The signs of the zodiac, their divisions and their properties ||1||

1May the Sun, who gives form to the Moon, who is the pathway for those; who are after eternal bliss or salvation, who is the soul of the sages (who know themselves), who is the object of worship among those who perform sacrifices, who is the chief among the gods, planets and stars (the centre of the universe), who is the author for destruction, creation and preservation of all the worlds, who is invoked in the Vedas in various ways, may that Sun of variegated rays, the light of the three worlds, give us speech.
2Though treatises on Astrology well written (couched in high-flown language and superfine words) by talented men are to be found in plenty, begin (constructing) this small boat (with several oars) of a scientific work of various metres and manifold meanings for the benefit of such of those as have failed in their endeavours to cross the vast ocean of Astrology.
3According to some, the word hora is simply an abbreviation of Ahoratra got by the cancellation of the first and the last letters. Whatever has been acquired by a person through his karma whether good or bad-done in previous births, the hora now reveals its fruition or effects.
4The parts of the body of Kalapurusha beginning with Mesha are respectively (1) the head, (2) the face, (3) the neck, upper portion of the chest and the shoulders, (4) the heart, (6) the stomach, (6) the navel, (7) the intestines, (8) the private parts, (9) the thighs, (10) the joints, (11) the calves and (12) the feet. Mesha and other zodiacal signs in the heavens consist of nine quarters of stars reckoning from Aswini. Rasi, Kshetra, Griha, Riksha, Bha and Bhavana are synonymous terms.
5Sign Pisces consists of two fishes with their two tails and heads in reversed positions. Aquarius is symbolised by a man with a pot. Gemini constitutes a pair of human beings (man and woman) bearing a harp and a mace. Sagittarius is a man armed with a bow, the hinder part of the body being that of a horse. Capricornus is a crocodile with the face of a deer. Libra is a person with scales in hand. Virgo is a woman sailing in a boat with corn in one hand and fire in the other. The remaining signs correspond to things with properties indicated by their respective names. All the twelve signs move in the sky.
6Mars, Venus, Mercury, the Moon, the Sun, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Saturn and Jupiter are respectively the lords of the signs from Mesha onwards and also of their Amsas. The first Navamsa in the several signs from Mesha onwards commence respectively with Mesha, Makara, Tula and Kataka. The lords of the Dwadasamsas or one 12 of portions of a sign are to be reckoned from that sign.
7The Trimsamsas or degrees, i.e., one 30th portions allotted in an odd sign to Mars Saturn, Jupiter, Mercury and Venus are respectively 5, 5, 8, 7 and 5. In an even sign, Venus, Mercury, Jupiter, Saturn and Mars have 5, 7, 8, 5 and 5 degrees respectively, The concluding portion. of the signs Kataka, Vrischika and Meena is called Riksha Sandhi.
8Kriya, Tavuru, Jituma, Kulira, Leya, Pathona, Juka, Kaurpi, Taukshika, Akokera and Hridroga are respectively other names· for the first eleven signs (from Mesha). The twelfth or last sign. (Anthyabha) is termed Chettha.
9Kshetra or the whole, Hora or half, Drekkana or one 3rd, Navamsa or one 9th, Dwadasamsa or one 12th, and Trimsamsa or one 30th of a sign are each termed a Varga of that sign. The term Hora means Lagna and also half of a Rasi.
10The signs Vrishabha, Mesha, Dhanus, Kataka, Mithuna and Makara are termed nocturnal sign. The rest are diurnal signs and have strength during the day. The nocturnal signs excepting Mithuna rise with their backs. The rest appears with their face. The two fishes (Pisces) come under Ubhayodaya, both with their face and back.
11The sign from Mesha take in order are fierce and auspicious, male and female; they are also termed moveable or cardinal, fixed and dual (mutable or common) signs respectively. Mesha Vrishabha, Mithuna and Kataka with their Trikona or triangular signs represent the four quarters commencing from the East. In an odd sign, the Horas or halves belong respectively to the Sun and the Moon and in an even sign to the Moon and the Sun. The Drekkanas or the third portions of a sign are owned by the lords of the sign itself, of the son’s or the 5th house and of the 9th or Tritrikona.
12According to some, the lord of the first Hora of a sign belongs to the planet owning the sign itself, while the second to that of the lord of the 11th house, and the three Drekkanas of a sign belong respectively to the lords of the sign itself, the 12th and the 11th from that sign.
13Mesha, Vrishabha, Makara, Kanya, Kataka, Meena and Thula are the exaltation signs of the, seven planets respectively from the Sun onwards; their, signs of fall being the 7th from their exaltation ones. The highest exaltation and “fall” of the planets counting from the Sun are the 10th, the 3rd, the 28th, the 15th, the 5th, the 27th and the 20th degrees of the several signs.
14The Vargottama or the best Navamsa is the first Navamsa in a moveable sign, the middlemost in a fixed sign, and the last is a common sign and gives good results. Simha, Vrishabha, Mesha, Kanya, Dhanus,. Tula and Kunbha are the Mulatrikona (first triangular) signs of the planets commencing with the Sun.
15The several houses from the Lagna onwards are respectively termed (1) Tanu, (2) Kutumba, (3) Sahottha, (4) Bandhu, (5) Putra, (6) Ari, (7) Pathni, (8) Marana, (9) Subha, (10) Aspada, (11) Aya, and (12) Rippha the 3rd, 6th, 10th and 11th houses are called Upachaya). but not so according to some.
16The following twelve names are also applied to denote the twelve houses respectively from the ascendant: (1) Kalpa, (2) Swa, (3) Vikrama, (4) Griha, (5) Pratibha, (6) Kshata, (7) Chittottha, (8) Randhra, (9) Guru, (10) Mana, (11) Bhava and (12) Vyaya. The 4th and the 8th are designate Chaturasra houses, the 7th is called Dyuna (gambling) and the 10th house is known as Ajna.
17The 7th, the 1st, the 4th and the 10th houses are known by the terms Kantaka, Kendra and Chatushtaya. If these happen to be reptile, biped, watery and quadruped signs respectively, they possess strength.
18The houses next to the Kendras, that is, the 2nd, the 5th, the 8th, and the 11th are known as Panapharas. The 3rd, the 6th, the 9th and the 12th are Apoklima houses. Hibuka, Ambu, Sukha and Vesma are also terms denoting the 4th house. The 7th house is known as Jamitra, the 5th as Trikona and the 10th as Meshurana. It is through this last house that one ought to ascertain his profession.
19The Lagna becomes strong and, powerful only if it be aspected or occupied by its lord, Jupiter or Mercury, and not by other planets. The biped signs are strong during the day if they happen to be in a Kendra position; the quadruped signs are strong at night when in the same Kendra position. All reptile and watery signs when in Kendra position possess strength in the two periods of junction between day and night (morning and evening). The measures of the first six signs are represented by the numbers 30, 24, 28, 32, 36 and 40 respectively. The same figures taken in the inverse order give the measures of the second six signs. The third house is known as Duschikya; the 9th as Tapas and Tryadya as Trikona.
20Red, white, green (parrot’s hue), pink, pale white, piebald, black, golden, yellowish or brown, variegated, deep brown and white are the colours assigned to the signs from Aries onwards. The point of the compass which is assigned to the lord of a sign indicates the characteristic of Plava or slope of the sign. The second house from that occupied by the Sun is called Vesi.