Description of the rite of investing an image of Vishnu with the holy thread (Vishnu-pavitrarohanam) ||43||
1-2Hari said: -I will now describe the Pavitrarohanam rite of Hari which yields emancipation and enjoyment. Formerly in the war between the gods and Danavas. The celestials, headed by Brahma, sought refuge with Vishnu who conferred on them the standard Graiveyaka. Seeing them Hari said that they would overcome the Danavas.
3-4On Vishnu saying so, the Naga, Vasuki’s younger brother, said: -O bull-emblemed deity, I pray from thee this boon, called Pavitraka so that the Graiveya, conferred by Hari. may pass by my name”. On his thus addressing the Devas they conferred on him the same boon.
5The mortals. who worship me with the Pavitraka rite during the rainy season, have their adoration extending over full one year rendered useless.
6The Pavitrarohana rite of all the deities should be celebrated in order on the lunar days respectively reserved for them, beginning with the first day after the full moon.
7-8On the twelfth day of the dark or light fortnight the one for Vishnu should be performed. It is always necessary to perform the Pavitra rite during the rainy season, preference being always given to a Vyatipata day, to a solar or lunar eclipse, to a day when the Vrddhi rite of Vishnu is performed or when the preceptor comes.
9-10The sacred thread should be made of either red silk, silk fibers, cotton or linen. The twice born should offer a thread made of Kusa reeds, the kings that made of silk, the Vaisyas that of wool and the Sudras that made of new barks. O Isvara! one, made of cotton or of fibers of a lotus, is preferable unto all castes .
11-12Three knots of three folds each should be made of a thread spun by a Brahman. A worshipper should next recite the names of the presiding gods of the threats beginning with Om. They are Siva, Soma, Agni, Brahma, Phani, Ravi, Ganesha and Vishnu. Brahma, Vishnu and Rudra are the three presiding gods of the three threads.
13-14One should keep the thread in a golden vessel, or in one made of silver, or of copper, or of bamboo or of earth. The size of the best vessel should be sixty-four fingers in circumference, that of the middling one its half, and that of the youngest the its half again. The best thread must be one hundred and eight fingers in length, the middling one its half, and the youngest its half, again.
15The best knot should be of the size of a knot of the thumb; the middling one of that of the middle finger and the smallest one of that of the youngest finger.
16The measurement of the sacrificial alter must be guided by these general characteristics. The sacrificial thread must be placed on the idol (of Vishnu) which should be of the size of that of Siva.
17-18It must pass through breast, navel, thigh and hang up to the knee-joints. With a thread measuring one thousand and eight fingers in length should be formed four, thirty-six, twenty-four and twelve knots severally, each being of the size of a finger knot.
19It should be then dyed with saffron, turmeric or sandal. After fasting a worshipper should place the sacred thread on a vessel and perform the initiatory rite of consecration.
20Then in vessels made of fig leaves it should be placed in the eight quarters. Twigs and Kusa blades should be dedicated to Sankarshana in the east.
21-22Rocana (yellow pigment) and saffron should be dedicated to Pradyumna in the south. A person. who is about to undertake a war and seeks for victory, should dedicate to Aniruddha in the west. sandal, blue colour, sesamum seeds, ashes and Akshata. In the south-east and other corners, he should make assignment of Sri and other goddesses.
23Having then inspired the sacred thread with Vasudeva mantrams, looked at it again and worshipped it he should cover it with a piece of cloth.
24-25He should then place it before the image of the deity or the rustic diagram. Having placed duly as before Brahmanas in the west, south and north he should worship the pitchers. Then having drawn the mystic diagram with a weapon he should place the offerings.
26Having thus performed the Adhivasa rite of the sacred thread he should encircle the altar with three or nine threads and then connect his own body and the pitchers with it.
27-28Connecting the well of sacred fire, the pedestal, the awning and the temple with one thread he should place it on the head of the deity. Having thus offered the thread and worshipped the great god the worshipper should recite the following mantram. O King of gods! O Graeat isvara! I have invoked thy presence here for adoring thee.
29-30I will adore thee in the morning. Do thou come near these articles. “Having performed the Adhivasa rite of the sacred thread for one of three nights a worshipper should keep up the night and adore Kesava in the morning. He should next place (on die image) the biggest, middling and the smallest threads.
31Then having incensed the sacred thread he should inspire it with mantrams. Having recited die names of the knots he should adore them with flowers and other articles.
32-33Then having recited the Gayatri he should adore the deity with the following mantram. May my sons and wife hold this thread. O god, I hold before thee this purified and beautiful knot destructive of the greatest iniquity and of all sort of sins.
34-35Having thus worshipped the sacred thread with incense and other articles he should dedicate the middling and other ones. [He should next say] ‘‘For achieving success in religious rites and worldly undertakings I hold on my neck this sacred energy of Vishnu,” Then having worshipped the garland of forest, flowers with its own man tram he should offer it. Next he should place various offerings, flowers and edibles.
36-37Then having offered oblations to the sacred fire deposited in an well measuring twelve fingers he should offer one sacred thread, one hundred and eight fingers in length. Having first offered Arghya unto the Sun God he should dedicate to him a sacred thread.
38O Hara, he should next adore Visvaksena and his preceptor with Arghya. Clasping his hands, he should recite before the deity the following mantram.
39O, lord of celestials, may all adorations, whatever I have offered knowingly or unknowingly, be crowned with success by thy favour.
40-41O Garuda-emblemed deity, I offer this thy adoration extending over a year with garlands of gems and sapphires and of Mandara flowers. O god hold this sacred thread on thy breast as thou dost always carry the garland of forest flowers and the mystic mark of Srivatsa.
42Having thus adored the deity, fed the twice born and distributed presents amongst them a worshiper should perform the life-destroying ceremony of the deity in the evening.
43Having thus duly performed the adoration extending over a year as well as the offering of sacred thread one repairs to the region of Vishnu.