On Dharmasastra ||220||
1Brahma said: -I shall mention the rite of Sapindikarana (Joining the pinch of the recently dead father with that of the other ancestors) which, if performed on the day of the first anniversary of the death, duly enables the father to attain the Pitriloka (the region of the manes).
2The Sapindikarana has to be performed in the afternoon. The other, rites are the same as before. The brahmins representing grandfather, etc, are invited. Om, obeisance, here is the seat unto the deities names Pururava and Adrava. The seat is offered on the left side. Then the invocation is done. Permission is formally sought for the performance of the Sraddha of grandfather. and great grandfather accompanied by their wives. Three separate vessels are placed. Kusa grass is placed over the vessels. They are covered with other vessels. All the items are duly performed till the request for the Sraddha being unimpaired Then all these items for the recently dead. father and mother mentioning names, etc, till the request its being unimpaired.
3After concluding that, the covering vessels are taken off. The three vessels representing grandfather, great grand-father and great great grandfather are slightly shaken in the due order. ‘Om, those that are sa:nilar and similar-minded, the Pitris in the region of Yama, -to them we offer Svadha and obeisance. Let this Yajna be of the same efficacy as in the case of the Devas.’ ‘Om, May the splendour of those living -beings who are mine, similar to me and similar-minded among other living beings, be efficacious to me for a hundred years! Repeat-ing the above two Mantras, he pours the water from the vessel of grandfather into that of great grandfather and the water from both these vessels as well as Pavitra is kept in the vessel representing the recently- dead father. The vessel of great great grand father is left off.
4The Pavitra in the vessel is handed over to the brahmin representing Pith (father). With the flower in the vessel, his head, hands and feet are worshipped. Water from another vessel is slightly poured· into the hand of the Pitri brahmin. The vessel is then held in both the hands and the Mantra. ‘Ya divyahi etc., is repeated. Then he invokes the grandfather along with his wife mentioning their name and gotra and says here is Svadha and Arghiya unto you.’ He then pours water from Pitri vessel for Arghya into the hand of the brahmin representing grandfather. Some water is taken for sprinkling the Pinda. On the left side, the vessel is placed prone on a Kusa grass the tip of which is turned towards the South. He says, ‘Thou are the seat of the Pitris.’
5Scents are offered to grandfather, great grandfather and great great grandfather. Then Agnikarana (offerings in the fire) is performed. The remaining cooked rice is put in the vessel of grandfather. All other rites unto invoking the Mantra of the vessel of grandfather are concluded. Then the vessel of Pitri (father) and the brahmin representing him are touched. The thumb is placed over the food. Gingelly seeds are scattered. ‘Orn, here is thy food with ghi, drinking water and side dishes devoid of forbidden foodstuff. be same unto those that follow thee. Svadha unto thee.
6Then food and water are offered to Deva brahmin. If there is a guest as well, his Sraddha too is performed. But no grain is scattered on this occasion. The householder then asks brahmin ‘Om, is it tasted by your holiness?’ Pinda is then offered with necessary ancillary questions and split into two. The two Mantras ‘Ye samanahi’ are repeated. The Pinda is put in the vessels of great great grandfather and grandfather. Scents are offered to pings. Pinch is slightly stirred. The Atithi Brahmin is asked ‘Is it tasted by your holiness?’ The brahmins are given Acamana water and betel leaf in due order. May the sprinkling be in order. May the waters be holy and beneficent. Water is handed to the brahmin representing great great grandfather and others in due order. May the gotra enjoy unending bliss. Water with gingelly seeds is given to the Pitri brahmin saying, ‘may this stay.
7’May the manes be non-force! When the brahmin says ‘be it so,’ he says, ‘Shall I repeat Svadha?’ When the grandfather brahmin replies ‘Om, let it be repeated: This is frequently asked, and permission is given.
8The mantra ‘Urjam vahantili’ is repeated. The householder face south and pours water, ‘Om may Visve Devas be satiated with this Yajfia’ Barley and water is given to the Deva brahmin. The Mantra ‘Devatabhyah.’ Etc., is repeated thrice.
9Pinda patras are stirred. Acamana is per-formed. Dakshina is offered to the grandfather brahrnin. The Pitri brahmin is requested for blessings. Then he blesses the householder repeating the mantra ‘Dataro nobhivar-dhantam’ etc. The vessel is then placed supine. The brahmins are bid adieu with ‘Vaja Vaje’ Mantra. The Pitri brahmin is bid farewell to by saying ‘may you rejoice.’
10O Vyasa I have thus explained to you the ‘Saphindikaranasraddha.’ The Sraddha, the performer of Sraddha and the fruit thereof is Hari Himself.