Order of universal creation described by Narayana to Rudra ||4||
1Rudra said- O Janarddana, do thou describe the primary and secondary creations, the families, Manvantaras as, well as the histories of the families.
2Hari said: -Hear, O Rudra, I will describe the old sport of Vishnu, consisting of creation, preservation and destruction, which destroys all sins.
3The Lord Vasudeva, void of passion, Nara Narayana, is the great Soul, Para Brahma, the creator and the destroyer of the universe.
4All this exists in Him as both manifest and unmanifest, He exists ln the form of Purusa (male being) arid Kala (Time).
5Vishnu is both manifest and unmanifest. He is Purusa and Kala. Understand, his actions are like those of a sportive child.
6He is without beginning, the Creator; He is without end and Purushottama (the most exalted of male beings). From him originate the unmanifest as well as the soul.
7From him emanate the intellect, mind, the Tattvas (principles) ether, air, fire, water and earth.
8O Rudra, He is the golden egg and is himself his own end. The Lord assumes a body for the purposes of creation.
9Having assumed the body of Brahma with four mouths, pervaded by the quality of Rajas (darkness) he creates the entire world, moveable and stationery.
10This entire universe consisting of the celestials, Asuras and human beings lies inside the egg.
11As Creator he creates the universe; as Vishnu he protects it; and he destroys it in the end. Hari himself is the destroyer. Having assumed the body of Brahma Hari creates the universe and as Vishnu he protects it.
12And assuming the form of Rudra the Lord destroys the universe at the end of a Kalpa. When Brahma was engaged in the work of creation.
13He, assuming the form of a boar, held up with his tusks the earth sunk underwater. Hear, O Sankara, I will describe all in short beginning with the first creation of the deity.
14The first creation is Mahat or intellectual principle; it is simply a metamorphosis of, Brahma. The second creation is that of Tanmatras or the subtle elementary particles. This is known as the creation of elements.
15The third is called Vaikairika or the creation of organs. This is the (Prakrita) material or elementary creation-originating from intellect.
16The fourth is the primary creation and all the stationery bodies are known as primary creations. The next is Tiryyakasrotas who are otherwise called Tiryyakjollya i.e, beasts etc.
17The sixth is the Urdhasrotasa which is called the creation of the celestials. The seventh is the creation of Arvakasrotas or human beings.
18The eighth is the creation pf Anugrahas pervaded by the qualities of Sattva (goodness) and Tamas (ignorance). These are the five orders of the Vaikarika (organic) creation. There are three orders of the elementary and organic creation.
19Koumara makes the ninth. O Rudra, there are four orders of creation beginning with the celestials and ending with the stationery creation.
20-22While engaged in the work of creation Brahma first procreated his mind-born sons. Then desirous of creating the four classes of beings, viz. the celestials, Asuras, Pitris and human beings, all, going under the name of Amba he adored his own self , as the lord of beings, although himself of unfettered soul, concentrated his soul, being desirous of creating, passion overspread him and first from forth his hips came out the Asuras.
23And then he renounced his person surcharged with Tama or darkness; and his darkness, on being renounced by him, O Sankara, was converted into Night. Having assumed another body, he became desirous of creating and felt delight.
24Then O Hara, came out from the mouth of Brahma, the celestials, surcharged with the justity of Sattva (goodness). On being renounced by him his body, surcharged with the quality of Sattva, was converted into Day.
25Therefore it is that the Asuras are powerful in the night and the celestials during the day. He then assumed a person fraught with the quality of goodness and then sprang from him the ancestors.
26And that body, on being renounced by him, became Twilight remaining between day and night. Then having assumed a body fraught with the quality of Rajas (darkness) he created human beings.
27And on being renamed by him that form became moonlight which is termed Praksandhya . Moonlight, Night, Day and Twilight are his bodies.
28-30And then he assumed an0ther body fraught with the quality of darkness and thereat sprung hunger from his and from hunger wrath. Brahma then created Rakshasas exercised with hunger. (Those that said “Save him”) are called Rakshasas and those (those said ‘We final eat him up’) are called Yakshas from Yakshana eating. And from the movement, (Sarpana) of his hairs sprang the serpents. Waxing worm, he generated some beings of wrathful temper. O sinless, then die Gandharvas came out singing. All these beings were created by him.
31-32He created goats from his mouth, the kine from his belly and sides; me horses, elephants, asses and camels from his feet, and medicinal herbs furnished with fruits and roots from the hairs of his body.
33-34Fair complexioned male sheep, horses, mules and asses are called Gramya or household animals. Hear, I will describe the wild ones. (They are) the beasts of prey, the cloven-hoofed, elephants, monkeys, and fifthly, birds and sixthly, aquatic animals and seventhly, reptiles. From his eastern and other mouths, he created the RK and other Vedas.
35The Brahmanas originated from his mouth, die Kshatriyas from his arms, me Vaisyas from his thighs and the Sudras form his feet.
36The region of Brahma is for the Brahmanas, that of Sakra for me Kshatriyas, mat of Marut (wind god) for die Vaisyas and that Gandharvas for the Sudras.
37Those practicing the Brahmacarya injunctions obtain the region of Brahma. The householders, performing duly their duties, repair to the region of the Creator.
38Those, living in me forest, acquire the region of me Seven Rishis. The sphere of me Yatis, going at will, is the eternal region.