1Having comprehended the peculiarities of Ketu’s transit as treated off by sages Garga, Parasara, Asita, Devala and many others, I expound the same in the most unambiguous manner.
2It is not possible to find out by calculation the rising or setting of Ketu, inasmuch as there are three sorts of Ketus, viz., celestial, atmospheric and terrestrial.
3In places where, though there is no fire, there is still an igneous appearance, Ketu’s presence is recognized except where there are glow-worms, phosphoric lights on graves, gems, jewels and the like.
4The atmospheric Ketus are such as are seen on flagstaffs, weapons, houses, trees, horses, elephants and the like; the celestial ones are those that are seen among the asterisms. Such as do not belong to the above two categories are to be known as terrestrial Ketus.
5There are 101 Ketus according to some sages such as Parasara, while others like Garga say that they are 1000 in number. But sage Narada declares that there is only one Ketu which appears in manifold forms.
6What does it matter whether there is but one Ketu or more? The effects at all events should be declared through the rising and setting (including the particular direction thereof), position (in which part of the firmament vis-a-vis planets and asterisms), contact, the act of covering the neighboring celestial body with a smoky mantle and colour.
7The effects of Ketu will last for as many months as the number of days during which it is visible. In the same way the number of years can be guessed from the number of months during which it is visible, the effect in all cases commencing after the first three fortnights of its appearance.
8If Ketu is short, slender, clear, glossy, straight, appearing but for a short time, white, and if here be a shower closely following its appearance, it brings abundance and happiness.
9If its form be quite the reverse of what has been stated above, it is the comet Dhumaketu and will not prove auspicious, especially when it resembles the rainbow or has two or three crests.
10There are 26 comets with crests known as Kiranas resembling a pearl necklace, gems or gold. These are the sons of the Sun and appear in the East and West and indicate strifes among the sovereigns of the country.
11There are as many comets born of fire appearing in the South-east and resembling parrots, fire, Bandhujeeva flower, lac or blood and are productive of danger from fire.
12There are as many Ketus rough and dark with crooked crests, appearing in the South, and portending pestilence to people and are the sons of Death.
13There are 22 comets round like a mirror without crest, radiant, appearing in the North-east and-resembling water or oil and threatening with famine. They are the children of the Earth.
14There are three comets, the sons of the Moon which appear in the North; these resemble moonlight, silver, hoar-frost, Kumuda (white lotus) or Jasmine, and bestow plenty of food.
15The single comet with three crests and colours is known as Brahmadanda and is the son of Brahman, the creator. There is no particular direction fixed for this comet and it foretells the end of the world.
16Thus, have been described 101 comets. I shall now proceed to indicate the characteristics by which the remaining 899 comets may be clearly perceived.
17In the north and north-east rise the so called 84 comets, the sons of Venus. They are large and white stars having a soft brilliance and produce untoward effects.
18Glossy and lustrous are the 60 comets with two crests each and they are the sons of Saturn. They are known as Kanaka or golden comets. They appear anywhere and produce dire results.
19There are 65 comets known as Vikacha or hairless, who are the sons of Jupiter and have the appearance of a white single star. They have no crest. They rise in the south and are glossy. They produce malefic effects.
20Fifty-one comets born of Mercury named the Taskaras or thieves, are faint, very slender, long and white. They may rise in any direction and produce evil effects.
21There are 60 comets born of Mars which are called Ketus and they are deep red like blood and fire and have three crests. They are quartered in the north and prove malefic when they appear.
22There are 33 Ketus named Tamasa-Keelakas who are the sons of Rahu and are well-known. They are seen on the discs of the Sun and the Moon and their effects have already been described in the chapter on Ravichara.
23There is another set of 120 Ketus born of Agni named Viswarupas and endowed with rows of flames. These threaten mankind with serious outbreaks of fires.
24There are 77 Ketus named Aruna Ketus which are born of wind. They are dark red in colour, and without discs, rough, of the form of chowries and with diffuse rays: when they appear, they cause misery to the people.
25There are 8 Ketus who are born of Brahma, and they arc named Ganakas and are of the form of a cluster of stars. There are 204 Ketus known as Chaturasras who are also the offspring of Brahma. These produce only malefic effects.
26There are 32 Ketus declared as Kanka. These are the sons of Varuna and have the appearance of a cluster of bamboos and shine like the Moon and cause malefic effects.
27The sons of Kala are 96 in number and are named Kabandha Ketus. They resemble headless bodies. They prove good to the Pundras and are without distinct discs.
28There are 9 Ketus having one broad and white star in them and born out of the intermediate directions. Thus, have been mentioned the 1000 Ketus. I shall now state their characteristic peculiarities.
29One there is named Vasaketu, who has got an elongated body stretched towards the north, corpulent, of a glossy form and rising in the west. The very day he appears and becomes visible, fatal diseases will break out; but there will be abundance of food.
30His (Vasaketu’s) counterpart is Astthi-Ketu who is also of the same characteristics. He is rough and is declared to be a harbinger of famine when he makes his appearance. There is one similar to the above, glossy in appearance and visible in the East and he is named Sastra Ketu. By his appearance, there will be war and pestilence.
31There is a comet named Kapalaketu who puts in his appearance just on the Amavasya day in the eastern direction. His beams and crest are smoky in colour and he traverses half the heavens. He causes famine, pestilence, drought and diseases.
32Raudra is the name of another Ketu whose effect is similar to that of Kapala Ketu. He is to be seen in the course of the Dahanaveethhec in the East. His crest is in the shape of a Sula (or trident); his flame is grey, rough and red; he has got a tendency to travel a third part of the sky.
33-36There is a Chalaketu or a moveable comet rising in the west. His crest is an inch high and is turned to the south. His length increases the more it goes to the north. After touching the Seven Sages (Great Bear)—Vasishta and others—and also the Pole Star (Dhruva) and the star Abhijit he returns after travelling half the sky and sets in the south. Whew this comet appears, people in the region beginning from the banks of the Prayaga and extending to the town of Ujjain and Pushkara forest will be destroyed. Those living in the north as far as the Devika river and the whole of the middle country will be wiped out. Other countries also will suffer from diseases and famine here and there. These effects will happen in the course of ten months. Others say it will be felt for 18 months.
37-38Sweta (white) Ketu is a comet who is visible in the eastern direction at mid-night. He has his crest turned to the south. There is a second comet Ka by name in the ‘form of a yoke and can be seen in the west. Both these can be seen at the same time for a period of 7 days. They are clear and augur good and plenty to mankind if they be glossy. Should however the comet Ka be visible for more than seven days, then it denotes that there will be war for ten years and consequent distress.
39The comet named Sweta Ketu is like matted hair, rough and black; after travelling a third of the distance in the sky, he retrogrades in the anti-clockwise manner and destroys two-thirds of the population.
40There is a comet having his seat near the asterism Krittika, who makes himself visible by his ashy-coloured crest. He is known as Rasmi Ketu and gives effects similar to those of Sweta Ketu.
41-42There is another comet known as Dhruva Ketu. His rate of motion, colour, magnitude and form are not regular. He travels everywhere in all the three worlds. He is soft and clear and gives auspicious effects. If he should be seen by the kings on their martial equipments, by people of countries on their houses trees and mountains and by house-holders on their vessels and the like, these are doomed to destruction.
43A comet named Kumuda with his crest stretched in the east and with white lustre is observable in the west for only one night. As soon as he is visible people in the world will have unique peace and plenty for a continuous period of ten years.
44-45Mani Ketu is the name of a comet. He is a very tiny little star appearing in the west and observable for only once and that too for a period of three hours. His crest is white and straight like a line of milk emanating from the breast. He hails with plenty, of food lasting for a period of 4 months. But he generally causes reptiles and venomous creatures to come into existence.
46The comet Jalaketu also appears in the west. lie is spotless in his form and has a crest slightly higher inclined towards the west. He causes peace and abundance of food for a period of nine months.
47-48There is another comet Bhava. Ketu by name which makes his appearance for one night in the east and is a tiny glossy star. He has got a crest turned to the right and resembling the tail of a lion. There will be unprecedented abundance of food for so many months as the number of Muhurtas for which he is visible. Should however he be rough instead of soft in body, there will be an outbreak of diseases which will prove mortal to mankind.
49When the comet Padmaketu which appears only for one night in the west and white like the fiber of lotus stalk, people in the land will enjoy happiness for a period of seven years.
50Avartha is the name of another Ketu appearing at mid-night in the west with his crest turned to the South, glossy and red in colour. As many Muhurtas he makes himself visible, for so many months there will be peace and plenty to mankind.
51-52During the time of Sunset, a Ketu named Samvarta with a crest smoky and coppery in colour makes his appearance in the west. He occupies a third of the sky and is stationed like a trident and is frightful to look at. As many Muhurtas as he is visible, for so many years there will be war and strife among kings and they will ultimately perish. Men whose natal star is identical with the one in which the comet appear will also suffer.
53Barring the Ketus (comets) that are good, I shall proceed to state the several princes that will be killed according as the other (malefic) comets eclipse the several stars by their tails or come in contact with the same.
54When the asterism Aswini is dimmed or touched by a malign comet, the chief of the Asmakas will die. If Bharani be the star in question, it is the Kirata king that will be killed. When the star is Krittika, the KaJinga chief will perish. If the star be Rohini, the head of the Surasenas will meet with his death.
55The king of the Useenaras will be killed when a bad comet dims or touches the star Mrigasira. The chief of the fishermen will be killed when the star Ardra is eclipsed by such a comet. The chief of the Asmakas and the lord of the Magadhas will respectively meet with their end when the asterisms Punarvasu and Pushya are contaminated by a malignant comet.
56If the star be Aslesha, the head of the Asikis will be killed. The ruler of the Migadhas will die if the star in question be Magha. The king of the Pandya kingdom will take his exit when the asterism s Parvaphalguni. When the star is Uttaraphalguni, the chief of Ujjain will die. The lord of the Dandaka country will be affected when the star is Hasta.
57When a malignin Ketu eclipses or touches the star Chittra, people in the know should declare the exit from the world of the chief of Kurukshetra. If the star in question be Swati, the two kings of Kasmira and Kamboja will cease to exist.
58If Visakha be the asterism that is thus eclipsed, the chiefs of the Ikshvakas and the Alakas will become extinct. A bad comet hitting the star Anuradha, the head of the Pundras wiil die. An emperor will meet with his end if the star in question be Jyeshta.
59If the star Moola be eclipsed or dimmed by a malign comet, the chiefs of Andhra and Madraka countries will be killed. When the star in question is Purvashadha, the king of Kasi will perish. If it be Uttarashadha, the kings of Yaudheya, Arjunayana, Sibi and Chedi will meet with their destruction.
60If the asterism eclipsed happen to be any of the 6 stars from Sravana onwards, the following in their order will respectively meet with their end; (1) The lord of the Kekayas; (2) of the Panchanadas; (3) The lord of the Simhala; (4) the lord of the Vangas; (5) the king of the Naimisha country; (6) the Chief of the Kiratas.
61A comet whose crest has been hit by an Ulka (meteor) will prove auspicious; and if there be rain as soon as he is risen, it will be still more auspicious. The same will become unfavorable to the people of Chola, Afghans, the white Huns and the Chinese.
62Note the quarters where the crests of the comets are bent or crooked, where they are projecting; also, the asterisms hit or touched. The rulers of the countries denoted by or situated in these will be defeated through superhuman power by a foreign king who takes possession of all the pleasures enjoyed by them so far, just as Garuda destroys and feasts on the bodies of the serpents which are his enemies.