Names of Herbs ||204||
1Suta said: -Dhanvantari thus narrated the science of Ayurveda to Susruta. New I shall briefly enumerate the different names of the A yurvedic drugs.
2Sthira, Vidarigandha and Amsumati are the names of Salaparni (Desmodium Gangeticum). Langali, Kalasi, and Kroshtu are the names of Guha (Mucuna Pruriens).
3Varishbhu is called Punamava (Spreading hogneed, Boerhaaria Diffusa). Karavellah is another name of Katillaka (Hairy Momardica Charantea). Eranaa (castor-oil plant. Riconus Comamnis) Uruvaka, Amarda and Vardha-manaka are synonymous.
4Nagavala is called Jhasa (Sida Spinosa). Svadanashtra is called Goksura (Tygophylleae Tribulus terestris). Satavari, Vara, Bhiru, Pivari, Vari and lndivari (Asparagus Racemosus) are synonymous.
5Vyaghri, Vrhati, Krishna, Hanspadi, Madhusrava, Dhamani, Ksudra, Simhi and Nidigdhiki are the names of Kantakari (Solanutn Janthocarpum).
6Vrishikali, Amrita, Kali, Vishaghni, Sarpa-danshtrika, Markati, Atmagupta, and Arsheyi and the names of Kapikacchuka (Mucuna Pruriens).
7Kshudra-Saha is Mudgaparni (Phaseous Trilobus), while Mashparni is called Matia-saha (Teramuns Labialis, Grangea Midraspatna). Nyagrodha is Vata (Banyan tree); Kapila is the name of Asvattha (Ficus Religioasa).
8Parkati Gardhavada, and Kapitana are the names of Plasa (Thaspesia Pahulnea). Partha, Kukubha, and Dhanvi are the names of Atjuna (Farminalia Atjuna).
9Prarohi, and Pushpkari are the names of Nandi Vriksha (a species of filature). Vanjual is Vetasa (calamus rotong), while Bhallataka is called Arushkara (Semecarpus Anacardium).
10Lodhra is called Saravaka, Dhrita, or Tirita (Symplocas Racemosa). Bala-phala, and Vrihatphala are the names of Maha-Jambu (Eugenia Jambolana).
11Nadeyi and Trtiya are the names of JalaYambu (wild Jamboline), Kana Krishna Upakulya, Saundi and Magadhi are the names of Pippali (Piper Longum), while its roots are called Granthikam (Piper offcinarum).
12Usanam is Maricam (Piper Nigrum), while Visvarit and Maahaui,adham are the names of Sunthi (dry gingiber), Vyosam is the name of Trikatu, (Sunthi, Pippalt and Maricam) which is also called Tryusanam.
13-14Langali, Halini and Sreyasi are the names of Gajapippali (Potties officinalis), Trayamana is called- Trayanti (Thalicturm Fdliolosum), and Utsa is Vahuvaha. Vanhi, Sikhi, and terms signifying fire, are the names of Citrakam (Plumbgo Zeylanica).
15-16sadgrantha, Ugra, Sveta and Heimavati are the names of Vaca (Sweet Flag). Vrikshka, Sukra, Vastsaka and Girimallika are the·names of Kutaja (Wrightia Anti-dysenterica), and Arishtam, Indrayava and Kalinga are the names of Kutaja-seeds. Kunti, Harenuka, and terms denoting. Cloud, are the names of Mustaka (Mariscus cyuprus).
17-19Ela (cardemon) is called Vahula, the smaller variety is called Truti. Padma, Bharngi, and Kanji are called Brahmanas-Yashtika (Oerodendron Siphonanthus). Tejini, Tiktabalkala and Madhurasa are the names of Murva (Sanse-vieria Zeylancia). Mahanimba, Vrikshanimba, and Dipyakas are the names of Jamani (Ptychotis) Vidanga (seeds of Embelia Ribus) and , Hingu are called Amatham. Ajaji is the name of Jirakan (cumin seeds), Karavi is Upakancika·(Nigella Sativa or lndica),
20-21Katuka and Tikta are the names of Katu-(Blach Hellibore) Tagaram, Natam, Cakram, Cocam and Tvacam are the names of Varangakam, (Cinnamon Bark) Hriveram (Pavonia 0dorata) is synony mous with Udicyam, and Valakam, and terms signifying water, are also used to denote this plant.
22Hemabha, and terms denoting elephant, are the names of Nagakesara (Mesua ferrea). Asrik, Kasnura, and Bahlikam are the names of Kumkum (saffron).
23Compounds signifying Iron denote Ayuguru. Yavishta, Pracina, Kalika, Susabi, Tosanasa and Rambha are the names of Kadali (Plantain). Puram, Kutannat, Maishaka and Palankasha are the names of Kutannat.
24Kasmari and Sriparni and the names of Katphala (Myrica Sapida), Patri, Sarabhi, Srava and Garbakshya are the names of Sallaki (Bos Wellia Serrata).
25Dhatri is the name of Amalakam (Emblic Myrobalans) Aksha is the name of Vibhitaka (Terminalia Belirica). Pathya, Abhaya and Piitana are the names of Haritaki (Indian Myrobalans).
26-27The group of drugs, known as Triphala or Phalatrikam, consists of Haritaki, Bibhitaka and Amlakam (with their stones removed. Udakiri, and Dirgha-Vrinta, are the names of Karanja (Karanji of the Raja-nighantam); and Yashtahvayam, and Madhu-Yashti are synonymous with Madhukam (Liquorice-root; Glycyrrhiza glabra). Tamraparni li, Samanga and Kunjara are the names of Dhataki (Woodfordia Floribondia).
28-29Sitam, Malayajam, Sitam and Gosirsam, are the terms which signify white sandal wood (Santalam albam), while the red species is called Rakta Candanam. Vira, Vayasyt and Arkapushpika are the names of Kakoli, while Sringi is known by the names Karkata-Sringi and Mahaghosha (Rhus Succedanea).
30Tugakshiri, Subha and Vansi are the names of Vamsalocana (Marina of the Bamboo), and Grapes are called by the epithets of Draksha. Gostanika and Mfdvika (Vitis Vinifera).
31Lamajjka are called by the names of Usiram and Marinalam (Juncus Odoratus), and Saram, Gopi, and Gopavalli are the names of Bhadra (Hemidesmus lndicus).
32Danti and Katalikeri are tie names of Daru (Cascinium Fenestratum), and Rajani, Pitika, and terms signifying “Night” are the synonymes of Haridra (turmeric).
33Vira-Vriksha is known by the epithets of Virataru and Varataru, while Rasa, Amrita, Nilavalli and Chinnaruha are the epithes of Vrksadam (Tinaspora Cordifolia). Kapota is another name of Siirya bhakta (Cleoma Viscosa, Polanisia Icosundra), while Katapam is called Kanthabhalla or Kanthasala, and Kmpika, Vasira and Vasukota are all synonymous.
34-35Arista, Mva-smit and Katta-bhedaka are the names of Pasana-bheda (Coleus amboinicus). Ghantaka is known by the epithets of Lusaka, Vaca and Sucaka. Sagandha, Chatradi and Chatra are the names of Kusumbha (Cathamul tenctarius), and Pitasala is known by the epithets of Sarasa and Bijaka (Indian Kino tree, Pentaptera tomentosa). Vajravrksa, Mahavriksa, Sudha, Guq.a, and Sruk are the names of Snuhi (Uphorbia Neraifolia).
36Sala (Shoria Robusta) tree is known by the epithet of Yaksavrksa, while Anisa is called by the name of Tinisa (Indian Jarula tree-Dalbergia Oujeineisis). Upastha, and Surasa are the other names of Tulasi (Holy basil). The second variety of Tulasi is called Sid (Ocimum album). Another species of Tulasi is called Arjunaka, Parni, Saugandhaparnika and Kutheruka (Assimum Bajilicum).
37Nila, Nirgundi, Sugandhika, Sugandha-parini, Vasanti and Kulaja are the names of Sindhuvara (Vitex trifolium).
38Pita Kashtham and Katakashrya are the names of Kaliyakam (Yellow Sandalwood); Khadira is called Gayatri (Acacia Catechu), while the white variety is called Kandara (Kadara according to others).
39-40Indivaram, Kuvalayam, Saugandhikam, Satadalam, Kamalam and Avjam are the synonuymes of Padma (Nelumbium specio-sum), while the blue variety is called Nilot-palam (Nymphaea Stellats). Vajikarna and Asvakarna are the names of Sarja (Indian Saltree-Shoria Robusta), while its another variety is known by the epithets of Urja and Ajakama (Beng Jhanji Sal). Selu and Vahuvira are the synonymes of Sleshmataka (Cordia myxa, narrow leaved Sepistun). Kulangani, and Mrgccha are the synonymes of Alambusha.
41-42Sunandaka, Kukud, Bhadram and Chatraki are the names of Chatri (Andropogon citratus) Kabari, Kumbhaka, Karila, Kamamana, and Dhanakrit are the synonyms of krishnarjaka, Pric, Bali Nadi, Krinta and Viyasi are the names of Kaka-Janga (Leelahirta).
43While Dravanti is known by the epithets of Akhukarnika and Mushika-karna (croton Polyandrum Kesamushti and Visamushti are the names of Dravanam (Melia Azendarach).
44Kilihi is called Katuka (black Hellebore) while Amla-vetasa is called Dantaka (country SorrelAcido, Zeyfolia). Agvattha and (Bhu), Amalaki are the names of Vahupatra (Phyllanthus niruri).
45Arasukam, Partrasiikam and Kshiri are the names of Rajadanam (Mimonsops Hexenbra). Didimvam is called Mahapitram (pomegra-nate) which is also called Karaka.
46-47Vidali, Sashpa Kalindi Masuri, kantakakshyia, Maha-Syaya, Vrikshapadi, Vidyi Kunti, Nikumbhi, Tribhangi and Triputi are the names of Trivrt (lmpomea tarpethum). Saptali is called Sankhini, Sukumari, Tiktashi and Yavatikta (Kilmegh) and is also used to signify Carma, or Carmaksha (Origaum Vulgaris).
48-49Gavakshi, Amrita and Girikarni are the names of Gavidani (Colocynth-Citrullus Colocynthus), while Raktanga, Gunda, and Rocanaka are the synonymkes of Kampillaka (Kamila Melloctus Phillipinesis). The yellow species is called Hemakshiri (Gamboge thistle), while the black variety is called Kaladugdhika.
50-51Gangeruki is another name of Nagavala (Sida Spinosa), while Visali is a synonym of Indravaruni (colocynth) Rasanjanam (extract of Indian Barbary) is known by the epithets of Arjanam and Tirkasa-Sailam, while the extrect of Salamali (Bombax Malabaricum) is called Moca-rasa. Pratyakpushpi is another name of Kara, while Mayurka is a synonyme of Apimirga (Achyranthis Aspera).
52Visaka (Adhatoda Vasaca) is also called by the epithets of Simhisya, Vrisha, and Atarushkam. Rivaka, Jivi Sakha and Karcara are the names of Sati (Curcoma Gedoaria).
53Somavriksha (Somavalka?), Agnigandha, and Sugandhika are synonymous with Katphalam (Myrica Sapida), Satapuspa (Dillseed-Aurthum gravey is) is also known by the epithets of Satanga, MisI and and Madhurika.
54-55Puskaram and Pushkarahvayam are but the diferent names of Pushkaramulam (root of Alpotaxis auriculata). Tasa, Dhanvayasa and Dushparsa are the synonymes of Duralabha (Alhagimaurorun Fogoina Arabica) Vaguji and SomavallI are the names of Somaraji (Serratula Anthelmintic). Markava and Kesaraja are the synonymes of Bhpigaraja (Wedelia Calendu-lacea).
56-59Edagaja is another name off Cakramarda (cassiatora). Samgi, Tagara, Vayasi Vela, Tandulya and Ghanastana are the names of Mahakala. Tiktatumbi and Tiktalavu are synonymous with Ikshaku (Bottle gourd, wild variety of Langaneri Vulgaris) Kosataki and Yaminy are but the different names of Dhamargava (Laffu Aegyptiaca), Vidyut, which is another species of Dhamargava is also called Kritabhedanam, Jimfttaka, Khuddaka, and Devatadaka. Grdhradana is another name of Gidhranakhi, which is also called Kakadani and Hingu (caparis Sepiaria).
60Mvari and Asvamaraka are but the different names of Karavira (sweet scented OleanderNerrium odorum). Tarasi and Kusaja are the names of Kapitthapatrl (Being Elvaluk). Sindhu, Saindhava, Sindhuttha and Manimuntha are the synonymes of Rocksalt.
61Usara, Yavagra and Yavakshsra are the terms which denote a kind of impure carbonate of potash lit ashes of burnt barley straw); Sarjika and Sarjkala,ara are the names of barilla. Sikhikanthabham Chitrakam. Tuttham etc., are the, terms which denote nitrate of Copper. Kasisham, Pushpakasisham and Netra bheshajam (lit eye-cure) are the terms which signify greet Sulphate of iron.
62-63Kasisha and Dhatu-Kasisha are also the different names of the foregoing substence. Tapyam and Tapyutha-sambhavam are synonymous with Makshika (iror pyrites).
64Naipali, Kulati and gild are the different nemes of Manahi-sila (red sulphate of arsanic), while the terms Alan and Manastalakam signify Haritalam (tri-sulphide of arsenic) Gandha-Pashana is but another name of Gandhaka (sulphar while the term Rasa is used of signify Parada (Mercury lit. that which bears a person beyond death and disease).
65-66Audumbaram, Sulvam and Mleccha-mukham (are the different names of Tamram copper), and the terms Adrsaram (lit . essence of rock; Ayas, and Tiksnam are used to denote iron and steel). Kakshi, Panka-parpai, and Mrtti Kala,aram are the names of Saurashtra Mrittika. Maksikam, Ksaudram and Pusparasam are the synonyms of Madhu (honey).
67Fermented barley-boilings are called Sauvirakam and Kanjikam. Sita, Sitopala, Matsandl are synonym of Sarkara (sugar).
68A compound of Cinnamon, Cardemon, and leaves of Lourus Cassia, taken in equal parts, is technically known as Trijitakam or Trisugandhi. This compound, with one part of Naga-Kesaram added to it, constitutes what is technically known as Citirkatam.
69A compound consisting of equal parts of Pipali, Pipalimulam, Cavya, Cutrakamulam and Nagar, and combinedly weighing a Kolakam (Onetolla) is called Pancakolam. Bhutrilaga, Mahasali and Nivara are the different species. Salika.
70Priyangu is another name of Kanguki (Panicum stalicum), and Kordusha is called Kodra (Paspalum Scrobicluatum). Kalipa, Lingaka, and Puta are the names of Triputa (Lathyrus Sativus).
71Sauna, Vartula and Vena are the names of Satina (Pisum Sativum).
72A Suvarmam of Kavalagraham ls equal to one Karsa is weight. A Suktim is equal to a half Palam or eight Mitakas in weight.
73A Vilam, or Mushti is equal to a Palam weight. Two Palas snake one Prasriti. Four Palas make one Anjali or Kudavam.
74-75Eight Palas make one Palam. Four Kudavas make one Prastha; four Prasthas make one Adakam or Kinspatrahi Four Adakas make one Drona. A hundred Palas make one Tula weight. Twenty Palas make one Bhara.
76The erudite ones have laid down these measures in respect of try weight, while in respect of fluid weight these measures should be taken as double.
77Valam is another name of Turaskakam, Daru is another name of Devadaiu (Pinus Deodara). Granthi is another name of Sthauneyakam. Vasakam is also called Bhumikam trinam. Kustham is also called Amayam, and Nala-danshanam is but another name of Mansi.
78Sukti is also called Suktinakha and Sankha; Vyaghri is also called Vyaghra-nakha. Puram, Palankasam and Mahishakshya are but the different names of Guggulu (bdellium).
79Rasa and Gandharasa are the different nemes of Volam (Myrrh), while Sarja is called Sarjarasa (resin), Kurcjarakam is also called Kundam (Olibanum), and Sunistakam is also called Davam (Gomeopal Sandazack).
Priyangu is also known by the epithets of Phalini, Syami and Gaurikanti.
80Artagala is also known by the epithets of Arta, Bhisana and Vahukantaka. Sahcara and Vana are the synonymes of Saireyakahi, (Balaria Crastata). Naktamala, Putika, and Cira-Vilvaka are the names of Karanja (Pongamia Glabra). Sobanjana, Jvala and Mansa are the different epithets of Sigru (Horse radish tree Morin-gaptery Gooperma).
81Jaya, Jayanti Sarani. Nirgundi are the names of Sindhuvara. Morata is another name of Pippali-parni, while Tundi is also called Tundikerika.
82Galava, Vodha, Ghota and Ghop are the different names of Madana tree (Randia Denmetorum). Sampaka is known by the names of Caturangula and Vyadhighataka (Kamila).
83Know that Aragvadham is also called Rajavrikta and Raivata (Cassia Fistula), Vashtaka is Atitikta, Kantaki is also called Vikankata (Flacourtia romontchi).
84-85Nimba is also called Arista (Mello Azadirachta). Vayastha, Visva, Chinna, Chinnaruha, Vatsadani and Amrita are the names of Guduci (Tinaspora Cordifolia). Kirata-tikta, and Bhunimba are synonymous with Kandatiktaka (plant Agathotes Chiraytu).
86These are the names, of vegetable drugs that are obtained in the forest. Now I shall deal with Grammar, O Saunaka, as formerly narrated by Kumara.