Enumeration of the names of fourteen Manus and of the Devas and Saptarishis ||87||
1-2Said the God Hari: -I shall enumerate the names of the different law-givers of the world (Manu) who flourished in the different cycles of time, as well as their sons and progenies such as Suka, etc., Sayambhuva was the name of the first law-giver of the world. He had seven sons named Marici, Atri, Angira, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratu, and Vasoshth, who formed the brotherhood of the seven holy sages known as the Saptarishis.
3-4Twelve Ganas (regents or tutelary gods of the different quarters of the sky and of the physical phenomena as well) of that cycle of time, were named Jaya, Arnita, Sukra, Yama, the four drinkers of the expressed juice of the Soma-plant, Visvabhuk, and Vamadeva. The latter was elected the lord of the celestials at the time. The Demon Vaskali invaded the kingdom of the then lord of the· gods and the god Vishnu killed him with his own discus.
5-6aAfter him Svarocisa became the Manu or the lawgiver of the world. His sons were named Mandalesvara, Caitraka, Vinata, Karnanta, Vidyata, Ravi, Vrihatgunta and Nabha.
6b-7The seven holy sages who sanctified that particular age with their holy lives, were called Urja, Stambha, Prana, Rishabha, Niscala, Dambholi and Arvariva. The race of Paravatas then habited this terrestrial globe. The guardian deities of heaven were twelve in number.
8Vipascit reigned as the lord of the celestials in that age and the demon Purukritsara was his antagonist. The god Hari assumed the shape of an elephant and killed that dreadful demoniac adversary of the contemporary Indra, and restored the moral order of the universe.
9-11The names of the sons of Outtama, the third Manu or law giver of the world, were Aja, Parusu, Vinita, Suketu, Sumitra, Suvala, Suchi, Deva, Devavrdha, Rudra, Mahatsaha, and Ajita. The seven sages who flourished in that age, were named Rathouja, Urdhva-vahu, Sarana, Anagha, Muni, Sutapa and Sanku. The sons of Outtama numbered twelve in all. The races of celestials who habited the region of heaven, were five in all and named as the Vasavartis. the Svadharmanas, the Sivas, the Satyas and the Pratardanas.
12-13Svasanti reigned over them all as their Indra or overlord. The demon Pralamba was the antagonist of the Indra of the age and the God Hari in his Fish Incarnation had to kill that enemy of the gods.
14The sons of Tamasa, the fourth Manu, were named Janu, Jangha, Nirbhaya, Nava, Khyati, Naya, Priya-bhrtya, Vivikshita, Havu-Skandhi and Prostalaksha.
15The seven holy sages who flourished in that age, were named Jyotidharma, Dhrishta-Kavya, Caitra, Agni and Hemaka. The twenty-five clans of celestials who peopled the region of paradise in that, are, were named as the Suragas, the Sudhiyasa etc.
16-17aThere were four sun gods in those days and Sivi reigned as their Indra. The demon Bhimaratha disputed the suzerainty of heaven with the latter and was subsequently killed by Hari in his tortoise incarnation.
17b-19The sons of Raivata Manu were named as Mahaprana, Sadhaka, Vanavandhu, Niramitra, Pratyanga, Paraha, Suci, Dridhavrata, and Ketusrnga. The seven holy ages who flourished in that age, were named Deva Sri, Veda-Ordhvabahu, Hiranyaroma, Parjanaya, Satyanama and Svadharma.
20The four celestial clans which peopled heaven in that age, were named Abhuta Rasa, Devasvamedhas, Vaikuntha and Amritas.
21The regents of the sky were fourteen in number, and Vibhu was the lndra or paramount soverign of them all. The demon Santa was the antagonist of the contemporary lord of heaven. The god Vishnu assumed the shape of a swan and destroyed that molester of celestial peace.
22-24aThe sons of Cakshsha Manu were named Uru, Puru, Mahabala, Satadyumna, Tapasvi, Stayavahu, and Krti, The names of the holy sages who practised penances in that age, were Agnishnu, Atiratra, Sudyumna, Nara, Havishmana, Sutanu, Srimana, Sadharma, Viraja, Abhimana, Sashisnu, and Madhu-Sri.
24b-26aThe five clans of the celestials were named the Aryyas, the Prabhiltas, the Bhavyas, the Lekhas, and the Pritukas, and Manojava ruled as their Indra. The demon Mahakala was the enemy of the contemporary king of heaven who, was killed by the god Hari who had to assume the shape of a horse for the purpose.
26b-29aThe sons of Vaivasvata Munu were named Ikshvaku, Nabhaga, Dhrishti, Saryati, Lavishyanta, Pansnsunabha, Navishta, Karusha, Prishadhra and Sudyumna. The seven sages who sanctified the age with their piety, were named Atri, the god like Vasishtha, Jamadagni, Kagyapa, Goutama, Bharadvaja and Visvamitra.
29b-30aThe wind gods (Marut) numbered fortynine in all, and the celestial hierarchy which numbered fifteen in all, was divided into Adityas, Vasus, Sadhyas, Rudras, etc.
30b-31There were eleven Rudras, Eight Vasus, two Asvins, ten Visvedevas, then Angirasas and nine divine Ganas in those days and Tejasvi was the Indra of them all.
32The demon Hiranyaksha was the sworn enemy of the them lord of the celestials and met his doom at the hand of the god Vishnu, incarnated as the primordial boar.
33-34aNow I shall enumerate the names of the sons of Savarni, the future Manu of the world. Their names would be Vijaya, Arvavira, Nirdeha, Satyavak:, Kriti, Varishta, Garishta, Vacas and Sugati.
34b-35aThe seven ages, who would grace the age with their advents, would be named Asvathama, Krpa, Vyasa, Galava, Diptimana, Risharinga and Rama.
35b-36The gods such as Sutapas Amritabhas, and Mukhya, etc., would people the ethereal plains of heaven, and Bali, the son of Virocana would reign over them all as their Indra.
37The god Vishnu, incarnate as Dwarf, would beg of him only three foot-measures of land. Bali would gladly grant him his behest, but would be deprived of his kingdom of the three worlds just at the time of ratifying his agreement, when the dwarf manifestation of god would expand into his Infinite the eternal self to the consternation of all the on-lookers. Subsequently Bali would make over his sovereigntist to the god and happily descend into the shades of the nether world.
38-40Now hear me enumerate the names of the sons of Daksha Savarni, the ninth Manu or the lawgiver of the world, their names would be Dhritiketu, Diptiketu, Pancahasta, Nirikriti, Prithusrava, Vrhatdumnya, Ricika, Vrhata and Gana. The demon Kalakaksha would be the enemy of the then lord of the celestials a , would be destroyed by the Padmanabha manifestation of Vishnu.
41-42The names of the twelve sons of Dharmaputra, the tenth Manu, would be Sukshetra Uttamouja, Bhurisrenya, Viryavana, Satanika, Niramrita, Vrisha-sena, Jayadratha, Bhuridyumna, Suvarca, Santirindra and Pratapavana.
43The names of the seven holy sages who would sanctify that age with their holy lives, would be Ayomurti, Havishman, Sukti, Avyaya, Labhaga, Apratima and Sourabha.
44The inmates of heaven would be divided into a hundred clanships at that cycle of time and would be called the Prana, etc. The demon Bali would dispute the suzerainty of heaven with the then lord of the celestials, and the god Hai would slay him with one stroke of his mighty mace weapon.
45-47aNow hear me enumerate the names of the sons of Rudraputra, the eleventh Manu. They would be called Sarvatraga, Susarma, Devanika, Pururguru, Kshetravana, Dridheshu, Ardraka and Patraka. Havishman, Havishya, Varuna, Visva, Vistara, Vishnu and Agniteja, would be the names of the seven holy sages who would flourish in that age.
47b-48The inmates of heaven would be divided into different clanships, such as the Vihangamas (sky-coursers), Kamagamas (going anywhere they like), NirmaItas and the Rucis Members of the celestial family of Ruci would rule over each of the other clans of heaven, and Vrisha would be the overlord of them all. The demon Dasagriva (ten-necked one) would contest the sovereignty of heaven with the then lord of the celestials and would ultimately fall at the hands of the Srirupa manifestation of Vishnu.
49-50Hear me enumerate the names of the sons of Dakshaputra, the twelfth Manu of the world. They would be named as Devas, Anupadeva, Devasrestha, Viduratha Mitravana, Mitradeva, Mitravindu, Viryavan, Mitravahu and Pravaha.
51Tapasvi, Sutapa, Taporati, Tapodhriti, Dyuti and another, would be the names of the seven holy sages whose glorious advent would sanctify that particular cycle of time.
52-53The gods would be divided into different clans such as the Svadharmans, Sutapasas, Haritas, Rohitas, etc., and Ritadhama or Bhadra would be their Indra or overlord. The demon Taraka would invade the territories of the then lord of the celestials. O Sankara, the god Hari, incarnate as a eunuch, would destroy that fell perace-breaker of the universe.
54-55aNow hear me enumerate the names of the sons of the thirteenth Manu of the world. They would be named as Citrasena, Vicitra, Tapas. Dharmarata, Dhrti, Kshetravrtti, Dharmapa, and Dridha.
55b-56O thou possessed of hand some eyes, the seven holy sages who would grace the world with their advent in that age, would be called Dhritimana, Avyaya, Nisarupa, Nirutsaka, Nirmana and Tattvadarsi.
57-58aThe celestials would be dided into thirty-three different clanships, such as the Svaromanas, the Svadharmanas, the Svakarmans, etc. and the god Divaspati would be the overlord of them all. The demon Trishthubha would dispute with him the suzerainty of heaven, and the god Madhava would kill him in the shape of a peacock.
58b-59Now hear me enumerate the names of the sons of Bhoutya, the fourteenth Manu of the world. They would be named as Uru, Gabhira, Drishta, Tarasvi, Graha, Abhimani, Pravira, Vishnu, Sankrandana, Tejasvi and Durlabha.
60The seven holy sages who would flourish in that age, would be named Agnidhra, Agnivuhu, Miigadha, Suci, Ajita, Mukta and Sukra.
61-62aThe gods would be divided into five clanships, each consisting of seven sub-groups, or families, such as the Cakshisha, the Karmanishthas, the Pavitras, the Bhrajinas, and the Vacavrithas, and the god Suci, would be then Indra or paramount ruler. The demon Maha-daitya would inimically intrude upon the rights of the then lord of the celestials, and the god Hari would slay him with his own hands.
62b-63aThe god Vishnu, incarnate in the shape of the holy Vyasa, would divide the one and the entire Veda, into four different parts, and subsequently compose the Puranas and the eighteen different branches of learning.
63b-64The Vedas with their four kindred branches of study, the schools of philosophy known as the Mimamsa, etc., the Puranas, the Dharma Sastra, the Ayur-Vedas (science of medicine) the Arthasastrakam, the Dhanur-Veda (science of archery) the Gandharva-Vidyas (music and fine arts), etc., form the eighteen different branches of learning.