Discussion between Krishna and Garuda on Vrishotsarga and Charity and Dharma ||13||
1O Lord of gods, please tell me by means of what rite can one prevent a stalemate after death. (What are the rites that men should do in the world to forestall the state of being a ghost forever?)
2Please listen, I shall explain briefly the obsequious rites. If one desires to attain salvation, one has to perform them oneself.
3-4Even in regard to women, and children above the age of five, this is specially insisted on. The rites of Vrishotsarga (gifting away a bull calf) are for forestalling the continuance of ghost hood. There is no other rite in the world except Vrishotsarga (for that purpose). While during his life or after death if Vrishotsarga is performed he will never continue for long as a ghost. There is no necessity for other gifts or sacrifices.
5-6Garuda said: -If Vrishotsarga is to the performed during life or after death, at what time has it to be performed, O foremost among gods, Madhusudana, please tell me. If the sixteen types of Sraddha are performed what are then effects on the dead man?
7If Pindas are offered without performing Vrishotsarga no benefit accrues. Everything given unto the dead is fruitless.
8If Vrishotsarga is not carried out on the eleventh day after death, the ghost hood of the dead becomes eternal even if hundreds of Sraddhas are performed in his favour.
9-10Garuda said: -If a person dies of snakebite, no funeral rite, such as cremation takes place. Similarly, if he dies by drowning or being struck by a homed animal or through weapons or an accident for how many days do the relatives remain impure? O lord, please remove my doubts on this point.
11If he is a Brahmin, impurity lasts for six months; if a Kshatriya, two months and a half; if a Vaisya, one month and a half, and if a Sudra it lasts for a month.
12If a person has gifted some precious articles of different sorts to a worthy receiver and has lived a celibate life when alive, he does not go to a wretched state (even if he dies an unnatural death).
13If a person has performed the rite of Vrishotsarga and has lived a celibate life, he goes to Brahmaloka, even if he dies an unnatural death.
14If a person has lived an unrighteous life devoid of good conduct, but has performed Vrishotsarga, he does not go to the world of Yama after death.
15When a person dies, his son, brother, grandson, relative, caste-man or the successor should perform Vrishotsarga.
16If there be no son, the wife can perform Vp1otsarga; if no wife, the daughter’s son or the daughter herself can do the same. But, in case, he has sons, none else should perform Vrishotsarga.
17If one has no kinsmen such as sons, mother, relatives, wife or husband, how are the obsequial rites to be performed? By what rite are men and women to attain salvation warding off miseries. O lord, please dispel this doubt of mine entirely.
18There is no salvation for a man without a son. He can never hope to attain heaven. Hence, somehow a man must strive to get a son.
19Whatever gifts are made by one during the lifetime, become beneficial later.
20Different sorts of delicacies and foodstuff given by one’s handstand in good stead after death.
21Cows, plots of land, gold, clothes, foodstuffs, good posts (positions), etc., offered to the needy succour a man wherever he is.
22One shall perform sacred rites as long When a person dies, his son, brother, as the body is hale and hearty. Falling sick, one may not feel enthusiastic to do anything even if prompted by others.
23Until the rites of obsequies are performed the dead man, ever hungry, roams about day and night in the form of airy matter.
24He is likely to be born again, a worm or an insect or a locust or in the womb of an evil-minded base woman. He may die immediately after rebirth.
25As long as the body is healthy, free from sickness, as long as old age has not set in, as long as the power of sense-organs is not impaired, as long as there is no risk to life, an intelligent man should endeavor for the welfare of the soul. It is foolishness to begin to dig a well when the house has caught fire.