Discussion between Krishna and Garuda on Sraddha ||8||
1O Lord, now tell me who are authorized to perform obsequies and what are the methods of performance prescribed in the Sastras.
2Son, grandson, great-grand-son, his brother and brother’s progeny, so also Sapinda-progeny-all these are authorized to perform the obsequies. In their absence, Samanodaka-progeny of all these can perform the rite.
3-4If both the families are male less, the women should perform the obsequies. Or the king may perform all the rites- the preliminary, the middling and the final. 0 bird, the Ekoddista sraddha should be performed every year.
5-6Now hear about the fruit accruing from the performance of this sacrifice.
7When Brahma, Indra; Rudra, Nasatyas, Surya, Agni, Vasu, Maruts, Visvedevas, manes, birds, men, animals, serpents, the Mother deities and other divine beings are given Sraddha with faith, there is rejoicing in the whole world.
8When they are satisfied they satisfy the performer with. sons, wife and wealth. Thus, I have told you, in brief, about the rites and the persons authorized to perform them.
9O Lord, now tell me when no authorized person is alive, who should conduct the obsequious rites.
10If no authorized person is alive to conduct the obsequious rites after death, one should perform the rites in his life time.
11After fasting and bathing he should along with his wife worship Vishnu, the lord of all, the Creator as well as the Enjoyer.
12With Svadha he should offer Jaladhenus to the manes along with Dakshina and gingelly seeds.
13Reciting the mantra Agnaye, Kavyavahanaya, Svadha, Namahi, Somdya Tva Pit, Mate Svadha Namahi.
14With right hand he should donate the third one with Daksina reciting Yamayangirase Catha Svadha Namahi.
15-16In between he should invite the Brahmanas and feast them. The first should be stationed in north and the second one in the south, the third one in the middle. Before he invokes the other deities, he should worship the Visvedevas.
17He should, then tell the Brahmana. “O Brahmana, I am feeding you for the propitiation of Vasus, Rudras and Suryas.” He should thus tell all the Brahmanas.
18He should then perform Avahana (invocation), etc., as it is performed in the case of manes. He should give Saumya cow to the Brahmana for the propitiation of Vasus.
19He should give Agneya cow for the propitiation of Rudra and Yamya cow for the propitiation of Surya. He should give a vessel full of gingelly seeds for the propitiation of Visvedevas.
20Then uttering Svasti and giving sacred water (as that of the Ganges) he should dismiss the Brahmanas (i.e. ask them to go away as they liked), while he himself should set his heart on the eight-syllabled Vishnu.
21Then he should think of Kama, Kulesani, diva and Narayana. He should go to the nearest river on Caturdasi.
22Muttering the mantra Vastrani Lohakhandani Jitam to he should light fire facing the south.
23Then making a Brahni image with fifty Kusas he should bum the same in fire. He should perform the sacrifice usually done in the crematorium and offer the final oblation (Purnahuti).
24Or he should not kindle fire but simply propitiate Earth, Yama and Rudra. He should invoke each one of them separately and give offering at the appropriate place.
25He should sacrifice Caru mixed with Mudga into the fire. He should offer sacred thread, rice and gingelly seeds to a Brahmana.
26He should say; Om homage to Earth, Om homage to Yama.
27Om homage to Rudra, lord of cemetery Then in the fire lit on the earth.
28-29He should give handful of water to Yama, one to each of the seven names of Yama, viz, Yama, Dharma-raja, Mrtyu, Antaka, Vaivasvata, Kala, Sarva-Pranahara, muttering Svadha, Namahi and Om seven times, i.e. with each of the seven names of Yama.
30-31O you of such and such gotra, this water with gingelly seeds is for you. Ten Pindas (rice-balls) should be given along with Argha, flowers, incense, lamp, Bali and Gandha. He should then say: Let everyone be prosperous. After giving the ten Pindas he should remember the gentle face of Vishnu.
32-33He should perform this rite spread over for a month. He should do Sapindikarana for himself or others at the end of Asauca within a month but not later than that knowing fully well the transitoriness of vitality, health, wealth and age. Thus, I have told you all about Jivatsraddha, O bird.