Installations of divine images ||48||
1Suta said: -I will now describe in brief the installation of the images of all the deities. Under art auspicious planet and in a beautiful building a preceptor should perform the rite of installation. He should, in the company of sacrificial priests, elect a Brahmana of the Central Provinces as the presiding priest.
2-3According to the religious prescription of his own branch or with the recitation of Praranava he should, with five or more Mudrikas, offer Padya and Arghya as well raiment’s, scented 4-5aThen having made the assignment of mantrams the preceptor should begin the rite of installation. Before the temple should be erected a sacrificial shed of ten or twelve cubits supported by sixteen pillars.
5b-6In its centre an altar of four cubits should be constructed and bedecked with standards. Then sand, procured from the confluence of rivers, should be scattered thereon.
7Beginning with the east five fire receptacles should be constructed of the shape severally of a square, of a bow, of a circle and of a lotus. Or all the five shod he of the shape of a square.
8After performing the place-giving rite, the presiding priest, for attaining success in all works, should perform the Homa ceremony near the head of the image.
9Some say that Homa ceremony should be first pertained in the north-east after pasting the sacred spot (with the solution of cow-dung). Near the gateway of the sacrificial shed four doors should be constructed.
10The branches of Nyagrodha, Oudumbara, Asvattha, Bilba, Plaksha and Khadira should be planted at the different doors of the shed. The gates should be five cubits in height and bedecked with clothes and flowers.
11Four pits, each of one cubit in depth, should be made on four sides. He should place the figure of a lion in the eastern gate, that of the king of horses (Ucchaihisrava) in the southern, that of a bull ill the western, and that of a celestial tiger in the northern door.
12-14aWith the mantram Agnimiti [the preceptor] should place the first in the east, with the Setva mantram he should place the second in the south, with the Agnayahi mantram he should place the third in the west, and with the Sannodevi man tram he should place the fourth in the north.
14b-15The flag, in the east, should be of the colour of a cloud, that in the south-east should be smoky-coloured, that in the north should be black, that in the south-west should be dark blue that in the west should be greyish, that in the north-west should be yellowish, that in the north should be crimson-coloured.
16-17And that in the north-east should be white. Vahurupa (one of various forms) should be placed in the middle. lndravidya should be placed in the east and with the Samsupti mantram Yamanaga should be placed in the south. Rakshohana should be adored both in the north and west.
18-20Then two pitchers should be placed at each door, covered with two pieces of cloth, pasted with sandal, bedecked with profuse flowers and creepers and inspired with mantrams. Thereupon the guardian deties of the quarters should be adored there according to the rites sanctioned by the Scripture.
21With mantram “Trataram Indra” Agni (the fire-god) should be worshipped upwards. The next man tram is Asmin Vriksha Itamcaiva Pracari.
22-23The other man trams are Knecedhatu, Acatva Vinnadevi and imarudra. Having thus adored the guardian deities of the quarters a learned worshipper should place articles and necessary implements for Homa in the northwest. The preceptor should, with the eyes, make the assignment of white conch-shells as sanctioned by the Scriptures.
24-25Forsooth, all articles are purified by looks. A person. who longs for all objects of desire, should make the assignment of heart and various limbs with Vyahrti and Pranava and that of other articles with the Astra mantram. Fried grains and handfuls of Kusa or sacred grass should be consecrated with Astra mantrams.
26The preceptor should touch all articles, collected in the sacrificial shed, with the blade of Kusa. Next he should seater on all sides fried grains consecrated with the Astra mantram.
27-28Beginning with the quarter (east) presided over by lndra he should scatter fried grains scolong as they do not come within the perception of Isana and then rub the ground of the sacificial shed with cow-dung. The preceptor should next perform the assignment of the entire mass of mantrams in the vessel of Arghya with scents and other articles. Then with the water of the Arghya vessel he should wash the sacrificial shed.
29He should next make the assignment of a pitcher named after the deity whose image is to be installed. He should adore the pitcher in the north-east and the Vardhani (broom) in the north with the Astra mantram.
30He should place the pitcher, the Vardhani, the planets and the Vastu god in their respective seats with the recitation of Pranava.
31The preceptor should adore the pitcher, having a thread round its neck, containing gems, covered with a piece of beautiful cloth and scented with all the medicinal herbs.
32-33The deity should be adored in the pitcher together with the Vardhani and the most excellent cloth. He should afterwards roll the pitcher together with Vardhani (broom); then sprinkling the ground with drops of water pouring from the broom he should place it before. Then having worshipped the broom and the pitcher he should adore the deity in the sacrificial altar.
34-35Having invoked the pitcher in the northwest quarter as well as the Gana deities a learned worshipper should recite the name of the Vastu deity in the north-east quarter. For making good the imperfections of the ground he should with the Vastospati mantram dedicate offerings of animals to the evil spirits and their leader on the eastern side of the pitcher.
36-38aAfterwards a learned worshipper should perform the rite of slaughtering those animals. With the mantram “Yoga, Yoga” he should next spread sacrificial fuels and Kusa blades. Then the presiding priest should place the images along with the Ritviks (sacrificial priests) on the altar of bathing. Then having recited many holy and auspicious verses through the Brahmaghosha the twice-born should place the image of the deity in the Brahma-car.
38b-40Then having brought the altar to the northeast comer the preceptor should place it in the sacrificial shed. With the mantram “Bhadra Karne” he should bathe the image and then put on the sacrificial thread. Having sprinkled the image, he should make the door after saluting it from a distance. He should next put collyrium for the eyes in a bell-metal or a copper vessel containing honey and Sarpi .
41Then with the “Agni-Jyoti” mantram he should open up its eyes with a golden probe. Then with due rites he should give the name.
42Then with the Ganga mantram “Imamme” he should perform the rite of cooling the eyes. With the mantram “Agni-Murdheti” he should place the dust of an anthill.
43With the mantram “Yajnayajna” he should place the branches of astringent tress, viz., Bel, Oudumbara, Aswattha, Vata and Palasa.
44-48He should then sprinkle the image with five products of cow together with the goddesses viz. Sahadevi, Bala, Satamuli, Satavari, Kumari, Guduci, Sinhi and Vyagrihi. The image of the animal, the god rides upon, should be built in the front of his temple, and gems, cereals, paddy and the Cotapuppika should be buried in the four comers of the edifice, the eight oceans such as the Kshrodi, Dadhi, etc., having been located by imagination in all the corners thereof by reading aloud the mantras which respectively begin as Apyasva.
49-51Dadhikratro, and Ya Oushadhi (those cereals) etc. The sacrificial pitchers should be invoked by uttering the mantra which runs as Tejosi, (thou art the light) etc., and bathed with water by repeating four times the mantra, known as the Samudralaja Mantra. The preceptor, having bathed and dressed veil, should offer the
incense sticks together with the perfumed gum resin known as the Guggula and invoke the particular sacred pools for bathing the sacrificial pitchers therein.
52-53The pitchers should be invoked with the mantra which runs as Ya Oushadhi; and they should be bathed in the sacred pools previously invoked hay reading aloud the following mantra. “A man, who bathes in that water, is purged of all sins etc.” Having performed the rite of oblation unto the sacrificial pitchers and by uttering the mantra of the ocean (Samudra mantra), the Argha offering should be presented to them. The perfumed sandal paste should be presented repeating the mantra which begins as Gandhadvara, etc., and the Nyasa (rite of locating the fiery images of mantra or god in the different parts of the body) should be performed by uttering the matras of the Veda.
54-56The cloth should be offered with the mantra which reads as this obtained with the means approved of the Sastras. The god should be taken into the sacrificial shed by reciting the mantra known as the Kaviha, and laid down in the bed with the mantra which runs as Sambhayaya, etc. All the articles should be purified with the mantra known as the Devatacchakan. Then having merged himself in the supreme principle of the universe, the preceptor should perform the Nyasa rite known as the mantra Nyasa.
57-59Then the mantra should be worshipped under a covering. Then as directed by the Scripture he should place offerings at the foot of the image. He should place the pitcher with gold, covered with pieces of cloth and inspired with Pranava mantra, where the head of the idol lies. Having placed it near the receptacle the preceptor should perform the rite of placing the sacred fire either according to the religious prescription of his own sacrificial code or according to the Vedic mantrams.
60-63One should recite Srisiikta , along with fire, its dwelling place, servants and deerskin, Vrishakapi and Mitra in the west. A successful Adhyaryu should recite in the south Rudra, Purushasukta , Slokadhyaya Brarnha, the Pitris and Maitra. A person, versed in Chandas (prosody), should recite, in the west, the Vedic observance Vamadevya, Jyeshthasama , Bherundas and Samans A Brarnhana, well versed in the Atharvan Veda, should recite in the north the principal portion of the Artharva, the (Kumbha Sukta verse) of the Atharva Veda, Nila Rudras and Maitra.
64Thouching the receptacle with the Astra mantram, the Acarya (preceptor) should bring the fire, either in a copper vessel or an earthen one, according to his means, and place it before.
65A worshipper should light the fire with the Astra mantram, should encircle it with the Kavaca mantram and afterwards perform the rite of Amrtikarana with all the mantrams. He should take up the vessel with his two hands and roll it over the receptacle and then with the Vishnu mantra he should throw the most excellent fire there.
66-68Either with the general mantrams or with those of his own sect he should place Brahma in the south and the sacrificial vessels in the north. Then with Kusa grasses he should place Paridhis in all the quarters.
69Brahma, Vishnu and Hara should be adored with the general mantrams. He should place fire in the sacrificial grass and should encircle it with the same.
70-71That which is. touched with a sacrificial grass is purified even in the absence of the mantrams. Encircled by uncut sacrificial grasses, with their blades directed in the east, west and north, the fire, of its own accord, comes near. One, well versed in mantrams, should do what has been said for the protection of the fire.
72Some preceptors hold that the rite, consequent on the birth of a child, should be performed after the installation of the sacred fire. Thereupon performing the rite of Pavitra one should purify his kingdom.
73The preceptor should next see that the rite of prostration is performed with man trams. He should pour clarified butter in drops into the fire for making the former successful. He should next offer ten oblations of clarified butter unto fire.
74-76As long as the rite of giving away kine continues so long Garbhadhana and other rites should be solenmized. Either with the mantrams of his own Scriptural code or with Pranava a preceptor should perform the rite of
Homa. Thereupon he should offer Purnahuti (consummated oblations) from which one’s desires are all fulfilled. A fire, thus generated, yeilds success in all works.
77-79Thereupon having worshipped the fire he should place it in the receptacle. Then with his own mantrams he should offer a hundred oblations in honour of Indra and other gods. Then unifying his own self with all the gods; mantrams and fire he should offer the Purnahuti.
80-81Then coming out the Acarya should offer sacrificial beasts to the guardian deities of the quarters, the evil spirits, gods and Nagas. Sessamum seeds and sacrificial fuels are the two necessary articles of Homa. Clarified butter in an auxilliary to them.
82He should next assign Purushasukta to the east, Rudra to the south, and Jyeshthasama and Bherunda to the west. Nilarudra is a great mantram of the Kurma Sukta (hymn) belonging to the Atharva-Veda.
83-85He should offer a thousand oblations to each of the gods to their head, body and foot, and then offer Purnahuti. In due order and without and distinction he should offer oblations to the spot where the head of the image is placed. The twice-born should offer oblations in honour of the gods either with the principal man tram, the mantrams of his own Scriptural code or with the Gayatri, or with only GayatrI, Vyarhrti and Pranava.
86-89aHaving thus duly performed the Homa rite a worshipper should make assignment of the mantrams, He should assign Agnimili to the feet, lsitva to the ankles, Agnyayahi to the hips, Sannodevi to the knee-joints, Vrhadanara to the thighs, Svatira to the belly, Dirghayustra to the heart, Sri to the neck, Trataramindra to the
breast, Triyugmaka to the eyes, and Murdhabhava to the head.
89b-90Thereupon a preceptor should raise up the image saying, “Rise up, O lord of the Brahmanas.” Then with the Vedic and other sacred recitations he should circumambulate the divine edifice. A person, well versed in mantrams, should next make the footstool of the deity.
91-92With gems he should place the image, of the deities of the quarters, metals and medicinal herbs and Louha Bijani behind the image. The image should not be placed in the centre of the adytum nor it should be absolutely abandoned. It should be placed a little distant from the centre and all imperfections should be removed thereby.
93-96aThen sessamum seeds should be placed in the north. Afterwards reciting the mantram “Om, remain here permanently and do good unto the creatures, salutation unto thee” the preceptor should make assignment of mantras to the deity, the Sun and the six other gods. Having made the six-fold assignments for accomplishing success he should inspire them with mantrams. He should next sprinkle the well-fixed image with the water of the Sampata pitcher and adore it with lamps, incense, scents and edibles.
96b-98Having offered Arghya and bowed unto the deity he should pray for forgiveness. Then according to his means, vessels, two pieces of raiment, umbrella and good rings should be presented as Dakshina (fee) to the officiating priests. A fterwards, with a controlled mind, the sacrificer should offer a hundred oblations and then the Purnahuti.
99-100And then coming out of the temple the preceptor should dedicate offerings to the guardian dities of the quarters. With flowers in his hands and saying “Forgive” he should dedicate them. After the termination of the sacrifice the sacrificer should present unto the preceptor a Kapila cow, cowry, head-gear, earrings, umbrella, bracelet, an ornament for the waist, fans, villages, and raiments etc. He should then give a grand dinner party. Being liberated by the favour of the divine edifice a sacrificer becomes successful.