Mode of consecration of tanks and ponds ||64||
1The Lord said: I shall describe the (mode of) consecration of wells, tanks and ponds. Listen! Lord Hari (Vishnu) as Soma and excellent Varuna remains in the form of water.
2The universe is permeated by fire and water. Vishnu in the form of water is its cause. The image of Lord Varuna (the presiding deity of waters) should be made of gold, silver or gems.
3(The image should have) two hands, the right conferring refuge and the left should hold the snake-noose and as seated on the hamsa along with the rivers and serpents.
4There should be an altar at the centre of sacrificial shed having a fire-pit. There should be an arch. A pitcher made of stone for Lord Varuna should be placed.
5Pitchers (should be placed) at the entrance to the fire receptacle which may be of a semi-circular shape or a svastika of auspicious nature. Having done the agnyadhana (rite) in the pit for water the final oblation should be done.
6(The image of) Varuna should be touched in the bathing seat with (the mantra) ye te sate. It should then be anointed with ghee by the priest with (the recitation of) the principal mantra.
7Having washed the eight pitchers with pure water with (the recitation of) fam no devi they should be consecrated. Sea water (should be kept) in the eastern pitcher.
8-9Having kept the Ganges water in the (pitcher on the) south-east, rain water in the (pitcher on the) south, water from waterfalls in the (pitcher on the south-west, river water in the west, water from a masculine river in the north-west, spring water in the north, waters from sacred places (should be kept) in the north-east. In the absence of all the above, river water (should be poured into these pitchers) with the chanting of yasam raja.
10After having cleansed and anointed the eyes with the three sweet things (honey, sugar and clarified butter) with (the mantra) durmitriya, they should be opened with Citram and taccashyuhi.
11Having invoked lustre in them the priest should be offered a golden cow. (The image of) Varuna should be consecrated with the (waters of the) pitcher on the east with (the recitation of) samudrajyestha.
12-13The waters of the Ganges should be poured with (the mantra) samudram gaccha, rain waters with samo dhenum, water from waterfalls with devirapa, the water of the masculine rivers with panca nadyahi, the spring water with udbhid the waters from sacred places with pavamani, the pancagavya (the five things from a cow) with apo hi stha and from the golden (pitcher) with hiranyavarnam.
14(The image should be bathed) with rainwater with apo asma, with well waters with the vyahritis (bhuhi, bhuvahi, suvahi). (Image of) Varuna should be consecrated with the waters of the tank with varunadbhihi.
15Waters from the hills (should be poured) with (the mantra) apo devi and then with the waters from eighty-one pitchers. Then (the image) should be bathed with varunasya and waters for sipping (should be given) with tvanno varuna.
16-17The madhuparka should be given) with the vyahrtis clothes with brhaspate, pavitra with varuna, the upper garment with pranava (Om). Flowers etc. chowriee, mirror, umbrella, fan and banner should be offered to (the image of) Varuna with (the mantra) yadvarunya.
18The image should be raised up with the principal mantra (saying) ‘Rise up’ and the preliminary consecration is made that night. The presence of divinity is accomplished by varunarm ca. It should be worshipped with yadvarunya.
19-20Life should be infused into the image with the principal mantra and should again be worshipped with perlyme etc. Having worshipped it well in the shed as before after having offered twigs etc. into the fire pits with (the recitation of the pranava) the first word of the Vedas, four cows should be milched in the four directions. Then gruel of barley should be prepared and offered to the fire.
21The invocation should be performed with the vyahritis, gayatri and the principal mantra. Oblation should be done with the mantra suryaya prajdpataye dyauhi svaha cantariksakahi.
22(Ceremony is to be performed) for the earth, Dehadhriti, Svadhrti, Rati, Ugra, Bhima, Raudraka.
23-24Visnu, Varuna, Dhatr, Mahendra the furtherer of riches, Agni, Yama, Nairpta, Varuna, Vayu, Kubera, Ha Ananta, Brahman and the lord of waters should be propitiated with oblations reciting svaha and (the mantras) idam vishnuhi and tad viprasa.
25Having made oblation six times with somo dhenu, oblation should be made with imam me. Again oblation should be done thrice with apo hi stha (and once) with ima rudra.
26Bali (offering) should be made in the ten directions. The image should be worshipped with perfumes and flowers. The image should be lifted and placed in a mystic diagram by a wise man.
27-28(The image) should be worshipped with perfumes and flowers as well as golden flowers duly. The excellent priest should lay eight raised platforms filled with sand after having made ready the water tanks measuring two feet. Then clarified butter (should be given as oblation) hundred and eight times with (the. mantra) varunasya.
29Then the barley gruel should be offered in the fire and purificatory water sprinkled over the image. The rite to bring life into the image should be performed.
30Lord Varuna should be contemplated as being accompanied by goddess Gauri and the host of masculine and feminine rivers. Then having worshipped with the mantra “om salutations to Varuna”, the act of bringing near should be done.
31(The image) should be lifted and carried around on the back of elephant etc. and along with the eight auspicious things (a brahmin, cow, fire, gold, clarified butter, sun, water and king). With the recitation of apo histha it should be immersed in the water of the pitcher into which the three sweet things have been put.
32The image should be placed in the midst of the tank unseen. (The priest) should bathe and contemplate on Varuna, the creation known as the primordial egg.
33Having purified it with the principal letter (of the mantra) of the fire, the ashes should be scattered over the earth. The entire world consists of water. Hence, the lord of waters is contemplated.
34The sacrificial post of a rectangular, octagonal or circular shape should be placed in the middle of the tank.
35Having worshipped the symbol of the lord, post made of the tree used for the purpose of sacrifice (should be driven) ten cubits into the ground in the case of (consecration of) a well. At the bottom of the post gold and fruit should be placed.
36It should be driven into the ground in the middle of water fifteen cubits in the case of a well, twenty (cubits) in the case of a tank (puskarini) and twenty-five cubits in the case of a pond.
37In the alternative, (the post) should be driven in the centre of the sacrificial bed and with the mantra yupavraskti cloth should be put around. The banner should be put at the top of the post.
38Having worshipped it with perfumes etc., (the rite for) universal peace should be performed. The spiritual preceptor should be given the fees (in the form of) land, cows, gold and water vessel.
39-40Fees should be paid to twice borns. Those who are present should be fed. “From Brahman down to (inanimate objects like) the pillar all those who seek water may get satisfied with the waters of the tank!” (With the utterance of these words) the water should be given as charity. The five things got from a cow should then be thrown (into the water).
41With the utterance of (the mantra) apo hi stha thrice, the sanctified water got ready by the brahmins and the holy waters of the sacred spots should be sprinkled (into the tank) and herd of kine should be given to brahmins.
42-43Food and other things should be given to all the people without any restraint. One who consecrates a reservoir of water (acquires) in a single day a merit ten crores times more than one who performs thousands of Ashvamedha (the horse sacrifice). Such a person goes to heaven in the (celestial) vehicle and rejoices (there). He never goes to hell.
44The consecrator can never get any sin as the cattle and other (animals) drink water from it. One attains all merits by the endowment of water (tank) and goes to heaven.