The dimensions of different varieties of the linga ||54||
1The Lord said: I shall describe the measurement of the linga in a different way. Listen. I shall (now) speak about the lingas made of salt, (and) ghee (which when worshipped) increases (one’s) intellect.
2A linga made of cloth (is worshipped) for the sake of wealth. It is known as temporal. The one made of earth is either burnt or half burnt of which the former is better.
3Then, one made of wood is meritorious. One made of stone is more meritorious than that made of wood. (The linga) made of pearl is more meritorious than that of stone. Then (relatively merit-worthy) are the lingas made of iron, and gold.
4The lingas made of silver, copper and brass yield enjoyment and release from bondage. The lingas made of red lead and mercury are excellent and confer enjoyment and release from bondage.
5The installation of a linga on the earth made of mercury and iron etc or studded with gems increases one’s glory and grants success as desired.
6If desired one can build temples and bases to these (emblems) on the left side. One may worship the image of the sun cast on the mirror.
7Hara should be worshipped everywhere. The worship gets completed only (by the worship) of the linga. A linga made of stone or wood should be of a cubit length.
8The movable linga should be of the size of a finger and encircled by the adytum. The linga worshipped in the house should be of the size of one to fifteen fingers.
9The lingas axe classified into three groups according to the measure of the doorway or into nine groups according to the measure of the adytum. These lingas should be worshipped in one’s residence.
10Thus there are thirty-six lingas in the first class, thirty-six in the second class and thirty-six in the third class.
11Thus totally there would be one hundred and eight lingas. The lingas (measuring) one to five fingers (known as) the short are said to be movable.
12The movable lingas measuring six to ten fingers are known as middle. Those measuring eleven to fifteen fingers are known as the best.
13(Those made) of excellent gems (should measure) six fingers. (Those made) of other gems (should measure) nine fingers. The golden ones (should be) twelve (fingers). The rest of the lingas (should be) fifteen (fingers).
14The four sets of comers from the top should be successively cut into four or sixteen equal sides, and those again into thirty-two and sixty-four (in turn so as to make it a polygon of sixty-four equal sides).
15The two sides being thus lopped off, the neck of a solid linga should be twenty-six parts from the rectangular space at its foot.
16(The face of the linga) should gradually be decreasing by four, six and eight parts from its base (and similarly) the middle part of the linga should be gradually less than the height at its beginning by a foot.
17That which is equal to half (the size of) the adytum is (said to be) the lowest (variety of) linga. That which is fifteen (fingers in length) is the excellent. Seven equal lines should be drawn in the central portion of these lingas.
18In this way there would be nine lines. The middle (variety of linga) would have five lines. The length of the lingas should be nine fingers. The opposite side (should be) separated by two intermediate links.
19The linga is measured out cubit by cubit till it would be nine hands (length). The linga is of three kinds—inferior, mediocre and superior.
20-22A wiseman should mark three lingas at the centre of every linga foot by foot at fourteen (places) by a fixed measure of length of the door or the adytum. Four lingas representing Siva, Vishnu, Brihaspati proportionately should be marked by the breadth. The linga should be (shaped) long to represent the three forms.
23The linga should have a circumference of four, eight, eight (inches) representing the three qualities. One should make the lingas of such lengths as one desires.
24One should divide the figure (marked) by the banners, celestial gods, elements or cocks. One should know the good or bad from the inches left over.
25The banners etc., the crows, lions, elephants and goats are excellent. The others are auspicious. Among the primary notes of Indian gamut, the first one, second one and the fifth one confer good.
26-27Among the elements, the earth is auspicious. Among the fires, the consecrated fire (from the household’s perpetual fire) is auspicious. Half of the said length having been divided in order into seven, eight, five, nine and five parts there would be symmetrical representation of Siva, Vishnu and Brahman.
28The fifth one is known as the Vardhamana. There would be two kinds based on the increase of breadth and length. Many kinds are described according to Visvakarma (the divine architect).
29The adhya class would be of three kinds on account of the size. Measured by the barley grains it would be eight parts, by the arm it would be three parts. The last one endowed equally is known as jina.
30-31(There would be) twenty-five liftgas in the first (variety) which are worshipped by the celestials. Then being divided into thirty-five there would be 14000 and 1400 varieties. Thus (we have) the eight ahgula’s extent from the nine cubit adytum.
32One has to mark the angular points by means of threads placed at the angular and middle of angular points. Havingmade the expansion from the middle, three parts should be fixed from the middle.
33There would be eight angular parts above the division. Two angular parts represent the part of Siva. From the foot to the knee portion (of the linga) is Brahma. (From the knee) to the navel is Vishnu.
34(From the navel) up to the head is the part of Siva. Similarly, it is in the case of distinct and indistinct forms. In the linga of five parts, the head part is said to be circular.
35The images (maybe) of |he shape of an umbrella, cock or crescent moon. I shall describe the merits of the four varieties in each (class) differing on account of one’s option.
36The head portion (of the linga) should be divided into eight parts. The first part of the longitudinal portion should be divided into four parts.
37-39There (should be) four lines successively drawn in order to divide into parts. We have by one part the lotus, the one called visala by cutting off, the srivatsa by thinning out and the Satrukrit by elision of the fourth part. In the sarvasama class the top portion is the excellent and the cock-shaped in the sura class among the linga of four parts. The top portion of the anadi has been described. You listen to (the characteristics of) the crescent of the top.
40At a comer of a part (there should be) the charming axis (represented) by four parts deficient by one part. By the elision of two, three and four parts in order, (one gets) the full, crescent moon and lotus shape.
41Listen then to (the description of forms having) four or three faces or one face and mukhalinga. The part to be worshipped is to be made set with nine parts.
42-43Having left out twelve parts for the arms and eyes, as before, the head, forehead, nose, face, chin, neck are then to be made. Having covered by the hands, the arms and eyes (are made) with four parts proportionate to the measurement of image.
44The face should be made equal to one-eighth part of the breadth. I have described the four-faced form. Listen! The three-faced form is described now.
45The ear and feet are made. One has to mark the forehead etc. for that. Then the arms should be made with four parts quite strong.
46The projection of the frontispiece (should be) one- eighth of the breadth. One face has to be made such as to have beautiful eye on the eastern side.
47It should be made round at the forehead, nose, face and neck. By one-fifth from the arm one should make it round less by one’s arm length.
48It is good to have the projections in the frontispiece as one-sixth of the breadth for all the mukhalingas whether it is trapuaa or kukkuaa (?)