Vastu relating to Cities ||106||
1The Lord said: I shall describe the vastu (worship of the presiding deity) relating to a city for the prosperity of the kingdom. Land measuring eight miles or half of it or a quarter of it should be set apart.
2After having worshipped the presiding deity of the city, enclosure should be made ready in the thirty squares of lord Isa (Siva) and others. The eastern gate (should be) on that of (lord) Sun.
3The southern (gate) should be (raised) on (the squares) of the gandharvas (semi divine beings) while the western one (should be raised) on that of (lord) Varuna. The northern gate (should be) made on that of (lord) Soma. The low-roofed chambers should be made extensive.
4The doors should be six (cubits wide) so that the elephants and other (animals) could easily pass through. A city should never be founded (on grounds) far away from one an¬ other, or of shape of the crescent moon or hypotenuse (of the plot) broken.
5(A city of the shape) of the face of a vajrasuci (diamond needle) or having two or three easy ways is not favourable. The frontage of a city resembling (the shape of) a bow or vajranaga is beneficiary.
6After having worshipped (the gods) Vishnu, Siva, Sun and others and bowing down, the founder (of a city) should make the offerings. The goldsmiths and blacksmiths should be provided for at the south-eastern quarter of the city.
7The houses of professional dancers and courtesans (should be located) in the southern quarter. (The houses) of actors, potters and fishermen (should be located) in the southwestern quarter.
8(Space) should be (set apart for) war-chariots, weapons
and swords in the western quarter (of a city). Distillers of liquor and those engaged in the service (of the state) (should be located) in the north-western quarter.
9Brahmins, ascetics and holy men (should be provided for) in the northern quarter. Those who sell fruits and other articles and merchant community in general should be located in the north-eastern quarter.
10The commanders of army (should be given quarters) in the eastern quarter. Different regiments of the army (should be provided) in the south-eastern quarter. The officers who attend upon the ladies (should have their residence) in the southern quarter. Royal camps should be located in the southwestern part.
11The chief ministers, treasurers and architects (should be located) in the western direction. Men of judiciary belonging to the clan of brahmins and eminent men (should be located) in the northern part.
12The military men (should be located) in the southern part, the tradesmen and Sudras (fourth class of men) in the western part. The physicians (should be provided with quarters) in all directions and horses and army should be placed in all quarters.
13The movable class of lingas (should be placed) in the east and the cremation ground in the south. Cattle-sheds (should be located) in the western part and farmers in the northern part.
14Foreigners should be located in the angular points. This should be observed even in small villages. Those who see (the goddess) Lakshmi and Kubera at (each side of) the eastern gateway (of the city) obtain prosperity.
15The temples of gods (should be established) in the western part facing the east. (The divine edifices should) face towards the west and north respectively in the east and the south.
16-17The temples of gods Brahma, Isa (Siva) and Vishnu (should be built in the city) for the protection of the city. A city, a village, a fortress or a house not having a (guardian) deity will be swallowed by the goblins etc. and becomes infected by diseases. The cities protected by deities confer victory, enjoyment and emancipation.
18The treasure-house should be in the east, the kitchen in the south-east, the bedchamber in the south and the arsenal in the west.
19The dining (chamber) (should be) in the western part, the granary in the north-west, storehouse in the north and the chamber for the deities in the north-east.
20-23The palaces may have four chambers or three or two or one. In the case of palaces having four chambers there are two hundred and fifty five subdivisions based on the terraces in front of the buildings, whereas those having three chambers (will have) four (sub-divisions) and those having two chambers (will have) five (sub-divisions) and those having one chamber (will have) four. The terraces should number twenty-eight both in a house and city or they should be four, seven, fifty five, six, twenty-eight or eight only.