The Nidanam of diseases of the ears ||169||

1Dhanvantari said: -For the knowledge of what is good or evil, I shall now discourse on the rules of food and drink. The red species of Bali paddy (rice) destroys the three Doshas, allays thirst, and arrests perspiration.
2Mahasali is highly restorative, and Kalabha is anticholeric and phlegmagougic, while Shashtika is heavy (of digestion) and cooling and destroys the three Doshas.
3-4Syamaka is pacifying, absorbant, anticholeric, and phlegmagougic, and generated Vayu in the organism. The species of food grain such as Priyangu, Nivara and Koradushnas, etc., are possessed of the same properties as the latter (Syamaka), Nava (barley) is cooling, anti-choleric, phlegmagougic and highly Vayu-generating, while wheat (Godhiima) is constructive, cooling, palatable and Vayu-destroying.
5Mudga pulse is light, sweet, astringent, anticholeric, phlegmagougic and alterative. Mahap ulse is heavy (of digestion), aphrodisiac, extremely strengthening and engenders the Pittam and Kapham.
6The species known as Rajamasha is nonaphrodisiac and destroys the three Doshas. Kulattha pulse cures dyspnoea, hic-cough and intestinal glands, and subdues the Vayu and Kapham.
7Kushthaka is cooling, astringent ferruginous and styptic; and Canaka (gram) generates the Vayu, destroys the Pittam, Kapha and blood (sic), and diminishes virile potency.
8Masura (lentil) is sweet, cooling) in its potency, astringent, and subdues the Kapham and Pittam. Sathina pulse is extremely Vayu.
9Ahaki destroys Kapham and Pittam, Kapikaccha is highly spermatopoetic, Atasi is Pittagenerating; and Siddhartha, Kapha and Vayudestroying.
10Tila (seasame has a sweet and alkaline taste, and is emulsive, tonic, thermogenic and choleric. The rest of the seeds (lit. food grains) are pacifying or cooling in their potency and serve to impair the strength of the organism.
11-12Citraka, Ingudi, Nalika, Pippali, Madhu-Sigru, Caya, Nirgundi, Tarkari, Kasamarda and Bilva are vermifuginous, appetising, light (of digestion), anti-choleric and phlegma-gougic, Varsabhu and Markara destroy the Vayu, and Vayu and Kapham in combination.
13-16Eranda is bitter and laxative, Kakamaci destroys the three Doshas, Can.gen destroys the Vayu and Kapham, while Sanapa, like Kausumbha, aggravates all the Doshas. Rajika engenders the Vayu and Pittam, Nadica destroys the Kapha and Pittam, Cuccu is sweet and cooling, Padmapatram destroys the Doshas, Tripatam is extremely Vayu-generating, Kakiara destroys all the Doshas, Vastuka is extremely relishing, Tanduliya, like Palankya and Coudrika, is antitoxic, raw Mulakam generates the Doshas and Mucous in the intestines, while cooked it destroys Vayu and Kapham.
17-18Mature Karkotakam, like Vartakam, Patolm and Karabillam, destroys the three Doshas, is delicious, and improves the voice; Kushmandam is diuretic and ·relishing, destroys all the Doshas, and proves curative in cutaneous affections, urinary complaints, fever, cough, asthma and diseases of the Kapham and Pittam.
19-21Kalinga Alavuni is anti-choleric and Vayugenerating, Trapusa and Ervaruka are anticholeric and generate the Vayu and Kapham, Vrkiamlam destroys the Kapham and Vayu, and Jamvira destroys the Kapham and Vayu. Dadima (pomegranate) is astringent and Vayu-destroying; Nagaranga phalam is heavy of digestion, while Keshara and Matulunga are appetising and tend to destroy (the deranged) Kapham and Vayu. Masa destroys the Vayu and Pittam, while its rind is emolient, heat-making and Vayu-destroying.
22Amalakam is sweet, relishing, constructive and aphrodisac; Haritakis relishing, appetising and favourably compares with the divine ambrosia.
23Like Aksha phalam, it is liquifacient and laxative, and tends to destroy all the Doshas. Tintidiphalam (tamarind) is liquefacient, laxative, acid (in its flavour) and subdues the deranged Vayu and Kapham.
24Lakucam is sweet and pathogenic, Vakulam, is Vayu and Kapha-subduing, and Bijapurakam is antispasmodic, proving efficacious in intestinal glands, cough, bronchitis and diseases of the deranged Vayu and Kapha.
25Kapittham (horse-apple) is astringent, antitoxic, and anti-pathogenic, ripe Kapittham is heavy of digestion.
26Immature Amram (mango) generates the Kapham and Pittam, raw-mango aggravates the Pittam, while ripe mango subdues the deranged Vayu, and is tonic, cosmetic and spermatopoetic. Jamboline fruit is astringent, takes time to be digested, engenders the Vayu and destroys the deranged Kapham and Pittam.
27Tinduka is Kapha and Vayu destroying, Badaram destroys the Vayu and Pittam, Bilvam -engenders the Vayu, and continues long undigested in the stomach, while Piyalam subdues the deranged Vayu.
28Talam, Rijadanam, Mocam, Panasam and Narikelam (cocoanut) are sweet, emolient, heavy (of digestion) tonic, and spermato poetic.
29Draksha, Madhuka, Kharjaram and Kwikunni pacifies the enraged blood and Vayu, while ripe Magadhis are sweet, laxative and curative of bronchitis and diseases of the deranged Pittam.
30Ardrakam is relishing, appetizing and subdues the deranged Kapha and Vayu, while Sunthi, Marica and Pippali conquer the deranged Kapham and Vayu.
31Marica is anti aphrodisiac, though several authorities ·a ttribute a contrary virtue to it. Hingu (asafoetida) conquers Kapham and proves curative in colic, intestinal glands, and tympanites.
32Yavani (Ptychotis), Dhinyakam (coriander seeds and Ajaji (cumin seeds) are highly Vayu and Kapha-destroying Saindhavam (Rock salt) is aphrodisiac, improves the eyesight, and destroys the three Doshas.
33Saubarcal salt is heat making in its potency and cures tympanites and angina pectoris. Vidsalt is sharp and heat making, anti-spasmodic and Vayu subding.
34Romaka Salt is heavy, relishing and Vayu-and leaves a slimy deposit in the vessels of the body. Yavakshara (impure Nitrate of Potash) improves the digestive faculty and proves curative in Jaundice in Jaundice and diseases of the heart and throat.
35Sarjikshara (barilla) is sharp, caustic, appetising, and is used in bursting abscesses. Atmospheric water is light, refreshing, anti-toxic and Dosha-destroying.
36River water is pacifying (in its effect) and Vayu-generating; tank-water, sweet and light; Vapiwater Kapha and Vayu-subding; and Tadaga water, Vayu-generating.
37-38Fountain water is palatable, digestant, phlegmagougic, light and pacifying (produces a condition of parchedness in the organism); well water generates the Pittam and is appetizing; water that springs up from beneath the soil is Pitta subduing;, water that is kept exposed to the sun, whole day, and is cooled by the moon beam, all night, acquires virtues identic with those of atmospheric water.
39Hot (boiled water) is beneficial in fever, bronchitis, and corpulency, and subdues the Vayu and Kapham. Water, which is boiled and subsequently cooled down, destroys the three Dogs, while that, which is collected over night, generates or aggravates them (Dogs) in the system.
40-41Cow’s milk is heavy, emulsive, rejuvenating, and Vayu and Pitta-subduing: that of a she-buffalo is heavier and more emulsive than the former, and impairs the digestive faculty that of a she-goat proves curative in blood-dysentery, cough bronchitis, asthma and diseases of the deranged Kapham. Woman’s (breast) milk has a saline taste and proves beneficial in hemorrhage and diseases of the eyes.
42Milk-curd it tonic, and aphrodisiac; it destroys the Vayu and generate the Pittam and Kapham in the system. Cream, churned out of curdled milk, destroys the Doshas and cleanses the ducts of the body (Srotovisodhanam).
43-44Newly made butter cures lienteric diarrhoea (Griham), haemorrhoids, and faceal, paralysis, while preparations of stale butter are heavy of digestion and beget Keloid tumours and other cutaneous affections. Takram (a kind of whey), whose creamy substance has been removed, subdues the three Doshas and cures lienteric diarrhoea, oedema, haemorrhoids Jaundice, dysentery and effects of any slow poison retained in the system.
45Clarified butter (Ghritam) is sweet, constructive, nerve-tonic, anticholeric and phlegmagougic; Ghritam made out of cow titter improves the intellect and eyesight, while a properly prepared and medicated Ghftam serves to destroy the three Doshas.
46Old Ghritam proves curative in hysteria, insanity, and epileptic fits. Ghritam made out of goat’s butter, or of any other butter should be regarded as possessing identical virtues with that milk. Urine is an antitoxic vermifuge and subdues the deranged Kapham and Vayu.
47Sesame oil is tonic, improves the growth of hair, subdues the deranged Vayu and Kapham, and proves beneficial in Jaundice, Ascitis, cutaneous affections, haemorhoids, oedema, intestinal glands and urinary complaints.
48Mustard oil is anti-corpulent, vermi-fuginous, and phlegmagougic and cures Jaundice and the deranged Vayu. Linseed oil impairs digestion and destroys the Vayu and Pittam.
49Oil expressed out of Aksha seeds is anti-choleric, and phlegmagoguic, it improves the growth of hair and soothes the skin and the eyes.
50Honey destroys the three Doshas, and generates Vayu in the system, and proves curative in hiccough, bronchitis, vomiting, urinary complaints, thirst, intestinal worms and effects of poisoning. Sugarcane is tonic and constructive, generates the Kapharn, and cures hemorrhage, hemoptysis, etc.
51Phanitam (boiled sugarcane juice) is sharp and Pitta-generating, while Matsyandika (surface layer of treacle) is white and light, and Khanda (a kind of unrefined sugar) is emoilent, constructive, and sweet and proves curative in haemorrhages and disorders of the Vayu.
52Treacle is constructive, Kaphah-generating and Vayu and Pitta-subduing. Old treacle is extremely wholesome, subdues the Pittam and soothes the blood.
53Treacle-sugar is constructive and cures hemorrhage, hymoptisis, etc. All kinds of urine generate the Pittam, which, through its acid taste, conquers the Kapham and Vayu.
54Wines of the Sauvira species are sharp and aggravate blood and the Pitta. Manda made of fried rice is appetizing and digestant.
55-56Peya (gruel) is light, diuretic and restores the deranged Vayu to its normal condition. Peyas made with w,hey, pomegranate, and Vyosha, or with treacle, Amala and Pippali prove curative in cough, bronchitis and diarrhoea. Payasa is tonic and phlegmagoguic, Kricchra, is Vayu-destroying.
57Soup being cooked in combination with bulbs, roots, fruit or Ghritam becomes heavy and constructive.
58A Supa (salted soup), well-kooked ail;d taken lukewarm, forms a light diet. Sakas, well-cooked and with their watery parts squeezed out, and seasoned with any oily or fatty substance, forms a wholesome dish.
59Jusha (unsalted soup) made with Amalaka and pomegranate improves digestion, destroys the Vayu and Pittam; made with Mulaka it proves efficacious in cough, bronchitis, catarrh and diseases of the deranged Kapham.
60Jusha of barley, Kola and Kulattha pulse is beneficial to the voice and subdues the deranged Vayu. Juice made with Amalaka and Mudgapulse is astringent and conquers the deranged Kapha and Pittam.
61Milk-curd with treacle is Vayu-destroying. fried barley-powder (Saktu) is pacifying and Vayu generating. Suskalis (something like Kacauries) prepared with Ghritam are aphrodisiac and heavy (of digestion), and improve the digestive faculty.
62Articles of fare made with cooked meat are constructive and tissue building; cakes are heavy of digestion, those, which are baked with oil, impair the eyesight, while those which are boiled with water are extremely hard to digest.
63Warm Mandakas are extremely wholesome; cold they take a long time to be digested. Drinks and after potions (Anupinas) are refrigerant, and those, who follow the proper rules as regards drinks and Anupanas, know no disease and enjoy a sort of immunity from poisoning.
64The taste or touch of a cold poison, resembling the neck of a peacock in colour, produces mental anguish and discolouring of the complexion of a patient anywise handling it.
65The smell of such a poison produces obstinate ocular affections, yawning, shivering, etc., which baffle the skill of even the best of physicians.