Prosody ||208||

1Suta said: -Arya is of eight Ganas out of which the odds should not have Ja-gana. The sixth one mate be Ja-gana or Nagana after the second Laghu.
2The seventh Gana from the beginning consists of Laghu. In the second half of Arya, the foot ends with the fifth Gana, When the foot ends with the first three Ganas in each half, it is called Pathya. When the foot ends after the first three Ganas in each half, it is called Vipula.
3When the second and the fourth ones are Ja-ganas flanked by two Gurus, it is called Capala. When the first half is like Capala and the second half like Arya or Pathya or Vipula, it is called Mukha-Capala. When the first half is like Arya and the second half like Capala, it is called Sajaghana.
4When the first half and the second half both are like the first half of Arya, it is called Giti. When the first half and the second half both are like the second half of Arya, it is called Upagiti. When the second half of Arya, it is called Upagiti. When the first half is like the second half of Arya and the second half is like the first half of Arya, it is called Udgiti.
5When one more Guru is added after the first half of Arya it is called Aryagiti. When there are six Matras in the odds and eight Matras in the even-feet and after each feet there is Ragana, Laghu and Guru, it is called Vaitaliya.
6When after each feet of Vaitaliya, there is Ragana and Yagana, it is called Aupa-chandasika.
7When Bha-gana is followed by two Gurus, it is called Apatalika. When the second Matra is dependent and there is Laghu in all the feet, it is called Dakshinantika.
8Whenthe second is dependent is the odd feet, it is called Udicyavrtti, When the fourth and the fifth Matras are dependent in the even feet, it is called Pracyavrtti. When both the characteristics are there, it is called Pravrittka.
9When all the feet are even like the even feet or Pravrittaka it is called Ekapadika. When all the feet are like the odd feet of Pravrttaka, it is called Caruhasini. The aforesaid metres one under the category of Vaitaliya.
10When-N-gana and Sa-gana do not come after the first syllable, and Ya-gana comes after the fourth syllable, it is called Vaktra. When there is Ja-gana after the fourth syllable in the even feet,it is called, Pathya-vaktra. If it is in the odd feet, it is called Viparita-pathya-vaktra.
11When there is Na-gana after the fourth syllabe in the off feet, it is called Capala-vaktra. When the seventh syallable is Laghu in the odd feet, it is called Vipula. In the opinion of Saitava, it is so in all the feet. If there is Ma-gana after the fourth syllable it is called Ma-vipula; if Ra-gana, Ra-vipula; if Na-gana; Na-vipula and if Ta-gana, Ta-vipula.
12-13When there are sixteen Laghus is each feet, it is called Acala-dhfti. When the ninth syllable is Laghu and the last one Guru, it is called Matra-sama. If there is Ja-gana or Na-gana with Laghu after the fourth Matra, it is called Vilsok. When there are four Laghus in feet, it is called Vanavasika.
14When the fifth, the eight and the ninth. Matra in each foot is Laghu, it is called Citra of sixteen Matras. A mixture of the metres of even Matras is called Padakulaka.
15When the number of Varnas in deducted from the total number of Matras in the metre we get the number of Gurus. When the number of Gurus is deducted from total number of Matras in the metre, we get the number of Laghus. When the number of the Laghus is deducted from the total number of Matras in the metre and the resultant is divided by two, we get the number of Gurus.
16When there are twenty-eight Laghus in the first half and thirty Laghus in the second half, it is called Sikha. The reverse of this is Khanja.
17When there are sixteen Gurus in the first half mid thirty-two Laghus in the second half, it is called Ananga-krida. When there are twenty-seven Laghus in both the halves, it is called Rucira.
18Thus I have told about the metres based on Matras. Now I shall tell you about those based on Varnas.