Signs of the Five Great Men ||69||
1When the non-luminous planets are strong, posited in their own or exaltation signs and in Kendra houses, five great personages are born. I shall now describe them.
2When Jupiter, Saturn » Mars, Mercury and Venus are in their turn strong, great men called Hamsa, Sasa, Ruchaka. Bhadra and Malavya respectively are produced.
3-4A person’s undiminished mettle is derived from the Sun (when strong); physical and mental qualities (strength) from the strength of the Moon. A person’s characteristics depend upon the Rasis and their various divisions in which these two planets are posited (as well as upon the planets with which they are conjoined). Men will be blessed with the bodily substance, great element, nature, lustre, colour, mettle, appearance, etc., belonging to the particular division of a sign occupied by them (when strong); when these two are weak, the characteristics will be of a mixed type.
5From Mars do they get valour; from Mercury, physical growth and weight; from Jupiter, voice; from Venus, cleanliness or glossiness; and from Saturn, colour or complexion. Owing to the excellences or defects of these planets, the above things become good or bad as the case may be.
6Men with mixed characteristics do not become kings, but they become happy in the Dasa periods of the planets concerned. The differences arise from the benefics being posited in the house of their enemy, or depression, or being fallen from their exaltation sign, or from their being aspected by malefics (or from the planets being aspected by planets, benefics or malefics, being posited in the houses of their enemy, depression or having fallen from their exaltation house).
7The height and extent of the two arms outstretched of the Hamsa type of men are 96 digits; and those of Sasa, Ruchaka, Bhadra and Malavya are 99, 102, 105 and 108 digits respectively.
8-9A person in whom the quality of goodness predominates has kindness, firmness, courage, straightforwardness and devotion to Brahmins and Gods; one in whom the quality of passion predominates, is heartily attached to literature (poetry), fine arts, sacrifices and women, and is very heroic; and one in whom the quality of darkness or ignorance predominates is deceitful, foolish, lazy, hot-tempered and addicted to sleep. There are persons with mixed characteristics owing to the intermingling of these three qualities in seven ways.
10A man belonging to the Malavya type has his arms resembling the trunk of an elephant and touching the knees, the limbs and joints full of flesh, the body even, handsome and slender in the waist, the face 13 digits in height, the ear-holes 10 digits apart, shining eyes, fine cheeks, equal and white teeth and not a very fleshy lower lip.
11One belonging to the above class becomes a king of cultured mind, and rules over the Malwas. Broach, Surastrians, Latas, Sindhus and the regions of the Pariyatra mountain, having amassed wealth by dint of prowess.
12Such a person (Malavya) lives for 70 years and abandons his body in a sacred place by Yoga. Thus, have the characteristics of this class been clearly explained and those of the other classes I now proceed to define.
13One belonging to the Bhadra class has the following characteristics: —His arms are well-developed, equal, round and long; his height is equal to the length of his outstretched arms; and his temples are densely covered with tender and slender hair.
14-15His skin and semen are strong; breast large and muscular; nature, lofty; face, tiger-like; mind, steady; he is endowed with tolerance; attached to righteous deeds; grateful; his gait is like that of a lordly elephant; he knows many sciences; is intelligent; handsome; has beautiful temples and forehead; is well-versed in fine arts; is courageous; has a good belly; his feet and hands have the lustre of the interior of lotus; he loves contemplation; he has a good nose and equal and well-knit brows.
16His person smells like the earth sprinkled with fresh rain, cassia leaf, saffron, ichor of elephants, and Aguru (tree); his hairs are dark, curly and single in each pore; and his genital organ is hidden like that of a horse or elephant.
17His hands and feet are marked with the figures of ploughs, staves, maces, swords, conch-shells, wheels (discuses), elephants, crocodiles, lotuses and chariots. His wealth is fully enjoyed by the public. He has independent ideas and does not tolerate his kith and kin.
18His height and weight are respectively 84 digits and a Bhara (2000 Palas). He becomes the king of the central countries; but if his height and extent of outstretched arms be each 105 digits, he would be an emperor.
19The Bhadra type of man rules fittingly for 80 years over the earth conquered by valour and abandoning his mortal coil in a place of pilgrimage goes to heaven.
20One belonging to the (Sasa) group has somewhat prominent and thin teeth, thin nails, large eye-balls, brisk gait, attachment to learning, minerals and trade, has plump cheeks, and roguery; he is a commander of armies; fond of sexual pleasure; his mind is addicted to others’ wives; he is fickle-minded, heroic, devoted’ to his mother and a lover of forests, mountains, rivers and fortresses.
21His height is 92 digits; he acts cautiously (or with apprehension), knows the weakness of others, has marrow as the dominant feature of his body, walks steadily and such a is not very corpulent (heavy?).
22He has a slender waist and figures going upwards of a shield, sword, lute, cot, garland, tabor and trident on the soles or palms.
23This person of the class is the lord of foresters or a vassal; his body will be afflicted with colic or a fistula on the buttocks and will go to Yama’s abode at the age of 70 years.
24Person belonging to the (Hamsa) class has a face that is red, with plump cheeks, raised nose and a golden hue; his head is round; eyes are like honey; all nails red^ has the marks of a garland, goad, conch, a pair of fish, sacrificial appurtenance, pot and lotus. His voice is as sweet as that of a swan, feet handsome, and limbs (organs of action) clean.
25He takes pleasure in sporting; in water; his semen is thick and copious ; his weight is 1600 Palas. The wise declare that his height and extent are 96 digits each.
26A man of the Hamsa class rules over the Khasas, Surasenas, Gandharas and the countries lying between the Ganges and the Jumna. He wields sceptre for 90 years and meets his end in a forest.
27A man of the Ruchaka type has beautiful brows and hair, is dark and red in colour; has a conch-like neck, and an oblong face. He is heroic, cruel, a leader among men, a minister, leader of a gang of thieves and hardy.
28The girth of the waist of a man of the Ruchaka class is equal to the length of the face. His complexion is good, and blood and fleh; of the best quality. He destroys his enemies and achieves his object by adventurous spirit.
29His feet and palms are marked with the figures of a part of cot, lute, bull, bow, diamond, spear (Sakti), Indra, and trident. He is devoted to elders, Brahmins and Gods. His height and weight are respectively 100 digits and 1000 Palas.
30He will be clever in spells and black magic; and his knees and shanks lean. A man of this class viz. becomes king and rules over the regions of the Vindhya, the Sahya and Ujjain. He dies at the age of 70 years by weapon or fire.
31There are five other Tnen, who will be the attendants of the monarchs mentioned above, viz. Vamanaka, Jaghanyu, Kubja, Mandalaka and Sachi. Now, listen to the characteristics of these that are known as the “mixed ones.”
32Vamauaka is of full-grown limbs hunchbacked, and slightly undeveloped in the thighs, waist and between the armpits. He is a famouse servant of the king of the Bhadra type, he is prosperous, powerful and devoted to Lord Vasudeva.
33-34The one called Jaghanya is a servant of Malavya; his cars are like the crescent; joints, good; semen, thick; he is a talebearer and a poet. His complexion is rough and fingers, thick. He is cruel, wealthy, unintelligent, well-known, copper-coloured, of jocular disposition and is marked with the figures of a sword, Sakti, noose and axe in the thighs, feet and hands.
35-36The one called Kubja has no defect in the lower limbs. He is slightly weak and bent in the upper part of the body. He is an attendant of Hamsa, an atheist, wealthy, learned, heroic, grateful and a talebearer. He is learned in fine arts, fond of quarrel, has many servants, is conquered by women. He honours the people and suddenly abandons them. He is ever energetic.
37-38Now. I shall define the Mandalaka. He is an attendant of expert in black magic, clever, adept in witchcraft, creating magical women and ghosts, and in lores. He appears old; his hairs are rough and hard; he is clever in killing his enemies; he is devoted to Brahmins, Gods, sacrifices, and Yoga (Meditation); is defeated by women and is intelligent.
39One that is called (Sachin) has a very ugly and deformed body; he is a follower of is disliked by people (or unfortunate); he is charitably disposed. He undertakes great tasks and achieves them. He is similar in qualities.
40Thus have I explained briefly the characteristics of men, after studying the opinions of the Sages. By studying this, a man will become the favourite of kings and a beloved of the people.