Discussion between Krishna and Garuda on Tattvas ||29||
1O best and noblest of birds, I shall now tell you the narrative as sequel to Pravaha, hear attentively. At the beginning of creation. Dharma was born of the body of Brahma.
2He came to be known as Dharma because he sustained the noble by gentle treatment. He became the son of the solar deity and attained the designation of Yama. Since he admonished the sinners the learned call him Yama.
3-4Sri Krshna said: -After Prahlada came Ganga who became the wife of Varuna, she was inferior to Prahlada. She was supenor to Varuna in glory, though in form she was inferior to him. To Vishnu who bestows supreme knowledge on men Yama is friendly.
5Ganga is so called because she purifies the world by her waters. The devotees call her Vishnupadi out of devotion for her.
6Formerly, she forced her way out of the nails; of the left feet of Vishnu whose symbol is sacrifice. In the beginning she broke through the upper part of the cosmic egg.
7She rushed into the belly of the lord the destroyer of the sins of the people and purified herself by contact with the filament of his lotus feet She destroys impurities by her very sight, touch, bath and creates devotion for the feet of Vishnu. She is as white in complexion as the rays of the moon. Her eyes resemble these of the fish. She is worthy of worship. Whosoever remembers her as rising from the feet of Hari attains liberation.
8lndra too, who drank in the heap of breath pressed, with hands, by the wind-god was not able to bear her upon his head, Knowing that Ganga had emerged from the feet of lord Hari, Siva, the chief among the devotees of Vishnu moved by devotion at heart, took her up with reverence upon his head which though inauspicious became auspicious by her touch.
9O lord of birds, Ganga had four forms. As the wife of chief physician Janendra she was called Abhisekani.
10In her second form she became the wife of Santanu. As the wife of Susena, a monkey-chief, she was called Susena.
11Being the wife of Manduka she was called Manduikini.
12Parjanya was born to Ganga from Aditya. He is called Parjanya (a cloud) since the rains (release of water) are symbols of detachment.
13The word Parjanya is derivable from Pancajanya meaning a conch by omitting the word Panca and retaining janya. It is symbolical of the idea that one should expel the six aberrations Kama, Krodha etc. from his interior and meditate upon its man with detachment not impaired by affection or hatred.
14One should never nourish his own sexual organ but should ever devote oneself to the phallic emblem of diva. One should not attach oneself to the vagina of a woman. If he gives up his thought on vagina, he becomes detached and attains liberation.
15Parjanya is always detached. O best of birds, Parjanya is, therefore, Yama. In this way sage Sarabha too is called Antaka. He too is Yama.
16O lord of birds, Sarabha is one on whose body the hair glisten brightly. Sarabha is a cloud. The wife of Yama is Syamala. She is also the wife of Kali.
17-18She who with an awareness makes up her mind is called Syamala. I shall now tell you about obstacles to ones devotion for Vishnu. One should keep them aside, throw them away just as one puts excretion in an iron vessel and throws it away or just as one throws off cloth burnt by fire or abandons battle which has no aim or the treatment of a physician which occasions pain to the patient.
19The devotees of Had should dissociate from those who are devoid of devotion for Vishnu and as such are considered to be inferior in society. He should avoid their company.
20-21The following are not dear to the bow wielding lord Krishna but they are deer to the mistress of Kali, those who are averse to the reciters of the Puranas, a dilapidated pond, a women out garment, an old girdle, an old blanket, an old sacred thread, a house of which the inmates are always engaged in quarrel, or a house which contains a woolen canopy or a house which is full of woods and grass and is therefore shabby in appearance. All these are not dear to the bow-wielding lord, but they are dear to the consort of Kali. Grains of corn Yavanala cooked in a vessel of bell-metal, husks of corn, oilcake, gourd wood-apple, a great quantity of butter-milk devoid of taste, pungent and hot-all these are dear to the consort of Kali.
22-23Bad face, censure of the noble, disrespect for the good, torture of children, stealing of rice, cloth, etc. at the house of one’s husband, or wearing loose hair on the head or addiction to gambling and quarrels -all this is endearing to the consort of Kali.
24-25Since she avoided all these, she was called Syamala. She became the consort of Vasudeva known as Devaki. The consort of the moon was called Rohini who was superior to Ashvini and others.
26Holding rope in her hand, she could ascend a place she was called Rohini; Samjna was the consort of Aditya. She was of the very nature of Narayana.
27Because she is knowing made up her mind she was called Samjna, the consort of the solar deity. Virat is the presiding deity of the universe, therefore, he is called Virat.
28The six rivers Ganga; etc., are equal in merit to one another, each one of the groups being neither superior nor inferior to the other. They purify the principal Agni. The river Ganga u always auspicious.
29Even by the knowledge of the sanctity of these purifying streams a devotee attains merit. Lord Keshava is extremely pleased thereby. Svaha, the consort of Agni is inferior to Ganga but superior to Samjna.
30Svaha is identical with Svahakara, the presiding-deity of the mantras.
31Budha, the son of the Lunar deity was more intelligent than Svaha, the consort of Agni. He became the presiding deity of the Vedas. Since he established Kingdom with great intelligence, he was called Budha. The noble Abhimanyu was born of Arjuna and Subhadra He contains the Amsas of Krishna, Moon, Yama, Asvins and Hara.
32Budha, the son of the moon is inferior to Svaha. He is devoted to the lotus feet of Vishnu.
33Nama, the wife of Asvins, is also called Usa. She is inferior to Budha and to Svaha (the wife of Agni) by ten, per cent virtues.
34The wife of Nakula was the daughter of the king of Magadha and the wife of Sahadeva was the daughter of Salya, the two together with Usa, the wife of Asvins wait upon Vishnu possessed of six-fold virtue. O lord of birds, hence, also she is called Usa. O noble bird, now I shag tell you about those which come after.
35A spiritual power (energy) in the form of earth moves slowly but ceaselessly. That power is called Sanaiscara. It is inferior to Usa by ten per cent virtues.
36Puskala or Pushkara or the form of activity is the twin brother of Sari. He presides over law and order. He is comparatively gentle and inferior to Sanaiscara by ten per cent virtues.
37Since the delights Vishnu by his devotion and sports in the Pushkara lake he is known as Puskala among the people.
38O lord of birds, now I shall tell you about those activities which are delightful to the lord. A person should rise early in the morning and remember lord Hari Narayana.
39He should bow to Tulasi and remember Vishnu and his consort Lakshmi. At the call of nature, while evacuating bowels he should remember Kesava of the form of Apana.
40At the time of purification he should remember Trivikrama, sipping waters of the Ganges. At the time of cleansing the teeth, he should remember Hari pervading the moon.
41At the washing of the mouth he should remember Madhava. At the itching of cows he should remember Govardhana.
42At the milking of cows, or when the fruits of meritorious actions accomplished in the several previous births are ripened or at the touch of cows he should remember Gopila (the beloved of cowherds-lord Sri Krishna).
43-44In the house where there is no cow. or the holy Basil plant in the courtyard where the inmates do not celebrate any festival for the Gods, where there is no recitation of the narrative of Vishnu, one should never stay even for a moment, for association with the inmates of that house will lead to misery.
45He who do not keep a cow at home, is unaware of the art of milking it or is averse to nourishing it passes his life in vain.
46He who does not give mouthful of food to the cow or does not tend it properly, can never pass a good, comfortable life. He is like an outcaste in the village.
47When the calf is sucking the breast he should remember the boy Krishna; when the milk is being churned he should remember Hari sucking.
48When he bathes in water mixed with the particles of earth from the sacred places of pilgrimage he should also remember Hari. When he puts sect marks on the forehead, he should remember the twelve names of lord Vishnu beginning with Kesava.
49In practising certain positions (mudras) of his fingers he should remember lord Vishnu adorned with conch, disc, mace, lotus, meteor, etc.
50In the evening when he performs Sandhya, he should remember Rama. While performing a Sraddha he should remember Acyuta, Ananta and Govinda.
51In the performance of five sacrifices Prana, etc., he should remember Aniruddha. When he offers oblations to the fire, he should remember Vasudeva.
52When he goes on fast he should remember Hari pervading Vayu. When he wears dress, he should remember Upendra.
53When he puts on new sacred thread he should remember Yamana Narayana. When he waves lights before an idol, he should remember Pardurama.
54When he goes on fast or at the time of Vaisvadeva or other sacrifices or at the lime of besmearing body with the holy ashes he should remember Narayana, Parasurama and Jamadagnya.
55When he thrice utters the name of sacred places of pilgrimage he should remember Krishna, Rama and Vyasa respectively. When he Pours water out of the conch, he should remember Mukunda.
56When he offers undiluted food to Govinda, at each mouthful of food he should remember Govinda. When he partakes of food, at each core of the eatable he should remember Acyuta concentratedly.
57Whan he partakes of Vegetables he should remember Dhanvantari. When he cats food offered by another he should remember Panduranga.
58When he eats butter he should remember the dancing~- When he eats curd, he should remember the primeval lord.
59When he drinks milk he should remember Gopala Krishna, lord Srinivasa, Vishnu. When he eats food (tied in the oil or ghee he should remember Vyatikatesa.
60When he partakes of grapes, pomegranates, banana, mango, orange, cocoanut or other fruits he should remember Balakrishna. When he drinks a good drink, he should remember Nrisimha.
61When he drinks the ambrosial waters of the Ganges he should remember Vishnu, the source of Ganga.
62When he is on the verge of death he should remember the attribute less and the omnipresent Narayana and his Vehicle Garuda. When he kisses his son and other boys he should remember Krishna holding Vishnu in his hands.
63When indulging in intercourse with his consort he should remember Vishnu playing with the Gopis pair of breasts.
64When he is going to sleep he should remember Hari as the incarnation of Vyasa.
65When he sings devotional songs he should remember Hari playing upon Vishnu. He should always utter the name Hari.
66When he plucks the leaves of Tulasi he should utter ‘Rama, Rama’. When he cuts off a leaf, he should remember Kapila, an incarnation of Hari. When he circumambulates Hari pervading Garuda he should remember Hari with concentration.
67When he bows to Vishnu, the lord of lords, he should remember Vishnu pervading Sesha. When he is in council with his ministers, he should remember Narasimha Narayana.
68When an undertaking is accomplished he should remember lord Vasudeva Hari. When he has accomplished activities as are endearing to lord Pushkara, he secures the affection of Hari.
69Therefore, O lord of birds, he who hears with faith this incomparable narrative of Pushkara, in all its details, is attracted m Dharma which creates devotion for the lord.