On Dharmasastra ||214||
1-2Brahma said: -Now I shall explain the rules and rites regarding bath since all other rites are based on bath. The person who wishes to take bath shall bring earth, cow dung, gingelly seeds, Kusa grass and fragrant flowers at the time of bath. He must place all of them on the bank in a secluded place along with the scented water.
3-5The earth and the cow dung should be divided into three parts. With water and earth, he should wash his hands and feet. With the sacred thread worn as usual (Upaviti) and the tuft tied he should perform Acamana silently with the mantra.
6-8“Om Urum hi raja Varunaya namahi he must propitiate the water and circumambulate. With the Rik mantra “Om ye to satam… svarkahi svaha” he must whirl the water all round. With the Rik “Om sumitriyaya na yatica vayamdvishmahi he shall two handfuls of water and scatter it to the north and he shall then wash his feet, calves and hips three times.
9-11He shall wash his hands and perform. Acamana and then bow to the water. With the seven Vyahriti mantras he shall perform Acarnana again. He shall then rub his limbs with earth repeating the mantra “ldam Vishnuhi… pamsure. ” Then he shall trace the sun and take his dip repeating the mantra- “Om Apo asman matarahi… suciraputaemi.”
12-13Then he shall clean the vessels, dip and dip again himself slowly. Repeating the mantra “Om rites nastoke… sadasi tva havamahe” he shall rub cow dung over the limbs.
14-16Then he shall dip himself into the water repeating the various Varuna mantras such as “Imam me… satyamritayahi” “Tattva yami… pramsihi” etc.
17After plunging again and standing up he shall drink the water from Kusa grass.
18-19The nine Riks, viz.-“Apo hi and the two following ones, “Devirapa” and the next, “Apo deva,” the Rik ‘‘Drupadadiva,” the U “Sanno devi” the U “Apo devi” the Rik” A po devi” the Rik called ‘”Pavamanyahi” all these nine Riks must be repeated.
20-21Repeating the mantra “Citpatirma” he shall slowly plunge again. He shall then repeat the other mantras of Varuna according to his ability.
22The first dip and the last dip should be accompanied by the repetition of Pranava, the seven Vyahrtis and the Gayatri.
23The Matjana should be done inside water. The Aghamarshana mantra should be repeated thrice.
24Other Mantras that he remembers correctly can be repeated with great devotion and concentration.
25He can repeat Pranava and Gayatri as many times as possible. Or he can remember Vishnu the imperishable.
26Apah (watet) constitute the residence of Vipu. He is called Appati, hence Lord Vipu and the waters should be remembered.
27-29With the Mantra, ‘Tad… Vishnohi he should take as many plunges as possible. Gayatri is the Mantra for the remembrance of Vishnu. Various mantras should be repeated in the course of the bath.
30After the bath is over he should wear clean dry cloth. He should wash his hands and feet with earth.
31He must perform Acamana repeatedly. Bath and Meal are to be taken with mantras repeated. Drupada mantra should be repeated three times Aghamarshana Mantra is also to be repeated.
32After Acamana he should repeat the Asu mantra. Then he should worship the sun with flower offerings above the head.
33-34After scattering water he should repeat the mantra Udutyam, Citram etc. Then he should look at the sun and repeat the mantras “Taccakshuhi” etc. and “Hamsahi Suciad” etc. and worship the sun with Gayatri.
35-36The Anuvaka “Vibhrat” etc. and. Purusa SOW, Siva Sankalpa and Matidala Brahmana should be repeated and Japayajna perrformed duly.
37-39Adhyitmavidya should be practised for the fulfilment of Japa. Sri, Medhi, Dhriti, Kshiti, Vak Vagisvara, Pushti, Tushti, Uma, Arundhati, Saci, the Matrs (mothers) Jaya, Vijaya Savitri, Santi, Svaha, Svadha, Dhrti and Aditi shall be duly worshipped.
40The wives of sages, the Virgins and the Kamyadevatas should be propitiated. He who wishes for everything auspicious should propitiate the goddess Sarvamangala.
41“May the whole universe beginning with Brahma an ending with a blade of grass be propitiated,” saying thus three handfuls of water should be sprinkled. Tarpana is thus duly performed.