The Ramayana ||143||
1-2Brahmaji said: -Now I shal tell you, the story of Ramayana which when heard destroys all the sins. Brahma was born from the lotus coming out of Vishnu’s Nabhi and from Brahma Marici was born. From Marici the son Kasyapa was born and from him the sun and from him the Manu was born.
3From Manu Ikshvaku was born and his descendent was Raghu. Raghu’s son was Aja and then king Dasaratha was born. He had four sons all very powerful.
4-5Rama was born from Kausalya and Kaikeyi: gave birth to Bharata. Sumitra gave birth to twins viz. Lakshmana and Satrughna. Rama was very much devoted to his parents. He was trained insecret missiles by Visvamitra. Then he killed a wicked Yakshin Tadaka.
6-7He gave protection to sage Visvamitra for performing yajna and he destroyed the power of demon Subahu. Pleased by this Visvamitra took him to Mithila to participate in Dhanusyajna. Rama being victorious married the daughter of Janaka. Lakshmana married Urmila and Bharata was married with Madvi: as well as Sahtaghna was married to Srutakirti, both daughter of Kusdhvaja then along with parents all the sons accompanied with their wives went to Ayodhya and enjoyed the life. In between the maternal uncle of Bharata Yudhajita came to Ayodhya and Bharata.
8-9And Shatrughna went with him to his Capital. In the meantime, king Dasaratha decided. O appoint Rams as Yuvaraja of Ayodhya to install his favorite Rama as the Crown-Prince of his dominion, when his consort Kaikeyi: asked him to send Rama in exile for a period of fourteen years.
10-11For the spiritual edification of his father, Rama renounced the kingdom as a thing of little consequence and went out as a voluntary exile, in the company of his beloved Sita and Lakshmana, to the city of Sringabera. He renounced the use of his car and travelled on foot to the city of Prayaga from whence he sojourned to the Mount of Citrakuta.
12King Dasaratha, in agony of separation and in bitter remorse for what he had done, died and ascended to heaven. Prince Bharata performed the funeral rites of his father Dasaratha, and then went to Rama with a large army to welcome him back to his kingdom and heritage.
13Rama did not return to his capital, but gave his sandal to Bharata instead, to be installed on the throne of his kingdom as a royal insignia.
14Whereupon Bharata justly ruled the kingdom in the name of his sovereign Rama. Thus, dismissed by Rama, Bharata did not return to Ayodhya, but fixed his residence in the town of Nandigrama, while Rama thereafter sojourned to the hermitage of Atri from the Mount Citrakuta.
15-16Thence having made obeisance to Sutikshna and Agastya, Rama entered the forest of Dandaka, where the Monstress Surpanakha attempted to devour (Sita). Rama disgraced her by cutting her ears and clipping away her nose.
17Thus disfigurede and insulted, Surparnakha prevailed upon the Monsters Khara, Dusana, and Trisira to attack Rama simultaneously from three different sides. The three Raksasa heroes, with an army of fourteen thousand Rakshasa soldiers drawn up in a battle array, attacked Rama in battle.
18But Rama with the help of his deadly shafts, consigned them all to the mansion of death. Ravana, through the investigation of this Rakshasi (Surpanakha), resolved to carry away Sita by fraud.
19-20And for that end, he despatched before him a Rak$asa named Marica to lure away Rama in the forest in the magic guise of a golden stag. Site entreated Rama to chase the golden deer and to secure that golden query for her. Rama chased and killed that magic deer with his arrow, and the disguised Monster expired shouting, “Help, O Sita, help, O Lakshmana!” Lakshmana importunate by Sita, ran to the rescue of Rama, and beheld him in the forest.
21Rama said, “O Brother, these are the wicked charms which the Rakshasas practise in this dense and lonely forest, and surely they have carried away Sita by fraud.” In the meantime; Ravana appeared before the cottage of Rama and carried away the beloved bride of Rama vainly struggling on his lap.
22The mighty Jatayu, the king of the birds, assailed the dark souled miscreant on the way, but Ravai:ta was more than a match for him. So in the battle that ensued Ravana completely detated the bird-king Jatayu, and returned victor with his beautiful prize to his capital at Lanka, and kept her well-guarded in a shady garden of Asoka trees.
23Rama and Lakshmana returned to their forest retreat, their hearts foreboding all sorts of dire mishaps, and found it lonely and deserted. Oh, the first stifled sobs of widowed love that almost broke the all-conquering soul is called Padadaha of Rama in their repression! Lakshmana wept like a child in the first gloom of a dire calamity in which suspense metamorphoses itself into a torrid noon of burning shame, and a robust stream of molten affection suddenly broke forth, in his heart, into a deathless volcano of vengeance of retaliation, for the consummation of which all eternity expanded its bloated bosom and hypothecated itself to the prospective realization of that spiritual wrath. Rama and Laksmana followed the rail of their stolen goddess Ombre and ominous like a summer thunder cloud.
24On and on they went, weary and footsore, and traversed many a mile of that sylvan solitude when they stumbled upon the wounded body of the brave though dying Jalayu. That gallant bird king narrated the whole history of Sita’s forcible carrying away by the benighted Ravana and breathed his last in the presence of the divine brothers (Rama and Lakshmana). They collected the cast-off leaves and twigs of the forest, exhumed the dead body of the godly Jatayu, performed the last earthly rites to his mortal remains, and trended their way to the South.
25While there, Rama entered into a friendly compact with Sugriva, the brother of the monkey king Vali, and showed his skill in archery by shooting through the trunks of seven Tala trees. Then he killed Vali and made over the sovereignty of the monkey-land Kishkindha to his brother Sugriva.
26-28And quartered himself with his beloved Lakshmana in the outskirts of the Mount Risyamuka. Then Sugriva commissioned the leaders of his monkey-troops to search for Sita in all directions, and the huge monkey-generals, with their bodies mountain high, went out north, south, east and west in quest of the sunny bride of the solar race. In vain did they search every stream or riverbank, hill or dale, forest or hamlet, and at last while deliberating suicide in despair they saw Sampan.
29Hanuman, the greatest of the monkey generals, having got the information from Sampan, leapt over the sea, which is hundreds of miles wide, wide, and forms the abode of monsters.
30-31He saw the lovely Janaki imprisoned in the forest of Asoka trees, chastised by its female guards who had been pressing her hard to share the bed of Ravana, and harshly rousing her up from her revelry of Rama’s company.
32-33aThe monkey-general dropped down to Sita t e signet ring of Rams and asked her about her health. “Do not be dejected, O Maithili,” observed that gallant monkey, but rather give me something of yours which my master RAM might cherish as a sweet mement of love. Do not be frightened, O Maithili, for I am the servant of Rama.
33b-35aWhereupon Sita unfastened a jewel from her chignon, made it over to Hanuman, and asked him to request Rama to succour her immediately after his return to Rama’s residence (Rishyamuka). Hanuman gladly ascended to her request, and thereafter began to destroy the pleasure garden of Ravana, killing prince Aksha and many a Rakshasa soldier in the act.
35b-36aA Brahmastra cast by Indrajita hit him hard and left him a captive in the hands of Rakshasas, who dragged him in fetters to the presence of Ravana. Hanuman said, “I am a servant of Rama. Return to him, O miscreant, his faithful Maithili.
36b-37Ravana, madly infuriated by these observations ordered to bum the tail of the monkey general, and Hanii.man, by wildly lashing his burning tail against the thatched roofs of Lanka, instantaneously set the whole city on fire. Having consumed Lanka with fire, then monkey general returned to the side of Rama and reported to him of his having eaten mango and of the general conflagration that broke out in Rama through his own instrumentality.
38-40He made over to him the head gem of Sita, and Rama with Lakshmana, Hanuman and his monkey-army with its generals and officers, marched in the direction of Lanka. Meanwhile Vibhishana sighted by his brother Ravana, went over to Rama’s side and made a common cause with him. After that, Rama caused a bridge to be built across the ocean with · the help of the monkey general Nala and crossed over with his whole army and officers to the Isle of Lanka.
41-43aHe viewed the splendid prospect of the Island from the summit of the Hill Suvela, where he fixed his quarter for the day. Then the monkey generals Nila, Angada, Nala, Dhuma, Dhomraksha, Jambavana, Munda, Dvividha and others set to demolish the fortifications of the city (Lanka) and killed many leaders of the Rakshasa-army.
43b-45Rama and Lakshmana destroyed, with the help of their monkey-army, many an eminent Rakshasa hero of gigantic stature and black as the sable collyrium of death, such as Vidyutjihva, Dhumraksha, Devantaka, Narantaka, Mahodara, Mahaparsva, Atikaya, Kumbha, Nikumbha, Matta, Makaraksha, and Akampana.
46After that, Lakshmana defeated and killed in a single combat, the redoubtable Indrajita, and Rama having severed with his arrows the twenty arms of Ravana, subsequently killed him in battle.
47Sita gave ample proof of her chastity and came unscathed out of an Ordeal of Fire. Sita, thus purified by Fire, ascended the aerial car with her beloved consort, and the whole monkey-army, jubilant, and elated with victory, followed its gracious leader to his capital at Ayodhya.
48Rama ruled the country for eleven thousand years and protected his subjects with paternal love and care. He undertook and accomplished the celebration of ten Horse Sacrifices in succession and offered oblations to his departed manes at the shrine of Gayasirsa.
49-51He was blessed with two sons named Lava and Kusa. It was in his reign that the holy Sage Bharata first organized dramatic performances, and Satrughna killed the demon Lavana. Rama heard the origin of the Raksasas narrated to him by the holy Agastya. Having made over the sovereignty to his sons Lava and Kusa, Rama made his exit from the world at the close of a glorious though chequered life, dedicated exclusively to the furtherance of good therein.