On Incarnation of Lakshmi ||16||
1Sri Krishna said: -O lord of birds, now, listen to the nature of Mahalakshmi, her incarnations and the extent of knowledge peculiar to her.
2O lord of birds, the universe is distinct from the lord. The personal soul is the eye that perceives the universe. The knowledge of the universe is the knowledge belonging to Lakshmi.
3The eternal Goddess Lakshmi is inseparable from the lord. The feet of the lord are her only shelter. She is a released soul. She is always awakened.
4-5O lord of birds, she is called Prakriti, for, she creates the Universe by her qualities, Sattva, Rajas and Tamas and consumes the world by Tamas.
6-8As the consort of Vasudeva, she is caged Maya as the consort of Sankarshna, Jaya as the consort of Aniruddha, Santa as the consort of Pradyumna, Kriti as the consort of Vishnu, Lakshmi, the presiding deity of Sattva Guna. As the presiding deity of Tamo-Guna, she is Durga or Kanyaka. As the sister of Krishna the son of Nanda, she is caved Kanyaka.
9-10As the goddess of earth, the presiding deity of rajas, she is the consort of Boar. As the presiding deity of the Vedas, she is Annapurna. As the consort of Narayana, she is Lakshmi, the unborn.
11As the consort of Yajna Varaha, she is Dakshina.
12As the consort of Vrishabha, she is Jayanti. As daughter of Janaka and the wife of Rama, she is Sita.
13-14Rukmini and Satyabhama were the wives of lord Krishna. The incarnations of Lakshmi are many, O lord of birds and there is no difference among them. The forms of Lakshmi, O bird, are inferior to Vishnu who possesses enumerable distinctions.
15Brahma and Vayu are inferior to Vishnu by millions of qualities. Now, I shall tell you about the nature of Brahman, O lord of birds.
16Born of Lord Vishnu and his consort Maya, Brahma is called Virinca.
17Born of Aniruddha and his consort Santa, and constituted of intellect (Mahat), he obtained the appellation-Mahavirinca.
18Born of Vasudeva from Maya by Rajas, he (Virinci) is called Vidhi.
19Born of Universal egg from the navel lotus of Vishnu and seated in the lotus itself, he is called Caturmukha, the four-faced god, O best of birds.
20Thus they declare the four names of Brahma. I shall now tell you the names of Vayu, O lord of birds.
21Born of Sankarshana and Jaya, he is called Vayu known by the appellation Pradhana.
22-23As he activates men to work he is called Sutra-Vayu who assumed the form of Dhriti to praise Narayana at Badari with steadfast devotion. He stays in the heart of his loyal devotees and is called Hari. Present in the heart of all, Vayu. ever remembers lord Hari.
24-25Vayu is, therefore, called Sthiti, O lord of birds. Or Vayu alone remembers Hari. Staying in the White Island (Svetadvipa), O lord of birds, he is caged Smriti.
26Vayu abides in the hearts of all people this is what Lord Vishnu has declared Hence, he is caged Mukti.
27With my consent, he confers liberation to his devotees by imparting knowledge to them. Vayu is called Mukti.
28Abiding in the hearts of his devotees he multiplies their devotion for Vishnu. Therefore, he is called the devotee of Vishnu.
29He constitutes the consciousness of living beings. He is called consciousness.
30O bird, he is the lord of gods and of his associates. Hence, he is called an overlord.
31Staying in the heart of the people, O lord, he observes their strength. O lord of Vinata, he is, therefore, called Bala.
32A biding in the hearts of people he conducts sacrifices through their sons and grandsons. He is, therefore, called a sacrificer.
33From Anantakalpa to Vayukalpa, there is no complexity in Yoga. Therefore, Riju is called Yogya.
34-35Complexity of Yoga arises from Hari’s worship or from the worship of Isa, Rudra, and others with an object in view. Those who perform such worship are called Anrjavas.
36Among the sages too, those who worship Hari for attaining the object of their desire are called Anrijus. The same practice is current among the people.
37[He cannot obtain release] until he gives up Hari’s worship with an object in view, for desire is an obstacle in the path of realization, even for the sages.
38Impressions of countless activities performed in previous ages are obstacles to the person seeking for liberation. He should, therefore, give up worship which aims at the fulfilment of desire.
39By enlightenment received from Guru’s instructions all activities practically cease.to be. Being initiated in Yoga and practising the same, the aspirant achieves liberation after all.
40The worship of the lord with an object· in view imparts riches which controvert knowledge and lead to darkness.
41-44If the lord is worshipped without any motive that worship leads · him to perfect knowledge. To take a stone, say Salagrama or a Brahmana for lord Vishnu or water for a holy place or Siva, Surya or Karttikeya for Vishnu, O lord of birds, is a false knowledge. To take stone, etc., as nothing but an entity inseparable from Vishnu is called Vishnubuddhi. One should not differentiate one form of the lord from the other.
45Vayu is called Riju the worthiest since he worshipped the lord without a motive. Those who worship the lord with a motive are called Anrijus.
46Vayu is called wisdom (Prajna) since he shows the lord ever in sight to those who are on the verge of liberation.
47He is called Jnana (knowledge) as it shows the lord even beyond the range of sight.
48Stationed in the heart of devotees and showing them, what is wholesome and what is not, he is called Guru.
49Stationed in the heart of Yogins and meditating on the lord as a distinct entity he is called a meditator.
50As comprehends the lord according to his ability and as he knows the qualities abiding in Rudra and other gods, he is called Vijna, O best of birds.
51He is non-attached Viraja since he has abandoned all activities associated with the fulfilment of desire.
52Or he is called Viraja because abiding in the hearts of Yogins he creates, aversion in them for worldly pleasures.
53When the results of virtue and sin are exhausted, the gods, as far as Vayu, deserve perfect bliss.
54As Vayu creates objects of enjoyment for the pleasure of gods, sages and nobles, he is called joyful.
55O lord of birds, Vayu is the principal deity who suffers both pleasure and pain.
56Whatever calamity befalls the deities is due to the influence of Asuras.
57Human soul suffers from affliction caused by the Daityas. People suffer often and anon specially in the Kali age.
58Vayu consumes all sorrows accruing both from virtue and vice in the Kali age. Hence, Vayu is called Kali.
59O lord, whatever joys or pleasures accrue to the people are due to divine influences. There is not in the least any doubt in this.
60O son of Vinata, Devas do not go to hell, and Daityas do not seek pleasure from the objects of pleasure.
61-62Whatever pleasure they enjoy accrues to them from Devas. Devas have no tamas; they suffer from no pain by coming in contact with the objects of pleasure. Whatever pain they suffer is due to the influence of Asuras.
63Hence, Kali is a sufferer, Vayu is joyous. Ordinary people and sages have both pleasure and pain.
64Vayu enjoys the fruits of his virtuous deeds. He suffers from his sinful actions. It is hard to escape the results of good or bad activities.
65Partial incarnations of Lord Vayu from Prana to Sukha are nineteen in number. O lord of birds, the lord has descended on earth several times, each time with a separate identity.
66-67O lord of birds, I shall explain to you the total incarnations of Vayu. Listen. Of the fourteen Indras, the second is called Virocana who is identical with Vayu. With his eyes expanded all around, he, the partial incarnation of Marut, is also called Rocana.
68When lord Rama incarnated on earth, Vayu was born as Hanuman for rendering assistance to Rama.
69When lord Krishna descended on earth, he was born as Bhima, the offspring of Vayu.
70-72A demon named Maniman will be born as one called Sankara, who will, without doubt, pollute everything. This is why, O king of birds, his name will be Sankara; he will pollute and destroy all Bhagavata Dharmas. Then (Vayu) will, without doubt, come into being as Vasudeva; there will be none in the fourteen worlds to match him lie will truly be in perfect wisdom.
73The full incarnations of Vayu are three. Their creed is one and the same which is propounded in the Bhagavata.
74The purpose of each and every incarnation is twofold: establishment of order and suppression of the wicked. There is no other purpose for the lord to incarnate.
75-76In the three incarnations of Vayu, viz. Vairocana etc., O lord of birds, there are no pangs of birth. In the four incarnations there is no fusion of semen and blood. Hence, in these four incarnations there is nothing inauspicious.
77In the four incarnations, at the hour of birth, the lord, at first, dries up the embryo before he is born out of the womb.
78-80Of the twenty-three forms of the Supreme lord Brahma, Vayu is one- In the enjoyment of eternal bliss, pleasure, etc., Vayu is at par with Brahma. This truth knows no variation; listening to this leads to release. 0 lord of birds, I shall now tell you about the descent of Vayu.
81In the Krita age, there were born from Pradyumna twins Savitri and Sarasvati.
82In between the two, was born Vayu. Savitri was married to Virinca, Sarasvati to four-faced Brahma.
83These are the three forms of Vishnu. I shall now tell you about the incarnations of Bharati. Please hear attentively.
84Being the presiding deity of the Vedas she is die Veda itself. She is the mistress of Vayu, the great meditator.
85She is also the mistress of Vayu-incarnate. Being of the nature of joy she is identical with joy.
86She is the mistress of Vayu who is identical with joy. Vayu is the preceptor of Bharati. Since she is devoted to Vayu, the preceptor, she is called Gurubhakti. She is the mistress of Vayu, the great preceptor.
87-88She has devotion for Hari; hence, she is called Hari-Priti. She is the mistress of Vayu of the form of Dhriti.
89Since she is the presiding deity of all sacred texts, she is identical with them. She is the wife of lord Vayu.
90She presents all objects of senses to lord Vishnu for propitiating him or for his enjoyment. Hence, she is called Bhuji.
91She became the mistress of Citra. In the name of Sraddha she became the mistress of lord Rocana.
92O lord of birds, Hanuman, the son of Vayu, lived in the Treta age. Then, Bhatati was born as the daughter of a Brahmin, Siva by name.
93Not only Bharati and her companions such as Saci, etc., but also all the rest who were born of him were married to their partners.
94-95His daughter named Mati was also called Anyaga (one· who has relations with another than her partner). She was born together with Saci, etc., at the end of Treta, O lord of birds. Born of Anala, she is known as Indrasena. As she delighted Nala, she is called the delighter of Nala.
96-97She was separated from her lord, since in her previous birth she had illicit relations with Vayu in human form. In her previous birth Mati had died as a maiden together with Sad and others.
98She was born out of the sacrifice conducted by Drupada and was named Draupadi. She married Bhimasena. The sin of illicit copulation with a person in her previous life did not visit her in the next birth. Hence, she had no separation from her husband.
99Bharati, the daughter of Kasiraja known by her popular name Kali became the mistress of Bhimasena.
100Draupadi, daughter of Drupada, gave up her body together with her maidens. O lord of birds, she will be born in the Kali age in the house of Sankara in the village of Karati.
101She died as a maiden to become the mistress of Vayu in her third birth.
102O good one, such are the mistresses of Vayu and Brahma. O lord of birds, they are inferior to their husbands in hundreds of merits.