The Moon s Conjunction with Rohini ||24||
1-3I shall now try to expound briefly the good and bad effects arising from the Moon’s conjunction with Rohini, having duly taken cognizance of them as explained by Garga, Parasara, Kasyapa and Maya to their hosts of pupils and as instructed by Brihaspati to Narada in the park on the summit of the Meru, which resounds with the humming of the bees clinging to the flowers of the trees in the caves of the golden rocks, which rings with the twitterings of numerous birds and which has the melodious strains of music of celestial damsels .
4-6aAn astronomer should carefully observe the Moon’s conjunction with Rohini in the dark half of Ashadha and then predict its good or bad effects to mankind according to the tenets of the Sastras. How a future conjunction of the Moon with the asterism should be foretold has been explained by me in my work Panchasiddhantika under the head of ‘‘Conjunction with Fixed Stars”. The effects, however, must be declared as deduced from the Moon’s size, brightness, colour, direction and from portents at the time and the winds.
6b-7A Brahmin, going to a place north or east from the town, staying there three nights fasting and worshipping the sacred fire, should draw a diagram of the planets and the asterisms occupied by them and worship them with oblations coupled with incense and flowers. He must occupy the bare ground strewn with the Darbha grass, decked at the four corners with water pots containing gems, water and herbs, covered above with the sprouts of trees and not blackened at the bottom and kept clean and anointed.
8He should then sanctify all sorts of seeds with the hymns of Mahavrata and immerse them in the water containing gold and sacred grass in the pot. Then he should make a Homa with hymns addressed to the Marut, Varuna and the Moon.
9He should prepare a very fine flag of Mack colour, four cubits in length, and hoist it on a staff of 12 cubits. After acquainting himself with the different directions, he should ascertain through the movement of the streamer the direction of the wind at the Moon’s conjunction with the asterism.
10For purposes of determining the times of rainfall, the watches (3 hour-periods) should be taken as corresponding to as many fortnights and the sub. divisions of a watch, to the days. If the wind blows round from east to south and so on (i, e. in the order), it indicates prosperity to the world. When two contrary winds are blowing, that which shows firmness is more powerful, and it is from this wind alone prediction should be made.
11During the Moon’s conjunction with Rohini, note which of the seeds placed in the water vessel have sprouted and even of them, which particular part; only those grains and none else will flourish daring the year, so also only that proportion of them will thrive.
12It is a good augury, if during the Moon’s conjunction with Rohini, the quarters resound with the pleasant cries of birds that do not fly towards die Sun, as well as of animals, the sky is clear, and the breeze not vitiated. I shall now treat of the effects of the clouds and the wind.
13-14The sky in some quarters is covered with large and black and white clouds, in others with white ones and in some others with dark ones as with huge serpents whose bellies and backs alone are visible in their coils and to whose moving tongues correspond the flashes of lightning in the clouds. It appears as though it were bedecked with clouds some of which are as white as the interior of lotus-blossoms, whose fringe are tinged by the rays of the rising Sun» which are dark like bees, yellow like saffron, red like the Kimsuka flower, and white and which consequently have a large variety of colours.
15Or, the sky which is studded with dark clouds and chequered with moving streaks of lightning and the rain-bow, looks verily like a forest on fire, which is teeming with herds of tigers and bisons.
16Or, the sky is blocked by clouds that simulate the mass of rocks on the collyrium mountain or by those that set at naught the lustre of snow, pearls, conch-shells and the rays of the Moon.
17Or, it is covered with elephants in the form of clouds, which are as dark as Tamala and the bees, which have lightning corresponding to the golden trappings, cranes to the tusks in front, pouring rain to ichor, moving tops to the trunks, and the multi-colored rainbows to the beautiful banners held aloft.
18Or, there are in the sky turned crimson by twilight, clusters of clouds, which, bearing the dark hue of lilies, rob, as it were. Lord Krishna, clad in his yellow silken garment, of his beauty.
19If the clouds have their loud and distinct peal of thunder followed by the cries of peacocks, Chataka birds and frogs and hang at the horizon having spread throughout the firmament, then they will pour down torrents of rain on the earth.
20If the sky should be covered for three, two or one day at a stretch with banks of clouds of the above description, there would be plenty of food, the people would be happy and contented or, there would be abundant water in the land, respectively.
21There would neither be prosperity nor rain in the land, should the clouds be rough and small, tossed about by the winds, have the shapes of camels, crows, dead bodies, monkeys or other inauspicious creatures and be silent.
22If the Sun should shine with burning rays in a cloudless sky and the sky at night with bright stars look blooming like a lake rich in lilies, there would be copious rain.
23-24If the clouds are formed in the east, there will be growth of good crops; in the south-east, there will be raging of fires; in the south, decay of crops; in the south-west, destruction of half the crops; in the west, handsome rain; in the north-west, stormy rain in some places; in the north, very good and full rain and in the north-east, bumper crops. The same effects should be predicted of the wind also arising in the several directions.
25Fall of meteors, flashes of lightning, thunderbolts, false fires in the quarters, portentous sound in the sky, earthquakes and the cries of birds and beasts produce the same effects as the clouds under the above conditions.
26The four water-pots beginning with the northern one should be named after the months beginning with Sravana, in the dextral order; if any of the pots be full of water, the particular month signified by that will have good rain. If, on the other hand, anyone be empty, that month will have no rain. The amount of rain in the several months will have to be guessed from the quantity of water left in the pots.
27Similarly, through other pots bearing the names of kings, countries or other things, the fortunes of the several people or things should be predicted according to the circumstances, when the pots are broken, empty, containing a little water or full.
28If the Moon standing south, far or near, should conjoin with Rohini, there would result terrible disaster to the world.
29If the Moon touching Rohini goes northward, there will be good rain, but many disasters. Bat if she should pass to the north without touching the group, there will be copious rain and prosperity to mankind.
30When the Moon is posited in the centre of the wain of Rohini (Adhyaya IX-25, supra), the people will roam about helpless, their children procuring food for them and drinking water from Sun-heated vessels.
31If the Moon should rise first and Rohini rising later follows, it augurs well for mankind, and amorous ladies will be stricken with love and yield to their lovers.
32If the Moon follows Rohini from behind just as a love does his ladylove, men will become victims to Cupid’s arrows and be under the influence of their beloveds.
33When the Moon stands southeast of Rohini, there will be great calamities; when south-west, all the crops will be spoiled being smitten with land plagues; when northwest, the growth of crops will be middling; and when northeast, there will be many advantages, good growth of crops higher prices and the like.
34If the Moon should cut across the preeminent star of the group or hide it with her disc, there would be terrible peril and the king’s murder by a woman respectively, so say the wise.
35If, at the time of the cows returning home, a bull or a black animal (such as a goat) takes the lead, there will be much rain; if the animal be black and white, there will be medium rain, and if white, there will be no rain at all, A proportionate estimate of the quantity of rain is to be made with the animals of other colours .
36If the Moon when in conjunction with Rohini is not visible owing to the sky being overcast great danger from sickness is imminent, but the earth will be provided with plenty of water and grain.