the north-west (and) Vasudeva in the north-east. The temple should be decorated with gems all around. Leaving out one-eighth of the door if that is done, it is not defective.