On Dharmasastra ||218||
1Brahma said: -O Vyasa, I shall explain the procedure of Sraddha which yields worldly · enjoyments and salvation to men. the performer of Sraddha shall invite Brahmins particularly Brahmacarins (unmarried students).
2For the worship of devas, the sacred thread should be in the normal way and for the worship of Pitris, the sacred thread should be in the Pracinavita form (on the right right shoulder and under the left arm), when the worship of feet is to be performed ‘Samyoga’ mantra is to be used.
3The householder asks-Om, you all have come?” When they reply-“Om, well. Well, we have come” the house-holder says-“Om, To Visvedevas (to all Devas), here is the water offering and Arghya Svaha” offers the sacred deity water through the bent Kusa grass on the feet of the brahmin intended to be (the representative of) Visvedevas.
4The householder faces the south. He wears the sacred thread in the opposite way and repeats the names and Gotra of the person to whom he performs Sraddha and says, “here is the offering of water to the feet and Arghya, Svadha.” He takes the sacred Pitr water and pours it through the bent Kusa grass alongwith flowers over the feet of the brahmin intended to represent the Pitris.
5Similarly, for maternal grandfather and others. ‘Here is the Acamaniya water, Svaha, Saying so it is poured into the hand of the brahmin. Here is Arghya, saying so, the flower is handed to the brahmin.
6-7The householder then says that in such and such a place, in such and such a month, in such and such transit of the sun, in such and such Tithi (day of the lunar fortnight he is preparing to perform the Vaisvadeva Sraddha of his father, grandfather and great grandfather of such and such gotra and named such and such. He asks the brahmins ‘Is the seat ready?’ When they say ‘Yes, it is ready’ he begins Om Bhuhi, Om Bhuvahi, Om Svahi, Om Mahahi, Om Janahi, Om. Tapahi, Om Satyam-These are the seven Vyaritis. With these he snakes the brahmin representing gods sit facing the east. Then he makes the other brahmin representing the Pitrs sit facing the north. Then he goes around them saying -“Obeisance, obeisance, always obeisance to the deities, to the Pitris of great Yogic power, obeisance to Svadha and Svaha” He repeats this thrice. Again, he takes the Salikalpa as mentioned in the first paragraph of this section. Om, Svaha unto the Visve Devas. I shall invoke the Visve Devas. When they give permission saying, “Yes Invoke,” he repeats the Mantra ‘Om Visvedevahi srinuteman’ etc. uptd ‘Rajanam paraya-masi’ and invokes, May the powerful Visve Devas of noble dignity come. Those who are engaged in this Sraddha shall be cautious. Om, may the platform be free from Asuras and Rakshasas. After this, he scatters barley grains thrice.
8The householder then says: Om, I shall prepare the Patra (the vessel) when they permit saying ‘Yes do’ he takes the blades of Kusa grass and twists them in the form of Trivrit Pavitra repeating the Mantras ‘Pavitre stho vaishnavyau’ and ‘Om, Vishnu Pute sthahi’ and places the avitra inside the viessel.
9Repeating the mantra ‘Om sanno devihi’ he pours water in the vessel. Repeating the mantra ‘Om yavosi’ etc., he puts the yava grains. Repeating the mntra ‘Gandha Dvaram, Etc.’ he offers the scents. Repeating the mantra ‘Om ya divya apahi’ etc., he offers water to the brahmin and places the Samsrava and Pavitra near the brahmin. Then pouring the Samsrava water in the former vessel he places it over the Kusa gras upright and places a blade of Kusa over it also.
10Here are these scents, flowers, incense, lamp, a pair of garments and Sacred Thread to the Visvedevas. Obeisance. Let this offer of sends, etc., be unimpaired. The brahmins say ‘Be it so’:
11Then he seeks permission saying, ‘Shall I perform the Dhraddha of Pitris, grandfather, great grandfather, maternal grandfather, maternal great grandfather and maternal great grandfather?” When the brahmins say ‘Yes, do,’ he repeats ‘Om Devatabhyahi’ etc., thrice.
12Here is the seat and Svadha unto our, father, grand father, etc., of such and such names accompanied by their wives. Saying so, he places the seat towerds the left of the brahmin. Om, I invoke the Pitris. The brahmin says ‘yes invoke.’ He repeats the mantra ‘Om ayantu nahi pitarahi’ etc., Thus the invocation. Then ‘Om may the Asuras and Rakshasas clear away from the platform.’ He scatters Tila grains. Repeating the mantra ‘Tilosi Somadaivatho’ etc., and hands over-Tila seeds to the Brahmin.
13After giving scents and flowers to the brahmin he takes the Pitrpatra and repeats ‘Ya divya’ etc. Om. My father of such and such gotra and such and such a name accompanied by thy wife, here is Arghya and Svadha unto thee. The vessel with Pavitra is then placed on the left side of the Brahmin over the Kusa grass. Repeating the Mantra ‘Om Pitribhyahi sthanamasi’ he places the vessel face down.
14’Om, may the worlds occupied by the Pitris be sanctified. Thou art the seat of the Pitris,’ he touches the vessel face down. Thou art the ball of rice soaked in ghi. He asks the Pitribrahmin ‘Shall I place it on fire? then he says, ‘Yes do’. Om Svaha unto Agni the bearer of Kavya and sprinkles two drops of ghi in the hands of Deva brahmin and gives a portion of the ball of rice in his hand. A portion of the rice is kept for the ball of rice (pinda) and the remaining is put in the vessel of Pitris and that of maternal grandfather.
15He covers the vessel with Kusa grass and lifts it with both the hands kept prone. Repeats the mantra ‘Om Prthivi to patram’ etc., and invokes the vessel. Repeating the mantra ‘Idam Vishnuhi etc, the thumb of the Brahmin is placed in the middle of the rice.
16Repeating the mantra ‘Apa hata’ he scatters Nava grains thrice. Reaping the mantra ‘Om Nihanmi’ etc., he scatters the sum of money intended.
17Om Svaha, here is the rice with ghi, pickles and drinking water to the gods named ‘Madhuvilocana’ with water and Kusa the same is contemplated as such. Om, may this rice be unimpaired. Om, may the contemplated be realized.
18Then wearing the sacred thread in the opposite direction he places all foodstuffs, side-dishes, ghi etc in vessel in front of the Piri-brahmin and places a blade of grass half covering the vessel and half over the ground. Then be lifts the vessel with his salms supine repeating the mantra ‘Om Prthivi’ etc. Repeating the mantra ‘Idam Vishnuhi he places the thumb of the brahmin in supine position over the foodstuff. Then he repeats the Mantra ‘Apahata’ etc., and scatters gingelly seeds. He then kneels with his left knee touching the ground. Here is the fodstuff with side dishes, drinking water and ghi, devoid of forbidden food, and Svadha unto my Pitrs, Pitamaha, etc. accompanies by their wives and named such and such belonging to such Gotra. The Sankalpa (contemplation) for the food is the mantra ‘Om Urjam Vahantihi etc. He then pours a few drops of water facing the South.
19Om, may this m-addha be unimpaired. Om, may the contemplated be realised. Om Bhu Bhuvah Svaha, and after that to recites the mantra ‘Om Madhu VA,’ etc.
20-21He shall then say: -Ye be pleased to take food conveniently and refraining from speech: He shall then repeat the Pitri Stotra beginning with ‘Sapta Vyidhahi’ ‘Seven hunters are in the Dasarna lands. the deer are in the mountain Kilanjara. The Cakravaka birds are in the Saradvshpa and the Swans are in the Minasa lake. Those brahmins of noble family and the extensive knowledge of the Vedas are in Kurukshetra. You have started on a long journey and are likely to be tired out by them.”
22Then he shall say ‘Be satiated.’ With the sacred thread worn left-ways and facing south, the mantra ‘Om Agnidagdhahi, etc shall be repeated. “May the Pitris who were duly cremated and those who were not, in our family be pleased with what I offer on the Earth and becoming satiated tray they attain the highest goal,” Saying so he shall place the rice soaked in ghi on the Kusa grass on the ground pouring water over it.
23Then water is to be offered to the brahmins in order as the last mouthful. He then repeats Gayatri with the Vyahftis and the mantra ‘Madhuvata’ etc. He then asks the Deva brahmin ‘The food appealed to you; I hope.’
When he says ‘Yes very much,’ he asks ‘Om, what shall I do with the remaining food?’ The brahmin replies ‘Let it be partaken by you along with your near and dear.’ Then he asks the Pitri brahmin wearing the sacred thread left ways. ‘Om I hope you are satiated?’ He replies ‘Om we are sa,tiated.’ Thereafter the ground is sprinkled with water, a circle and a square are drawn, and gingelly seeds are scattered.
24O my father! of this name, of this gotra, accompanied by shy wife, here is the seat for the Pinda unto thee and Svadha. Similarly, for grandfather too in the huddle of the line. Then Gayatri with Vyahrtis is repeated and the Mantra ‘Marino Vata’ etc., is repeated thrice. The ball of rice soaked in ghi is placed on the blade of Kusa grass invoking father and grandfather with respective names Gotra, etc., saying ‘Here is the Pitta unto Thee and Svadha. Then with the Mantras as before, the Pinda is scattered. Near the Pinda ‘Om may the Lepabhuks (thus who take lambatives) be pleased.’ Then he wipes his hand on the Kusa grass. With the water washing the pitta he repeats the mantra and says “O my father (name Gotra, etc.) accompanied by shy wife, I am snaking this water libation unto thee and to those that are after thee. Svadha unto thee.” Thus the Pitripinda is sprinkled. Then he places the Pindapatra face down. With hands joined together he repeats the Mantra ‘Pitar Madayadhvam’ etc. Touching water, he turns about on the left and faces the north. He then takes Pranayama thrice and says obeisance unto the six seasons.
25Turning again to the left a flower is handed over. May this rite be unimpaired and unbothered. May merit accrue. Facing the south, he repeats the Mantra ‘Ami madanta Pitarah’ etc. Untying the upper cloth and joining palms he says. ‘Obeisance unto ye, obeisance unto ye. O Pitris, rice of the house is given.” Saying this he looks at the house (all around). “Here is your cloth, O Pits of this Gotra and Svadha.” Then the thread is given. He lifts the water pitcher with the left hand. Repeating-the Mantra ‘Urjarh vahantihi’ the water is poured over the pinda.
26From the water pitcher placed before, the remaining water is taken and the Pindas are sprinkled. Invoking the pinch, scents etc., are given. Kusa grass and a leaf is placed over the Pinda. Then he repeats the Mantra -Akshannami” – etc., three times.
27Similarly, everythings is performed for the brahmins representing maternal grandfather and others Acamana “Om, may the sprinkling be excellent.” He sprinkles the water. “Om, Gods are stationed in the middle water. Everything is founded in the water. May the water placed in the hand of the brahmin be holy into us all. Then he hands over the water to the brahmin, Lakshmi is stationed in the lotus. Lakshmi stays in the cowshed always. Let there be good will of thine forever.” He repeats the Mantra ‘Somasya’ etc. ‘Whatever is progressive and conducive to the welfare in the world shall be mine forever. Om, may this unimpaired and unbothered.’ Then Yava grains are given.
28‘May the food and drink offered to my father, grandfather and great grandfather with their wives, belonging to such and such gotra, be everlasting.’ He then hands over the gingelly seeds. The brahmin say ‘Be it so’ ‘May the benediction of maternal grandfather and others be unending. Om, may the Pits be non-cruel. May our gotra flourish. May our donors flourish. May Vedas and progeny flourish. May not our faith recede. May there be much for us to give. May our foodstuffs increase. May we get guests. May there be mendicants flocking to us. Let us not beg of anyone. May these blessings be given.
29’May there be good will.’ When the brahmin says-be it so’ in the place where pinch is given, he drops the Pavitra for the sake of Arghya. He then takes up the Pavitra and Kusa and with it his touches the brahmin. He asks- ‘Shall I recite the Svadha.’ He replies “Om, let it be recited! ‘Om, let the Svadha be announced to father, grandfather and great-grandfather of such and such names along with their wives.’ When the brahmin says-’Let the Svadha be presented’ he shall repeat the Mantra ‘Urjarn Valiant” and pour water.
30’Om. May Visvedevas be pleased in this Yajna’ saying thus he placed Nava grains in the hand of the brahmin. When he says ‘Om, let them be pleased’ he shall repeat ‘Om devatabhyahi’ etc. three times.
31Looking down he moves the Pinda Patras to and fro and performs Acamana. He wears the sacred thread in the normal way and faces the east ‘Om, I offer unto thee of such and such gotra, named so and so, of brahmanical clan and accompanied by thy wife, this silver piece as Dakshina for the fulfilment of this Sraddha. Saying so the Dakshina is handed over. Similarly, the Dakshina is given to the Deva-brahmana also.
32Then facing the Pitr Brahmin the question is put ‘A re the Pindas ready.’ He replies, ‘Yes very well.’ He pours the milk over the Pinda. Then the Pinda is moved to and from. The guest brahmin keeps the Pinda Patra in supine position. The Mantra ‘Om Vaje’ etc., is repeated and Pinda is cast. Then the mantra ‘Amavajasya’ etc is repeated and the Devas are bid farewell to. With the Mantra ‘Om, Abhiramyatam’ the Pitri brahmin is bid farewell to. The householder returns without the brahmins following. The Pindas are then given to cows, etc.
33-34This is the rule of procedure in a Sraddha. If this is read it quells sins. Wherever Sraddha is performed according to these rules the ancestors are every lastingly propitiateed. The performer is sure to attain heaven. Thus, have explained. the Parvalla Sraddha which helps the manes attain Bramaloka.