Examination Of Gems ||80||

1A jewel endowed with good characteristics ensures good luck to kings; and one with bad ones, disaster. Hence the connoisseurs should examine their fortune as connected with jewels.
2The word gem is applied to elephants, horses, women and so on, on account of the excellence of their intrinsic merits; but here are dealt with precious stones, such as diamonds.
3Gems, they say, were born of the bones of the demon Bala; while others state that they were born of sage Dadheechi; yet others there are who say that the wonderful variety of gems is caused by the characteristic qualities of the earth.
4-5The following are the gems: —Diamond, Sapphire, Emerald, Agate, Ruby, Blood-stone, Beryl, Amethyst, Vimalaka, Royal gem (quartz?), crystal, Moon-gem, Saugandhika, Opal, Conch, Azure-stone, Topaz, Brahma-gem, Jyoteerasa, Sasyaka, Pearl and Coral.
6-7Diamonds got from the banks of the Vena river are of the purest kind; those of Kosala, have the lustre of the Sirisha flower (i.e. whitish yellow) those of Surashtra, a reddish lustre; those of Sanrpata country are dark in colour; those of the Himalayas slightly reddish; those of Matanga country have the colour (grey) of Valla blossoms; those of Kalinga are yellowish, and those of Paundra, black (blue?)
8-10A hexagonal white diamond is presided over Indra; a dark one of the shape of a snake’s mouth, by Yama; one coloured like a plantain tree, and of any shape, by Vishnu; one coloured like a Karnikara flower and shaped like the female genital organ, by Varans; a triangular one of the colour of a tiger’s eye (bluish red), by fire; one having the form of a barley corn and the hue of Asoka flower, by Vayu. Diamonds have three different sources, viz., rivers, mines and other places where gems are found.
11Red and yellow diamonds are auspicious, for Kshatriyas; white ones, for Brahmins; those of the hue of Sirisha flower, for Vaisyas; and those resembling swords in colour (dark), for Sudras.
12-13Eight seeds of white mustard make one rice grain. The price of a diamond weighing twenty grains is two lakhs (Karsapanas); One weighing 18 grains is worth a lakh and a half Karshas silver; one of 16 grains 133,333 and 2 third; one of 14 grains, one lakh; one of 12 grains, 66,666and two third; one of ten grains 40,000; one of eight grains, 12,500; one of six grains, 8,000; one of four grains 2,000; one of two grains, 200 Karshas of silver .
14A diamond is said to be beneficial to the owner; it cannot be pierced by any other substance, is light, cleaves through water like a ray, is glossy and similar to lightning, fire or the rainbow.
15Diamonds that show scratches like crowfeet, bees or hair, are mixed with coloured mineral substances or gravel, have double facets, are burnt, discoloured, lustreless or perforated, are inauspicious.
16So also, are those that are covered with bubbles, split at the points, flattened, or oblong like the Vasi fruit. The price of all such is one-eighth less than that above specified.
17Some authorities opine that women wishing to beget sons should never wear diamonds; but (in our opinion) diamonds that are triangular, trigonal and like the coriander seed, or the buttocks, are productive of good results to ladies desiring male offspring.
18A diamond with inauspicious characteristics causes the ruin of the wearer’s kith and kin, wealth and life; whereas a good one destroys the enemies and danger from thunderbolt and poison; it increases the pleasures of kings as well.