The Brihaspati Samhita Synopsis of rules of conduct ||108||
1Suta (Lomaharshana) said: -Now I shall discourse on the Science of Ethics and Expediency, a perusal whereof may benefit kings and commons alike, and enable them to secure long lives, and good names on earth, and exalted stations in heaven after death.
2A man wishing success in life, shall make it a point not to mixed in vulgar companies, but to associate only with the best and the most virtuous in the land.
3Company of the wicked or of the iniquitous, is neither good in this life nor in the one to come. A man should shun even any oral discourse with the wicked, avoid their presence and company, be on his guard against picking up a quarrel with his trusted friends, or against mixing with those who serve his enemies or are in friendly terms with them.
4Even a learned man comes to grief by teaching a bad pupil, or by maintaining a bad wife. An evil company is but the highroad to depravity.
5The very presence of an illiterate Brahmana or of a dastardly Kshatriya or of a lazy Vaisya, or of a literate Sudra should be shunned from a distance.
6One should make a compact with one’s enemies, or a breach with his friends at the right moment. Wise men bide their time out of motives of expediency and with a full regard to the cause and effect of their each act of conduct.
7It is Time that rears up all created beings. It is Time that brings about their dissolution. It is Time which sits up fully awake when all else is asleep. Hence Time is unconquerable and suffers no slightness of his authority.
8It is Time that makes the semen flow into its natural repository and evolve itself in the shape of a foetus in the womb. Time is the principal factor in the evolution of the universe, and it is Time that will bring about its final dissolution.
9Invisible is the fight of Time, which becomes manifest at one place by the occurrence of gross phenomena, while in another is it too subtle to be detected.
10The following synopsis of the rules of conduct was narrated by Brhaspati to lndra, the lord of the celestials, whereby the latter acquired omniscience and was enabled to recover the kingdom of heaven from the hands of the demons.
11It is incumbent on the Brahmanas and the Rajarishis to worship the gods, to propitiate the Brahmanas and to celebrate Horse-Sacrifice for the atonement of sins of the most aggravated nature.
12A man by making an alliance with the good, as well as by discussing commendable topics with the learned and making friendship with the greed less, cannot possibly come to any grief.
13Incest or jesting with another’s wife taking of another’s goods, and residence in another s house should be avoided.
14A well-meaning alien (enemy) is a friend and a hostile friend is an alien. A disease which originates in the body is an enemy, but an herb which grows in the forest (and outside of the body) is a friend.
15He who maintains a person is a father to him. He in whom confidence is reposed is a friend and the country which provides one’s means oi livelihood is one’s true country.
16A servant who does the commands of his master, is a true servant, a seed which sprouts is a true seed; a child that lives is a true child, and a wife who speaks sweet is a true wife.
17He who has virtue is truly alive. He who has piety lives but in the true sense of the them. Futile is the life of him who is bereft of piety and like.
18She who speaks sweetly to her husband and is a clever manager of household affairs, is a true wife. She who is one in spirit with her lord and devotes her whole self to his happiness, is a true wife.
19-21He whose wife decorates her person with sandal paste and perfumes her body her daily ablution, talks little and agreeably, partakes small quantities of food, is ever food of him and is constantly engaged in doing acts of piety and virtue with a view to bring happiness and prosperity in the house, and is ever ready to yield to the procreative desires of her lord, is not a man, but the lord of heaven.
22-23A scolding wife, wild, querulous and argumentative, is but the blight of life (lit., old age itself). A wife, attached to another and fond of staying in another man’s house, and who is not ashamed of her own depravity, is but the curse of life.
24A wife who appreciates and honours the good qualities in her lord and lives in loving submission to his wishes, is satisfied with the little she gets, is alone entitled to be called a beloved.
25An unchaste wife, an insincere friend, an argumentative servant, and a residence in a snake infested chamber, are but the preludes to death.
26Walk not in the path of the wicked but sit in the assembly of the pious and the godly. Suffer not the transitory character of all mundane things to be absent for a moment from your mine and be perpetually engaged in doing what is good and compensable.
27A woman who is deadlier than the fangs of a serpent, or one that is blood-eyed, black and fierce as a tigress, or is possessed of a cow-like tongue and becomes foul-mouthed in rage, or is eccentric in her habits, apathetic and fond of staying in another man’s house, should not be courted by a wise man for matrimonial alliance.
28-29He who lives in a snake-infested chamber, or whose disease has run into on incurable type, as well as the one who has passed through the three bodily stages of infancy, youth and old age, is undoubtedly in the grasp of Death. Where is the man who can retain his mental equilibrium under the circumstance?