Enumeration of one thousand epithets of Vishnu ||15||
1Rudra said: -O Lord, O Janarddana, do thou describe unto me the Great Being by reciting whose name a man may cross the dreadful mean of Samsara .
2-3Hari said: -Reciting the thousand names of Vishnu, the Demiurgus, the great Brahmana, the Absolute. Undecaying Self, a man attains to emancipation. O bull-emblemed deity, hear with fixed attention, I will describe this sacred and great object of recitation (Japa) which destroys all sins.
4He is Vasudeva, the great Vishnu, Vamana (Dwart) Vasava, Vasu, effulgent like the newly risen sun, and the highly powerful Balabhadra.
5He fettered (the Asura) Bali, is the all knower, the worshipful knower of the Vedas and the poet. He is the creator of the Vedas, of the form of the Vedas, worthy of being known and filled with the Vedas.
6He is the knower of the Vedangas the lord of the Vedas, mine of strength and the aggrandizer of the strong. He is without changes, the lord of boons, the giver of boons, and the master of Varuna.
7He is the slayer of heroes, the great hero and the great Isvara adored of all. He is the soul, the great soul, the inward self and above the sky.
8He is lotus-navelled, the Padmaniddhi , the lotus-handed and the holder of dub. He is the great, above the elements, the foremost Purusha and the Demiurgus.
9He is lotus-waisted, Pundarika wears a garland of lotuses and is beloved of all. He is lotus eyed, Padmagarbha , Parjanya (rain-god) and seated on a lotus.
10He is beyond the range of all, the great object, the greatest of the great lord. He is most learned of all learned men, holy and destroyer of sins.
11He is pure, manifests all, holy and the protector. He is devoid of thirst, Padya , the Purusha and Prakriti (Nature).
12-13He is Pradhana (intellectual principle), the lotus, the earth, the lotus-navelled and-the given of desirable objects. He is the lord of all, present everywhere, the All, Omniscient, the giver of all and the great. He is identical with all and the entire universe, the witness and up-holder of all: He is the Deity who shows favour unto all and is stationed in the hearts of all creatures.
14He is the protector of all, is adored of all and is saluted they all the deities. He is at the root of the entire universe, is the destroyer of all and the fire.
15He is protector of all, pervaded all and the cause of all causes. He is meditated on by all the friend of all and the holder of the various forms of the deities.
16He is the object of the study of all, the commander of the celestials and is adored of the gods and Asuras. He is always the destroyer of the wicked and Asuras.
17He is the protector of truth, the centre of good people, the lord of Siddhas, is adored by them, is obtained by the Siddhas and the Sadhyas and the lord of their hearts.
18He is the refuge of the world, the auspiciousness, the doer of good, beautiful, humble, truth, of a true determination, the knower and giver of truth.
19He is religion, the observer of religious rites and a Karman (one who practices religious rites) but he is devoid of all actions.
20He is the organizer of actions, the action itself and the practice of religious rites. He is the lord of Sri and of men, beautiful, he lord of all, but himself having no master.
21He is the lord of the celestials, the master of Vrishnis, of Hiranyagarbha and of the destroyer of Tripura.
22-25He is the lord of the beasts, Vasus, Indra, Varuna, trees, wind, fire, Yama, Kubera, stars, Medicinal herbs and trees. He is the master of the Nagas, of the sun, of Dakasha, of friends and of kings.
26He is the master of the Gandharavas, the most excellent lord of the Asuras, of the mountains and rivers.
27He is the most powerful lord of the celestials, of Kapila, of creepers and of Virudhas (spreading, creeper).
28He is the master of the asceties, the most excellent lord of the sun, moon, and of Sukra.
29He is the lord of planets, Rakshasas, the Kinnaras and the most excellent master of the twice-born ones.
30He is the lord of the rivers, oceans, lakes and goblins.
31He is the master of the Vetalas, Kushmandas, birds and breasts.
32He is the high-souled Maligala, Mandara, the lord of Mandara. He is creator of Meru and Madhava and devoid of mind.
33The great deity wears a garland and is adored by Mahadeva. He is of a quiescent soul, and is the illustrious slayer of Madhu.
34He is highly powerful, the great vital air and is lauded by Markandeya. He is identical with Maya (illusion), feared by it and devoid of it.
35He is landed by the ascetics and is their friend. He has a nose, big cheeks, big anus, big teeth and is freed from death.
36He has a huge mouth, a great soul, a great body, a great belly, big feet and a high neck.
37He is greatly respected, is high-minded, of great intellect, of great fame, of great form and the great Asura. He is Madhu, he is Madhava, he is Mahadeva, and he is Mahesvasra.
38He is adored in sacrifices, of the form of a sacrifices and is the worshipped lord of the sacrifices. He is the great wind, the great luck and the superhuman Mahesa.
39He is man, Manu and does good unto men. He is deer, is adored by them and is their lord.
40He is the master of Mercury, Venus, Saturn, Rahu and Ketu.
41He is the good mark and is endued with it; he has long lips anti is handsome to look at. He is bedecked with various ornaments and besmeared with sandal of different kinds.
42His face is painted effulgent. with various colours and adorned with diverse flowers. He is Rama, the great Isvara with his consort.
43He gives jewels and lakes them away. He is with and without any boon. He is of a great, terrific and calm appearance.
44He is like unto a blue cloud, is pure and resembles a cloud at the end of a cycle, He is smoky cloud, of yellow hue, of various forms and without any colour.
45He is of a distorted figure, the giver of forms and is, white hued. He is of all colours, the great yogin, the sacrificer.
46He is gold-hued and is called gold. His body is made of gold and he puts on a golden girdle.
47He is the giver of gold or parts of it. He is fond of gold and houses made of gold.
48He is beautiful and of huge wings and the creator of Suparna. He is Vinata’s son, the son, the beginning, the the creator of beginning and auspiciousness.
49He is the cause of the intellectual principle, of the Puranas, of intellect and mind.
50-51He is the efficient cause of consciousness, egoism, elements of fire, ether, earth, egg and Prakriti (Nature).
52-55He is the cause of the body, eyes, ears, skin, tongue, vital breath, hand, foot, speech and the organ of generation. He is the efficient cause of Indra, Kubera, Yama, Isana and the most excellent creator of Yakhas and Rakshasas.
56-58He is the most excellent cause of ornaments, virtue, creatures, Vasus (gods of riches), of Manus and of birds. He is the foremost cause of the asceticism the Yogins, the Siddhas, the Yakshas, the Kinnaras and Gandharvas.
59-60He is the cause of the river, male and female, the oceans and trees. He is the cause of Virudhas, the worlds, the nether region and celestials.
61He is the cause of serpents, the auspiciousness, the beasts and of all.
62-64aHe is identical with the body, the organs of sense, the soul, the intellect, the mind, egoism, consciousness, the condition of waking, that of dreaming sleep, the intellectual principle and the great soul. He is identical with ether, water, and the great soul of earth and air.
64b-66He is the great soul of the smell, colour, sound, speech and touch. He permeates, as the great soul, the ears, skin, tongue, nostrils, hand, foot, organ of generation.
67He permeates Indra, Brahma, Rudra, Manu, Anu the Patriarch Daksha. The great is identical with truth.
68-70He is identical with Isa, the great soul, the Rudra and the Yati conversant with the knowledge of emancipation. He is energetic and is the very energy itself. He is the holder of the leathern fence and sword and the destroyer of the Asuras. He is modest by nature and engaged in the well-being of the ascetics. Hari is of the form of a Yatin, a Yogin and is meditated on by the Yogins. He is Siti . He is perfect knowledge, genius, time, summer, rainy season, determination, year, the ordainer of emancipation and destroyer of Moha (stupefaction).
71-73He stupefies the wicked, is Mandavya and mare-mouthed. He is Sangvartaka (fire), the creator of time, Goutama, Bhrgu, Angira, Atri, Vashitha, Pulaha, Pulastya, Kutsa, Yajnavalkya, Devala, Vyasa, Parasara, Sarmada, Gangeya, Hirshikesa, Vrihatsrava and Kesava. He is the destroyer of miseries, has beautiful ears and is without them.
74-75The great Narayana is the lord of Prana, of vital air the Apana, of Vyana, of Udana and of Samana. He is the best master of sound, touch and colour.
76He is the master of the destruction of the world, the first-born, has a sword in his hand, the ploughshare for his weapon, the discus in his hand, the Kundalalas [on his ears] and the mystic mark Shrivatsa on his breast.
77He is Prakriti, has the Kaustubbha gem on his neck and is clad in a yellow raiment. He has a beautiful face, an ugly face and is without any.
78He is without end, of endless forms, has beautiful nails and is the handsomest of all the celestials. The lord Vishnu has a beautiful quiver and most resplendent arrows.
79He is the destroyer of Hiranyakasipu, the grinder of Hiranyaksha, the killer of Putana and Bhaskaranata.
80-81He is the grinder of Kesin, and Mushtika. He is the killer of the demon Kansa, of Canura and Arista. He is fond of Akrura. He is without wickedness, is wily and is adored by those who are fond of simplicity.
82He is the destroyer of the lordly powers, is himself endued with them, the sun and the Lord himself. He is Uddhava’s lord and is being meditated on by Uddhava.
83-84He is the holder of discus, is fickle and is devoid of the moveable and immoveable properties. He is egoism, determination, mental faculties, the sky, earth, water, air, eye, ear, tongue, nose, palate, hand, foot, waist and the organ of generation.
85-86He is Shankara, the giver of auspiciousness, the giver of endurance; and he forgives men. He is fond of his votaries and is their protector. He is endued with reverential faith and himself increases it. He is lauded by his votaries, devoted to them and gives fame; and he multiplies it.
87He is fame, resplendence, forgiveness, patience, reverential faith, compassion, the great, the gift, the giver, the agent of action, is fond of the celestials, is purity, is pure, the giver of felicity, emancipation and the object of desire. He has a thousand feet.
88-90He is Sukra, has a beautiful headgear, and a beautiful neck. He is Kesava, Pradyumna, Aniruddha, Hayagriva, Sukara (boar), Matysa (fish), Parasurama, Prahlada and Bali. He is daily sought by people for help, enlightened, emancipated and the holder of forms.
91He is the destroyer of Khara and Dushana and the grinder of Ravana. He is the husband of Sita and the prosperous Bharata.
92He is the killer of the vector of Kumbhendra, the grinder of Kumbhakanrna, the destroyer of the killers of men and celestials.
93He is the destroyer of the wicked Asuras and the enemy of Sambara. He is the destroyer of (the demon) Naraka as well as of the three headed demon.
94He broke down [the trees] Yamala and Arjuna and always helps asceticism. He plays on the musical instrument and is himself the instrument. He is enlightened and the giver of boons.
95He is substance and is fond of substances. He is Soura and the destroyer of time and is incapable of being cut. He is Agastya, Devala, Narada, the fond of Narada.
96He is Prana, Apana, Vyana (vital airs), the qualities of Rajas (darkness), Sattva (goodness) and Tamas (ignorance). He is beyond Tamas (ignorance). He is Udana, and Samana (vital airs), He is medicine and the medical man.
97-100He is perpetually and universally the same. His form is transparent, and he is devoid of any form. He is devoid of the organs of vision and speech, of hands, fat, the organs of generation and excretion. He is devoid of great asceticism. He is devoid of perception, intellect, conciseness and vital airs. Prana, Apana, Vyana, Udana and Samana.
101-103He is devoid of the ether and fire, water and earth. He is devoid of sound, touch and all colours. He is devoid of carnal passion and other inferior appetites. He is shorn of grief and the power of speech.
104He is devoid of the quality of Rajas darkness) and six-fold deviations from the natural state. He is devoid of sexual passion, anger, avarice, and pride.
105He is the subtlest of the subtle and the grossest of the gross.
106-107He is clever, leader of the strong and the agitator of all. He agitates Prakriti (nature), Mahat (intellectual principle), the elements, intellect, the organs of sense and of the objects thereof.
108He is the agitator of Brahma and Rudra. He is beyond the range of the vision and hearing.
109Skin cannot touch him. He is tortoise. Tongue cannot perceive him. He is beyond the range of smelling and speech.
110The hands and feet cannot reach him. Hari is beyond the range of mental and intellectual perception and understanding.
111-112He is within the comprehension of the sense of ego and mental faculties. He holds the conch shell in his hand, is undecaying and hold also the club and Samga bow in his hands. He is dark blue, the image of knowledge and the scorcher of the enemies. He is within the range of the knowledge of the ascetics; he is endued with knowledge and knows all by his knowledge.
113He is comprehended by knowledge and manifests and consciousness of the objects of knowledge. He is the soul, object of mental perception, the creator of the world and the destroyer of it.
114He is Govinda, the lord of kine and the giver of felicity unto the cowherds. He is the protector of kine, the master of kine, Gomati and Godhara.
115He is Upendra, Nrsimha, Souti, Janarddana, Araneya, Vrihatbhanu and highly effulgent.
116He is Damodara, the three-fold time, cognizant of time and devoid of time. He is the three-fold Sandhya (petiods of conjunction), is Dvapara, Treta, the creator of subjects and of the footsteps.
117He is powerful and holds a rod in his hand. He holds one and three rods in his hand.
118He is the division of the Samaveda, its means, of the form of Saman and the chanter of Saman. He is conversant with Atharvan Veda and is the preceptor thereof.
119He is the RK of the RK Veda and is stationed there. He is the reader of the Yayus, the Yajurveda itself and is conversant with the rituals thereof.
120He has one foot, many feet, beautiful foot, a thousand feet, four feet, two feet. The powerful lord is like unto Smrti and Nyaya.
121He is a Sarimyasin (disassociated form the world and is the four’ orders of hermit etc. viz, a Brahmacarin (student), Grhastha (house holder), Vanaprastha (retired into forest) and Bhiksu (a hermit living on alms).
122He is the four Vanrnas (castes) viz. The Brahmanas, the Kshatriyas, the Vaisyas and the Sudras. He gives good character, is endued with the same and devoid of a bad character.
123He is emancipation, is engaged in spiritual communion, is the encomiastic verse, the encomiast and the worshipper. He is worshipful, the speech, the object of speech and the speaker.
124He is the knower, the grammar, the word and is conversant with words. He is within the reach of words, lives in sacred shrines, is the sacred shrine and is conversant with the knowledge of all the shrines.
125-126He is resident in all the sacred shrines, is Saitkhya, Nirukta and the presiding deity thereof. He is Pranava , the lord of Pranava and is adorned with Pranava. He is Gayatri and the holder of club. He lives in Salagrama and is Salagrama itself.
127He resides in water, lies in Yoga, on Sesha and Kusa. He is the earth, is the action, the cause and the holder of the earth.
128He is the Patriarch, and the eternal. He is the object of desire and the universal creator of desire. He is the Lord Paramount, the sun, the heaven, is stationed on a car and the strength of the charioteer.
129He is rich, the giver of riches, blessed and engaged in the well-being of the Yadavas. He is the favorite of Arjuna and he is both Arjuna and Bhima.
130Unbearable is his prowess and he is a master of all the scriptures. He is Sarasvati, he great Bishma and the captor of Parijata flowers.
131He is the giver of ambrosia, the ocean of milk and the milk itself. He is the protector of Indra’s son and the upholder of the mount Govardhana.
132He is the destroyer of Kansa, the master of his elephant and the killer of the same. He is Sipivista (pervaded by rays), cheerfulness and the destroyer of the calamities of the all people.
133He is Mudra, the maker of Mudras and is devoid of all Mudras. He is endued with a body, is stationed in a body and the organizer of the body.
134He is the hearer, the creator of the ears, the object of hearing and the power of hearing. He is stationed in skin, is one who touches, the object and power of touching.
135He resides in the eye, is the seer of forms and the creator of the eye and is the object of vision. He resides in the tongue, has a strong taste and is the organizer of taste.
136He resides in smell, creates smell, himself smells and is the creator of the organ of smelling. He resides in speech, is the speaker, the object of speaking, the power of speech and the creator of the same.
137-138He resides in vital airs. He is the creator of fine arts, is the art itself and the creator of hands. He is the foot, the agent of going, the place of going and the power of going. He is the ordainer of gifts, is stationed in the organ of generation and is the pleasure.
19-140He is the slayer of enemies, Kartavirya, Dattatreya, is engaged in the well-being of Alarka and is the destroyer of Kartavirya. He is Kalanemi. Mahanemi, the cloud and the lord of clouds.
141He is the giver of food, of the form of food, the eater of food and the ordainer of food. He creates smoke and is of a smoky form.
142He is the most excellent son of Devaki. He is the delight of Devaki. Nanda and Rohini. He is a favorite of Vasudeva and his son.
143His smiles are both like Dundubhi (trumpets) and flowers. He is fond of laughing aloud. He is the lord of all, decaying and undecaying.
144He is Acyuta (undecaying), the lord of truth and is found of truth. He is the most beloved husband of Rukmini.
145-146He is the favorite of milk women and his piety has been sung in well-known verses. He is Vrishakapi, Yama, Guhya, Mangala, Budha, Rahu, Ketu, the crocodile and the union of the mouths of the elephants. He is the destroyer of crocodile and the protector of the headmen of villages.
147He is the Kinnara, Siddha, the prosody and easiness. He is of the universal form, of large eyes and the slayer of the Daityas.
148He is of endless forms, is stationed in elements, in the celestials and Danavas. He exists in dreamless sleep, is dreamless sleep itself and is the place for it.
149He exists in an awakened state, is the agent and the place thereof. He exists in the state of dreamless sleep, is conversant with it and is the dream itself.
150He also exists in the fourth state devoid of these three states of dreamless sleep, dreaming sleep and awakening. He is the discriminating knowledge, is Caitra, the sentiency and the creator of sentences.
151He is the lord of the worlds and the ordainer of the worlds. He resides in the nether region, the nether region itself and the destroyer of all sorts of feverish complaints.
152He is of the form of great felicity and the propounder of various forms of faith. He is easily accessible, and accessible with difficulty. He is engaged in Pranayama (suppression of vital air).
153He is Pratyahara , Dharaka and the maker of Pratyahara. He is effulgence, personal grace, rays, pure and like unto crystal.
154He is above perception, white coloured, the all and pure. He is Vasatkara , Vashat, Voushat, Swadha, Swaha and inclination thereto.
155He is the agent of cooking, giving delight, eating, understanding and thinking. He is identical with knowledge and understanding. He is the Great and the Creator of all Creators.
156He is the river, Nandi , the lord of Nandi and the destroyer of the trees of India. He is the holder of discus, the husband of Sri and the king of the Lords Paramount.
157He is the master of all the celestials and is the leisure. He is Pushkara , the lord of Pushkara and the Pushkara island.
158He is Bharata, Janaka, Janya and is devoid of all forms. He is without any form, without any cause, without any fear and without any help.
159O bull-emblemed deity, I have thus described to you the thousand names of the Lord Vishnu destructive of all sins.
160By reading them a Brahmana attains to Vishnu-hood, a Kshatriya acquires victory, a Vaisya acquires riches and a Sudra is endued with reverential faith in Vishnu.