Mode of worshipping the Sun ||73||

1The Lord said: O Skanda! I shall describe the (mode of) worship of Sun preceded by the assignment (of letters) on the body. After having contemplated as “I am the Sun”, one should worship by offering waters (arghya).
2-4It (should be conceived) as filled with red colour with the drop (of water) drawn to the forehead. After having worshipped it and after making the protective covering with the limbs of the sun-god, that water should be sprinkled on the materials of worship and the sun-god should be worshipped (remaining) facing the east. (One should recite) the syllables om am (hrida- yaya etc. and worship Dandi and Pingala (attendants of the sun) respectively at the right and left sides of the entrance. (Salutations should be made to the gana saying) am gantya on the northeast. The preceptor (should be worshipped) in the south-east and the lofty seat (of the deity) should be worshipped in the middle of the altar.
5One should worship vimala, sara, parama and sukha, (the rays of the sun), which are to be worshipped in the directions south-east (and should be conceived as) strong as the lion and of the colours of white, red, yellow and blue.
6-8One should worship (the essences of the energies of the lord) rd-dipta (radiant), ra-jaya (victorious), ru-bhadra (auspicious), re-vibhuti (prosperity), rai-vimala (pure), rai-amogha (profound), rau-vidyut (lightning), in the (quarters) east etc. inside the lotus (shaped diagram). The seat of the sun would be at the centre (established by the syllable) ram. One should invoke the sun and worship his form with the six-syllabled (mantra) om hard khakholkaya. One should assign the sun-god after having meditated upon the altar with the folded hands lifted to the forehead.
9One should invoke the god (with the mantra) hram hrim sa and salutations to the sun-god, showing the mudra. One should offer him perfume etc. and show the bimbamudrd.
10One should show the padmamudrd2 3 4 and the bilvamudrd2 (to the god) in all directions commencing with the southeast. Om am salutations to the heart. (Salutations) to sun on the head.
11Bhurbhuvah svahi! Obeisance to the lord of celestials in the tuft of hair in the south-west, hum to the armour in the north-west, ham to the eyes at the centre.
12Va! (salutations) to the weapons in the east etc. Then one should show mudras. Dhenumudra (fingers folded in the shape of a cow) to the heart etc. The Govisana mudra should be shown to the eyes.
13-14The trasani (the dreadful) should be added to the mantra of the weapon and obeisance should be made to the planets (as follows)—som salutations to the Moon, bum salutations to Mercury, brim to Jupiter, bham to Venus, am to Mars, sam to Saturn, ram to Rahu and kem to Ketu (to be done) in the petals (of the lotus) commencing with the east. The perfumes etc. (should be offered) with the khakholka mantra.
15Having recited the principal mantra, water of oblation from the water-vessel should be offered to the sun-god. Then the worshipper should sing the glory of the lord, pay obeisance to him with his face turned away and say “Pardon me, (taking leave of thee)”.
16-17One should mentally merge the five component principles in the fundamental one with the syllable phat. The sun-god should be conceived as identical with lord Siva in the lotus of the heart. One should offer light to the lord as a garland made of the solar rays. One gets everything by thus worshipping and contemplating the sun-god or by oblation unto fire in his honour.