The Nidanam of diseases of the eyes ||171||

1Dhanvantari said: -Now hear me, O Susruta, discourse on the nature of the medical treatment to be adopted in cases of sinus. Sinuses should be first opened with the knife, after which remedial measures mentioned in connection with ulcers should be employed.
2A medicated Ghritam cooked with the admixture of Guggula, Triphala, Vyosa and Mansa cures sinus, fistula in ano, bad or malignant sores, as well as coilc.
3A medicated oil cooked with the admixture of the expressed juice of Nirgundi cures sinuses, and malignant ulcers; used both internally and externally this oil proves efficacious in Pima.
4Pills consisting of three parts of Guggulu, five parts of Triphala, and one part of krishna prove curative in oedema, intestinal glands, hemorrhoids and fistula in ano.
5In cutting of the vein of the penis, as well as in syphilis, suppuration of the sore is to be primarily guarded against in as much as suppuration in these cases may ultimately lead to the sloughing off of the organ.
6A decoction of Guduci, Maraca, Nimba and Patola leaves may be advantageously given with catechu and delirium in Syphilis.
7Bum down Triphala to ashes in an iron pan, charred Triphala applied with honey to spyhilitic sores brings about their healing almost that very day.
8A medicated Ghritam cooked with the admixture of a decoction or paste of Triphala, Nimba, Bhunimba, Karana, and Khadira proves curative in syphilis and in diseases of syphilitic origin.
9In a case of fracture of the bone, the seat of the fracture should be first ascertained, which should be first washed with cold water then plastered with mire and bound with blades of Kusa grass.
10Milk, clarified butter meat-essence, meat-soap of sesame seeds should form the diet of a fracturepatient.
11A patient suffering from the dislocation, fracture, or crushing of any bone would do well to live on a regimen of garlic and fried paddy, mixed with honey and sugar.
12Take equal parts of Asvattha, Triphala and Vyosha, and Guggulu equal to their combined wieght, and mix. This compound has the virtue of setting broken bones.
13Bleeding, and use of emetics and purgatives are recommended in all forms of cutaneous affections. A decoction of Vaca, Vasa, Patola, and Nimba, or Phalinibark taken with honey, subdues the deranged Vayu, and is a good constructive remedy.
14Purgings should be induced with the administration of a compund of Trivrt, Danti and Triphala.
15A medicated oil cooked with, the admixture of realgar and black pepper proves efficacious in all forms of cutaneous affections, and plasters composed of these two drugs may be used in all forms of Kushtha (skin disease) with advantage in which the patient should take every day five Myrobalans in combination with treacle.
16Plasters composed of Karanja, Tagara, and Kushtam pasted together with cow’s urine, and rubbing of the affected part with Karavira after anointing it, prove curative in cutaneous affections.
17-18Similarly, plasters composed of Haridra, Malaym, Rasna, Guduci, Tagara, Aragbadha and Karanja, or of realgar, Vidanga, Vaguji, Karaja and Sarshapa, pasted together with cow’s urine, destroys cutaneous affections as the sun destroys darkness.
19-20A plaster composed of Vidanga, Airagaja, Kushta, Nisa and Sindhuttha pasted together with cow’s urine cures Ringworm. Plasters composed of Prapunnat-seeds, Dhatri, Sarjjrasa and Sunhi pasted together with Sauvira wine may be advantageously used in rubbing the patches in cases of Ring-worm.
21Plasters composed of Aragavadha leaves pasted with Aranalam proves curative in ringworms; keloid tumours, and psoriasis.
22A compound to Tilam, Triphala, Vyosa, Bhallataka, sugar, honey and clarified butter taken in equal parts, is highly possessed of constructive and aphrodisiac properties, which may be given with benefit to patients, suffering from any form of cutaneous affections.
23A lambative consisting of Vidannga, Triphala, and Krishna pounded and pasted together with honey covers urinary complaints (mehas), skin diseases, intestinal worms, sinuses, and fistula in ano within the range of its therapeutic application.
24He who takes Abhayarishtam (urine of Myrobalan), or Amalaka and Nisa for a month, is sure to get rid of all kinds of skin deseases. -Burn to ashes the sprouts of Amra and Khadira trees in an iron pot.
25Ashes thus prepared together with powders of Aksha, taken through the medium of honey and the expressed juice of Dhatri, proves curative in all forms of cutaneous affections. This medicine is also posessed of a good rejuvenating efficacy.
26A decoction of Dhatri and Khadira taken with Valguja speedily cures even the most obstinate type of leucoderma.
27Oil of Bhallataka taken for a month cures all forms of leprosy; solution of catechu taken every day with food or drink cures all forms of skindiseases.
28-30A medicated Ghritam cooked with a decoction and paste of VW, Guduci, Triphala, Patolam, Karaajakam, Nimba, Asanam, and Krishna Vetaram proves curative in all forms of skin diseases and enables its users to live up to a hundred years. This Ghrtam is called Vajrakam Ghftam.
31Take the expressed juice of Durva grass and four times as much oil, cook it in the usual officinal method; external applications of this oil cures itches, Pama. etc.
32-33An oil duly cooked and prepared in combination with Druma-bark, Tvak, Trka, kunit ham, rock salt, Gambirika, and cow’s urine proves curative in ulcers and skin diseases. A decoction composed of Vasa, Amrta, Parpatakam, Nimba, Bhonimba, Markara, Triphala, and Kulattha pulse, taken with honey, cures Amlapittam (acidity).
34A decoction to Triphala, Patolam, and Tilda, taken with sugar and Yashtimadhu cures fever, vomiting and acidity.
35Visa-Ghftam, Tikta-Ghriam, Pippali-Ghritam and Guda-Kushmandam should be employed in Amlapitam.
36Pippali taken with honey cures acidity a confection made of Pathya, and treacle conquers impaired digestion and diseases of the deranged Kapham.
37Cook a Ghftamin the usual way with a paste of Ajali, and and Dhanyakam, This Ghritam cures impate digestion with a non-relish for food, as well as vomiting and diseases of the deranged Pittam and Kapham.
38-39A decoction of Pippali, Amrta, Bhunimba, Vasaka, Arista. Parpata and Khadira proves curative in carbuncles with fever. Clarified butter in admixture with the expressed juice (Rasa) of Triphala and Trivrt should be given as a purgative in Erysipelas with fever.
40A decoction of Khadira, Triphala arishta, Patolam, Amrta, and Vasaka, proves curative in measles and small pox.
41Dusting of the affected part with garlic-powder proves beneficial in carbuncles, Erysipelas, itches, Masaka and other cutaneous affections.
42In Carmakilas. Jarumanis, Mdaka (described before) the affected part should be first scarified and then cauterised with fire or alkali.
43Plasters composed of Nili, and Patolaleaves cures Pishana-Gardhava (parotitis) oil cooked with Gunja berries and the expressed juice of Bhringaraja cures the form of cutaneous affection known as Kapala Kushtam.
44A compound consisting of the inner pulps of mango stones, Triphala, Nila, Bhringaja, Kandupika and iron dust mixed with Kanjika imparts a black gloss to grey hair.
45Cook a Kudava measure of oil with two Prastha measures of the expressed juice of Pan;ta leaves, milk, and Arka. The oil thus prepared removes the greyness of hairs even of old men.
46Gargles of Triphali-decoction, or of one consisting of chamber soot, nitrate of potash, Pithi, Byosa, and Rasanjanam should be held in the mouth in stomatitis and affections of the mouth.
47-48Honey saturated with powders of Lodhra, Triphali, and Citrakam, held in the mouth, cures diseases of the throat and the teeth. Gargles consisting of a decoction of the five astringent leaves viz., Leaves of Patola, Nimba, Jimvira, Amra, and Milati, should be regarded as the best in diseases of the mouth.
49The expressed juice of Lacuna, Ardrakam, Sigru, Pirula, Mulakam or Kadali, administered luke worm, forms the best eardrop in Otalgia.
50In acute Otitis, attended with noise in the ears and a shiny discharge, the expressed juice of Snuhi should be poured into the tympanum, after dusting it with powdered rocksalt.
51Oil cooled with the expressed juice of Jatipatram, as well as Sunti-oil, or warm mustard oil proves most efficacious in relieving earache.
52Milk cooked in combination with the drugs of the Pancamula group, as well as a compound of Citraka, Haritaki, and treacle, or a Saqanga soup (yusa) proves curative in cases of catarrh.
53By taking a light diet (lit. fasting) for five days in succession a man can get rid of the disorders of digestion, catarrh, fever, ulcer and inflammatory diseases of the eyes.
54Drops of the expressed juice of Dhatri, poured into the eyes, allay the local inflammation, and the same result may be obtained by using honey and rocksalt with a solution of Sigru, Darvi, and Rasaajanam pasted together.
55A plaster composed of Haridra, Daru-Rasanjanam Gairikam and rock-salt pasted together and applied around the eyes relives ocular affections.
56Plasters of Abhaya fried with melted butter, or of Triphala pasted with milk, or a Luke-warm solution of a paste of gukithl, Nimba leaves anc;I an extremely small quantity of rocksalt poured into the eyes in the manner of an eye slave, proves efficacious un all forms of ocular complaints.
57-58A decoction of one part of Abhaya, two parts of Aksha, and one part of Amrita, or a lambative of these drugs made with the admixture of honey and clarified butter and sticks made of Candana, Triphala, Paga, Palasa and Tarumala pasted together with water cure all forms of Timira.
59Plasters of Marica pasted with milk curd and applied in the manner of a collyrium cures all forms of Timira. A Ghftam cooked with the admixture of a paste and decoction of Triphala and milk, and taken at the evening, speedily cures all forms of Timira.
60-61Pills made of Pippali, Draksha, iron powders and rocksalt, pasted with the expressed juice of Bhringaraja prove efficacious in haemorrhoids, cataract, urticaria and ocular affections.
62-63Pills made of Trikatu, Triphala, rocksalt, Manahi-sila Ketakam, Sankhanabhi, Jiti flowers, Nimba, Ranjanam and Bhringaraja, pasted together with milk, honey and clarified butter, prove curative in all forms of occular affections.
64-65Eranda-roots or Mucukunda flowers, pasted with milk or Kanjikam, and applied as plasters over the forehead, instantly cure head-ache. A medicinal oil cooked in combination with Satanaga, Eranda roots, Ugra, Cakra, and Vyaghri, each weighing a Pala weight, and used as an errhine, proves curative in Timira, in diseases of the deranged Vayu and Kapha, and in diseases of super-clavicular regions.
66A compound of Visvam, Pippali and rock salt. taken with salt and treacle, proves curative in Bhujastambha (Ebb’s paralyasis) and diseases of the super clavicular regions.
67Errhines should be freely employed in combating all forms of Suryavarta (a type of Cephalagia). A decoction of the druus of the Dasamula-group mixed with rock-salt and clarified butter should be employed as an errhine in Suryavartam.
68A woman suffering from an attack of leucorrhoea of the Vataja type should take a compound of Sauvarcala salt, Ajaji, Madhukam, and Nilotpalam, pasted together with milk-curd, and sweetened with honey.
69-70In the Pittaja form of leucorrhoea the expressed juice of Vasaka, or Guduci or Amalaka seeds pasted with water and sweetened with honey and sugar should be administered. For the alleviation of Pawu type of leucorrhoea a woman should take the expressed juice of Amalakam, and honey, or that of the Karpasa roots in combination with the washings of rice.
71A paste of Tanduliyakam roots and Rasanjanam taken through the vehicle of ricewashings and honey cures all forms of leucorrhoea. Kusa roots pasted with rice washings and taken through the same medium conquer all fortes of Leucorhoea