Discussion between Krishna and Garuda on Hell ||3||
1Thus encouraged, Garuda asked about the description of Hells, being curious to know about their nature and function.
2O Lord tell me about the nature and division of hells where the evildoers are thrown mercilessly.
3Bhagawan said: -O younger brother of Aruna, there are thousands of hells. It is not possible to describe all of them in detail. I shall tell you about the principal hells thoroughly.
4The principal hell is Raurava. The person who tells lies and gives false evidence goes to this hell.
5Raurava is two thousand yojanas in measurement. There is a knee-deep pit, difficult to cross.
6It is levelled up to the ground by a heap of burning coal. And the ground there is well heated by fire.
7The servants of Yama leave the sinner there in the middle. Burnt by burning fire he runs helter-skelter.
8At every step his foot is burnt. Day and night, he moves here and there lifting and putting his feel.
9There he is left along a thousand Yojanas. Then for the purgation of remaining sins he goes to other hells.
10Thus I have told you about the first hell named Raurava. Now, O bird, hear about the hell called Maharaurava.
11It is five thousand Yojanas in measurement. It has copper-coloured earth scorched below.
12When heated by it, the earth shines like lightning. It appears extremely fierce to the sinner.
13The servants of Yama tie hands and feet of die sinner and throw him in this hell where he goes down rolling.
14While rolling down in the way he is bit by fearful crows, cranes, ants, mosquitoes and scorpions.
15Thus being burnt, he loses his wits and cries restlessly, ‘O father, O father; again and again, but attains no peace.
16The persons who have committed sins with bad intentions are thrown into this hell and get release from there only from myriads of years.
17Then there is another hell by name and nature Atisita (very cold). It is as big as Maharaurava and full of dense darkness.
18There in the fierce darkness, the sinners are tied and left, suffering from cold. Meeting each other they clasp lightly.
19Shivering with cold their teeth sound loudly. Even there the overpowering trouble of hunger and thirst exists, O Garuda.
20The fierce wind blowing over the blocks of ice pierces the bones. The hungry men consume decayed marrow, blood and bones.
21-22Meeting together and clasping each other they wander here and there. The persons who had been hoarding wealth suffer too much in that darkness, O the best of birds. Then there is another hell called Nikrintana.
23A series of potter’s wheel is moving round and round there, O bird. There the sinners, whose feet and head are tied by a string are held by Yama’s servants in their fingers.
24-25O bird, their life is not destroyed but their organs are cut into hundred pieces and restored again to their original position. Thus, for thousands of years, the sinners rotate till their sins are exhausted completely.
26-27Now hear, I shall tell you about the hell named Apratishtha, the people who go to this hell suffer intensely, there too the potter’s wheels and the Ghati-Yantra operate constantly.
28Those sinners who had caused untold sufferings to men are placed there on the potter’s wheels and rotate incessantly.
29They remain there for thousands of years, tied as they are to Ghati-Yantra like the water-pots.
30The sinners rotate their vomiting blood again and again. Their intestines come out through mouth and their eyes are suspended by intestines.
31Now hear about another hell named Asipatravana, where the sinners suffer unbearable miseries.
32-33There over a thousand Yojanas a fierce, fire burns with seven fierce rays. The sinners thrown in this hell feel burnt without recess. In the midst is seen a tree with a big trunk, overgrown with cool and smooth leaves which are tom here and there, O Garuda.
34-36There powerful dogs roam about, always eager to eat meat. They have fierce jaws, fierce mouths and are powerful like tigers. Then seeing in front, the forest with cool shade, the miserable sinners suffer from hunger and heat, run to it, crying ‘O mother, 0 brother, O father’.
37-38Then their feet burn by the ground-fire. Still then, a very cool wind blows forcefully which makes those sharp· blades fall upon them. Cut into pieces they fall in the burning fire.
39-40Then the licking dogs tear their bodies into pieces even as they weep woefully. Thus, I have told you about’ the Asipatravana.
41Now hear about a more fierce hell called Tapta-kumbha, where all around are kept heated pitchers full of burning flames.
42The pitchers are full of burning fire, hot oil and iron filings. Therein arc thrown the sinners by the attendants of Yama.
43They (the attendants of Yama) boil their bodies disintegrating, marrow flowing out, heads, eyes and bones breaking.
44Fierce vultures tear them taking them out and again throwing them in. They boil there till they are merged into oil.
45When their head, limbs, sinews, flesh, skin and bones are liquefied, then Yama’s servants stir them with a ladle.
46The sinners are boiled in oil in Yama’s abode. Thus, I have narrated to you in detail about Tapta-Kumbha, 0 bird.
47-48So the first hells Raurava, the second Mated-Raurava, the third Atisita, the fourth Nisikrintana, the fifth Apratishtha and the sixth Asitapatravana and the seventh Taptakwnbha. These are the seven hells.
49We hear about some other hells also where the sinners fall according to their sins.
50-53They are Rodha, Sukara, Tula, Taptakumbha, Maha-Jvala, Sabala, Vimohana, Krimi, Krmibhaksha, Lalabaksha, Vishanjana, Adhahishiras, Puyavaha, Rudhirandha, Vidbhuja, Vaitarani, Suma, Asipatravana, Agnijvala, Mahaghora, Sandamsa, Abhojana, Tamas, Kalasutra. Loha, Abhida, Apratishtha, Avici.
54These dark hells are situated in Yama’s country. Herein fall the sinners in the order of their sins.
55These hells, Raurava, etc., lie below the earth. Now hear about the sins which drive the sinners to particular hells.
56A man who kills a cow, a foetus or indulges in arson, falls in Rodha. A killer of Brahmana falls in Sukara, So also a drunkard, a stealer of gold, a killer of Kshatriya or Vaisya falls in Tala.
57He who kills a Brahmana or defiles his teacher’s bed or has sexual union with his sister falls in Taptakumbha. So also a soldier who speaks lies.
58In the similar way, he who sells liquor or he who discards a devotee also falls there.
59He who co-habits with his daughter or daughter-in-law, he who sells Veda, or he who blames the Vedas falls into Mahajvala.
60He who insults his teacher or abuses him or he who co-habits with an unworthy woman falls into Sabala.
61He who transgresses codes of moral conduct prescribed for the conduct of war falls into Vimohana. He who does an undesirable act falls into Krimibhaksha.
62-63He who holds no honour for deities or the twice-born brahmanas falls into Lalabhaksha. A potter who digs pits or a physician who flouts trust or a person who sets fire to parks, falls into Vishanjana. So also a brahmana who receives prohibited gifts or performs sacrifice for a wrong person.
64-65Or a Kshatriya who does not live by valour falls into Adhomukha. He who sells milk, liquor, meat or cuts wood or deals in scents, juices, gingelly seeds, falls into fierce Puyavaha. He who catches cocks, eats pigs, birds, deer and goats falls into this hell.
66-67He who deals in buffaloes, or a juggler or he who sells liquor, an actor, or Brahmana who is a bird-hunter or a village-priest who indulges in arson or he who administers poison or he who is a pump or he who sells soma, or a drunkard, a meat-eater or a killer of animals.
68All these fall into Rudhirandha. Those who administer poison to their guests, sitting in a row, fall into the fierce hell Vidibhuj. There is no doubt in this.
69He who drinks wine falls into Vaitarani. He who calls others by bad names falls into Mutra.
70He who has not lived a pious life fall into Asita-patravana. So also, he who is hot-tempered. A deer-hunter falls into Agnijvala where he is eaten by the crows.
71The person who breaks his vow during the course of sacrifice falls into Sandaritsa. So also, Brahmacarins who discharge their semen in dream.
72The fathers who are taught by their sons or who receive orders from them fall into Abhojana.
73Those who perform acts violating the rules of their Varna and Asrama, on account of anger or pleasure go to hell.
74There is the hot Raurava above and the cold Tamasa below.
75In this way, the hells are situated one below the other. The climax of misery is due to bad acts.
76And the climax of joy accrues from good acts. The gods look down and see the fierce hells.
77The sinners -of hell also look up and see the gods above. There are thus hundreds of hells, O bird.
78-79Daily in the hell, the sinners are cooked, burnt, tom, broken, pounded, moistened, boiled, heated and blown by winds. A day in hell is equal to one hundred years of the mortal.
80-82Having crossed these, the sinner is reborn as a worm, a germ, a fly, a one-hoofed creature, a wild elephant, a cow, an ass, a horse, a. mule, a buffalo, Sarabha, a Camari, a six-hoofed animal or one having five nails. In these and other yonis he takes birth.
83If born as a human being he becomes hunch-backed or a dwarf or a Candala in wretched yonis.
84The sinner is born again and again and dies again and again till he has exhausted his sin and acquired virtue.
85Then some time he steps into the yoni of Sudra or Vaishya or Kshatriya or Brahmana or a deity.
86Thus I have told you how a sinner falls into hell. Now I shall tell you how and where the virtuous go after death.
87The virtuous obtain good yonis as directed by Yama. Immediately after the soul leaves the body, the Gandharvas come singing and dancing, adorned with garlands and anklets.
88And then appear splendid aerial cars decorated with sweet smelling garlands (which take the virtuous souls to heaven).
89-90When their merits are exhausted, the virtuous souls fall from heaven and are born in the houses of kings or nobles of illustrious character, where they enjoy various pleasures. Thus, men go up and down the ladder as stated before.
91Death is certain for the mortals who are born on this earth. The soul of the sinner leaves the body from the downward path, undoubtedly.
92Earth mingles with earth, water with water, fire with fire, air with air.
93Sky mingles with sky, pervading all around. If the body there exist love, anger and five organs.
94O Garuda, there abide thieves in the body in the form of love, anger and pride. Mind is the leader of all these.
95Death is temporal. The Jiva along with sins, virtues and five subtle organs enters into new body just as a householder enters into a new house when the old one is burnt.
96-98In the body exist seven elements and seven Kosas. All these exist in the body urine, waste, allied matter, bile. cough, marrow, flesh, fat, bones, semen, sinews which are destroyed along with the body (when the soul departs).
99Thus I have told you, O bird, about the end of all bodies. Now I shall tell you, O bird, how their body looks like.
100-102It is a shrub of sinews adorned with three trunks, combined with organs and having nine openings. Full of sensual pleasures, love, anger, desire and envy, possessing a highway robber in the form of greed.
103Caught in the net of avarice and covered by the cloth of affection. It is bound by illusion and inhabited by greed. These qualities in here in the bodies of all creatures. Those who do not realize their self are nothing more than beasts.
104Thus I have told you about the fourfold body. Formerly, eighty-four yonis were created [for the Jiva to pass through].
105While narrating about the hell I told you about all these-that are born from the earth, from the sweat, from the eggs and from the embryo.
106I shall tell you more as and when necessary or do you possess a desire to ask more?