Mode of installation of the image of (lord) Siva ||97||
1The lord said: After having performed the daily rites in the morning and worshipped the guardian deities, the preceptor should enter (the temple) as described already and purify his body.
2-3After having worshipped the lords of the quarters, the sacrificial pitcher of (lord) Siva and the small pitcher and having satisfied the linga and the fire duly with eight handfuls (of oblation), (the preceptor) should enter the temple reciting (the mantra of) the weapon by the command of (lord) Siva. The obstacles therein should be removed by (the repetition of) the mantra of the arrow ending with (the syllables) hum, phat.
4-7The linga should not be established at the middle (of the temple) to avoid the defect of injury. Hence the stone slab should be established having left half of a yava (a measure) or a yava from the centre a little towards the north-east. That slab (known as) ananta (literally without end) and which is of the form of support of all (should be established) with the principal (mantra). The stone slab known as Acala (without movement) which is all-pervading and is of the form of the seat of (lord) Siva should be placed by the use of (the mantra of) creation or by (the repetition of) the following mantra :—“Om! All pervading goddess! Firm and unmovable (goddess) Acala! obeisance. Hram, lam, hrim, oblations. You must always remain here by the command of (lord) Siva.”
8-16After having spoken thus and having worshipped (the lingo), (the preceptor) should arrest its movement by showing the raudramudra (a posture made with, the fingers). After that, (the preceptor) should place the diamond and the other gems, fragrant root, metals like gold and bronze yellow orpiment etc., cereals and grains described already and respectively representing lustre, beauty, strength and valour duly in the holes in the (directions) east etc. after having devotedly contemplated with the mantras of guardian deities of the world. A tortoise or bull made of gold or silver (should be located) along with earth from the banks of a river or from the peaks of a mountain in the central (and other) holes facing the entrance. Otherwise a golden image of a mr.ru along with honey, unbroken rice and collyrium (should be located). Otherwise a golden or silver image of the earth should be located along with syllables of all the mantras and gold. Then a lotus stalk made of gold or silver or all metals together with a dish consisting of sesamum and grains should be located. After having located the seat of the lord representing the energy it should be anointed with sweet porridge or guggulu (an aromatic) and covered with a cloth protected by (the recitation of) the (mantra) of the armour and weapon. v
17-21After having offered oblations to the presiding deities of the quarters and rinsing the mouth, the preceptor should offer hundred oblations either with (the repetition of) (the mantra of lord) Siva or with (the mantra of) the weapon along with the final (oblation) for the removal of defects in the cavity of the stone slab on account of contamination. After having appeased the presiding deities of the ground by offering an oblation, the preceptor should lift the deity along with the seat with (the recitation of the mantra of) the heart and the sounding of auspicious notes. Then the preceptor should walk ahead of the deity and behind the sacrificial ground of the lord along with the four custodians of the image standing in the (different) directions and the person at whose bidding the rite is performed. After having done the circumambulation, the linga should be established in front of the door known as bhadra (welfare). After having offered waters for washing, (the linga) should be taken to the temple through the door, the door frame and the region of the door.
22The great lord should be taken only through the door without contacting the door (in the case of an unfinished temple) if the door frame has unfinished edges or incomplete or is half done.
23-24In the case of the construction of a temple being begun, (the lingo) should be taken in through the comer also. This is the general rule even in the case of a manifested linga as the worldly practice for entry into the temple through the door. It is known that if the entry into the temple is made through the side door it causes destruction of the race.
25-33After having placed the linga in the seat facing the door with the sounding of auspicious turiya (a kind of musical instrument) and (offerings of) durva (a kind of grass) and unbroken rice, (the preceptor) should recite the great pasupata (mantra) after uttering ‘Rise, O lord’ with (the recitation of the mantra of) the heart. After having removed the sacrificial pitchers from the holes, the preceptor in the company of the guardians of the image should mentally repeat the mantra and contemplate (the linga) besmeared with saffron and other things and the union of the god and goddess as protected. After having recited the principal (mantra) till deep concentration (is gained), (the preceptor) should touch (the linga) and place it in the hole. Either a portion of the Brahma-part (of the linga) or two parts (of the same) or half of it or one-eighth of the whole (linga) should be under the earth). After having covered (the linga) with lead up to the waist with concentration, (the preceptor) should fill the cavity with sand and say, “(You) be firm”. Then after the lihga has become firm, (the preceptor) should contemplate him who is of all the forms (of beings), recite the principal (mantra} and locate the nishkala (devoid of attributes) up to the energy by the (order of) creation. If the linga that is being established leans towards the south, the preceptor should offer oblations with the mantras of the respective presiding deities of the directions until the final (oblation) along with the fees. (The preceptor) should offer hundred oblations either with the principal mantra or (the mantra) of manifold forms if (the linga leans) to the left or slips down or cracks. Even in the case of other defects (the preceptor) should similarly perform the blissful appeasing rite.
34A linga associated with the rites of location etc. in this manner does not bring any harm. The pedestal should be consecrated as possessing a part of the characteristic (mentioned already for the linga).
35After having projected the mantra of (the goddess) Gauri (consort of lord Siva) in the pedestal, the pedestal should be consecrated with (the mantra) of creation. The sides (of the linga) should be smoothened and binding cement and sand should be put.
36-37Then the preceptor in the company of the custodians of the image should bathe the images (with the waters) from the pitcher of peace and other pitchers placed there as well as the pancamrita (a composition of the milk, sugar, curd, ghee and honey) and other things. It should then be besmeared with sandal paste and other things. After having worshipped the lord of the universe (Siva), (the preceptor) should touch the parts (represented by lord Siva and his consort Um&) with the recitation of the mantras of (goddess) Uma and (lord) Maheia (Siva) and showing the lingamudra (a posture made with the fingers).
38-39Then (the preceptor) should (mentally) project the three (fundamental) principles in that preceded by the six kinds of worship. After having located the image along with the presiding divinities of the (different) parts as also (lord) Brahma in the seat of action, the learned person should bathe it. After having besmeared it with fragrant (pastes) and showing fragrant fumes, it should be located as the sole pervading principle of (lord) Siva.
40-44After having offered to (lord) Siva the garlands of flowers, incense sticks, lamps, edible offerings and fruits with (the recitation of the mantra of) the heart befitting one’s capacity and sipping waters (thrice), water should be offered to the lord for cleansing. After the recitation (of the mantras sacred to the lord) and assigning the merits of the same on his right hand (the preceptor) should address the lord in the company of the custodians of (the image of lord) Siva as follows: “O lord! You should stay in this temple by your own wish as long as the sun, moon and stars (would shine in the sky).” After having made obeisance thus, (the preceptor) should go outside (the temple reciting) either (the mantra) of the heart or the pranava (syllable om). After having established (the image of) the bull, (the preceptor) should make the offering as before. One hundred oblations should be made with the mrityunjaya (mantra) (that which conquers death) for the removal of defects like omission etc. In order to appease the lord oblations with sweet porridge should be done with (the recitation of the mantra of) the heart. “O great lord! Whatever thing has been done by me through ignorance or inadvertence you make it good.”
45One should dedicate all things to the lord of the goddess whois the cause of gold, animals, earth, songs and musical instruments with devotion and within one’s means.
46Gifts (should be given) and then festivities should be celebrated for four days. The preceptor should offer oblations for three days at the three conjunctions (of time) (the morning, midday and evening) in the company of the custodians of the image.
47-48And the final oblation composed of sacrificial porridge should be offered in all pits purified with the oblation (known as) sampata (fulfilling oblation) on the fourth day with (the recitation of) the bahurupi (mantra). The flowers used should be kept for four days after that and removed afterwards. After having bathed the image, it should be worshipped.
49-52Worship in the case of ordinary lingas should be done by (the repetition of) the general mantras. Except consciousness of the linga, the lord should be bid adieu. In the case of lingas of extraordinary nature (lord) should be bid adieu (with the repetition of words), “Pardon (us O lord!)” In vocation, manifestation and dismissal (are done) befitting one’s ability. According to some it has been stated that seven oblations for the steadiness etc. (should be cast) at the end of installation. Steadiness, immeasurableness, cognisance of the origin less existence, eternity, all-pervasiveness, deathlessness, seen as manifested are spoken as the characteristics of (lord) Siva for the manifestation.
53-54“Om! obeisance to (lord) Siva. Be thou steady.” This is the order offering oblations. After having accomplished this in this manner and having permeated the two pitchers with the essence of lord Siva, the (lord) Bhava (Siva) should be bathed with (the waters of) the one and the other should be borne for bathing the performer.
55-57After having made the offering, (the preceptor) should do the acamana (sipping of waters thrice) and go outside with the permission of lord Siva. (The god) Canda should be located on a seat over a good pedestal in the north-eastern direction outside the sacrificial ground and worshipped with the brahma mantras preceded by contemplation, and rites of location and offering of oblations. The worship using the brahma mantras is that in which the components are mentioned at first. Om, hum, phat obeisance to Sadyojata. Om, A Cm, phaf obeisance to Vamadeva. Om, Vum, phat obeisance to Aghora. Om, vaum, phat obeisance to Tatpurusa. Om, hum, phat obeisance to lsana.
58-59After having conveyed the (merits of) repetition (to the lord) and appeased him, (the lord) should be addressed as follows preceded by bowing. O (lord Canda) I Stay (in this temple) as long as the lord (Siva) stays here. O (lord) Candesha I Whatever has been omitted or made in excess by me out of ‘ ignorance, make it complete by your grace.
60Lord Canda should not be invoked in cases where a banalinga (a kind of stone representing lord Siva) or a linga placed on the bana stone or an accomplished linga or self-originated linga or images of all gods (are established).
61-66Even in the case of rites relating to the presiding deity of the sacrificial ground in which there is the mental attitude of union with the lord, the preceptor should worship (lord) Candela, and the yajamana (the person for whom the work is done) along with his son and wife and should bathe himself with (the waters of) the pitcher already placed. The yajamana should also worship the preceptor as (the lord) Maheia (Siva) and make gifts of earth, gold and other things without any distinction whatever. After having satisfied befittingly the protectors of images, those who repeat (the mantras), the brahmins, astrologers and sculptors, the destitutes, forlorns and others should be fed. “O lord! Ocean of compassion! Forgive me for all the sufferings you had in being present here.” To the yajamana who has spoken thus, the preceptor should offer with his own hands the merits of consecration resplendent like the glowing star along with the kusa, flowers and unbroken rice.
67After having then saluted (lord) Paramesvara (Siva) endowed with the pasupata (mantra), (the preceptor) should address the attendant gods (of the lord) with offerings for their presence.
68-71“You should stay here in as long as (the lord) Hara (Siva) is present here. Then the preceptor should take possession of the sacrificial shed along with the cloth etc. Then the sculptor (should take possession of) the bathing shed along with the articles (found therein). All other gods should be established with the repetition of the mantras as given in the agamas . (In these establishments of other gods) the splitting of the first letter of the (respective) names (of the gods) and the location of fundamental principles pervading these (should be made). The gods commencing with Sadhya, the rivers, herbs, the guardian deities of the ground, kinnaras (semi-divine beings) and others should lie in the principle of earth. In some places the location of the (goddesses) Sarasvati and Lakshmi (are) in the waters.
72The presiding deities of the world (should be established) in those places where they remain firm. The place of Brahmi is the three fundamental principles which extends to the important cause of expansion of the (primordial) egg.
73The place of Hari (Vishnu) is the triad (of worlds) which has the subtle principles as the main. The places for the lord of dancing (Natyesha, a form of Siva), ganas (attendant gods), mothers (goddesses), Yakseshas (semi-divine beings) and (lord) Subrahmanya (are as described above).
74The place of Ganapati is that up to the principle of pure knowledge. (The place) of splendours emitted by (lord) Siva and (his consort) Siva (Parvati) extends to the energy in the region of a part of the illusion.
75-77In the case of manifested images, the place is spoken as up to the lord (Siva). Some forms like the tortoise as well as the five things such as the gem etc. should be put in the hole of the pedestal except in the case of (the image of) the five brahman forms (of lord Siva). In the hole divided into six parts one part from the end is left out and fixing is made in the fifth part. If it is divided into eight parts, the fixing is done in the seventh part. This fixing in the case of images brings forth happiness.
78-79Purification is done by meditation when the images are fixed. In the case of plastered and painted images bathing, placing on a pedestal, placing gems (underneath), opening of the eyes, the (placing of) mantras, and the offer of seats etc. (should be done) mentally. Worship should be done with flowers without water in them so that the picture may not get spoilt.
80-82“The mode (of fixing) the movable variety of linga is described now.” (The linga) should be divided into five or three parts separately and three or two parts (should be set apart for fixing). On account of the different fundamental principles, the purification of the pedestals as well as the lingas made of crystals (should be done) with the mantra of creation as laid down. In those cases there is no need to place the brahmasila and the gems etc.
83The placing of the image on the pedestal should be done mentally. There is no special procedure for purification in the case of self-originated lingas and banalingas (lingas made of a kind of stone).
84(The movable lingas) should be bathed with (the recitation of) the vedic mantras. So also the (rite of) assigning an oblation should be done (with the same mantras). The (sacred) rivers, oceans and mountains are installed as before.
85-86The lingas made of earth and flours are known as aihika (relating to this world) and kshata (perishable). After having made such a linga pure, one should worship as laid down with the rites of initiation etc. Then after having withdrawn the mantras into himself in its presence, the preceptor should cast that linga in the waters. It yields one’s desires within a year. The installation of (the images of) Vishnu etc. should be done with separate mantras.