CHAPTER IV – BUILDINGS WITHIN THE FORT

1DEMARCATION of the ground inside the fort shall be made first by opening three royal roads from west to east and three from south to north.
2The fort shall contain twelve gates, provided with both a land and water-way kept secret.
3Chariot-roads, royal roads, and roads leading to drónamukha, stháníya, country parts, and pasture grounds shall each be four dandas (24 ft.) in width.
4Roads leading to sayóníya (?), military stations (vyúha), burial or cremation grounds, and to villages shall be eight dandas in width.
5Roads to gardens, groves, and forests shall be four dandas.
6Roads leading to elephant forests shall be two dandas.
7Roads for chariots shall be five aratnis (7½ ft.). Roads for cattle shall measure four aratnis; and roads for minor quadrupeds and men two aratnis.
8Royal buildings shall be constructed on strong grounds.
9In the midst of the houses of the people of all the four castes and to the north from the centre of the ground inside the fort, the king’s palace, facing either the north or the east shall, as described elsewhere (Chapter XX, Book I), be constructed occupying one-ninth of the whole site inside the fort.
10Royal teachers, priests, sacrificial place, water-reservoir and ministers shall occupy sites east by north to the palace.
11Royal kitchen, elephant stables, and the store-house shall be situated on sites east by south.
12On the eastern side, merchants trading in scents, garlands, grains, and liquids, together with expert artisans and the people of Kshatriya caste shall have their habitations.
13The treasury, the accountant’s office, and various manufactories (karmanishadyáscha) shall be situated on sites south by east.
14The store-house of forest produce and the arsenal shall be constructed on sites south by west.
15To the south, the superintendents of the city, of commerce, of manufactories, and of the army as well as those who trade in cooked rice, liquor, and flesh, besides prostitutes, musicians, and the people of Vaisya caste shall live.
16To the west by south, stables of asses, camels, and working house.
17To the west by north, stables of conveyances and chariots.
18To the west, artisans manufacturing worsted threads, cotton threads, bamboo-mats, skins, armours, weapons, and gloves as well as the people of Súdra caste shall have their dwellings.
19To the north by west, shops and hospitals.
20To the north by east, the treasury and the stables of cows and horses.
21To the north, the royal tutelary deity of the city, ironsmiths, artisans working on precious stones, as well as Bráhmans shall reside.
22In the several corners, guilds and corporations of workmen shall reside.
23In the centre of the city, the apartments of Gods such as Aparájita, Apratihata, Jayanta, Vaijayanta, Siva, Vaisravana, Asvina (divine physicians), and the honourable liquor-house (Srí-madiragriham), shall be situated.
24In the corners, the guardian deities of the ground shall be appropriately set up.
25Likewise the principal gates such as Bráhma, Aindra, Yámya, and Sainápatya shall be constructed; and at a distance of 100 bows (dhanus = 108 angulas) from the ditch (on the counterscarp side), places of worship and pilgrimage, groves and buildings shall be constructed.
26Guardian deities of all quarters shall also be set up in quarters appropriate to them.
27Either to the north or the east, burial or cremation grounds shall be situated; but that of the people of the highest caste shall be to the south (of the city).
28Violation of this rule shall be punished with the first amercement.
29Heretics and Chandálas shall live beyond the burial grounds.
30Families of workmen may in any other way be provided with sites befitting with their occupation and field work. Besides working in flower-gardens, fruit-gardens, vegetable-gardens, and paddy-fields allotted to them, they (families) shall collect grains and merchandise in abundance as authorised.
31There shall be a water-well for every ten houses.
32Oils, grains, sugar, salt, medicinal articles, dry or fresh vegetables, meadow grass, dried flesh, haystock, firewood, metals, skins, charcoal, tendons (snáyu), poison, horns, bamboo, fibrous garments, strong timber, weapons, armour, and stones shall also be stored (in the fort) in such quantities as can be enjoyed for years together without feeling any want. Of such collection, old things shall be replaced by new ones when received.
33Elephants, cavalry, chariots, and infantry shall each be officered with many chiefs inasmuch as chiefs, when many, are under the fear of betrayal from each other and scarcely liable to the insinuations and intrigues of an enemy.
34The same rule shall hold good with the appointment of boundary, guards, and repairers of fortifications.
35Never shall báhirikas who are dangerous to the well being of cities and countries be kept in forts. They may either be thrown in country parts or compelled to pay taxes.