Characteristics of the image of Vasudeva ||44||
1-2The Lord said: I shall describe to you the characteristics of the image of Vasudeva and other gods. Having placed the stone to the north of the temple facing either the east or the north and worshipped it, the sculptor should- divide the stone into nine parts along the central line after making the offering.
3In the twelve divisions (of the line) a division is said to be an ahgula (a finger breadth). Two afigulas are known to be a golaka. It is also said to be a k&lanetra.
4Having divided one of the nine divisions into three, (with one part) the region of the calves should be made. In the same way a part is to be used for the kneesand part for the neck.
5The crown should be of a measure of a tala (12 ahgulas). In the same way the face (should be) of the measure of a Mia. The neck and heart should also be a tala each.
6The navel and the genital part should be a Mia apart. (The length) of the thighs should be two talas. (The length) of the part from the ankle to the knee should be two talas. Listen now to (the description) (of the drawing) of lines (on the body).
7Two lines should be drawn on the foot, and (two) more in between the calves (and knees). Two lines about the knees and two more in between the thighs and the knees should be drawn.
8One line should be drawn over the genital part, and one more about the waist. Another (line) (should) then (be drawn) above the navel for accomplishing the girdle.
9Then (a line) should be drawn on the heart and two lines on the neck. One such line should be drawn on the forehead and one more on the head.
10One more line should be dawn on the crown by the learned. O Brahman! seven vertical lines should be drawn.
11Six lines should be laid in between the armpits and the lower part of the spine. These lines alone should be marked clearly omitting the central line.
12The forehead, the nose and the mouth should be made (to measure) four angulas. The neck and the two ears should be made (to measure) four angulas long.
13The cheeks so also the chin should be made (to measure) two angulas broad. The forehead is said to be eight angular broad.
14Over that the temples (sides of the forehead) should be made two ahgulas endowed with curbs. The intervening space between the eyes and ears is said to be four ahgulas.
15The ears should be two angulas wide. (The interspace between) the ears and the ends of eyelashes (should be) two and a half units. The cavity in the ear is spoken to be in the same line as the eyebrows.
16A pierced ear (should be) six angulas and an unpierced (ear) (should be) four angulas equal to the chin. (Or it should be) six angulas whether it is pierced or not pierced.
17Then the external auditory passage with its membranes etc. should be made. The lower lip should be of two angulas and the upper lip should be half of it.
18Then the (breadth) of an eye (should be) half an angula and the mouth (should be) four angulas. The measurement of its depth is spoken to be one and a half angulas.
19-20The unopened mouth should be in this way. The opened mouth should be three ahgulas. The base of the bridge of the nose should be one angula high. From its tip it should be two angulas similar to the karavira (flower) (oleander). The intervening space between the two eyes should be made to measure four angulas.
21The corners of the eyes (should be) two angulas. The space between them (should be) two angulas. The pupil (should be) one third of the eye and the iris (should be) one fifth (of it).
22The breadth of the eye (should be) three angulas. The cavity (of the eye) is considered to be half an angula. The lengths of the eyebrows are considered to be equal and are proportional to the eyebrows.
23The middle of the eyebrow should be two angulas and its length (should be) four angulas. The measure round the head (should be) thirty-six angulas.
24The measurement around the heads of the images of Kesava and other gods should be thirty-six (angulas). The head measure of all those (images) which are short-necked (should be) ten (angulas).
25The inter-space between the neck and the chest should be three times the length of the neck and should be thrice as much broad plus eight angulas.
26The shoulders (should) be made (to measure) eight angulas and the two beautiful shoulder regions (should be) three times those. The arms should measure seven times (the length of) the eyes. The fore arms (should be) sixteen angulas.
27The arms should be three kalas in breadth and the forearms should also be equal to that. The upper arm should have a circumference of nine kalas.
28It should be seventeen angulas at the middle and sixteen angulas above the elbow-joint. O Brahman 1 the circumference of elbow should be three times that.
29The circumference of the middle of the forearm is said to be sixteen angulas. The circumference of the fore part of the arm is said to be twelve angulas.
30The palm of the hand is said to be six angulas in breadth. The length should be seven angulas. The middle (finger) should be five angulas (long).
31The index finger and the ring finger (should be) half an angula less than that. The little finger and the thumb should be made to measure four angulas each.
32The thumb should be made to have two parvans (joints). The other fingers (should have) three joints. The measure of the nail is laid down as half (the size of the joints) on the respective fingers.
33The extent of the belly is same as that of the chest. The navel should be an angula (in breadth) and proportionally deep.
34Then the inter-space between the generative organ and the intestines should be made to measure a tala. The girth around the navel (should be) forty-two angulas.
35The inter-space between the breasts should be made to measure a tala in breadth. The nipples should be of the measure of a java (barley grain). The circular space around them should be two padas (two feet).
36The circumference of the chest should be made sixty- four ahgulas clearly. The girth of the lower portion (of the chest) is said to be four mukhas (one tala).
37The circumference of the waist should be fifty-four angulas. The breadth of the base of the thigh is said to be twelve angulas.
38It is somewhat greater at the middle (of the thigh) and gradually less (broad) below. The knee-joint (should be) eight angulas in breadth and thrice that in its girth.
39The middle of the leg from the ankle to the knee is said to be seven arlgulas broad. The girth of it (should be) three times that. The top of the leg (should be) five angulas broad.
40The girth of that (the leg) (should be) thrice its breadth. The feet (should) measure a tala. The extent of elevation of the feet (should be) four angulas.
41The front (part) of the ankles should be four angulas. The extent of the feet should be three kalds. The generative organ should be three angulas.
42Its girth (should be) five angulas. The fore finger (should be) of same length. The other fingers are duly lesser by one part of eighth.
43The height of the toe is said to be one and a half angulas. The nail of the two should be made twice that.
44(Those of other fingers) should be gradually made half angula less than the previous. The scrotum should be three angulas (long). The generative organ (should be) four fingers (long).
45The girth of the upper part of the pouch should be made (to be) four angulas. The girth of the scrotum is said to be six angulas.
46The image should be adorned with ornaments. This is the exact description of details. The features (of the deities) should be made in this world, as described.
47A disc on the (upper) right hand, and a lotus on the lower (right hand), the conch on the (upper) left hand, the mace on the lower (left hand) are to be placed according to the characteristic of Vasudeva.
48-49(The images of) Sri and Pusti should be made carrying a lotus and a harp respectively in their hands, (their images) reaching up to the thighs (of that of Vasudeva). Then the two Vidyadharas (a class of semi-divine beings) holding the garlands (in their hands) should be made in the halo of the principal image). The halo (should also) bedecked with the (images) of (celestial) elephants. The pedestal should be radiant like a lotus on which the images (should be worshipped) as follows.