The moon ||4||

1The Moon being always below (or nearer to the Earth than the Sun) has half her orb illuminated by the rays of the Sun and white, while the other half is dark or black being obscured by her own shadow just as one half of a pot exposed to the Sun.
2The rays of the Sun falling on and being reflected by the watery Moon dispels the darkness of the night (on Earth) just in the same way as light reflected from a mirror (placed in the Sun) removes the darkness within a room.
3As the Moon leaves the surface of the Sun her back gets illumined by the Sun. So also, the Moon’s disc begins to shine from the bottom (in an increasing measure)
4The brightness of the Moon is thus on the increase every day corresponding to her distance from the Sun, in the same way as the western side of a pot becomes gradually illumined by the Sun in the afternoon.
5When the Moon passes through the south of Jyeshta, Moola and the two Ashadhas, there will be destruction of seeds, water-animals, ruin of forests and risks from fire.
6If the Moon goes through the south of Visakha and Anuradha, she will prove malefic. If she should pass even through the middle of Magha or of Visakha she will bring on prosperity.
7The six stars reckoned from Revati conjoin with the Moon when she has not actually come to them. The twelve asterisms counted from Ardra conjoin with the Moon only when she comes to their middle portion, while the remaining nine reckoned from Jyeshta conjoin with the Moon only after they have been completely passed by her.
8When the horns of the Moon appear, a bit raised and far from each other while presenting the appearance of a boat, there will be trouble to the sailors, but prosperity to the mankind at large.
9If the northern horn of the Moon be higher than the southern by a half thus presenting the appearance of a plough, there will be trouble to the agriculturists. there will be cordiality without any apparent cause among the kings and there will be prosperity in the land.
10If the southern horn be raised by half, it is termed Dushtalangala—inauspicious plough—and will cause the demise of the Pandya king and the army will be mobilized for war.
11When the two horns are of even height, there will be good crops, happiness all over and timely rains. These effects for the whole period will be similar to that of the first day of the lunar month. If the horns assume the shape of a stick, disease will break out among cattle and the kings will be ruthless in meting out punishment.
12If the configuration be of the form of a bow, there will be war and success will attend those that live in the direction indicated by the bowstring. If the Moon should appear stretched like the yoke of a carriage from south to north, there will be earthquake.
13If the southern curved end of the yoke be a bit higher than that of the northern, the Moon is then said to be slightly reclining on the side and will cause the destruction of the trading class and there will also be drought.
14If one of the horns (of the Moon) should on account of the elevation of the other appear in a downward direction, the figure (or form) is termed —bent down or pulled down—and indicates famine all over affecting even the cattle.
15If the horns of the Moon should together appear like a circle it is termed ‘Kunda’ and the ruling chiefs living in the land will be ousted from their places.
16If the Moon has her northern horn slightly raised and be of a form or configuration other than any of those described above, it indicates increase of happiness to mankind and advent of timely rains. If the southern horn be higher, it portends famine and fear.
17If the Moon should appear with only one horn, with one of the horns shorn off, or with one of the horns bent downwards, or appear like a full Moon while in reality it is not so, the person who observes such a Moon singly on the first day of the bright half of a month will meet with immediate death.
18-20All about the configurations have been described. There are other shapes also of the Moon as detailed below: a tiny Moon indicates drought, while that which is big is declared to be a forerunner of plenty of good crops. A form slender in the middle is termed Vajra and indicates risk to people from hunger and feverish preparations by kings for war; while the Moon of the form of tabor denotes peace and plenty to the people- A Moon with a very broad disc denotes large influx of wealth to the king, while a corpulent Moon will make people eat rich food and a slender Moon will give food and grain that is most agreeable (or costly?).
21When the Moon’s horn is dashed by the five planets (other than the two luminaries) the following are the effects: if Mars be the planet thus dashing, kings living in the neighborhood and who are wicked will perish. If the planet so cutting be Saturn, there will be peril through weapons, hunger and fear. If it be Mercury, it indicates famine and drought If it be Jupiter, the important kings will die, while the petty chiefs will be affected if Venus be the planet concerned. These effects will be mild and partial if the Moon be in the bright half; if she be in the dark half, the effects described will fully come to pass.
22When the Moon’s orb is divided into two by the contact of Venus in the middle, the people of Magadha, the Yavanas, the men of Pulinda, the Nepalese, the Bhringees, the Marwarees, the people of Cutch and Surat, the people of Madra, the Panchalas, the Kekayas, the Kuluthakas, the Purushadas (cannibals) and the men of Useenara (Kandahar) will be subjected to all sorts of miseries for 7 months.
23When the Moon’s orb is cut by the conjunction of Jupiter, the people of Gandhara, Sauveeraka, Sindhu and Keera, and all the corn, mountains, the king of the Dravida country and the Brahmin community will be affected for ten months.
24When the planet Mars comes in conjunction with the body of the Moon and obstructs her, kings who are ready for war with their cavalry, carriages, etc., the Traigartas (of Lahore), Malawas. Kaulindas, Chieftains, the Sibees, the people of Ayodhya and their kings, the Kauravas, the people of the country of Virata and Sukthi, their kings and other important Kshatriya chiefs will suffer for a course of six months.
25When the Moon’s orb is cut or obstructed by Saturn, the Yaudheyas, the ministers, the people of the Kurus, the Arjunas and the rulers of the eastern countries, these will suffer misery for a period of ten months.
26The following people will suffer miseries when Mercury forms a conjunction with the Moon and then emerges out of her orb; the Magadhas, Mathuras and those living on the banks of the river Vena. In the other places, it will be like Krita Yuga.
27When the Moon is obstructed by Ketu, the people will be deprived of prosperity, health and plenty. The military population will perish and there will be much trouble through the excess of the thieving population.
28When the Moon eclipsed by Rahu is cut by a meteor (Ulka), the king happening to own that star as his natal one dies.
29If the Moon be of ash colour, dirty reddish, deprived of rays and dark in form and appear broken or shaky, people will suffer from hunger, tumult pestilence, disease and danger from thieves.
30If the Moon appear white like snow, Kunda (Jessamine) or Kumuda (lotus) flower and crystal as if she were placed above by Goddess Parvati after polishing her with great effort with the idea of deriving happiness at night (from Siva), it is a harbinger of peace and prosperity to the entire land.
31During the bright half of the Moon, if her growth be regular, the Brahmins and Kshatriyas as also the people will rise to power and prosperity. Their prosperity, etc., will be moderate if her growth be medium. If it be less, the prosperity also will dwindle. These effects will be reversed in the dark half.
32The Moon leads to victory and prosperity to the whole mankind when she is as bright as the Kumuda flower, lotus-stalk and a pearl-necklace, and whose digits increase or decrease proportionately to the number of Tithis that have elapsed and who remains unchanged in her gait, appearance and rays.