Regulations of Prayascittas (penitential rites) ||52||
1Brahma said: -I will describe the regulations of Prayascitta or penances. The principal sinners are those who kill Brahmanas, those who drink spirituous liquors, those who comm it thefts and those who violate the beds of their preceptors.
2And the fifth class of sinners are those who associate with all those people. The minor sins, as described by the celestials, are the slaughtering of kine, etc.
3-4One, committing the sin of Brahmanicide, should make a cottage in a forest and live there for twelve years; or he should fast or level the summit of a mountain; or he should himself either enter into fire or water. For the Brahmanas or the kine, he should entirely give up his life.
5By giving food to the learned one may expatiate the sin of Brahmanicide. By performing a horse-sacrifice or bathing in a sacred shrine, one is freed from the sin.
6Or he should make over his all to a Brahmana, well read in the Vedas.
7-8aA twice born one should bathe thrice a day at the sacred and celebrated confluence of all the streams of the river Sarasvati and fast for three nights. By bathing at the Setuvandha , at Kapalmocana and Benares, one is freed from the sin of Brahmanicide.
8b-9The twice-born, who has drunk spirituous liquor, is freed from the sin by drinking, hot as fire, wine, milk, clarified butter and cow’s urine. By being killed by a king with a mace the stealer of gold is freed from the sin.
10-12aFor expiating the sin of Brahmanicide, a twice-born one should, clad in bark, live in the forest. A Brahmana, who possessed by lust, knows his preceptor’s wife, is to embrace the heated figure of a woman made of black iron. Or he may observe the penance of Brahmanicide or perform the Candrayana vow.
12b-13aA Brahmana, who keeps company with degraded people, should perform the following penance for cleansing himself of the sin.
13b-15aHe should undergo hardships without any sleep for one full year and duly give away his everything. This will destroy all sins. Due celebration of Candrayana accompanied with all possible hardships and the visiting of sacred places, such as Gaya, also leads to the destruction of the sin.
15b-16aHe who on an Amavasya day adores Bhava and feeds the Brahmanas, is also freed off of all sins.
16b-18If one, bathing in a river in the forenoon and fasting on the fourteenth day of the dark fortnight, offers seven handfuls or water with sesamum seeds to Yama, Dharmaraja, Mrtyu, Anantaka, Vaivasvata, Kala and Sarvabhuta Kahaya (the destroyer and all creatures) he becomes freed from all sins.
19Having controlled his intellectual and mental faculties he should observe the vow of celibacy, sleep on earth, fast and adore ilie twice-born.
20On the sixth day from the full moon he should, with a controlled mind, adore the deity (Vishnu), and on the seventh day, the sun-god. He would thus be freed off of all sins.
21Having fasted and adored Janarddana on the eleventh and the twelfth days of the light fort night, one becomes freed from all great sins.
22Recitation, visiting the sacred shrines and the worship of the deities and Brahmanas during an eclipse also destroys sins.
23Even if visited by all sorts of sins, a man duly renounces his life at a sacred shrine he becomes freed from them all.
24If a woman enters into fire with her husband, she reclaims him, even if he be guilty of Brahmcanicide, ingratitude or of other vile iniquities.
25The chaste woman, who is always anxious to serve her husband, is visited by no sin either in this world or in the next.
26As it is said that the lucky wife of Rama, the son of Dasratha, Sita, celebrated in the world, defeated the king of Rakshasas.
27By bathing in the sacred Phalgu river one reaps the fruit of all the religious rites. Formerly ilium did the divine Vishnu speak to me, O ye of controlled actions.